Soluble thrombomodulin alleviates Diquat-induced acute kidney injury by inhibiting the HMGB1/I κBα/NF-κB signalling pathway

Food Chem Toxicol. 2023 Jun 3:113871. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2023.113871. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOur research aimed to investigate whether soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) relieved Diquat (DQ)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) via HMGB1/IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathways. An AKI rat model was constructed using DQ. Pathological changes in renal tissue were detected by HE and Masson staining. Gene expression was determined using qRT-PCR, IHC, and western blotting. Cell activity and apoptosis were analysed using CCK-8 and Flow cytometry, respectively. An abnormal kidney structure was observed in DQ rats. The levels of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (CRE), uric acid (UA), oxidative stress, and inflammatory responses in the DQ group increased on the 7th day but decreased on the 14th day, compared with the control group. Additionally, HMGB1, sTM, and NF-kappaB (NF-κB) expression had increased in the DQ group compared with the control group, while the IκKα and IκB-α levels had decreased. In addition, sTM relieved the damaging effects of diquat on renal tubular epithelial cell viability, apoptosis, and the inflammatory response. The levels of HMGB1, TM, and NF-κB mRNA and protein were significantly decreased in the DQ + sTM group compared with the DQ group. These findings indicated that sTM could relieve Diquat-induced AKI through HMGB1/IκBα/NF-κB signaling pathways, which provides a treatment strategy for Diquat-induced AKI.PMID:37277018 | DOI:10.1016/j.fct.2023.113871
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Source Type: research