Query: stroke

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Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine

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Total 186 results found since Jan 2013.

Neurogenic pulmonary edema following severe head injury: A transpulmonary thermodilution study
We report a fatal case of a 55-year old man who was admitted because of severe head injury. The diagnosis of NPE was considered according to clinical and radiological findings. Transpulmonary thermodilution (TPT) study showed decreased stroke volume index (SVI) and cardiac function index (CFI). Indexed extravascular lung water (EVLWI) was increased as well as pulmonary vascular permeability index (PVPI).
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Anis Chaari, Kamilia Chtara, Nozha Toumi, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounir Bouaziz Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Neurogenic pulmonary edema after severe head injury: a transpulmonary thermodilution study
We report a fatal case of a 55-year-old man who was admitted because of severe head injury. The diagnosis of NPE was considered according to clinical and radiologic findings. Transpulmonary thermodilution study showed decreased stroke volume index and cardiac function index. Indexed extravascular lung water was increased as well as pulmonary vascular permeability index.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Anis Chaari, Kamilia Chtara, Nozha Toumi, Mabrouk Bahloul, Mounir Bouaziz Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Improved door-to-needle times and neurologic outcomes when IV tissue plasminogen activator is administered by emergency physicians with advanced neuroscience training
The neurologic emergency department (neuro ED) at our medical center is staffed by emergency medicine physicians who have specialized neuroscience training and give intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) independently for acute ischemic stroke patients. Door-to-needle (DTN) times, discharge location, and discharge National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were studied between the neuro ED and main emergency department (ED) with the hypothesis that all measures would be better in the neuro ED group.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - November 28, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Karen Greenberg, Christina R. Maxwell, Keisha D. Moore, Michael D’Ambrosio, Kenneth Liebman, Erol Veznedaroglu, Geri Sanfillippo, Cynthia Diaz, Mandy J. Binning Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Improved Door-to-Needle Times and Neurological Outcomes when IV-tPA is Administered by Emergency Physicians with Advanced Neuroscience Training
The neurologic emergency department (neuro ED) at our medical center is staffed by emergency medicine physicians who have specialized neuroscience training and give IV tPA independently for acute ischemic stroke patients. Door-to-needle times (DTN), discharge location, and discharge NIHSS scores were studied between the neurologic emergency department and main emergency department with the hypothesis that all measures would be better in the neuro ED group.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - November 28, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Karen Greenberg, Christina R. Maxwell, Keisha D. Moore, Michael D’Ambrosio, Kenneth Liebman, Erol Veznedaroglu, Geri Sanfillippo MSN, Cynthia Diaz, Mandy J. Binning Source Type: research

Improved door-to-needle times and neurologic outcomes when intravenous tissue plasminogen activator is administered by emergency physicians with advanced neuroscience training
The neurologic emergency department (neuro ED) at our medical center is staffed by emergency medicine physicians who have specialized neuroscience training and give intravenous (IV) tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) independently for acute ischemic stroke patients. Door-to-needle (DTN) times, discharge location, and discharge National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores were studied between the neuro ED and main emergency department (ED) with the hypothesis that all measures would be better in the neuro ED group.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - November 28, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Karen Greenberg, Christina R. Maxwell, Keisha D. Moore, Michael D’Ambrosio, Kenneth Liebman, Erol Veznedaroglu, Geri Sanfillippo, Cynthia Diaz, Mandy J. Binning Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research

Approach to the diagnosis and treatment of acute subarachnoid hemorrhage in a patient with sickle cell disease
We report a case of subarachnoid hemorrhage in a 38-year-old patient with sickle cell anemia. This case highlights the limitations of noncontrast computed tomography in the diagnosis of subarachnoid hemorrhage in patients with sickle cell disease as well as the special needs of this patient population in addressing the treatment of stroke.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - August 29, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Matthew Lyon, Justin Jeter, Richard Lottenberg Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Dabigatran-related coagulopathy: when can we assume the effect has “worn off”?
This issue of American Journal of Emergency Medicine presents a timely report that should be noted by all practicing emergency physicians. Nzwalo et al [1] describe a 61-year-old man with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, taking 150 mg dabigatran twice daily for stroke protection, who presented to their emergency department (ED) with an acute ischemic stroke (AIS). The patient had a normal creatinine clearance and a normal thrombin time (TT). He was treated with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) with good neurologic outcome and no bleeding complications.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - August 28, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Charles V. Pollack, Jerrold H. Levy, John Eikelboom, Jeffrey I. Weitz, Frank W. Sellke, Menno V. Huisman, Thorsten Steiner, Pieter Kamphuisen, Richard A. Bernstein Tags: Controversies Source Type: research

Intravenous methylphenidate: an unusual way to provoke ST-elevation myocardial infarction
Acute ST-T elevation is a sign of myocardial ischemia or infarction usually due to coronary artery atherosclerosis or coronary spasm. Coronary spasm may be spontaneous or can occur as a result of a drug that causes arterial spam. Ritalin, Novartis Pharmaceut. Corporation, USA (methylphenidate hydrochloride), a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, is an oral drug used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and narcolepsy. Sudden deaths, stroke, and myocardial infarction have been reported in adults taking stimulant drugs at usual dose for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [1].
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - August 7, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Emile Hay, Vitaly Shklovski, Yossef Blaer, Vladimir Shlakhover, Amos Katz Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Association of physician risk tolerance with emergency department computed tomography use for isolated dizziness/vertigo patients
Dizziness/vertigo is one of the most common principal complaints in the emergency department (ED) [1], accounting for 2.5% of all ED presentations [2]. Although the most common causes of dizziness/vertigo are benign, potential life-threatening stroke especially cerebellar or brain stem infarction should be considered in the differential diagnosis, because isolated dizziness without other concurrent neurological symptoms can be the sole presentation of these conditions [3-5]. Non-contrast brain computed tomography (CT) provides the necessary information for emergency management of most patients with suspected stroke and is ...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - July 30, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fu-Jen Cheng, Chien-Hung Wu, Yuan-Jhen Syue, Pai-Chun Yen, Kuan-Han Wu Source Type: research

Association of physician risk tolerance with ED CT use for isolated dizziness/vertigo patients
Dizziness/vertigo is one of the most common principal complaints in the emergency department (ED) [1], accounting for 2.5% of all ED presentations [2]. Although the most common causes of dizziness/vertigo are benign, potential life-threatening stroke especially cerebellar or brain stem infarction should be considered in the differential diagnosis because isolated dizziness without other concurrent neurologic symptoms can be the sole presentation of these conditions [3-5]. Noncontrast brain computed tomography (CT) provides the necessary information for emergency management of most patients with suspected stroke and is the...
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - July 30, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Fu-Jen Cheng, Chien-Hung Wu, Yuan-Jhen Syue, Pai-Chun Yen, Kuan-Han Wu Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Successful management of heat stroke associated with multiple organ dysfunction by active intravascular cooling
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - June 12, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Hideyuki Hamaya, Toru Hifumi, Kenya Kawakita, Tomoya Okazaki, Kazutaka Kiridume, Natsuyo Shinohara, Yuko Abe, Koshiro Takano, Masanobu Hagiike, Yasuhiro Kuroda Source Type: research

Acute psychosis presenting as a sole manifestation of left atrial myxoma: a new paradigm
Atrial myxomas are the most common benign cardiac tumors. Neurological manifestations associated with left atrial myxoma are seen infrequently in the form of embolic stroke of intracranial hemorrhage. Psychiatric manifestations are however exceedingly rare. We hereby present a case who presented with acute psychosis as a sole manifestation of an underlying left atrial myxoma.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - May 12, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Rajendra Singh Jain, Kadam Nagpal, Rahul Jain, Swayam Prakash, Rahul Handa Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Implementation of a clinical pathway based on a computerized physician order entry system for ischemic stroke attenuates off-hour and weekend effects in the emergency department
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - May 11, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jong Min Yang, Yoo Seok Park, Sung Phil Chung, Hyun Soo Chung, Hye Sun Lee, Je Sung You, Shin Ho Lee, Incheol Park Source Type: research

Posterior cerebral artery stroke presenting as alexia without agraphia
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 28, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Bhawna Sharma, Rahul Handa, Swayam Prakash, Kadam Nagpal, Indu Bhana, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Mahendra Singh Sisodiya Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Posterior Cerebral artery stroke presenting as Alexia without Agraphia
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 26, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Bhawna Sharma, Rahul Handa, Swayam Prakash, Kadam Nagpal, Indu Bhana, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Sunil Kumar, Mahendra Singh Sisodiya Source Type: research

Acute pediatric stroke—what’s the hurry? A case for emergency physician-performed echocardiography
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 16, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Christopher D. Thom, Scott E. Sparks Source Type: research

Good outcome after intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke in a patient under treatment with dabigatran
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 16, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Cátia Diogo, Josiana Duarte, Sofia Sobral, Paula Pestana, Hipólito Nzwalo, Henrique Rita, José Sousa Costa Source Type: research

Acute Pediatric Stroke – What’s the Hurry? A Case for Emergency Physician Performed Echocardiography
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 16, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Christopher D. Thom, Scott E. Sparks Source Type: research

Good outcome after intravenous thrombolysis for acute stroke in a patient under treatment with dabigatran
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 16, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Cátia Diogo, Josiana Duarte, Sofia Sobral, Paula Pestana, Hipólito Nzwalo, Henrique Rita, José Sousa Costa Source Type: research

Wax on, wax off: a rare case of catatonia
We present a unique case of late onset catatonia in a 56-year-old man with no prior medical or psychiatric history initially presenting with stroke-like symptoms.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 7, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Karen Greenberg, Michael D’Ambrosio, Kenneth M. Liebman, Erol Veznedaroglu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Bun/creatinine ratio-based hydration for preventing stroke-in-evolution after acute ischemic stroke
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 4, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Leng-Chieh Lin, Jiann-Der Lee, Yen-Chu Hung, Chia-Hao Chang, Jen-Tsung Yang Source Type: research

Reperfusion strategy for simultaneous ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction and acute ischemic stroke within a time window
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - March 5, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Héctor González-Pacheco, Aurelio Méndez-Domínguez, Gerardo Vieyra-Herrera, Francisco Azar-Manzur, Aloja Meave-González, Hugo Rodríguez-Zanella, Carlos Martínez-Sánchez Source Type: research

Transient splenial diffusion-weighted image restriction mimicking stroke
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - March 4, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sharma Bhawna, Handa Rahul, Nagpal Kadam, Prakash Swayam, Pankaj Kumar Gupta, Rakesh Agrawal, Mahendra S. Sisodiya Source Type: research

Hyperacute Guillain-Barré syndrome mimicking stroke: report of 3 cases
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - February 24, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: M. de Montaudouin, O. Fleury, M. Rouanet, P. Renou, F. Rouanet, Igor Sibon Source Type: research

Mitochondrial encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episode leading to recurrent superior mesenteric artery syndrome
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - February 12, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Oh Young Kwon, Seong Gwan Lim, Sung Hyuk Park Source Type: research

Stroke: prospective evaluation of a prehospital management process based on rescuers under medical direction
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - February 3, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Laure Alhanati, Stéphane Dubourdieu, Clément Hoffmann, Francis Béguec, Stéphane Travers, Hugues Lefort, Olga Maurin, Daniel Jost, Laurent Domanski, Jean-Pierre Tourtier Tags: Original Contributions Source Type: research

Varicella zoster encephalitis mimicking stroke
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 16, 2013 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joaquín Valle Alonso, Javier Fonseca, Daniel López, Juan José Ochoa Source Type: research

An unusual cause of stroke in a young female
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 2, 2013 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Malik Asif Humayun, Adnan Masood, Tariq Waseem, Farina Ahmad, Tanzeem Raza Source Type: research