The Center for causal discovery of biomedical knowledge from Big Data

The Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) Center for Causal Discovery is developing and disseminating an integrated set of open source tools that support causal modeling and discovery of biomedical knowledge from large and complex biomedical datasets. The Center integrates teams of biomedical and data scientists focused on the refinement of existing and the development of new constraint-based and Bayesian algorithms based on causal Bayesian networks, the optimization of software for efficient operation in a supercomputing environment, and the testing of algorithms and software developed using real data from 3 representative driving biomedical projects: cancer driver mutations, lung disease, and the functional connectome of the human brain. Associated training activities provide both biomedical and data scientists with the knowledge and skills needed to apply and extend these tools. Collaborative activities with the BD2K Consortium further advance causal discovery tools and integrate tools and resources developed by other centers.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research

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With the caveat that the behavior of cells in culture is not necessarily all that relevant to their behavior amidst the full complexities of living tissue, this study is an interesting initial exploration of the ways in which the cellular senescence of supporting cells in the brain might contribute to the progression of neurodegeneration. Senescent cells secrete a potent mix of inflammatory and other signaling; while they serve a useful purpose when present for a short time, not all are successfully destroyed. Their numbers grow with age, and the presence of these errant cells and their signaling is very harmful over the l...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Daily News Source Type: blogs
Molecules, Vol. 25, Pages 549: Adropin as A Fat-Burning Hormone with Multiple Functions—Review of a Decade of Research Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules25030549 Authors: Jasaszwili Billert Strowski Nowak Skrzypski Adropin is a unique hormone encoded by the energy homeostasis-associated (Enho) gene. Adropin is produced in the liver and brain, and also in peripheral tissues such as in the heart and gastrointestinal tract. Furthermore, adropin is present in the circulatory system. A decade after its discovery, there is evidence that adropin may contribute to body weight regulation, glucose and lipid ...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
This study aimed to validate whether the recently-proposed prognostic grading system, initial brain metastasis velocity (iBMV), is applicable to breast cancer patients receiving stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). We focused particularly on whether this grading system is useful for patients with all molecular types, i.e., positive versus negative for EsR, PgR and HER2.Methods and materialsThis was an institutional review board-approved, retrospective cohort study using our database, prospectively accumulated at three gamma knife institutes, during the 20-year-period since 1998. We excluded patients for whom the day of primary...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Approximately 60% of cancer patients receive radiation therapy during the course of their illness, and nearly half of all patients referred to radiation oncology are treated with palliative intent. However, many palliative care specialists are unfamiliar with the indications, expected outcomes, and toxicities of radiation therapy. Palliative care providers can benefit from a greater understanding of how to support patients and their families through this process. This session will follow a patient with lung cancer from the time of diagnosis, through curative-intent treatment and subsequent recurrence with brain and bone metastases, to death.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Brain tumors are the second most common tumor in children accounting for about 1 in 4 tumors. They are also the leading cause of cancer-related death in children. The tumors and their treatments are associated with significant physical symptoms, psychological strain, learning difficulties, and mortality. For these reasons, it is imperative that children with brain tumors have access to palliative care starting at the time of diagnosis. Unfortunately, access to palliative care for these children is not universal and when available is often indroduced late in the couse of disease.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - Category: Palliative Care Authors: Source Type: research
Contributors : Diana E Vel ázquez-Vázquez ; Aylin Del Moral-Morales ; Jenie M Cruz-Burgos ; Eduardo Martínez-Martínez ; Mauricio Rodríguez-Dorantes ; Ignacio Camacho-ArroyoSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiens ; synthetic constructGlioblastoma multiforme (GBM), a grade IV astrocytoma, is the most common and aggressive brain tumor in adults, characterized by being highly infiltrative, angiogenic, and resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In previous works, has been determined that progesterone P4 increases proliferation, migration and invasion of cell...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens synthetic construct Source Type: research
Conclusions: This review of outcomes of RT for ICM in LC demonstrates a higher rate of RN than previously reported in the literature in those having had a surgical resection plus stereotactic radiosurgery. Our observation of RN as late as 5 years post-RT for ICM necessitates clinician awareness.
Source: American Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Original Articles: Thoracic Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Jie Li, Hui Lv, Yu-Qin CheAbstractBrain ischaemia, which can cause severe nerve injury, is a global health challenge. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) growth-arrest specific 5 (Gas5) has been documented to exert tumour suppressive effects in several cancers. However, its role in cerebrovascular disease still requires further investigation. Therefore, in this study, we focused on the role of lncRNA regulatory signalling related to lncRNA Gas5 in ischaemic brain injury. Middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was employed as a model of ischaemic bra...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This study aimed to develop a novel and biocompatible cobalt hydroxide (Co(OH)2) nano-flakes that is functionalized by glutamic acid (Glu) and conjugated to thiosemicarbazide (TSC) for anticancer activities against human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Physico-chemical properties of the Co(OH)2@Glu-TSC nanomaterial are characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, and Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. MTT assay, flow cytometry, and caspase-3 activity analysis used for evaluating anticancer properties of the Co(OH)2@Glu-TSC nanomaterial. The M...
Source: Biological Trace Element Research - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: Biol Trace Elem Res Source Type: research
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