Linguistic analysis of discourse in aphasia: A review of the literature.
Linguistic analysis of discourse in aphasia: A review of the literature. Clin Linguist Phon. 2016 Mar 22;:1-30 Authors: Bryant L, Ferguson A, Spencer E Abstract This review examined previous research applications of linguistic discourse analysis to assess the language of adults with aphasia. A comprehensive literature search of seven databases identified 165 studies that applied linguistic measures to samples of discourse collected from people with aphasia. Analysis of methodological applications revealed an increase in published research using linguistic discourse analysis over the past 40 years, particularly to measure the generalisation of therapy outcomes to language in use. Narrative language samples were most frequently subject to analysis though all language genres were observed across included studies. A total of 536 different linguistic measures were applied to examine language behaviours. Growth in the research use of linguistic discourse analysis and suggestions that this growth may be reflected in clinical practice requires further investigation. Future research directions are discussed to investigate clinical use of discourse analysis and examine the differences that exist between research and clinical practice. PMID: 27002416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Cerebrovascular accident is a common diagnosis in the rehabilitation and long-term care setting and can be associated with deficits in both language and cognition. Because capacity assessment requires a patient to both understand the decision in question and express a choice, it can be particularly challenging to determine capacity in patients with aphasia. Complex medical decision-making and use of healthcare proxies in this setting require careful navigation of patient needs, goals, and rights.
CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: Currently, there is only one study providing support for using group singing to improve speech and voice skills in people with Parkinson's disease, and no studies of adequate quality indicating positive effects on language and functional communication abilities in ABI. Further research using more rigorous experimental designs is required to determine whether group singing can influence communication skills in ABI. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Music activates widespread, bilateral cortical and subcortical brain regions. Group singing is increasingly understood to h...
CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians were highly engaged and relatively active in at least some aspects of discourse analysis practice. Interventions that target individual clinicians as well as organizations and systems are needed to improve the uptake of discourse analysis in practice. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject? Discourse in aphasia rehabilitation is a priority in clinical practice and research. However, the majority of clinicians infrequently collect and analyse discourse. Research in Australia and the United States indicated that lack of time, assessment resources and relevant knowl...
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis paper aims to review non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) methods to augment speech and language therapy (SLT) for patients with post-stroke aphasia.Recent FindingsIn the past 5 years, there have been more than 30 published studies assessing the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) for improving aphasia in people who have had a stroke. Different approaches to NIBS treatment have been used in post-stroke aphas ia treatment including different stimulation locations, stimulation intensity, number of treatment sessions, outcome...
Background: The greatest degree of language recovery in post-stroke aphasia takes place within the first weeks. Aphasia severity and lesion measures have been shown to be good predictors of long-term outcomes. However, little is known about their implications in early spontaneous recovery. The present study sought to determine which factors better predict early language outcomes in individuals with post-stroke aphasia.Methods: Twenty individuals with post-stroke aphasia were assessed
Publication date: March 2020Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics, Volume 103Author(s): Farnaz Sabahi
CONCLUSIONS: Brain 18F-FDG PET had an elevated performance in the early diagnosis of PPA variants and in the advanced PPA AD/FTD classification. QL clarified the development of AD or FTD in advanced PPA cases and supported the differential diagnosis of a PPA variant in a few early cases. QN 18F-FDG PET evaluation better contributed to the early diagnosis of an unclear metabolic pattern. To correctly identify all cases, patients with diffuse cortical hypometabolism were also included. Larger series are necessary to confirm these data. PMID: 32062656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]