Addressing the challenges of chronic viral infections and addiction in prisons: the PRODEPIST study

Conclusion: The promotion of these evaluations proved beneficial, although viral screening could be achieved for only approaching half of the detainees, as could alcohol consumption assessment and HBV vaccination for those concerned. Fibrosis screening revealed lesions in HCV carriers yet also in heavy drinkers, who are typically less likely to be assessed. Consultations and HIV screening on release were found to be rarely possible.
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Alcohol and substance abuse Source Type: research

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ConclusionThe report aims at pointing out the possibility of undergoing this kind of surgery not only in case of pulmonary mass (on which the previous literature has focused) but also when mediastinum lesions occur, as in our case.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Claire Boudinaud, Armand Abergel, Juliette Joubert-Zakeyh, Mikael Fontarensky, Bruno Pereira, Benoit Chauveau, Jean Marc Garcier, Pascal Chabrot, Louis Boyer, Benoît MagninAbstractPurposeGiven the growing prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome, the management of hepatic steatosis, especially its quantification, is a major issue. We assessed the quantification of liver steatosis using four different MR methods, in order to determine the one that is best correlated with the reference method which consists of histologica...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, Volume 29, Issue 8Author(s): Augusto Di Castelnuovo, Simona Costanzo, Marialaura Bonaccio, Patrick McElduff, Allan Linneberg, Veikko Salomaa, Satu Männistö, Marie Moitry, Jean Ferrières, Jean Dallongeville, Barbara Thorand, Hermann Brenner, Marco Ferrario, Abdonas Tamosiunas, Inger Njølstad, Wojciech Drygas, Yuriy P Nikitin, Stefan Söderberg, Frank Kee, Tanja Zeller
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment characteristics differentially predict treatment response for heroin and cocaine use. Similar research in diverse patient groups may aid in the development of personalized treatment combining biologic treatment with targeted psychosocial interventions. PMID: 31315479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Biometric Technology Today, Volume 2019, Issue 7Author(s): Biometric tech specialists NEC and Simprints are jointly developing the world's first scalable child fingerprint ID system which they hope will boost immunisation levels among the 20 million children globally who still do not receive basic vaccines – leaving them exposed to some of the world's deadliest diseases.
Source: Biometric Technology Today - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
Conclusion: A significant proportion of pregnant women have anti-HBs while the seroprevalence of HCV is low among pregnant women in the city of Mwanza. Routine screening of HBV among pregnant women coupled with appropriate management should be emphasized in developing countries. Further studies to determine seroprevalence of HCV are recommended across the country. PMID: 31316835 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: American Journal of OtolaryngologyAuthor(s): Ajay M. Narayanan, Andrey Finegersh, Mary P. Chang, Joanne Ogo, Ryan K. Orosco, William J. MossAbstractPurposeBetel nut consumption contributes to higher rates of oral cavity cancer throughout Micronesia. The purpose of this study is to review local surveys and cancer data to further characterize these issues in the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI).MethodsTwo commonwealth-wide health inquiries were reviewed: The Non-Communicable Diseases Survey (NCDS), 2016 and The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), 2013. Data pertaining to b...
Source: American Journal of Otolaryngology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: 25 October 2019Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Volume 175Author(s): Nunzia La Maida, Annagiulia Di Trana, Giulio Mannocchi, Simona Zaami, Francesco Paolo BusardòAbstractPrenatal exposure to maternal ethanol leads to serious physical and mental irreversible disabilities. Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) is a direct metabolite of alcohol and its measurement in neonatal meconium has been established as the best biomarker to assess prenatal exposure to social and excessive gestational ethanol.We developed and validated the first gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry method to qu...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Lv LL, Yang YX, Shi TD Abstract There are two main types of drugs that are used to treat chronic hepatitis B (CHB), including interferon (IFN) and nucleotide analogues. IFN inhibits the virus through direct antiviral activity and via immune regulation, and it has been widely applied for the treatment of CHB and other infections. However, the efficiency of IFN therapy is not entirely satisfactory. The aim of the present study was to investigate the factors affecting IFN therapy. The plasma of patients with CHB treated with IFN was collected and divided into the virological response group and non-virological...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Authors: Theodotou M, Fokianos K, Moniatis D, Kadlenic R, Chrysikou A, Aristotelous A, Mouzouridou A, Diakides J, Stavrou E Abstract The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a micronized formulation of trans-resveratrol in humans with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Trans-Resveratrol has been used in the form of micronized formulation, which is better absorbed, has strong antioxidants effects, is more effective than plain resveratrol formulations and is circulated on the market as a food supplement. Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a stilbenoid and a phytoalexin prod...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
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