Tenecteplase utility in acute ischemic stroke patients: A clinical review of current evidence

Acute ischemic stroke is leading cause of disability in the United States. Treatment is aimed at reducing impact of cerebral clot burden and life-long disability. Traditional fibrinolytic treatment with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has shown to be effective but at high risk of major bleeding. Multiple studies have evaluated tenecteplase as an alternative to tPA.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research

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AbstractObjectivesThe OVID study will demonstrate whether prophylactic-dose enoxaparin improves survival and reduces hospitalizations in symptomatic ambulatory patients aged 50 or older diagnosed with COVID-19, a novel viral disease characterized by severe systemic, pulmonary, and vessel inflammation and coagulation activation.Trial designThe OVID study is conducted as a multicentre open-label superiority randomised controlled trial.ParticipantsInclusion Criteria1. Signed patient informed consent after being fully informed about the study ’s background.2. Patients aged 50 years or older with a positive test for SARS-...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
CONCLUSION:  MLBCs and CT-ADP > 180 seconds were identified as predictors for ischemic stroke or TIA. The present study suggests that the defects of HMW multimers of the VWFs may contribute not only to bleeding events but also to thrombotic events. PMID: 32726854 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Thrombosis and Haemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Thromb Haemost Source Type: research
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a severe cerebrovascular disease with a high incidence, mortality and disability rate. Danhong injection (DHI) is beneficial for ischemic stroke, but is prohibited for ICH due to risk of bleeding. The present study aims to explore the potential therapeutic time window and molecular mechanism of DHI in a collagenase-induced ICH model in aged rats. DHI administration after ICH could significantly improve body weight and neurological deficits, and reduce the hematoma volume and brain water content when compared to the vehicle control. Furthermore, the protective effect of DHI administration o...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract The aim of this paper is to integrate different bodies of research including brain traveling waves, brain neuromodulation, neural field modeling and post-stroke language disorders in order to explore the opportunity of implementing model-guided, cortical neuromodulation for the treatment of post-stroke aphasia. Worldwide according to WHO, strokes are the second leading cause of death and the third leading cause of disability. In ischemic stroke, there is not enough blood supply to provide enough oxygen and nutrients to parts of the brain, while in hemorrhagic stroke, there is bleeding within the enclosed ...
Source: Biological Cybernetics - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Biol Cybern Source Type: research
AbstractThe optimal management of oral anticoagulation (OAC) in the acute phase of non valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF)-related acute ischemic stroke (AIS) remains controversial, especially in very old patients. Therefore, the aim of our study was to evaluate the practical management of OAC in this context. We conducted an observational retrospective study on patients 85-years old and older admitted to two Italian hospitals for NVAF-related AIS. For each patient, clinical and brain computed tomography data were recorded. Type of OAC (vitamin K antagonists, VKAs or Direct Oral Anticoagulants, DOACs), dosage and starting ...
Source: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 31581363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: J Biomed Mater Res A Source Type: research
In this study, researchers studied 438,952 participants in the UK Biobank, who had a total of 24,980 major coronary events - defined as the first occurrence of non-fatal heart attack, ischaemic stroke, or death due to coronary heart disease. They used an approach called Mendelian randomisation, which uses naturally occurring genetic differences to randomly divide the participants into groups, mimicking the effects of running a clinical trial. People with genes associated with lower blood pressure, lower LDL cholesterol, and a combination of both were put into different groups, and compared against those without thes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: In 2014, there were 28,212,820 (2.02% AIS and 5.50% LDs) hospitalizations. LDs patients had higher prevalence and odds of having AIS compared with non-LDs. Between 2003-2014, of the total 4,224,924 AIS hospitalizations, 451,645 (10.69%) had LDs. Patients with LDs had lower percentages and odds of mortality, risk of death, major/extreme disability, discharge to nursing facility, and complications including epilepsy, stroke-associated pneumonia, GI-bleeding and hemorrhagic-transformation compared to non-LDs. Although LDs are risk factors for AIS, concurrent LDs in AIS is not only associated with lower mortality ...
Source: Medicina (Kaunas) - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Medicina (Kaunas) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology JournalAuthor(s): Jan Mican, Martin Toul, David Bednar, Jiri DamborskyAbstract:Myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke are the most frequent causes of death or disability worldwide. Due to their ability to dissolve blood clots, the thrombolytics are frequently used for their treatment. Improving the effectiveness of thrombolytics for clinical uses is of great interest. The knowledge of the multiple roles of the endogenous thrombolytics and the fibrinolytic system grows continuously. The effects of thrombolytics on the alterat...
Source: Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Cerebral stroke is a leading cause of death and persistent disability of elderly in the world. Moreover, after the age of 55, the risk of stroke doubles with each passing decade. Of all strokes, approximately 85 percent are ischemic, caused by blockage of cerebral arteries and remaining hemorrhagic, caused by intracerebral or subarachnoid bleeding. Although stroke prevention by targeting several risk factors such as diabetes, smoking, sedentary lifestyle, hypertension, alcohol abuse and hyperlipidemia have decreased the stroke incidence, the total number of strokes is increasing due to the population aging. After an ischem...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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