Patterns and seasonal variation of intussusception in children: a retrospective analysis of cases operated in a tertiary hospital in ethiopia.

CONCLUSION: Intussusception was more common in the wet season. There was delayed presentation with a higher rate of operative management and bowel resection. The mortality rate has decreased significantly compared with a previous study from this institution. PMID: 27191025 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Ethiopian Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: Ethiop Med J Source Type: research

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We report a case of an 83-year-old woman presenting to the emergency department of our hospital with a history of increasing abdominal pain in the right iliac fossa. A contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan showed the presence of a large ileocolic intussusception with evidence of the terminal ileus invaginated within the right colon and the ileocolic vessels dragged and trapped into the intussusception. A colonoscopy confirmed the ileocolic invagination with a large right colonic lesion as leading point, and a partial pneumatic (carbon dioxide) and hydrostatic reduction was achieved. Subsequent laparoscopic right colec...
Source: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Ileac ectopic pancreas can be seen in the ileum wall or Meckel diverticulum. The majority of the lesions found in clinical practice present with abdominal pain, gastrointestinal bleeding, and anemia. Lesions in the ileum wall often cause ileoileal intussusception. Computed tomography, capsule endoscopy, and double-balloon enteroscopy are helpful preoperative examinations. Segmental small bowel resection is the treatment of choice.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: ACUTE ABDOMEN sonographic approach in acute abdomen can play an important role in ruling out critical diagnosis, and can guide emergency physician or any critical care physician in patient management. PMID: 31544223 [PubMed]
Source: Pain Physician - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Ultrasound J Source Type: research
ConclusionACUTE ABDOMEN sonographic approach in acute abdomen can play an important role in ruling out critical diagnosis, and can guide emergency physician or any critical care physician in patient management.
Source: Critical Ultrasound Journal - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the largest case series describing jejunojejunal intussusception following RYGBP. All patients that developed intussusception had jejunojejunostomy length greater than 60  mm. The most commonly performed surgical repair was reduction of the intussuscepted segment (if present) followed by enteropexy. Jejunojejunostomy length greater than 60 mm might be associated with the occurrence of intussusception and could explain the higher incidence noted in our series. Minim al intervention with enteropexy can offer effective treatment for most patients.
Source: Surgical Endoscopy - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionA high index of suspicion for the presence of a pathological lead-point in children older than 4  years and children with recurrent intussusception is necessary in patients presenting with intussusception. Malignant, highly aggressive B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, although rare, must actively be searched for. Pneumatic or hydrostatic reduction should remain the first line treatment in most case s.
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionsMultiple myeloma has myriad presentations. Gastrointestinal involvement, although rare, can manifest as small bowel obstruction for which early recognition and appropriate surgical management are key to improving outcome. Intussusception is the most common mechanism of obstruction from extramedullary plasmacytoma causing small bowel obstruction and this has been seen in five of six case reports, including this case. It is important to recognize and consider the risks of immunosuppression, venous thromboembolism, and malnutrition in the surgical management of gastrointestinal complications of multiple myeloma.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with approval of the Melbourne Health and Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research's Human Research Ethics Committee (approval number: 2013.081). All subjects gave written informed consent for participation and publication. Results and Discussion TGF-β signaling in NK cells is associated with: phosphorylation in SMAD2 and 3, inhibition of IL-15-induced metabolism/proliferation, simultaneous downregulation of CD44, CD49e, and Eomes, and upregulation of CD16 and CD49a expression (7, 10). SMAD family member 4 (SMAD4) belongs to the SMAD family of transcription...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 March 2019Source: Surgery (Oxford)Author(s): Catherine J. Bradshaw, Paul R.V. JohnsonAbstractIntussusception is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in infancy and early childhood. It occurs when one segment of bowel (the intussusceptum) invaginates into an adjacent distal segment of bowel (the intussuscepien). The classic presentation is with intermittent abdominal pain, vomiting and redcurrant jelly-like stool. Diagnosis can be accurately confirmed with an ultrasound scan. Initial management is with fluid resuscitation and antibiotics. Following adequate resuscitation, tre...
Source: Surgery (Oxford) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Hydrostatic reduction of intussusception is effective irrespective of duration of symptoms and number of recurrences. PMID: 30806357 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Indian Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Indian Pediatr Source Type: research
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