The accountability of the private sector towards citizens in times of crisis: vaccines, medicines and equipment
AbstractIn this article, we examine what the role of the private sector in times of crises is and whether the private sector is, and can be held to be, accountable. COVID-19 has amplified the difficulties with public –private partnerships and this article addresses several aspects concerning business enterprises, in particular transnational corporations, human rights and health sector activities, highlighting the key aspects to understand and address accountability issues. The article also explores accountabil ity for the private sector, the processes to ensure accountability, and the relevance of regulation and self...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Ethical implications of COVID-19: vulnerabilities in a global perspective
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted a number of ethical issues that typically have not been addressed openly in public debate. The argument ‘protect the vulnerable’ has been a mantra to motivate all sorts of measures, many of them not scientifically motivated. In this article, the concept of ‘vulnerability’ is analyzed, and a model is suggested to distinguish layers of vulnerability that may or may not result in poor outcomes, d epending on how many layers are present and how they interact. Ethical aspects also need to be considered at the global level, where the issue of vaccine distribut...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Research into policy: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic
AbstractThere has been an unprecedented global effort by researchers from many disciplines to obtain and synthesize knowledge to inform policy responses to SARS-CoV-2. While many major advances have been made in generating and applying knowledge on a pandemic caused by a novel pathogen, some things could have been done better, as revealed by the devastating loss of life and economic impact on livelihoods and communities. We reflect on the context in which the pandemic emerged, characterized by underinvestment in public health and growing distrust in institutions, followed by an overview of three broad areas: generation of ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Taking care of the ordinary in extraordinary times —delayed routine care means more morbidity and pre-mature mortality
AbstractIndividuals with chronic diseases are more susceptible to its grave complications and negative outcomes if infected by COVID-19. Furthermore, mandatory isolation and cancellations of routine healthcare services led to the disruption of the screening and management plans for chronic diseases. Fear of attending health services as well as disruptions to public transport are other factors increasing health risks among persons with chronic conditions during the pandemic. Ensuring access to universal healthcare services, increasing use of digital services, targeted interventions to risk groups are examples of measures th...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

COVID-19: What have we learned? What are the public health challenges?
Here, we are in November 2021, nearly 2 years after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Much has been learned, but much is still to be learned. And in particular, society and global leaders must act on what we already know and take appropriate decisions to mitigate the harmful effects and inequalities aggravated on regional, national and global level. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Environment —lockdown, air pollution and related diseases: could we learn something and make it last?
AbstractAlthough the pandemic has caused substantial losses in economic prosperity and human lives, it has also some positive impacts on the environment. Restricted mobility, complete closure, less traffic and industry have led to improved air quality especially in urban settings. Not only is air pollution an important determinant of chronic diseases, such as heart and lung disorders, but it has also been shown that poor air quality increases the risk of COVID-19.In this article, we review some of the findings on changes in air quality during the pandemic, and its potential effects on health. We need to continue to monitor...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Health workforce protection and preparedness during the COVID-19 pandemic: a tool for the rapid assessment of EU health systems
This article is dedicated to the WHO International Year of Health and Care Workers in 2021 in recognition of their commitment during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study aims to strengthen health workforce preparedness, protection and ultimately resilience during a pandemic. We argue for a health system approach and introduce a tool for rapid comparative assessment based on integrated multi-level governance. We draw on secondary sources and expert information, including material from Denmark, Germany, Portugal and Romania. The results reveal similar developments across countries: action has been taken to improve physical prote...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The COVID-19 disaster and mental health —assessing, responding and recovering
AbstractThe coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic is a disaster that has impacted lives globally. The purpose of this paper is to understand the linkage between COVID-19 and its impact on mental health. To reach this aim, we reviewed the literature on COVID-19 and mental conditions. Based on the literature, we identified COVID-19 as an unexpected, large-scale event that disrupted communities and caused death, destruction and trauma which upended normal existence. For mental conditions, effects of the pandemic are likely to manifest in different ways: development of symptoms in previously healthy individuals, new episo...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Reducing the impact of the coronavirus on disadvantaged migrants and ethnic minorities
AbstractStudies from several countries have shown that the COVID-19 pandemic has disproportionally affected migrants. Many have numerous risk factors making them vulnerable to infection and poor clinical outcome. Policies to mitigate this effect need to take into account public health principles of inclusion, universal health coverage and the right to health. In addition, the migrant health agenda has been compromised by the suspension of asylum processes and resettlement, border closures, increased deportations and lockdown of camps and excessively restrictive public health measures. International organizations including ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Precarious employment and health in the context of COVID-19: a rapid scoping umbrella review
ConclusionsOur study highlights that COVID-19 is creating new health risks for precarious workers as well as exacerbating the pre-existing health risks of precarious employment. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Early warning indicators of COVID-19 burden for a prosilient European pandemic response
ConclusionsMonitoring TPR can provide a 2 –3-week warning of a spike in hospital occupancy and COVID-19 mortality. This time, if well utilized, could help health systems save countless lives by mobilising resources. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - November 9, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

European Public Health news
In thisEuropean Public Health news, we present updates from EUPHA, the EUPHA working group on gender equality, WHO Europe and the upcoming European Public Health Conference. Zeegers and Nagyova reflect on the increase in polarization in the world which has been highlighted by the COVID-19 pandemic. Petelos et al. present the work EUPHA has been developing on gender equality. Something that should be totally obvious, but still needs specific attention, so that gender equality is accepted and implemented everywhere. Kluge et al. reflect on the future of digital public health, one of the priorities of WHO Europe. Digital heal...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 23, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

What is a relationship between BMI and life satisfaction?
ConclusionsOur study adds additional nuance to the quality-of-life research by showing that the association between BMI and LS is, at least partially, moderated by the contextual environment, and that the character of these effects differs by gender.Key messagesThe association between BMI and LS is moderated by the contextual environment.The character of these effects differs by gender. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Web content and social media analysis on children's lifestyles even during the Covid-19 pandemic
ConclusionsThe results will contribute to producing indications for health promotion and increasing Internet users' health literacy.Key messagesWomen are the main users of the topics investigated.Children and adolescents ’ health was the central theme in the mentions collected relating to Covid-19. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Does parents ’ educational level affect children's sedentary behaviour? A cross sectional analysis
ConclusionsOur findings show that mothers' educational level positively influences children's lifestyle. This result might be related to the fact that, in the Italian context, mothers are usually the principal children's caregiver influencing their daily routine. In light of this, mothers might be considered a primary target when implementing public health interventions to reduce children's SB.Key messagesHigher mothers ’ educational level is positively associated with healthier lifestyles in children, in particular in determining a less sedentary behaviour.Fathers' degree of education does not display any impact on ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Coping Styles in the SARS-CoV-2 national lockdown: impact on behaviors for cardiovascular prevention
AbstractBackgroundCoping styles are the ways in which people deal with different stressor situations. Coping strategies can be categorized into three types: task-oriented, emotion-oriented, and avoidance-oriented. Several studies showed a strong relationship between coping styles and cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate how much the SARS-CoV-2 national lockdown has impacted the coping strategies on behaviors for cardiovascular prevention.Methods62 participants from Rome were recruited to assess the impact of prevention and promotion of health on Individual Cardiovascular Risk. The Coping Inventory ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Childbearing intentions after a very preterm delivery: a study among Portuguese mothers and fathers
This study intends to assess the childbearing intentions of mothers and fathers of very preterm infants, regarding the desired and intended number of children, the factors associated with the intention to have more children and the main reasons for not wanting to have more children.MethodsBetween May and July 2017, mothers and fathers of very preterm infants were invited to participate in a structured online questionnaire through the Portuguese association of parents for support to the premature baby, and 231 mothers and 21 fathers were included. The discrepancy between the ideal and intended number of children was assesse...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Dermatoglyphic markers as predictors of high blood pressure in young soccer players
AbstractBackgroundFinger dermatoglyphics has been used as a genetic marker that contributes to the detection of sports talents and the establishment of predisposition to develop physical capacities. Additionally, it has begun to venture as a strategy in the early detection of risk factors for the development of chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCD), with arterial hypertension being one of the least studied factors in athletes; since its prevalence is
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

COVID-19 impact on financial security: evidence from the National Public Engagement Survey in Wales
ConclusionsCOVID-19 has had a major impact on people's lives and livelihoods in Wales, hitting the most deprived and vulnerable the most. It has increased job insecurity, especially among younger/working age people. The government has taken unprecedented financial and other measures to address inequities; nevertheless, most are temporary and not specifically targeted to support specific (vulnerable) groups. Measures to promote sustainable economic recovery, job security and safeguarding due to the COVID-19 pandemic need continuity and consistencyKey messagesCOVID-19 has had a significant impact on income and job security i...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Sustainable initiatives to limit the spread of corona-virus among Danish school teachers
ConclusionsIt should be ensured that schools have the resources needed to hinder spread of virus while delivering high quality teaching. In addition, our findings suggest that school leaders clarify the prioritization between preventive initiatives and core tasks, and inform about responsibilities and academic expectations.Key messagesActions to make preventive initiatives sustainable within school environments are highly needed to keep schools open during this and future pandemics.Policies should ensure that schools have the resources needed in order to hinder spread of virus while delivering high quality teaching. (Sourc...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Occupational prestige and sickness absence inequality in Sweden: a registry-based study
ConclusionsWomen, regardless of occupational prestige level, and men in lower occupational prestige had an increased risk of sickness absence.Key messagesOccupational prestige was associated with sickness absence in women and men.There is need to pay close attention to occupational prestige as a factor that may influence health and labor market participation. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Employer perspectives on their supportive role in promoting sustainable RTW of disabled workers
ConclusionsDifferent types of employer support are considered as important in the RTW process of disabled workers. Besides offering work accommodations, also emotional and informational support are necessary. In addition, good collaboration and flexibility of both employer and employee may be viewed as facilitators for optimizing supervisor and employee interaction during the RTW process.Key messagesInstrumental, emotional and informational support by the employer are important in the RTW process of disabled workers.Facilitating factors include collaboration, flexibility and leadership. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Disability inclusiveness of government responses to COVID-19 in Brazil and Chile
This study examines the disability inclusiveness of government measures to COVID-19 in Brazil and Chile. With more than one billion people with disabilities worldwide, it is important to examine the inclusiveness of official government responses, in order to protect and mitigate the impacts of the pandemic for this population.Description of the problemGovernment responses have a direct impact on the capacity of people with disabilities to protect themselves against health-related, economic, and social consequences of the pandemic. In order to examine official measures, we conducted documentary research, using framework ana...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Suberosis at Public Health Unit (PHU) of Santa Maria da Feira/Arouca (F/A) (Portugal)
ConclusionsSMF has a prevalence of Suberosis well above the national average. In order to respond to this issue, the cork industry must reinforce the investment in terms of PPE, with the use of uniform, cuffs, safety shoes and visor, variable with the specific production process. In terms of collective protection, the signaling of the main hazards and the information available in the workstations regarding mandatory/recommended PPE, isolation of the areas with the most dangerous tasks as well as the maximum possible turnover between tasks are essential in terms of Occupational Health.Key messagesSuberosis is an occupationa...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Sickness absence and disability pension within different employment status in multiple sclerosis
ConclusionsIn contrast to references, employed and self-employed PwMS had similar probabilities of reaching over 180 days of SA.Key messagesThis study emphasizes that in Sweden also self-employed have access to sickness compensation, independently of employment status condition.Access to sickness compensation is utilized by PwMS. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Which managers make which work accommodations for employees with common mental disorders?
ConclusionsGreater confident in how to support these employees, being female, managerial CMD-training and working in the public sector were associated with making WAs more often. The findings suggest directions for training managers in making WAs in order to support and improve work capacity of employees with CMD.Key messagesManagers ’ confidence in and knowledge about how to support employees with CMD were essential in order to make work accommodations. Work-related factors were less associated than expected.Training managers to accommodate the work of employees with CMD might be effective. (Source: The European Jou...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Training of employers and employees in workplace health promotion in Bulgaria – 7-year experience
AbstractIssueHealth of working population is a question of present interest because of a number of reasons: aging workforce, globalization of the labour market, new and increasing risks at working environment etc. Workplace Health Promotion (WHP) become increasingly relevant field of action for public health improvement all over the world. According to the Bulgarian legislation annual trainings on health and safety at work are obligatory for employers and employees.DescriptionBy this paper 7-year experience in training of employers and employees in WHP was shared. Generally, 9 employers/organizations and 120 employees in t...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Managers ’ experience-based understanding of capacity to work in workers with common mental disorders
ConclusionsThis study shows managers' experience-based understanding of CMDs in workers as severe changes and reductions of employees' capacities needed for occupational functioning. These findings add to the understanding of the construction of the capacity at the workplace. A deeper understanding of reduced work capacity is also needed to adapt workplaces and our findings can facilitate work accommodations for employees with CMDs.Key messagesThis study adds a manager perspective to the increasing knowledge about how capacity to work is influenced by CMD.This study shows that managers experience that CMD in workers severe...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Health status and labour force participation among older workers: a growth curve analysis
ConclusionsOur findings contribute to the debate about the importance of older workers' health in the context of working life extension.Key messagesAll occupational groups become more heterogenous in terms of health status with increasing age, however working hours of manual workers seem to be more dependent on their health status.Manual workers experience a stronger effect of health on working hours and that this effect increases over time, therefore prevention of ill health may be particularly beneficial in manual workers. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Disability benefit application in Switzerland: An analysis of linked administrative and survey data
ConclusionsThis study confirmed limited European evidence suggesting that DB application is more than a health-related phenomenon. However, it presented a less consistent picture on the role of marginalisation in DB application.Key messagesOne of the main contributions of this study stems from the promising and innovative method of linking detailed survey information to highly reliable administrative records.As such, the study not only offered novel results but also demonstrated the potential of the dataset for public health research. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluation of Mixed reality in undergraduate nursing education. A systematic review
ConclusionsMixed reality is a very recent technique in nursing education. It is necessary to carry out well-designed studies of adequate size to evaluate in which contexts it is effective.Key messagesMixed reality is an emerging technology in education, but very few evaluations have been conducted.It is necessary to carry out well-designed studies to evaluateif Mixed reality it is effective in nursing education. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Can hospitals impact users ’ experience? Application of an evaluation tool to enhance Design for All
ConclusionsThe analysis of the hospitals demonstrated that the tool can evaluate spaces and DfA outcomes along dimensions of health and well-being. The system can be used to identify critical aspects and suggest design strategies, defining priorities for interventions. Further research directions will consider applications in different hospitals to ensure the tool scalability and application to new building projects.Key messagesThe evaluation tool enhances Public Health by measuring hospital quality in terms of Design for All and user needs.The tool can be applied in the decision-making process during design and renovation...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Delivering health and social services
AbstractDual delivery of COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 services proved to be the core challenge of the service delivery response. Health systems responded by implementing strategies to manage a surge in demand for both health and social services, while continuing to provide other necessary health care services. These involved adapting or transforming patient care approaches, including the coordination of care across levels (e.g., acute vs. outpatient) and settings (e.g., PHC vs. long-term care), and coordinating response measures with social services provided outside of health system. The initial capacities and available reser...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Delivering public health interventions
AbstractPublic health has faced unprecedented pressures from the dual demands of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic while maintaining delivery of essential public health services such as screening and vaccinations. At the beginning of the pandemic, public health efforts turned towards implementing appropriate preventative health measures to control or mitigate transmission, while the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines has started since late 2020. Preventative public health measures to control or mitigate transmission include observing hygiene guidelines; using personal protective equipment (such as masks); limiting contact thro...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Mobilizing human resources
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has confronted health systems with extraordinary changes in demand for health services, which magnified underlying disparities in the health workforce. Initial health workforce capacities were critical, as health systems only have two options to increase workforce level: increasing capacity among the existing workforce or mobilising/recruiting additional personnel. Workforce capacity became a limiting factor in an effective pandemic response, particularly in countries with acute workforce shortages. Countries in Europe have pursued various strategies to rapidly surge the numbers of health work...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Financing the COVID-19 response
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic posed immediate and unprecedented financial challenges to health service providers and health systems more broadly. Providers were faced with additional expenditures, not only because many COVD-19 patients required intensive and costly medical care but also because they had to secure necessary supplies and equipment, such as personal protective equipment (PPE), testing supplies and ventilators; reshape facilities to implement new hygiene and safety measures and reorganise patient pathways; and pay health professionals for high-risk and overtime work. At the same time, providers faced sharp fal...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Governing the COVID-19 response
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic has demonstrated that effective leadership and strong governance are essential for resilience in the face of a shock to the health system. Even though adequate financing of health systems, and ensuring that they have an adequate workforce, physical infrastructure and material supplies can bolster health system resilience, resilience is not merely a function of hard resources but also of soft factors, including capacities of leaders, strengths of institutions, and societal values and culture. Indeed, countries that topped the Global Health Security Index (GHSI), an index that focuses on measuri...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

4.I. Workshop: Health systems resilience during COVID-19: Lessons for building back better
Abstract In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) appeared in the city of Wuhan, China. Since little was known about the new virus at the time, the initial reaction in many countries, including most countries in Europe, was to follow their existing pandemic influenza response plans. Countries that adopted this approach presumed that case- and contact-based management would be unable to cope with the scale of the outbreak and widespread community transmission would be inevitable. Yet it became increasingly apparent that COVID-19 was not like pandemic influenza, not least because it was caused by a coronavirus...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Focusing on inequalities and assessing vulnerabilities in the field to combat COVID-19
AbstractThe COVID-19 pandemic exacerbated the existing health inequalities and highlighted many gaps in the European health care systems. This contribution will focus on the concepts of vulnerability and multiple vulnerability, as both have been discussed in the European Commission's Expert Panel on effective ways of investing in health (EXPH). The EXPH is the interdisciplinary expert group established by the European Commission to provide non-binding independent advice on matters related to effective, accessible and resilient health systems, to inform national policy making in improving the quality and sustainability of h...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Frequent users of ED ’s perspectives about a case management intervention in Western Switzerland
ConclusionsFUED perceived the program as useful and considered the relationship with the case manager as key for positive outcomes. Our findings also suggest ways to improve CM, such as clarifying its organization and aims.Key messagesIn FUEDs ’ opinion, the CM intervention had many positive outcomes, often relying on the relationship with the case manager.However, the CM intervention had also some negatives. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Sexual and reproductive health education for women in a migrant camp in Belgrade, Serbia
The objectives were to 1. Create a safe space for sharing SRH concerns; 2. Assess knowledge and needs; 3. Develop and deliver a bespoke SRH programme in collaboration with the women; 4. Assess impact on knowledge. I facilitated SRH discussions and built rapport, the women then completed an anonymous questionnaire assessing knowledge/needs. I developed a series of monthly SRH workshops delivered over a year. The questions posed were 1. Was SRH education needed/desired? 2. Would women attend? 3. Would SRH knowledge improve?The discussions and questionnaire demonstrated the need and desire for SRH education. 4-10 women (avera...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Long time psychological distress affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake after four years
This study aims to elaborate on factors associated with PTSD post the Great East Japan Earthquake after four years.MethodsQuantitative and qualitative analysis from a questionnaire survey conducted after four years of the earthquake in 2015. The questionnaires included participants' attributes, IES-R scale to evaluate PTSD, loss of their families by tsunami and earthquake, their own tsunami experience, many relocations after the earthquake, lost job after the earthquake. The open-ended question asked them to write about their challenges in their lives and others.ResultsWe received 3465 responses. Among those who responded,...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Epidemiological profile of women victims of domestic violence in Casablanca
ConclusionsDespite the measures undertaken by the authorities, domestic violence is a scourge that is not limited to any particular profile and has complex triggering mechanisms.Key messagesDomestic violence is still a scourge today.The identification of strategic axes of prevention is essential. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

The long-term mental health outcome of adolescent with depression and alcohol abuse comorbidity
AbstractBackgroundAlcohol abuse often co-occurs with adolescent depression and about 1-2% suffer from the dual diagnosis in adolescence. This group is often undertreated or receive inadequate treatment for either of the conditions. Both conditions affect the developing brain and poor long-term outcome might be a potential risk. Yet, long-term follow-up studies are scarce. The aim of this study was to analyse if adolescent depression and alcohol abuse predict poorer mental health in adulthood compared to individuals without either or both conditions.MethodsA community-based sample of individuals with adolescent depression i...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Mental health burden and self-efficacy among undergraduate students in the health sciences
Abstract Perceived professional competence and self-efficacy are complex terms, which have been widely identified in concurrent literature as predictive criteria of future development and settlement of higher education students. The current study aimed at exploring factors affecting perceived professional competence and self-efficacy of Social Work and Nursing students of the Hellenic Mediterranean University. The study employed a sample of 313 students (171 Social Work, 142 Nursing). The questionnaire explored participants' sociodemographic and academic factors, perceived professional competence and self-efficacy (Nu...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

A case-control study on physical activity of teenagers with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
This study aims to investigate the subject by comparing the physical activity of children with AIS to a group of healthy peers.MethodsThe study included 80 teenagers (aged 11-18 years) with AIS and 65 healthy age and gender-matched controls from Varna, Bulgaria. Data was collected after receiving informed consent from the parents. Children with chronic conditions (except AIS) were excluded. Information on AIS was taken from the available medical documentation. Data on PA during the last 7 days was collected via a standardized physical activity questionnaire for adolescents (PAQ-A). PAQ-A results vary from 1 (lowest PA) to ...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Teacher-rated school leadership and adolescent gambling: a study of schools in Stockholm, Sweden
ConclusionsThe findings lend further support to the assumption that characteristics of effective schools at different levels of the school organisation may reduce students' inclination to engage in health risk behaviours.Key messagesTeachers ’ ratings of the school leadership were inversely associated with student gambling and risk gambling, whilst adjusting for student- and school-level sociodemographic characteristics.The findings indicate that a strong school leadership, being one key feature of effective schools, may reduce students ’ inclination to engage in health risk behaviours. (Source: The European Jo...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

School collective efficacy and gambling: a multilevel study on 11th grade students in Stockholm
ConclusionsStudents' inclination to engage in gambling and in risk gambling varies across schools. The findings suggest that a high level of school collective efficacy may contribute to counteract students' engagement in gambling and risk gambling.Key messagesStudents ’ inclination to engage in gambling and in risk gambling varies across schools.The findings indicate that a strong school collective efficacy may contribute to reducing students ’ inclination to engage in health risk behaviours. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Health professionals' perspectives on child protection capacities, training and need for action
ConclusionsIt turned out that there is too little awareness and importance regarding child protection in the medical field. Hence, it is difficult to ensure an adequate care for those affected. Child protection topics should be made mandatory in the training curricula of all health professionals as well as quality standards for prevention and intervention should be implemented in medical institutions.Key messagesToo little attention is paid to child protection in the medical field.More training in child protection and quality standards must be established in the medical field. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

Community Readiness – are municipalities prepared to prevent obesity in childhood and youth?
ConclusionsThe CRM enables a multidimensional analysis of a municipality's material and immaterial infrastructure. In workshops with the participating municipalities the results of the community readiness assessment will be reflected. The aim is to develop an action plan with strategies to increase the stage of readiness and support prevention efforts in order to address childhood obesity.Key messagesThe CRM provides a theoretical basis to understand and improve community readiness.It enables the analysis of assets and weaknesses that can influence obesity prevention in municipalities. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - October 20, 2021 Category: General Medicine Source Type: research