Health-related and sociodemographic correlates of meeting the muscle strengthening exercise recommendations in middle-aged and older adults with and without disabilities
ConclusionSeveral health and sociodemographic factors were associated with not meeting MS recommendations. Persons with disability and poor health, had the lowest likelihood of participation. Studies are needed to understand whether improving MS exercise behavior may attenuate functional limitations associated with chronic diseases and aging. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Health-related body composition and muscle strength in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioners
This study aimed to analyze the health-related body composition and muscle strength performance in male and female Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) practitioners and to verify the upper and lower limbs bilateral asymmetry in these individuals.MethodsForty-three BJJ practitioners participated of this study, 20 men and 23 women. The individuals performed anthropometric measurements (body mass, height and body fat), neuromuscular lower limb assessments (countermovement jump —CMJ, squat jump—SJ and sit-and-reach test), and upper limb assessments (handgrip strength test—HGS test and Kimono Grip Strength Test—KG...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Functional training program: the impact on depression, anxiety and sleep quality in adolescents
AbstractBackgroundDepression, anxiety and lack of sleep are one of the most common causes of illness among adolescents. Possible reasons for this increase include use of social networks and exposure to artificial light from electronic devices. Little is known whether functional training can be an alternative intervention to improve these parameters in adolescents.AimsThe aim of the study was to investigate the effect of 6-week exercise intervention on the level of maximum oxygen consumption, depression, anxiety and sleep quality among boy and girl school adolescents.MethodsThirty-four participants were analyzed, 23 boys an...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Covid-19: high rates of severity and death in elderly and patients with chronic diseases reinforces the importance of regular physical activity
(Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 26, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Functional training in comparison to traditional training on physical fitness and quality of movement in older women
ConclusionsThe functional training proven more effective than traditional in physical fitness for daily activities and quality of movement patterns in sedentary older women. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 25, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of three different Pilates sessions on energy expenditure and aerobic metabolism in healthy females
This study aimed to compare the EE of three different types of Pilates sessions.MethodsThirty-three sedentary women (22.03  ± 3.32 years old) performed three Pilates sessions: (1) a traditional session (TS): single set, low volume of repetitions, and long rest interval; (2) non-traditional session (NSS): single set, a high volume of repetitions, and short rest interval; and (3) non-traditional session (NMS): multi ple sets and short rest interval. In each session, EE per minute (EE/min), total EE (TEE), oxygen consumption (V’O2), respiratory exchange ratio (RER), and metabolic equivalent wer...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The match-play running performance of elite Camogie players across halves of play
AbstractPurpose Camogie is one of the most popular female sports in Ireland, yet the demands of match-play are unknown. The current study aimed to examine the match-play running performance of elite Camogie players between halves of play and playing positions.MethodsGPS (STATSports, Apex 10-Hz) collected data from 36 players (23  ± 4 years, height: 168 ± 5 cm body mass: 65 ± 6 kg) over 22 games. Activity was characterised into total distance [TD] (m), relative distance (RD) (m min−1), distance (m) at walking (
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Ecological validity of self-reported wellness measures to assess pre-training and pre-competition preparedness within elite Gaelic football
AbstractThe current investigation aimed to examine the ecological validity of self-reported wellness questionnaires, and specifically ‘Readiness to Train’ (RTT) as an indicator of pre-training and pre-competition preparedness within elite Gaelic football players. Thirty-seven (n = 37) elite male Gaelic football players (age 26 ± 4; height 181 ± 15 cm, weight 86 ± 4 kg) were recruited for the current study which took place during the 2017 competition season. Participants were monitored using global positioning system technolog...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Recovery-stress balance in professional and U-21 soccer: differences between starters and substitutes
AbstractSoccer players at the U-21 level are in the challenging process of transitioning to the professional level. Accordingly, we examined whether U-21 soccer players would show a similar recovery-stress balance profile as professional soccer players. Furthermore, we explored differences in recovery-stress balance by playing status (i.e., starter or substitute). Twenty-nine players from a League One (UK) soccer club (15 professional players and 14 U-21 players) participated in the study. The players completed a demographic form and the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire for Athletes (RESTQ-Sport). A series of 2 (team: profess...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 20, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of ballistic and power training on performance adaptations of élite table tennis players
In conclusion, the results of the present study suggest that physical fitness adaptations can be increased similarly after 8 weeks of power and ballistic training, in table tennis players. So coaches and elite table tennis players can use ballistic and power training to improve their perf ormance without having to worry about the negative impact of their training on their skill and explosive power performance. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Do the benefits of exercise in indoor and outdoor environments during the COVID-19 pandemic outweigh the risks of infection?
(Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of mate tea consumption on rapid force production after eccentric exercise: a randomized, controlled, crossover study
This study investigated the effect of MT on RTD and muscle damage and antioxidant defence biomarkers following EE.MethodsIn a randomised, crossover design, 12 men drank either MT or water (control; CON) for 11  days. On the 8th day, 3 sets of 20 maximal isokinetic eccentric for elbow flexors with one arm were performed. RTD of the elbow flexor muscles at 0–50, 0–100, 50–100, 0–200, and 100–200 ms were assessed before and at 0, 24, 48, and 72 h after exercise. Blood samples were obtained befor e and at 24, 48, and 72 h after exercise and analysed for creatine kinase (CK), al...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on strength parameters during a Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu simulated tournament
ConclusionCarbohydrate supplementation provides a mild improve in the BJJ athlete ’s strength during a simulated tournament.Clinical trialsNCT03203785. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of fatigue on postural sway in sport-specific positions of young rhythmic gymnasts
ConclusionsThe physical effort associated with the performance influences the effectiveness of the postural control system. Coaches could include specific balance exercises even when gymnasts are fatigued to improve their adaptations to competitive conditions and reduce the risk of injuries. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Visio-spatial skills in athletes: comparison of rugby players and non-athletes
ConclusionThis study found that rugby players have an enhanced accommodation facility, saccadic eye movements, speed of recognition, peripheral awareness and hand –eye coordination, but not visual memory, when compared to non-athletes. These findings of a superiority of rugby players in specific VSS have broad implications for theories of sport vision, how best to select tests and in the development of sport-specific VSS testing batteries. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 27, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Multicomponent intervention effect on cardiometabolic risk factors among overweight/obese Brazilian children: a mediation analysis
ConclusionInterventions strategies should focus on reducing percentage of body fat and calorie intake, and enhancing muscular fitness and vigorous physical activity to achieve effective changes on cardiometabolic risk factors. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 25, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of trunk kinesio taping on static and dynamic balance and functional mobility in children with cerebral palsy
AbstractBackgroundCerebral palsy (CP) is a non-progressive neurological disease that causes the loss of normal motor function.AimThe aim of this study was to investigate the effect of trunk kinesio taping on static and dynamic balance and functional mobility in children with CP.MethodsIn an experimental study with pre-test and post-test, 38 children with spastic CP were randomly divided into intervention (n = 19) and control (n = 19) groups. In the intervention group, kinesio taping was applied on the thoracic and lumbar regions. Taping was employed in control group in a sham mode. Berg balance ...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 22, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The role of adiposity in the relationship between physical fitness with cardiometabolic risk factors, adipocytokines and inflammation in children
ConclusionAdiposity exert an essential role in the relationship of physical fitness with CMRF, adipocytokines and inflammation in children. This findings support the key role of adiposity, indicating that beyond physical fitness increases, intervention programs should also focus on decreasing adiposity in children. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a  resistance training programme in people living with HIV in Zimbabwe
AbstractPurposeCombination antiretroviral therapy (cART) increases life expectancy in people living with HIV (PLWH). However, receiving cART coupled with physical inactivity increases the risk of developing non-communicable diseases. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of resistance training (RT) on body composition, laboratory analysis and strength values in PLWH receiving cART in Zimbabwe.MethodsOne-hundred and twenty-eight PLWH receiving cART, aged 18 –45 years were purposely recruited to saturation. Two districts in Zimbabwe were used, participants in Budiriro were randomly assigned for c...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 17, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of high-intensity interval training and moderate-intensity continuous training in their effects on behavioral functions and CORT levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice
AbstractNeurodegenerative disorders, such as deficits in cognition and motor coordination, are associated with diabetes mellitus (DM). It is believed that Corticosterone (CORT) has a role in behavioral functions. Exercise is beneficial on neurobehavioral impairment in DM; however, the debate about the value of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) vs. moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) has been long-lasting. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of HIIT and MICT on cognitive performance, motor coordination, and serum CORT level using streptozotocin (STZ) –induced diabetes mice. We used STZ (50&n...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Moderate-intensity functional training improves mitochondrial capability and redox state in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of metabolic syndrome women
ConclusionWe provided novel evidence that a 12-week FT program modifies mitochondrial capability and redox state in PBMCs, it seems to be some extent women ’s aerobic fitness improvement. Therefore, our data suggest that PBMCs could be used to detect and assess changes in cellular profiles from unhealthy patients, as well as biomarkers source for physical exercise control and quality. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical demands of female collegiate lacrosse competition: whole-match and peak periods analysis
ConclusionsThis study presented a construction of the whole-period outputs as well as peak intensities for women ’s collegiate lacrosse competition, that can provide coaches with the knowledge to assist with prescribing appropriate training drills to prepare for game-demands. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Criterion validity of wearable monitors and smartphone applications to measure physical activity energy expenditure in adolescents
ConclusionBased on individual errors, none of the monitors and apps tested was accurate for estimating PAEE in adolescents. The only app that had an acceptable error was Runtastic during running. These monitors and apps are not suitable as research measurement tools for recording precise and accurate PAEE estimates. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 4, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of Chlorella vulgaris supplementation with eccentric exercise on serum interleukin 6 and insulin resistance in overweight men
AbstractPurposeOverweight can lead to the down-regulation of insulin sensitivity and cytokine profile. In this regard, non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise and supplementation are recommended. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic effect of Chlorella vulgaris supplementation with acute eccentric exercise on serum levels of interleukin-6 and insulin resistance in overweight men.MethodsThirty subjects (aged 22.8  ± 2.1 years, BMI 27.1 ± 9.6 kg/m2) were randomly divided into three equal groups: exercise [just perform acute eccentri...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 2, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of jump exercises with and without stretch-shortening cycle actions on components of physical fitness in prepubertal male soccer players
This study examined the effects of 8-week stretch-shortening cycle-based (SSC-based) versus non-SSC-based jump exercises on physical fitness in prepubertal male soccer players.MethodsTwenty-six participants were randomly assigned to either a SSC-based using countermovement jump (CMJG;n = 13) or a non-SSC-based jump group using squat jump (SJG;n = 13). Pre- and post-training, tests were conducted to assess measures of muscle power (countermovement jump, reactive strength index), speed (5 m, 20 m), change of direction (CoD), and sport-specific performance (maximal kicking distance). To e...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute effects of knee wraps/sleeve on kinetics, kinematics and muscle forces during the barbell back squat
ConclusionsTaking into account the reduced muscle kinetics, knee wraps may diminish lower extremity muscle development. Therefore, knee sleeves may be more efficacious for athletes who regularly utilise the back squat for their training goals, although further longitudinal analyses are required before this can be fully established. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Upper-body vibration as part of warm-up: its effect on throwing velocity in elite adolescent handball players
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of 40-Hz upper-body vibration at two different amplitudes, added to the warm-up process, on throwing velocity in elite adolescent handball players.MethodsSeventeen elite male adolescent handball players (16.4  ± 0.7 years, mean ± SD) were exposed to two upper-body vibration protocols at 40 Hz (3 × 15 s), one with a 2-mm amplitude and one with a 4-mm amplitude, in a random crossover design. The athletes applied the standard pre-game warm-up, followed by three ball throws from...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of strength training session with different types of muscle action on white blood cells counting and Th1/Th2 response
ConclusionTherefore, the present study demonstrates that a strength training session is able to disturb the body homeostasis. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship between lower limb asymmetry and judo-specific test performance
ConclusionWe conclude that bilateral lower limb asymmetry in unilateral CMJ and EI ofvastus lateralis have negative influence in SJFT performance. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Plasma retinol-binding protein-4 and tumor necrosis factor- α are reduced in postmenopausal women after combination of different intensities of circuit resistance training and Zataria supplementation
Unfortunately, the 4th author name was incorrectly published in the original publication. The complete correct name should read as follows. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of endurance training-induced weight loss on the levels of ghrelin and obestatin of obese women with polycystic ovary syndrome
AbstractBackgroundPolycystic ovary syndrome is an observed plurimetabolic syndrome associated with central obesity and insulin resistance.AimsThe purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of 12-week training program on weight loss, serum ghrelin, acylated ghrelin, des-acylated ghrelin, and obestatin levels in obese sedentary women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).MethodsTo this end, thirty sedentary obese women with PCOS (mean age 31.07  ± 2.49 years, height 162.23 ± 2.39 cm, weight: 87.23 ± 4.48 kg, BMI 33.12 &plusm...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 14, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

School facility utilization, physical activity, and sedentary time among children in Puerto Rico
ConclusionDespite previous findings that these factors are related during single class periods, single after-school days and single school days, relationships were not observed in the school week. This is potentially due to the compensation effect, in which children balance out highly active days with more sedentary behavior the following day, and more sedentary days with more active behavior the following day. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 11, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physiological and cognitive demands of orienteering: a systematic review
ConclusionThe successful performance in orienteering depends on high physical conditioning and high aerobic demand, interchanging with moments of anaerobic demand. Furthermore, cognitive capacity and expertise can be definitive factors for performance in orienteering, resulting in a cognitive advantage over less experienced orienteers. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Performance and recovery: effects of caffeine on a 2000-m rowing ergometer
ConclusionBased on improvements in ventilatory variables, and decreased CK and BLa levels after 6  mg kg−1 caffeine ingestion in performance and recovery, this study provides novel data by demonstrating that pre-exercise caffeine ingestion improves performance and subsequent recovery from rowing effort. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 8, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Increased blood concentrations of neurotransmission amino acids and modulation of specific enzyme activities after resistance and endurance exercise
ConclusionsTraining could be beneficial, not only to healthy people but also to patients with moderate neurodegenerative disorders. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Plasma oxidative stress (hydrogen peroxide/trolox) responses during a 7-day road cycling stage race and a competitive football match in top-level athletes
ConclusionsThis study suggests that football players may be able to maintain oxidative stress balance in plasma after a football match whilst road cyclists may experience a hyper-oxidative stress state in plasma after a 7-day road cycling stage race. In addition, both, competitive load and body mass are related to the oxidative stress balance in plasma in these two groups of top-level athletes. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of formulated natural sport drink containing sugarcane juice, calamansi juice, and fructooligosaccharide (FOS) on athletic gastrointestinal tolerance
AbstractThe research aims to examine the effects of fructooligosaccharide (FOS) concentrations on the physicochemical properties of formulated sports drinks (FSDs) and the consumption of FSDs on the athletic gastrointestinal (GI) tolerance during intermittent high-intensity exercise. Three FSDs were developed from the diluted sugarcane juice (6.6% sugar content) with the addition of 2% calamansi juice, by varying FOS concentrations (0%, 1%, and 2% w/v). Thirty trained athletes performed four separate trials (1  week recovery period) using an exercise protocol consisting of sprint, lateral hopping, and sprint plus vert...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of activities related to sports on scapular resting position and scapulohumeral rhythm ratio
AbstractPurposePrevious studies have demonstrated that asymmetric scapular posture is often associated with abnormalities of the shoulder complex. However, shoulder asymmetries may be related to adaptations to sports practices and may also be different among healthy athletes from different sports. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of activities related to sports on scapular resting position and scapulohumeral rhythm ratio.MethodsSeventy-five male subjects (15 volleyball players, 15 table tennis players, 15 swimmers, 15 handball players, and 15 non-athletes) participated in this study. All athletes ha...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 30, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between peak velocity and time limit across different endurance performance levels
This study aimed to verify the influence of performance level on the relationship between peak velocity (Vpeak) and time limit (tlim) at 100%Vpeak.MethodsFifty-four male participants aged between 20 and 35  years were divided into three groups: low fitness (LF) individuals, moderate fitness (MF), and high fitness (HF). The participants performed two running tests on a treadmill: one maximal incremental test to determineVpeak and one rectangular test to determinetlim at 100%Vpeak. Heart rate (HR) and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured during the tests.ResultsFor the variables evaluated during the incremen...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 28, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical capacities related to running performance during simulated matches in young futsal players
This study aimed to verify the relationship between physical capacities and distance covered during simulated matches in young futsal players.MethodsSixteen under-19 male futsal players of regional level (age 18.1  ± 0.96 years, body mass 67.4 ± 9.7 kg, height 176 ± 5 cm) participated in this study. Players performed the futsal intermittent endurance test (FIET), maximal shuttle run test (MST), squat jump and countermovement jump tests. Two simulated futsal matches were performed to assess t he distance covered at different intensities. Pearson c...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 25, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of cardiopulmonary exercise testing performed with blood flow restriction vs. a traditional maximum test on execution speed, ventilatory thresholds and maximum oxygen uptake
ConclusionWe identified reductions in velocities at ventilatory thresholds and VO2max when performed with occlusion. These data suggest the possible contribution of this resource to clinical practice, highlighting the achievement by individuals who do not tolerate high speeds on the treadmill or athletes who need to reduce speeds without decreasing exercise intensities. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 24, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Association between sedentary recreational time and cardiac autonomic modulation in adolescent boys: cross-sectional study
In conclusion, longer time spent on sedentary recreational activities is associated with poor cardiac autonomic modulation. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 23, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Heart rate variability in different intensities of static and dynamic exercises graded using similar heart rate
ConclusionTime domain parameter RMSSD decreases with an increase in the exercise load indicating a decrease in vagal modulation of heart rate with an increase in exercise load. RMSSD is more in dynamic exercise compared with static exercise indicating higher vagal modulation in dynamic exercise. However, increase in HFnu with exercise load may be due to the influence of increased ventilation on heart rate modulation. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 15, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Anaerobic capacity estimated by a single effort distinguishes training status in male cyclists
ConclusionThe AC[La]+PCr was sensitive to discriminate the anaerobic capacity between trained, recreationally trained, and untrained male cyclists. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - April 9, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of second-generation and indoor sports surfaces on knee joint kinetics and kinematics during 45 ° and 180° cutting manoeuvres, and exploration using statistical parametric mapping and Bayesian analyses
ConclusionsThis study indicates that the indoor surface may improve change of direction performance owing to enhanced friction at the shoe--surface interface but augment the risk from patellar tendon/patellofemoral injuries, whereas the 2G condition may enhance the risk from ACL pathologies. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 31, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a 4  week touch rugby and self-paced interval running intervention on health markers in active young men
ConclusionThe results of this study suggest that a single session of touch rugby over a 4-week period elicited greater improvements in body composition and SBP than self-paced running, with both being equally beneficial for improving RHR, diastolic blood pressure and inflammatory status in active young men. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 29, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Actual and wished supports to promote a successful dual career according to Italian student-athletes ’ point of view
ConclusionItalian student-athletes could be better supported by University in complying sport and academic requirements, especially by means of an improvement in tutoring, e-learning and a more flexible schedule, in line with the European Commission guidelines. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 21, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of vibratory platform training on the histomorphometric parameters of the soleus muscle in obese Wistar rats
This study aimed atevaluating the effects that vibratory platform causes on the histomophometry and fiber types of the soleus muscle of Wistar rats with induced obesity by monosodium glutamate (MSG).MethodsThirty-two male Wistar rats were used, 16 of which were induced by obesity with intradermal injections of MSG, equally randomized into four groups: control (GC), control with intervention (GCP), obese (GO), and obese with intervention (GOP). At the 70  days, the training on vibratory platform was started adapted to a frequency of 60 Hz and amplitude of 2 mm, performed 3 times a week, with a duration of 10&...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The combined effect of high-intensity interval training and intermittent fasting on lipid profile and peroxidation in Wistar rats under high-fat diet
AbstractPurposeHigh-fat diet is considered as the main risk factor for the development of dyslipidemia and lipid peroxidation, which in turn results in serious health problems such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some forms of cancers. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effect of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and intermittent fasting (IF) on lipid profile and peroxidation in Wistar rats under a high-fat diet.MethodsA total of 28 male Wistar rats went through a high-fat diet for 12  weeks. Then, they were randomly divided into four groups: (1) HIIT (3 day...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 19, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Alteration of follistatin-like 1, neuron-derived neurotrophic factor, and vascular endothelial growth factor in diabetic cardiac muscle after moderate-intensity aerobic exercise with insulin
ConclusionThe results of this study showed that insulin and exercise Di group had better effects on NDNF and VEGF in diabetic animal. Also, FSTL-1 changes and functions in the heart of diabetic rats were different from other pathology such as MI sample. However, in this regard and investigating these factors in the heart of the diabetic sample, more studies are needed. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - March 18, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research