Heritability and genome-wide association study of vaccine-induced immune response in Beagles: A pilot study

The objective of this study was to estimate the heritability of the antibody response to vaccination against viral and bacterial pathogens, and to identify genes driving variation of the immune response to vaccination in Beagles. Sixty puppies were immunized following a standard vaccination schedule with an attenuated combination vaccine containing antigens for canine adenovirus type 2, canine distemper virus, canine parainfluenza virus, canine parvovirus, and four strains of Leptospira bacteria. Serum antibody measurements for each viral and bacterial component were measured at multiple time points. Heritability estimations and GWAS were conducted using SNP genotypes at 279,902 markers together with serum antibody titer phenotypes. The heritability estimates were: (1) to Leptospira antigens, ranging from 0.178 to 0.628; and (2) to viral antigens, ranging from 0.199 to 0.588. There was not a significant difference between overall heritability of vaccine-induced immune response to Leptospira antigens compared to viral antigens. Genetic architecture indicates that SNPs of low to high effect contribute to immune response to vaccination. GWAS identified two genetic markers associated with vaccine-induced immune response phenotypes. Collectively, these findings indicate that genetic regulation of the immune response to vaccination is antigen-specific and influenced by multiple genes of small effect.PMID:38604911 | DOI:10.1016/j.vaccine.2024.03.076
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research