Part II – Ectoparasites: Pediculosis and Tungiasis
Pediculosis is an infestation of lice on the body, head, and/or pubic region that occurs worldwide. Lice are ectoparasites of the order Phthiraptera that feed on the blood of infested hosts. Their morphotype dictates their clinical features. Body lice may transmit bacterial pathogens that cause trench fever, relapsing fever, and epidemic typhus, which are potentially life-threatening diseases that remain relevant in contemporary times. Recent data from some settings suggest head lice may harbor pathogens. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - July 13, 2019 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sarah J. Coates, Cristina Thomas, Olivier Chosidow, Daniel Engelman, Aileen Y. Chang Source Type: research

Microbial Communities in a Flow-Through Fish Farm for Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus L.) During Healthy Rearing Conditions
In this study we have monitored microbial communities in a fish farm for lumpfish during normal operational conditions with no disease outbreak by using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. The study involved weekly samplings of water and biofilms from fish tanks, and fish. The results revealed that the microbial communities in fish tank water were different from the intake water. The water and biofilm in fish tanks were highly similar in regards to microbial community members, but with large differences in relative abundances for some taxa. The sampled fish were associated with mostly the same taxa as in tank water and biof...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - July 12, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Toxic Keratitis After Application of Custard Apple Seed for Head Lice Infestation
Conclusions: Health education about the harmful effect of this traditional practice for head lice infestation will prevent further similar events. (Source: Cornea)
Source: Cornea - July 9, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

State Legislators ’ Opinions About Adverse Childhood Experiences as Risk Factors for Adult Behavioral Health Conditions
Psychiatric Services, Ahead of Print. (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - July 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan Purtle F élice Lê-Scherban Xi Wang Emily Brown Mariana Chilton Source Type: research

Lice infestation causing severe anemia in a 4-year-old child.
PMID: 31300428 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien)
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - July 1, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Ronsley R, Ling F, Rehmus W, Dmytryshyn A Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research

Valproate and female patients: Prescribing attitudes of Italian epileptologists
Publication date: August 2019Source: Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 97Author(s): Loretta Giuliano, Angela La Neve, Carlo Andrea Galimberti, Umberto Aguglia, Leonilda Bilo, Caterina Ermio, Giulia Monti, Elena Zambrelli, Corrado Zenesini, Barbara MostacciAbstractIntroductionAfter the European Medicines Agency (EMA) warning on the use of valproate (VPA) in female patients, we explored the antiepileptic drug (AED) prescribing attitudes of Italian epileptologists with regard to sex and VPA use in patients with epilepsy.Material and methodsA specifically designed 30-item questionnaire was distributed at the annual multicenter m...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - June 26, 2019 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Valproate and female patients: Prescribing attitudes of Italian epileptologists.
Abstract INTRODUCTION: After the European Medicines Agency (EMA) warning on the use of valproate (VPA) in female patients, we explored the antiepileptic drug (AED) prescribing attitudes of Italian epileptologists with regard to sex and VPA use in patients with epilepsy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A specifically designed 30-item questionnaire was distributed at the annual multicenter meeting of the Italian League Against Epilepsy (LICE), held in Rome on January 2018. One hundred and sixty-nine physicians answered the questionnaire. RESULTS: In females, VPA was significantly less prescribed as first-choice AED ...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - June 25, 2019 Category: Neurology Authors: Giuliano L, La Neve A, Galimberti CA, Aguglia U, Bilo L, Ermio C, Monti G, Zambrelli E, Zenesini C, Mostacci B Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research

Promiscuous T cell epitopes boosts specific IgM immune response against a P0 peptide antigen from sea lice in different teleost species
Publication date: Available online 11 June 2019Source: Fish & Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Yeny Leal, Janet Velazquez, Liz Hernandez, Jaya Kumari Swain, Alianet Rodríguez Rodríguez, Rebeca Martínez, Claudia García, Yassel Ramos, Mario Pablo Estrada, Yamila CarpioAbstractThe development of vaccines employing conserved protein antigens, for instance ribosomal protein P0, has as disadvantage the high degree of identity between pathogen and host proteins due to possible induction of tolerance or auto antibodies in the host organism. To overcome this drawback, peptide-based vaccines have been d...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - June 12, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Genetic diversity of human head lice and molecular detection of associated bacterial pathogens in Democratic Republic of Congo
Head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is an obligatory blood-sucking ectoparasite, distributed worldwide. Phylogenetically, it occurs in five divergent mitochondrial clades (A –E); each exhibiting a particular ge... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - June 7, 2019 Category: Microbiology Authors: Celia Scherelle Boumbanda Koyo, Nadia Amanzougaghene, Bernard Davoust, Leon Tshilolo, Jean Bernard Lekana-Douki, Didier Raoult, Oleg Mediannikov and Florence Fenollar Tags: Research Source Type: research

Host immunomodulation by ascorbic acid ameliorates oxidative stress in caprine pediculosis—A pilot study
Publication date: July 2019Source: Small Ruminant Research, Volume 176Author(s): Y. Ajith, Umesh Dimri, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Gopinath Devi, Nellooran Junaid, E. MadheshAbstractPediculosis is the most common and economically significant dermatological condition in goats caused mainly by the chewing lice, (Damalinia (Bovicola) caprae. Clinically, it is associated with varying levels of hypersensitivity skin reactions and its clinico-pathology is less explored. The present study aimed to investigate the immuno-oxidative pathology of chewing lice infestation in goats vis-à-vis immunomodulatory potential of two stand...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - June 2, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Molecular Survey for Pathogens and Markers of Permethrin Resistance in Human Head Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from Madagascar.
Abstract Human infestation with head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer, is the most prevalent ectoparasitic condition in the modern world. The purpose of this study was to test human head lice from Madagascar for infection with 2 louse-borne bacteria, Bartonella quintana and Acinetobacter spp. including Acinetobacter baumannii, to assess the potential risk of exposure to these pathogens in rural populations experiencing head-louse pediculosis. A second aim was to determine the occurrence of a biomarker for permethrin resistance in head lice from 6 isolated human communities in Madagascar. Deoxyribonucleic ac...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - June 1, 2019 Category: Parasitology Authors: Eremeeva ME, Warang SS, Anderson ML, Capps D, Zohdy S, Durden LA Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research

Lice dodge death by going to the light [OUTSIDE JEB]
Daniel E. Rozen (Source: Journal of Experimental Biology)
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - May 31, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Rozen, D. E. Tags: OUTSIDE JEB Source Type: research

Host immunomodulation by ascorbic acid ameliorates oxidative stress in caprine Pediculosis - A Pilot Study
Publication date: Available online 28 May 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): Y. Ajith, Umesh Dimri, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Gopinath Devi, Nellooran Junaid, E. MadheshAbstractPediculosis is the most common and economically significant dermatological condition in goats caused mainly by the chewing lice, (Damalinia (Bovicola) caprae. Clinically, it is associated with varying levels of hypersensitivity skin reactions and its clinico-pathology is less explored. The present study aimed to investigate the immuno-oxidative pathology of chewing lice infestation in goats vis-à-vis immunomodulatory potential of tw...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - May 29, 2019 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Physiological performance of ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta) at different temperatures and its implication for cleaner fish usage in salmon aquaculture
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2019Source: Biological ControlAuthor(s): Jeffrey William Yuen, Tim Dempster, Frode Oppedal, Malthe HvasAbstractBallan wrasse (Labrus bergylta) are used extensively as cleaner fish to control salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) infestations in the Atlantic salmon (Salmon salar) aquaculture industry. Fish are either cultured or caught in the wild before being transferred to salmon sea cages. Ballan wrasse are a poorly studied species, and fundamental knowledge of physiological performances and environmental limits are therefore needed for better deployment strategies and to predict...
Source: Biological Control - May 16, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Lice and Scabies.
Authors: PMID: 31083888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Family Physician)
Source: American Family Physician - May 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Lice and Scabies: Treatment Update.
Abstract Pediculosis and scabies are caused by ectoparasites. Pruritus is the most common presenting symptom. Head and pubic lice infestations are diagnosed with visualization of live lice. Nits (lice eggs or egg casings) alone are not sufficient to diagnose a current infestation. A "no-nit" policy for return to school is not recommended because nits can remain even after successful treatment. First-line pharmacologic treatment for pediculosis is permethrin 1% lotion or shampoo. Newer treatments are available but costly, and resistance patterns are generally unknown. Noninsecticidal agents, including dim...
Source: American Family Physician - May 15, 2019 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gunning K, Kiraly B, Pippitt K Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research

Ectoparasites of endemic and domestic animals in southwest Madagascar.
r A Abstract Human encroachment of natural habitats bears the threat of disease transmission between native and introduced species that had not come into contact before, thus promoting the spread of new diseases in both directions. This is a matter of concern especially in areas where human-wildlife contact has not been intense in the recent past. In southwest Madagascar, we collected ectoparasites from various mammalian hosts and chicken, and examined their host preferences and their prevalence in relation to season and habitat degradation. Field-work took place in the northern portion of Tsimanampetsotsa Nationa...
Source: Acta Tropica - May 10, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ehlers J, Poppert S, Ratovonamana RY, Ganzhorn JU, Tappe D, Krüger A Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research

Catching the complexity of salmon-louse interactions
Publication date: Available online 30 April 2019Source: Fish & Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Cristian Gallardo-Escárate, Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Gustavo Núñez-Acuña, Crisleri Carrera, Ana Teresa Gonçalves, Diego Valenzuela-Miranda, Bárbara P. Benavente, Steven RobertsAbstractThe study of host-parasite relationships is an integral part of the immunology of aquatic species, where the complexity of both organisms has to be overlayed with the lifecycle-stages of the parasite and immunological status of the host. A deep understanding of how the parasite survives in its h...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 1, 2019 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Impact of cold adaptation on cardiac tolerance to ischemia/reperfusion and glucocorticoid, thyroid hormone levels.
Abstract We have established that the continuous cold exposure (CCE, 4°C, 4 weeks) causes cold adaptation, increases systolic blood pressure, exerts infarct-limiting effect during coronary artery occlusion (45 min) and reperfusion (2 h). The CCE increases adrenal weight, heart weight and triiodothyronine (T3) level but does not change thymus, spleen weight, serum cortisol, corticosterone and thyroxin (T4) levels. The long-term (4°C, 8 h/day, 4 weeks) intermittent cold exposure (LICE) induces adaptation to the cold and increases T4 level. The brief (4°C, 1.5 h/day, 4 weeks) intermittent cold exposure (B...
Source: General Physiology and Biophysics - May 1, 2019 Category: Physiology Authors: Tsibulnikov SY, Maslov LN, Naryzhnaya NV, Ivanov VV, Bushov YV, Voronkov NS, Jaggi AS, Zhang Y, Oeltgen PR Tags: Gen Physiol Biophys Source Type: research

Properties of novel CaBi2Ta2O9-(Na0.5Bi0.5)Bi2Ta2O9 solid solution-based high Curie temperature piezoelectric ceramics
Publication date: Available online 27 April 2019Source: Journal of Alloys and CompoundsAuthor(s): Jianqiang Zhong, Chao Wu, Dan Wang, Yulin Shi, Jianguo Zhu, Qiang ChenAbstractDesigning ferroelectrics with excellent electrical performance and high-temperature electrical resistivity (ρ) without severely sacrificing their high Curie temperature (TC) is a major issue in the development of Bismuth Layer-Structured Ferroelectrics (BLSFs). In this regard, a novel solid solution of CaBi2Ta2O9 and Na0.5Bi2.5Ta2O9 was synthesized by conventional electroceramic procedures in this study and was found to possess enhanced piezoelec...
Source: Journal of Alloys and Compounds - April 28, 2019 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

The Sensory Machinery of the Head Louse Pediculus humanus capitis: From the Antennae to the Brain
This study showed that although head lice are arrested around human scalp samples, they did not show differences between the human samples of different volunteers nor with the aging of the scalp sample (i.e., 60 h-old samples are as much attractive as 0 h-old samples) (Ortega Insaurralde et al., 2016). Thus, a piece of filter paper (1 cm × 1 cm) was rubbed during 30 s against the scalp of one 30-year-old female volunteer who had not bathed or used perfumed products in the 24 h previous to the extraction. Immediately after rubbing, the filter paper was located at one side of the circ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - April 18, 2019 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Validation of a 16th Century Traditional Chinese Medicine Use of Ginkgo biloba as a Topical Antimicrobial
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - April 16, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Plague, camels, and lice [Biological Sciences]
This study may be completed by reporting several works poorly cited in literature which add to our comprehension of plague transmission. It is... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - April 16, 2019 Category: Science Authors: Remi Barbieri, M. Drancourt, D. Raoult Tags: Letters Source Type: research

A Case of Unilateral Phthiriasis Palpebrarum Infestation
A 62-year-old woman with a history of raising dogs presented with itching of her left eyelids for 2 weeks; examination revealed lice and translucent ovoid nits on the eyelashes. (Source: JAMA Ophthalmology)
Source: JAMA Ophthalmology - April 11, 2019 Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research

Impact of infectious exposures and outbreaks on nurse and infection preventionist workload
ConclusionsOrganisms that are easier to treat and more difficult to spread, such as scabies or lice, can contribute substantially to nursing workload. Notably, three-quarters of the nurses and one-half of the IPs reported that C difficile adds>1 hour to their daily workload. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - April 11, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

First molecular detection of Mycoplasma suis in the pig louse Haematopinus suis (Phthiraptera: Anoplura) from Argentina.
Abstract Porcine haemoplasmosis caused by Mycoplasma suis affects the global pig industry with significant economic losses. The main transmission route of M. suis is through the blood and some haematophagous arthropods, like flies and mosquitoes, could be the vectors to this pathogen. However, the presence of M. suis in pig haematophagous ectoparasites in natural conditions has not yet been studied. The most frequent ectoparasite in pigs is the blood-sucking louse Haematopinus suis, an obligate and permanent parasite. Therefore, this work aims to study the occurrence of M. suis in H. suis samples from both domesti...
Source: Acta Tropica - April 9, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Acosta DB, Ruiz M, Sanchez JP Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research

The Presence of Acinetobacter baumannii DNA on the Skin of Homeless People and Its Relationship With Body Lice Infestation. Preliminary Results
Tran Duc Anh Ly, Jad Kerbaj, Sophie Edouard, Van Thuan Hoang, Meriem Louni, Thi Loi Dao, Samir Benkouiten, Sekene Badiaga, Herve Tissot-Dupont, Didier Raoult, Philippe Brouqui, Oleg Mediannikov, Philippe Gautret (Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology)
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - April 5, 2019 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Testing the Competence of Cimex lectularius Bed Bugs for the Transmission of Borrelia recurrentis, the Agent of Relapsing Fever.
ola P Abstract In recent years, bed bugs have reappeared in greater numbers, more frequently, and are biting humans in many new geographic areas. Infestations by these hematophagous insects are rapidly increasing worldwide. Borrelia recurrentis, a spirochete bacterium, is the etiologic agent of louse-borne relapsing fever. The known vectors are body lice, Pediculus humanus humanus. However, previous studies have suggested that bed bugs might also be able to transmit this bacterium. Adult Cimex lectularius were artificially infected with a blood meal mixed with bacterial suspension of B. recurrentis. They were subs...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - April 1, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: El Hamzaoui B, Laroche M, Bechah Y, Bérenger JM, Parola P Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

The Influence of Host Body Size and Food Guild On Prevalence and Mean Intensity of Chewing Lice (Phthiraptera) On Birds In Southern China.
This study was carried out to determine species richness, abundance, and prevalence of chewing lice of wild forest birds in the southern region of China. Between July 2012 and June 2016, 2,210 birds (belonging to 8 orders, 45 families, and 215 species) were captured by mist nets and examined for chewing lice. In total, 622 birds of 117 species were parasitized by lice belonging to 89 species in 25 genera from 2 suborders (Amblycera and Ischnocera). Of these, 28 louse species represent new host-louse records for China and 10 worldwide. Chewing louse prevalence varied significantly among host species. There was no evidence o...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - April 1, 2019 Category: Parasitology Authors: Chu X, Dik B, Gustafsson DR, Che X, Zhang Q, Zou F Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research

Silencing of ionotropic receptor 25a decreases chemosensory activity in the salmon louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis during the infective stage.
, Fields DM, Browman HI Abstract Chemoreception is critical for marine ectoparasites - such as salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) - to identify and locate salmonid hosts. The molecular receptors that parasites employ to detect host-specific chemical stimuli from hosts (kairomones) have not been well characterised. In the present study, transcription of the sea louse Ionotropic receptor 25a (IR25a) was blocked to evaluate whether it functions as a chemical-perception related gene for a specific chemical cue from the Atlantic salmon host. Double-strand RNA interference (dsRNA) oligonucleotides were applied to sal...
Source: Gene - February 19, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Núñez-Acuña G, Gallardo-Escárate C, Skiftesvik AB, Fields DM, Browman HI Tags: Gene Source Type: research

Case Report: Bartonella quintana Endocarditis Outside of the Europe-African Gradient: Comprehensive Review of Cases within North America.
Abstract Clinical syndromes associated with Bartonella quintana infection can be insidious and difficult to diagnose for multiple reasons. Clinically, B. quintana can manifest as asymptomatic bacteremia or with subtle subacute constitutional symptoms. Second, it is a fastidious organism that is difficult to identify using traditional culture methods. Last, the body lice vector of B. quintana transmission is likely not uncommon in most patients affected, who are homeless and of low socioeconomic status. Therefore, barriers in seeking medical care and financial constraints for medications are important consideration...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - February 18, 2019 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Lam JC, Fonseca K, Pabbaraju K, Meatherall BL Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Mitochondrial diversity and phylogeographic analysis of Pediculus humanus reveals a new Amazonian clade "F".
This study analyzed genetic diversity at three mitochondrial genes (cytochrome b [cytb], cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 [cox1] and 12S ribosomal RNA [12S]) in 98 head lice collected from an isolated Native American population from the Wayampi community in Trois-Sauts, French Guiana. These results are integrated with all prior data of P. humanus (1402 cytb, 743 cox1 and 344 12S) from other parts of the world. The phylogenetic analysis revealed six highly divergent and well-supported monophyletic clades. Five clades corresponded to the previously recognized mitochondrial clades A, D, B, C and E, while the sixth (clade F) was...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - February 12, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Amanzougaghene N, Fenollar F, Davoust B, Djossou F, Ashfaq M, Bitam I, Raoult D, Mediannikov O Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research

Discovery and Functional Annotation of Quantitative Trait Loci Affecting Resistance to Sea Lice in Atlantic Salmon
Diego Robledo, Alejandro P. Guti érrez, Agustín Barría, Jean P. Lhorente, Ross D. Houston, José M. Yáñez (Source: Frontiers in Genetics)
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - February 8, 2019 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Outbreak of infestation with body lice in a home for assisted living, Austria, 2018
Purpose: On 29 May 2018, the Austrian Agency of Health (AGES) was contacted by the head of a home for assisted living, which had 11 residents. She reported significant pest infestation, occurrence of vermin for three days throughout the whole facility. Vermin extermination (gassing by a professional) had no effect: vermin were still present on the residents in their groins, navels, and armpits and the pests still continued to multiply “by leaps and bounds, traveling throughout the house”. Residents suffered from “red skin rashes” and ambulance drivers refused to take the vermin infested patients to ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 31, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: P. Hufnagl, A. Cabal Rosel, W. Ruppitsch, A. Indra, M. Markowicz, G. Stanek, F. Allerberger Tags: 21.102 Source Type: research

Evaluaci ón de la exposición al polvo de carbón y de sílice en sitios de minería subterránea en tres departamentos de Colombia.
Conclusiones. La prevalencia de la neumoconiosis fue muy alta y se asoció a la exposición a altos niveles de polvo de carbón, a una exposición laboral mayor o igual a 25 años y al trabajo en empresas medianas. PMID: 30653860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud)
Source: Biomedica : Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud - January 19, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Biomedica Source Type: research

Identifying 'firebreaks' to fragment dispersal networks of a marine parasite.
Abstract Marine ecosystems are beset by disease outbreaks, and efficient strategies to control dispersal of pathogens are scarce. We tested whether introducing no-farming areas or 'firebreaks' could disconnect dispersal networks of a parasitic disease affecting the world's largest marine fish farming industry (∼1000 farms). Larval salmon lice (Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are released from and transported among salmon farms by ocean currents, creating inter-farm networks of louse dispersal. We used a state-of-the-art biophysical model to predict louse movement along the Norwegian coastline and network analysis to ...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology - January 17, 2019 Category: Parasitology Authors: Samsing F, Johnsen I, Treml EA, Dempster T Tags: Int J Parasitol Source Type: research

In-vitro comparison of different slice thicknesses and kernel settings for measurement of urinary stone size by computed tomography
AbstractNon-contrast enhanced computed tomography (NCCT) is widely used measuring stone size in patients with urolithiasis. We performed an evaluation of the accuracy of stone size measuring via NCCT. In an in-vitro study, we analyzed a total of 38 uric acid and 38 phantom stones. Within NCCT, we used different slice thicknesses (1.5  mm, 2.0 mm, and 3.0 mm) and kernel settings (bone and soft-tissue window). Maximal height, maximal length, and maximal width of each stone were measured on a picture archiving and communication system workstation. Blinded to these results, a second physician measured stone size...
Source: Urolithiasis - January 16, 2019 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

[ASAP] In Situ Neutron Diffraction Studies of LiCe(WO < sub > 4 < /sub > ) < sub > 2 < /sub > Polymorphs: Phase Transition and Structure –Property Correlation
The Journal of Physical Chemistry CDOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b09364 (Source: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C)
Source: The Journal of Physical Chemistry C - January 8, 2019 Category: Chemistry Authors: Archana K. Munirathnappa, Debasmita Dwibedi, James Hester, Prabeer Barpanda, Diptikanta Swain, Chandrabhas Narayana, Nalini G. Sundaram Source Type: research

Killing Clothes Lice by Holding Infested Clothes away from Hosts for 10 Days to Control Louseborne Relapsing Fever, Bahir Dah, Ethiopia
S. C. Barker and D. Barker (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - January 7, 2019 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Trichoscopy in the Differential Diagnosis of Pseudonits
Conclusion: Hair examination using trichoscopy in routine clinical practice may provide useful information for the correct diagnosis, ranging from common head and pubic lice infestations to rarer shaft abnormalities. Differentiating pseudonits from nits is essential to make the correct diagnosis in order to prevent unnecessary treatment, anxiety, and/or embarrassment.Skin Appendage Disord (Source: Skin Appendage Disorders)
Source: Skin Appendage Disorders - January 3, 2019 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Warm water hazard: Sea lice and seabather's eruption
This article discusses SBE and reviews assessment tips, nursing care, and patient teaching. (Source: Nursing)
Source: Nursing - January 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 19: Cold Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Comb —A Physical Approach for Pediculosis Treatment
This study presents an alternative treatment approach, the efficacy of which is based on physical effects. Cold atmospheric pressure plasmas have successfully shown their formidably wide application range within the field of plasma medicine. This study presents a plasma device in its current stage of development that is engineered as a consumer product to enable an alternative physical and insecticide-free option for the treatment of pediculosis. An efficacy study concerning different developmental stages of P. humanus humanus is presented. P. humanus humanus was chosen as a substitute test organism for P. humanus capitis ...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 21, 2018 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Lars ten Bosch Birgit Habedank Dominik Siebert Julia Mrotzek Wolfgang Vi öl Tags: Article Source Type: research

Effect of oral afoxolaner on naturally occurring infestations of peacocks by the louse Goniodes pavonis.
CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL IMPORTANCE: Oral administration of afoxolaner is an effective treatment for G. pavonis infestation of peacocks. PMID: 30556631 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Veterinary Dermatology)
Source: Veterinary Dermatology - December 17, 2018 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Yarto Jaramillo E, Osorio Marquez R, Rangel Díaz J, Romero Núñez C, Miranda Contreras L, Heredia Cardenas R Tags: Vet Dermatol Source Type: research

Online behavior of people visiting a scientific website on epilepsy
Publication date: January 2019Source: Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 90Author(s): Francesco Brigo, Simona Lattanzi, Michael O. Kinney, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Laura Tassi, Raffaele Nardone, Oriano MecarelliAbstractWe investigated the online behavior of Internet users consulting the website of the Italian Chapter of the International League Against Epilepsy (Lega Italiana Contro l'Epilessia [LICE]). We obtained the visualization statistics of the LICE website using AWStats (https://awstats.sourceforge.io/) and Google Trends (https://trends.google.com/trends/), and compared the statistics of years 2010, 2014, and 2017. The f...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - December 4, 2018 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Online behavior of people visiting a scientific website on epilepsy.
Abstract We investigated the online behavior of Internet users consulting the website of the Italian Chapter of the International League Against Epilepsy (Lega Italiana Contro l'Epilessia [LICE]). We obtained the visualization statistics of the LICE website using AWStats (https://awstats.sourceforge.io/) and Google Trends (https://trends.google.com/trends/), and compared the statistics of years 2010, 2014, and 2017. The following variables were analyzed: number of unique visitors and visits, visit duration, the day of week and rush hours, most downloaded documents, most viewed pages, keyphrases and keywords used f...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - December 3, 2018 Category: Neurology Authors: Brigo F, Lattanzi S, Kinney MO, Bragazzi NL, Tassi L, Nardone R, Mecarelli O Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research

Silicosis: A former occupational disease with new occupational exposure scenarios
Publication date: Available online 30 November 2018Source: Revista Clínica Española (English Edition)Author(s): M.A. Pascual del Pobil y Ferré, R. García Sevila, M.d.M. García Rodenas, E. Barroso Medel, E. Flores Reos, Juan Gil CarbonellAbstractBackgroundRecent studies have shown an increase in the prevalence of silicosis due to the use of artificial quartz aggregates (AQA). The aim of this study was to assess the cases of silicosis in our area reported to the Healthcare Information System for Occupational Epidemiological Surveillance of the Autonomous Community of Valencia to detect new ...
Source: Revista Clinica Espanola - December 1, 2018 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of a Water-Based Head Lice Lotion: A Randomized, Controlled, Investigator-Blinded, Comparative, Bicentric Study
ConclusionAqueous dispersions of silylated polyols are a promising new class of pediculicides that combine high cure rates with optimal user convenience (short treatment period, easy wash-out with positive effect on hair quality).Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT03617926.FundingOystershell Laboratories. (Source: Dermatology and Therapy)
Source: Dermatology and Therapy - November 30, 2018 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Parasitic sea louse infestations on wild sea trout: separating the roles of fish farms and temperature
The causal relation between parasitic sea lice on fish farms and sea lice on wild fish is a controversial subject. A specific scientific debate has been whether the statistical association between infestation ... (Source: Parasites and Vectors)
Source: Parasites and Vectors - November 29, 2018 Category: Microbiology Authors: Knut W. Vollset, Lars Qviller, Bj ørnar Skår, Bjørn T. Barlaup and Ian Dohoo Tags: Research Source Type: research

Phthirus pubis Infestation of the Scalp: A Case Report and Review of The Literature.
We describe a case of P. pubis infestation located exclusively on the scalp in an adult woman. Neither lice/nits nor skin lesions were observed elsewhere, including eyebrows, eyelashes, axillae, pubis, buttocks and perianal region (the patient was hairless in the axillae and pubis). A review of the literature is enclosed. PMID: 30419734 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology)
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - November 15, 2018 Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research

GSE122141 Avermectin treatment for Lepeophtheirus salmonis: Impacts on host (Salmo salar) and parasite immunophysiology
This study investigates the transcriptomic responses of salmon lice (L. salmonis) infecting salmon treated with emamectin benzoate (either 1x or 3x), ivermectin, or commercial feed controls (Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus)
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - November 15, 2018 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Lepeophtheirus salmonis Source Type: research