Postepy Hig Med Dosw 2015; 69:1222-1227 "Analysis of nanomechanical properties of Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes under the influence of lytic factors in an in vitro model using atomic force microscopy"

Conclusion: The average value of flexibility of spirochetes’ surface expressed by Young’s modulus was 10185.32 MPa, whereas the adhesion force was 3.68 nN. AFM is a modern tool with a broad spectrum of observational and measurement abilities. Young’s modulus and the adhesion force can be treated as parameters in the evaluation of intensity and changes which take place in pathogenic microorganisms under the influence of various lytic factors. The visualization of the changes in association with nanomechanical features provides a realistic portrayal of the lytic abilities of the elements of the innate and adaptive human immune system.
Source: Postepy higieny i medycyny doswiadczalnej - Category: Research Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 20 July 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Tammi L. Johnson, Christine B. Graham, Sarah E. Maes, Andrias Hojgaard, Amy Fleshman, Karen A. Boegler, Mark J. Delory, Kimetha S. Slater, Sandor E. Karpathy, Jenna K. Bjork, David F. Neitzel, Elizabeth K. Schiffman, Rebecca J. EisenAbstractIn the north-central United States, the blacklegged tick (Ixodes scapularis) is currently known to vector seven human pathogens. These include five bacteria (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia mayonii, Borrelia miyamotoi, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Ehrlichia muris eauclairensis), one...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In 1977, a seminal paper described what was subsequently called Lyme arthritis1. The name “Lyme” originated from the initial investigation of the disease that was conducted in the Connecticut towns of Lyme, Old Lyme and East Haddam1. As more of the clinical manifestations of this illness were discovered, the condition became referred to as Lyme disease2-4. In 1983, the principal etio logic agent for Lyme disease in North America was identified in patients3,5. The etiologic agent became known as Borrelia burgdorferi and until fairly recently was the only species of Lyme borrelia identified to cause Lyme disease ...
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Given the variable clinical signs attributed to Borrelia burgdorferi, including infectious arthritis, neurologic disease, and behavioral changes, B burgdorferi is an important differential for decreased performance in sport horses. The primary vectors (Ixodes tick species) are expanding their range and thus Borrelia species are located in a wider area, making exposure more likely. Due to regionally high seroprevalence and vague clinical signs, diagnosis of Lyme disease in the horse is believed overestimated. Antibiotics are first-line treatment of confirmed Lyme disease. A single positive serologic test, by itself, is not ...
Source: Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 July 2018Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Nicole E. Breuner, Andrias Hojgaard, Adam J. Replogle, Karen A. Boegler, Lars EisenAbstractThe relapsing fever spirochete, Borrelia miyamotoi, is increasingly recognized as a cause of human illness (hard tick-borne relapsing fever) in the United States. We previously demonstrated that single nymphs of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, can transmit B. miyamotoi to experimental hosts. However, two recent epidemiological studies from the Northeastern United States indicate that human cases of hard tick-borne relapsing fever p...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Jessica L. Kostick-Dunn, Jerilyn R. Izac, John C. Freedman, Lee T. Szkotnicki, Lee D. Oliver, Richard T. Marconi
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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Source: Advances in Medical Sciences - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Molecular Microbiology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Source: Molecular Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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