Health-related difficulty in internet use among older adults: Correlates and mediation of its association with quality of life through social support networks.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Disparities in internet use are not just shaped by access or skill, but also health. Health-related difficulties in internet use are related to older adults' social support networks and quality of life. As social connections become increasingly based around networked individuals due to technological advancements, more attention should be given to addressing these health-related difficulties. PMID: 32744310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - August 3, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Ang S, Lim E, Malhotra R Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Corrigendum to: Developing a Short Multidimensional Measure of Pain Self-efficacy: The Chronic Pain Self-efficacy Scale-Short Form.
PMID: 32738039 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - August 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Cheng ST, Chen PP, Chow YF, Chung JWY, Law ACB, Lee JSW, Leung EMF, Tam CWC Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

A Scoping Review of the Conceptual Differentiation of Technology for Healthy Aging.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: While the potential of "technology for aging" is vast, its real capacity to deliver a desirable life for older people remains underdeveloped. Clearer concepts and realistic goals at population level are lacking. Efficient investment must be made throughout the social system, and technology needs to be integrated via macro-level practices. PMID: 32725147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kim H, Kelly S, Lafortune L, Brayne C Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Media Effects on Individual Worldview and Wellness for Long Term Care Residents Amid The COVID-19 Virus.
Abstract The following article serves as a means tohighlightthe need for increased scrutiny of the value and potentially adverse effect the 24-hour news cycle has on individuals, particularly residents in a long-term care setting amidst the COVID-19 pandemic or other large-scale catastrophic events. The work will emphasize what is currently known regarding the impact media plays on an individual, including mood, opinion, worldview, and overall mental health and wellness. The conclusion will focus on discussing current means of assessment with future recommendations for heightened evaluation in this already vulnera...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Schroyer D Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Development and Psychometric Testing of the Mealtime Engagement Scale in Direct Care Providers of Nursing Home Residents with Dementia.
This study developed and tested the Mealtime Engagement Scale (MES). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Items were developed based on literature review and expert review and finalized based on content validity and corrected item-total correlation. A secondary analysis of 87 videotaped observations capturing 18 nursing home staff providing mealtime care to residents with dementia was conducted. Internal consistency, inter-rater reliability, and intra-rater reliability were assessed. Concurrent and convergent validity were examined through correlation (rs) with the Relational Behavior Scale (RBS) and the Mealtime Relational-C...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu W, Batchelor M, Williams K Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Facility-level Factors Associated with CNA Turnover and Retention: Lessons for the Long-Term Services Industry.
This study examines facility-level factors associated with CNA retention and turnover rates using 2015 data from the Ohio Biennial Survey of Long-Term Care Facilities, Ohio Medicaid Cost Reports, Certification and Survey Provider Enhanced Report, and the Area Health Resource File. Using bivariate tests and regression analysis, we compare rates and the factors associated with retention and turnover. RESULTS: The mean facility annual retention rate was 64% and the mean annual turnover rate was 55%. As expected, there was a statistically significant and negative correlation between the rates (r = -0.26). However, some fa...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kennedy KA, Applebaum R, Bowblis JR Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Prisons and COVID-19: A Desperate Call for Gerontological Expertise in Correctional Healthcare.
Abstract The large and continued growth of the older adult population within United States (US) prisons affects not only criminal justice policy and correctional health practice, but also gerontology. Amidst the unfolding COVID-19 crisis, associated knowledge and skills surrounding older adulthood will be critical to assuring the needs of older adults incarcerated in prisons are met during their detention, while undergoing off-site intervention in community settings, and when preparing for release. We outline several key areas for which gerontologists and associated practitioners are especially well-suited in the ...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Prost SG, Novisky MA, Rorvig L, Zaller N, Williams B Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Ageless.
PMID: 32671392 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Scheidt RJ Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Just a Matter of Time.
PMID: 32667671 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: VandenBosch J Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Dementia Caregiving Research: Expanding and Reframing the Lens of Diversity, Inclusivity, and Intersectionality.
Discussions are provided to help create inclusive ways of conceptualizing caregiving research and using methodological approaches to reflect the diversity of caregivers and care recipients in the United States. Expanding and reframing the conceptual and methodological lens of diversity, inclusivity and intersectionality can provide evidence to support effective policy, practice, and care in addressing the needs of diverse groups of caregivers and older adults living with dementia. PMID: 32667672 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dilworth-Anderson P, Moon H, Aranda MP Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Effectiveness of a Technology-Enhanced Integrated Care Model for Frail Older People: A Stepped-Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial in Nursing Homes.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of an information and communication technologies- (ICT-) enhanced, multidisciplinary integrated care model, called Systems for Person-centered Elder Care (SPEC), on frail older adults at nursing homes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: SPEC was implemented at ten nursing homes in South Korea in random order using a stepped-wedge design. Data were collected on all participating older residents in the homes before the first implementation and until six months after the last implementation. The 21-month SPEC intervention guided by the chronic care model (CCM) consists of ...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kim H, Jung YI, Kim GS, Choi H, Park YH Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic and Ageism: A Call for Humanitarian Care.
PMID: 32662839 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Colenda CC, Reynolds CF, Applegate WB, Sloane PD, Zimmerman S, Newman AB, Meeks S, Ouslander JG Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Grandparent-Adult Grandchild Relationships:Development of a Typology Using Latent Class Analysis.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: By identifying categories of grandparent-adult grandchild relationships and factors influencing membership in them, our study may aid in efforts to strengthen those characterized by weak bonds - namely, those with grandparents who are older, frailer, and poorer. PMID: 32663250 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Barrett AE, Gunderson J Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Efficacy of an App-Based Mindfulness-Meditation Program Among Older Adults.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The findings provide preliminary support for the feasibility and acceptability of an app-based mindfulness-meditation program with community-dwelling older adults and demonstrate potential benefits for well-being. Results suggest the value of further research investigating the efficacy of digital mindfulness-meditation interventions for older adults via larger randomized-controlled trials. PMID: 32663286 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 14, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mahlo L, Windsor TD Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Multicomponent Exercise Interventions in Older Adults With Dementia: A Meta-Analysis.
lho J Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Multicomponent training (MT) combines aerobic, strength, postural, and balance exercises, and may be a promising intervention strategy for dementia. This meta-analysis study aims to systematize evidence concerning the effectiveness of MT in physical fitness, cognition, and functionality on activities of daily living (ADL) in older adults with dementia, and to identify moderation patterns regarding training variables. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Four databases were systematically searched to locate potential trials through March 2019. A total of 2.312 records were ide...
Source: The Gerontologist - July 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Machado FB, Silva N, Farinatti P, Poton R, Ribeiro Ó, Carvalho J Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

A Secret Love.
PMID: 32645140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 9, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: VandenBosch J Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

What Keeps Them Going, and What Gets Them Back? Older Adults' Beliefs About Physical Activity Maintenance.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: This investigation raises new hypotheses for future research and provides insight for the use and adaptation of behavior change strategies that are potentially more acceptable and effective for the promotion of physical activity maintenance for older adults. PMID: 32622348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 5, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Huffman MK, Amireault S Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Getting Along in Assisted Living: Quality of Relationships Between Family Members and Staff.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Despite the relatively harmonious relationships among family-staff in ALFs, sources of conflict and negative interactions were identified, revealing the importance of collaborative relationships and the influence these relationships have on both family and staff outcomes. These findings can inform intervention efforts to improve family-staff interactions within ALFs. PMID: 32614048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Falzarano F, Reid MC, Schultz L, Meador RH, Pillemer K Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Systematic Review of Exercise for Caregiver-Care Recipient Dyads: What Is Best for Spousal Caregivers-Exercising Together or Not at All?
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Often examined secondarily, caregivers are overlooked for participation in interventions with care recipients. This analysis suggests that caregivers may benefit from dyadic interventions in which they either exercise together with their care recipients or receive a separate nonexercise intervention or respite. PMID: 32614050 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Doyle KL, Toepfer M, Bradfield AF, Noffke A, Ausderau KK, Andreae S, Pickett KA Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Patterns of Dyadic Appraisal of Decision-Making Involvement of African American Persons Living with Dementia.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: There is a need to tailor strategies to optimize QOL in African American dementia dyads. While increasing everyday decision-making involvement for PLWDs in the Incongruent, PLWD Low Involvement pattern is an important goal, other strategies may be needed to improve QOL of PLWDs in the remaining patterns. PMID: 32609831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - July 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bonds K, Song M, Whitlatch CJ, Lyons KS, Kaye JA, Lee CS Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Development of a novel mind-body activity and pain management program for older adults with cognitive decline.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Focus group participants were enthusiastic about the proposed program skills. Current work includes open pilot testing, qualitative interviews, and a small randomized controlled trial to optimize the programs and methodology in preparation for efficacy testing against an educational control. PMID: 32601670 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mace RA, Gates MV, Bullard B, Lester EG, Silverman IH, Quiroz YT, Vranceanu AM Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Social, emotional and existential loneliness: A test of the multidimensional concept.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Loneliness is multifaceted and means that one is not embedded in a personal network, misses closeness and intimacy, and lacks meaning in life. The emotional loneliness items most closely represent what people mean when they report loneliness. PMID: 32604416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 30, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: van Tilburg TG Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Patterns and Predictors of Transitions across Residential Care Settings and Nursing Homes Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in the United States.
We examined the associations between sociodemographic, socioeconomic and health factors and the probability of transition using a multinomial logit model. RESULT: 86.2% of older adults remained in the community, whereas 9.0% and 4.9% transitioned to residential care settings and nursing homes, respectively. Older age, living alone, having functional and cognitive limitations, and hospitalization were associated with increased risk of transitioning to residential care settings or nursing homes from the community. Blacks and Hispanics were less likely to transition to residential care settings or nursing homes. Adults w...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chyr LC, Drabo EF, Fabius CD Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Neighborhood and Health among Chinese Older Adults: Beyond the Urban and Rural Dichotomy.
The objectives of this study are to explore to what extent the neighborhood-level characteristics moderate the relationship between physical frailty and depressive symptoms. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Using the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study 2011 wave, 6,245 individuals ages 60 years and older were included for analyses. Multilevel mixed-effects models were fitted to examine the moderating effects of urbanicity and neighborhood-level socio-economic status (SES) on the relationship between frailty and depressive symptoms among older adults, controlling for individual-level characteristics. RESULT...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 29, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Li Y, Wang Y, Morrow-Howell N Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Coping patterns among primary informal dementia caregivers in Singapore and its impact on caregivers - Implications of a latent class analysis.
This study aims to explore the coping patterns of primary informal dementia caregivers in Singapore, examine their significant correlates, and investigate whether different patterns would affect the depressive symptoms of caregivers. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Two hundred eighty-one primary informal caregivers of persons with dementia were assessed. Coping strategies were measured by the Brief Coping Orientation to Problem Experienced inventory. A latent class analysis was performed to explore caregivers' coping patterns, followed by logistic regressions to identify the significant correlates and the relationships b...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 27, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Yuan Q, Wang P, Tan TH, Devi F, Poremski D, Magadi H, Goveas R, Ng LL, Chong SA, Subramaniam M Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

My Claire.
PMID: 32589216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Scheidt RJ Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Ordinary Love.
PMID: 32589223 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: VandenBosch J Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

No other safe care option: Nursing home admission as a last resort strategy.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: To successfully remain in the community, older adults require specialized supports targeting mental health and substance use needs, as well as enhanced hospital discharge plans and improved information about community-based care options. Implications involve reforming policies and practices in both hospital and community-based care settings. PMID: 32589225 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 26, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Campbell-Enns HJ, Campbell M, Rieger KL, Thompson GN, Doupe MB Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Core outcome set for nonpharmacological community-based interventions for people living with dementia at home: A Systematic Review of Outcome Measurement Instruments.
This study provides a practical resource for those designing dementia research trials. Being able to measure the COS items would herald a paradigm shift for dementia research, be responsive to what key stakeholders value and enhance the ability to make comparisons. PMID: 32583858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 25, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Harding AJE, Morbey H, Ahmed F, Opdebeeck C, Elvish R, Leroi I, Williamson PR, Keady J, Reilly S Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Self-Perceptions of Aging: Factorial Structure and Invariance by Gender.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Results suggest that SPA is a broader construct made up of positive and negative latent factors. Researchers should consider separating the SPA by positive and negative factors to analyze how each factor uniquely shapes health. Moreover, the two-factor solution was equivalent across men and women, possibly because of the generalized nature of the 8-item scale. Researchers can use the 8-item scale similarly for men and women and should continue to elucidate possible gender differences in SPA. PMID: 32578845 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 24, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Turner SG, Hooker K, Geldhof GJ Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Childhood Friendship Experiences and Cognitive Functioning in Later Life: The Mediating Roles of Adult Social Disconnectedness and Adult Loneliness.
This study investigated the relationship between childhood friendships and cognitive functioning, as assessed with cognitive status and decline among adults aged 45 and older in China. We also examined the mediating effect of adult social disconnectedness and adult loneliness for this relationship. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was based on 3 waves of data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS; 2011, 2013, 2015; N = 13,959). Cognitive functioning was assessed with episodic memory. Childhood friendship measures were taken from the 2014 life history module of the CHARLS. Two dimension...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Burr JA, Han SH, Peng C Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Loneliness Interacts With Cognition in Relation to Healthcare and Financial Decision Making Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognition is a known determinant of healthcare and financial decision making in old age. Social vulnerabilities also might play a role in such decisions; however, the evidence for this is less clear. Here, we examined the association of loneliness with decision making and tested the hypothesis that loneliness is associated with decision making via its interaction with global cognition. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants were 1,121 non-demented older adults from the Rush Memory and Aging Project. Healthcare and financial decision making was assessed via a performance-...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Stewart CC, Yu L, Glover CM, Mottola G, Bennett DA, Wilson RS, Boyle PA Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Providing care is self-care: Towards valuing older people's care provision in global economies.
Abstract Older people's care provision is structurally undervalued, posing a threat to social connectedness and healthy aging. Thus, the question arises of how older people's care provision can be valued in diverse economies? By addressing this question, this article proposes a novel perspective by shedding light on the value of contributions older people provide to society, which in turn promote their own well-being. By highlighting evolutionary and proximal motives for older people to provide care, this article advances the theoretical understanding of the benefits of caregiving in the global aging context, goin...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 23, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Akhter-Khan SC Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

The Role of Polygenic Score and Cognitive Activity in Cognitive Functioning among Older Adults.
This study explored whether the intensity of cognitive activities could moderate the relationship between a genetic predisposition for developing Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cognitive functioning among older adults in the U.S. Further, we examined whether the same moderating effects were dependent on different measures of cognition. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used a dataset from the 2000-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and the Consumption and Activities Mail Survey. Our sample included 3,793 individuals aged 50 or older. We used the polygenic score (PGS) for AD as a genetic trait for cognitive func...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 20, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Shin SH, Park S, Wright C, D'astous VA, Kim G Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Attracting New Investigators to Alzheimer's Disease Research: Outcomes of Increased Funding and Outreach.
Abstract Since 2015, the National Institute on Aging (NIA), National Institutes of Health (NIH), has experienced significant increases in funding for Alzheimer's disease and Alzheimer's disease-related dementias (AD/ADRD). This analysis assesses the impact of these funds on expanding the AD/ADRD workforce. NIA administered 860 awards to 695 AD/ADRD R01 awardees during fiscal year 2015-2018. Twenty-nine percent of awardees were new or early-stage investigators, while 38% were new to the AD/ADRD research field (NTF). Among these NTFs, 59% were established investigators, that is, experts with NIH funding in another d...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Katiyar P, Nagy C, Sauma S, Bernard MA Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Nourish the Body and Soul.
PMID: 32558883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 19, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Scheidt RJ Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Relationship between frailty and depression among community-dwelling older adults: the mediating and moderating role of social support.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Social support underlies the association of frailty with depression, and its protective role varies by type. Interventions on depression should address improving perceptions and utilization of social support among frail older adults rather than simply providing them with objective support. PMID: 32556208 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 18, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jin Y, Si H, Qiao X, Tian X, Liu X, Xue QL, Wang C Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Lifetime Exposure to Conversion Therapy and Psychosocial Health Among Midlife and Older Adult Men Who Have Sex with Men.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Conversion therapies are non-affirming social stressors for MSM and may compromise critical psychosocial aspects of healthy aging among MSM. PMID: 32556123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 17, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Meanley S, Haberlen SA, Okafor CN, Brown A, Brennan-Ing M, Ware D, Egan JE, Teplin LA, Bolan RK, Friedman MR, Plankey MW Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

The Effects of Housing Cost Burden and Housing Tenure on Moves to a Nursing Home Among Low- and Moderate-Income Older Adults.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Results suggest that older renters with HCB are most likely to experience unnecessary nursing home placement. The growing population of older renters experiencing HCB may not only signal a housing crisis, but may also challenge national efforts to shift long-term care away from nursing homes and toward community-based alternatives. PMID: 32542373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 16, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jenkins Morales M, Robert SA Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Multiple caregivers, many minds: Family discord and caregiver outcomes.
Abstract BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family caregivers often have other family members helping to provide care. The purpose of our study was to examine relationships between care coordination quality among family members and the following caregiver outcomes: caregiver mental health (depressive symptoms, anxiety), social activity restrictions, and caregiver burden. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Secondary analysis was conducted using data from the 2017 Pittsburgh Regional Caregivers' Survey. Six hundred and fifty-five caregivers who had other family members helping with care reported discordance in care coordinat...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Xu J, Liu PJ, Beach S Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Does Perceived Ageism Widen the Digital Divide? And Does It Vary by Gender?
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Our findings suggest that perceived ageism is significantly associated with internet use, and its association differs by gender. PMID: 32539099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 15, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Choi EY, Kim Y, Chipalo E, Lee HY Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Gamification for Older Adults: A Systematic Literature Review.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Overall, the studies on gameful interventions for older adults suggest that senior users may benefit from gamification and game-based interventions, especially in the health domain. However, due to methodological shortcomings and limited amount of research available, further work in the area is called for. PMID: 32530026 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Koivisto J, Malik A Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Self-Efficacy of Older People Using Technology to Self-Manage COPD, Hypertension, Heart Failure, or Dementia at Home: An Overview of Systematic Reviews.
This article reviews the evidence for which self-care telehealth technology supports the self-efficacy of older people with long-term conditions (LTCs) living at home. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement (PRISMA) guidelines, this overview of systematic reviews focused on four LTCs and the concept of "self-efficacy." Quality was appraised using R-AMSTAR and study evaluation was guided by the PRISMS taxonomy for reporting of self-management support. Heterogeneous data evidencing technology-enhanced self-efficacy were narratively sy...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 12, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Chalfont G, Mateus C, Varey S, Milligan C Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of E-Health Solutions for Ageing With Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The review identified cognitive training solutions and supportive web platforms as the most effective on a limited number of outcomes. Although other solutions seem promising, further research has to overcome methodological issues. Furthermore, solutions for leisure and reminiscence and outcomes specifically related to independent living deserve more attention. PMID: 32525977 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dequanter S, Gagnon MP, Ndiaye MA, Gorus E, Fobelets M, Giguère A, Bourbonnais A, Buyl R Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

The Use of Online Health-Management Tools and Health Care Utilization among Older Americans.
This study identified disparities in access to online health-related technology. It then investigated associations between online health-related technology use and health care utilization among older adults in the U.S. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional data set of 1,497 adults aged 51 and older from the 2014 Health and Retirement Study (HRS)'s supplemental module (Health Behaviors), and the RAND version of the HRS fat file. RESULTS: Older age, being a racial/ethnic minority, married, uninsured, and having lower educational attainment, lower-income, and reporting poorer health were each...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 11, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liu D, Yamashita T, Burston B, Keene JR Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Co-designing technology for ageing in place: A systematic review.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: The effect of co-designed technology on health and well-being was rarely studied and it was difficult to ascertain its impact. Future co-design efforts need to address barriers unique to older adults. Evaluation of the impact of co-designed technologies' is needed and standardisation of the definition of co-design would be helpful to researchers and designers. PMID: 32506136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 7, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sumner J, Chong LS, Bundele A, Lim YW Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Frailty Trajectories: Their Shape And Influencing Factors.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: Findings that the gradient of frailty progression is affected by various influencing factors are valuable to clinicians and policymakers as will help identify those at highest frailty risk and inform prevention strategies. However, the heterogeneous methodological approaches of the publications included in this review highlights the need for consensus within the field to promote more coordinated research. Improved consistency of methods will enable further data synthesis and facilitate a greater understanding of the shape of frailty over time and the influencing factors contributing to change, ...
Source: The Gerontologist - June 2, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Welstead M, Jenkins ND, Russ T, Luciano M, Muniz-Terrera G Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Nursing Home Culture Change Practices and Survey Deficiencies: A National Longitudinal Panel Study.
This study provides some evidence that culture change practices can help reduce the risk of increasing some types of deficiencies, but the impact of increases in each culture change domain related differently to different types of deficiencies. PMID: 32478393 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - June 1, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Lepore MJ, Lima JC, Miller SC Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Quality Concerns in Nursing Homes That Serve Large Proportions of Residents With Serious Mental Illness.
DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS: As the SMI population in NHs continues to grow, a large number of residents have concentrated in a few NHs. These are uniquely different from typical NHs in terms of facility characteristics, staffing, and care practices. While further research is needed to understand the implications of these trends, public policymakers and NH providers need to be aware of this population's unique-and potentially unmet-needs. PMID: 32474588 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Gerontologist)
Source: The Gerontologist - May 31, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Jester DJ, Hyer K, Bowblis JR Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research

Dynamic Systems, Contextual Influences, and Multiple Timescales: Emotion Regulation as a Resilience Resource.
Abstract We need to understand how psychosocial resources develop, identify the influences that threaten their maintenance, detect the circumstances under which these resources are used, and elucidate the factors that support and promote their growth. Three important components to studying the development of resilience include its dynamic nature, context, and timescale of measurement. Dynamic systems (DS) approaches focus on physiological and psychological structures underling the development of resilience by explicitly mapping parameters of change onto their corresponding aspects of functioning. Previous research...
Source: The Gerontologist - May 31, 2020 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Bergeman CS, Blaxton J, Joiner R Tags: Gerontologist Source Type: research