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Bone metabolism in response to oat bran consumption and jogging exercise in young males
AbstractBackgroundAdopting a physically active lifestyle along with consumption of nutritional supplementation is a strategy for improving health-related quality of life. We aimed to investigate the combined effects of oat bran consumption and jogging exercise compared to oat bran consumption alone and jogging exercise alone on bone metabolism in young males.MethodsForty-seven sedentary male university students with mean age 20.9  ± 1.7 years were recruited. They were randomly assigned into sedentary control (C), oat bran supplementation alone (OB), exercise alone (EX) and combined oat bran and exerci...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - December 11, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical activity levels in people with intellectual disability attending daily centers
ConclusionsPA of ID people in both the groups (with and without the expert in PA) should be increased and better organized. An operator expert in PA can influence positively the amount and intensity of PA performed toward the center. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - December 8, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of 16  weeks gymnastic training on social skills and neuropsychiatric functions of autistic children
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of 16  weeks of gymnastic exercises on motor and neuropsychological skills of children with autism. The statistical population consisted of autistic children in a charity center in Karaj. Thirty autistic children 8‒12 years of age, who were eligible to be included in the study, were randomly selected and assigned to two test and control groups. To evaluate motor development, the short form of Bruininks–Oseretsky test and to evaluate neuropsychological characteristics, Conners scales were used. The test group carried out gymnastic exercises fo...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - December 6, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A single multi-joint high-intensity resistance exercise involving large muscle groups elicits post-exercise hypotension in normotensive-trained women: a crossover trial
ConclusionA single multi-joint high-intensity resistance exercise involving large muscle groups and performed within a very low time commitment elicited systolic PEH in normotensive-trained women. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - November 25, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relationship between stature level and success in elite judo: an analysis on four consecutive Olympic Games
ConclusionConsidering that no relationship between stature and successful matches in elite judo emerged in the analyzed four Olympics Games, it can speculate that no advantage can be attributed to the taller judoka ’s for the rule changes regarding the leg grabs. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - November 20, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of resistance training and testosterone enanthate injections in low and high doses on hematological parameters in male Wistar rats
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to determine the effects of 8-week testosterone enanthate (TE) injections in high and low doses and resistance training (RT) on hematological parameters in male rats.Methods42 male adult Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups (n = 7): control (C): olive oil, RT: resistance training + olive oil, LD (low dose): TE (25 mg kg−1); HD (high dose): TE (50  mg kg−1); RT  + LD: RT + TE (25 mg kg−1); and RT  + HD: RT + TE (50 mg kg−1). The resistance train...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - November 20, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and long-lasting walking habit in sedentary male and female subjects following 1  year of guided walking
ConclusionGuided walking was followed by highly significant reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular diseases and improved walking speed. Seventy-seven percent of the finishers were maintaining the walking practice 16  months after the end of the project, indicating that guided walking programs can be effective in permanently modifying the lifestyle of sedentary subjects. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - November 17, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reference values for fatigued versus non-fatigued limb symmetry index measured by a newly designed single-leg hop test battery in healthy subjects: a pilot study
AbstractPurposeThere is sparse evidence for return to sport criteria after knee injury. Functional performance deficits, particularly in fatigued muscular condition, should be verified prior to the attempt to return to high-risk pivoting sports. The purpose of this study was to generate reference values for the limb symmetry index (LSI) of healthy subjects in fatigued and non-fatigued muscular condition in a newly designed test battery.MethodsForty-two healthy subjects [22 females, 20 males; mean (SD) age 30.4 (6.6)  years] were evaluated using a test battery consisting of an isometric strength test, a series of five ...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - November 10, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Short duration static stretching preceded by cycling warm-up reduces vertical jump performance in healthy males
AbstractPurposeIt has been proposed that warm-up activities including static stretching may have detrimental effects on power performance. While it is well established in the literature that more than 30  s of stretching before exercise induces deficit in force and power production, there are still controversial findings regarding 30 s or less when additional interventions, such as general warm-up, are allied to the stretching. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the acute effect of passive static stretching preceded by dynamic warm-up on vertical jump performance.MethodsTwenty healthy men partic...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 29, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of integrated training program on functional movements patterns, dynamic stability, biomechanics, and muscle strength of lower limbs in elite young basketball players
ConclusionsThese results indicate that integrated exercise training program incorporated into regular basketball training sessions might have influence on performance and risk factors of sports injuries in youth basketball players. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 26, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Short-term maximal performance depend on post-activation potentiation stimuli type and recovery period
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to identify the acute effects of two types of warm-up (i.e. plyometric and isometric) interventions on jump performance. Forty-five subjects volunteered to participate in our study. Participants were randomly assigned in a plyometric group (n = 15; age 14.79 ± 0.43; mass 57.64 ± 4.52; height 174.61 ± 5.97), isometric group (n = 15; age 14.80 ± 0.41; mass 57.13 ± 4.78; height 174.57 ± 5.75), and control group (n = 15; age 14.67 ± 0.49; ma...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 26, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute responses of breathing techniques in maximal inspiratory pressure
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of three breathing techniques [normal breath (NB), breath holding (BH) and intermittent breath holding (IBH)] on finswimmers ’ heart rate (HR), arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and maximum inspiratory pressure (PImax).MethodsTen young finswimmers (15.8  ± 0.5 years) performed 8 × 25 m freestyle leg kick trials under the three different breathing occasions (NB, BH and IBH). HR, SpO2 and PImax were recorded immediately after the end of each test.ResultsThe results showed lower SpO2 values immediately af...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 20, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physiological factors associated with ski-mountaineering vertical race performance
AbstractPurposeDespite their increasing popularity, there are no studies analyzing the performance of ski-mountaineering vertical races. For the first time, this study examined a vertical competition, exploring the association between laboratory measures and uphill performance by means of multiple regression analysis.MethodsNine high-level ski-mountaineers (age 20.6  ± 3.0 years,VO2max 69.3  ± 7.4 mL/min/kg) performed an anthropometric assessment and a laboratory ski-mountaineering graded exercise test (GXT) to evaluateVO2max, gross efficiency (GE), ventilatory thresholds (VTs), ...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 17, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Time color map and histogram of electromyography (EMG) sample amplitudes: possible tools for global electromyogram analysis by images
ConclusionsHistogram of the EMG sample amplitudes and 2D time color map provide data, at a glance, about the regularity of the EMG spikes occurrence and their amplitude distribution. This is a different, adjunct information with respect to the one provided by traditional EMG time domain analysis measurements. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 14, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Autonomic cardiac function, body composition and cardiorespiratory fitness changes in adolescents after a multidisciplinary obesity treatment program: a feasibility study
ConclusionsThese results provide evidence that a multidisciplinary program improves parasympathetic indices, body composition, and cardiorespiratory fitness independent of the degree of excess body mass. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 13, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of resistance training on oxidative stress-related biomarkers in metabolic diseases: a review
AbstractSocial and behavioral patterns of physical activity and diet have contributed to the increased incidence of obesity, due to high caloric intake associated to low physical activity. This metabolic impairment can give rise to the occurrence of oxidative stress, which is a key factor in pathogenesis of several metabolic diseases such as metabolic syndrome or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Previous studies have reported reduced blood levels of oxidative stress biomarkers and related clinical parameters in obesity, T2DM and metabolic syndrome, following endurance exercise. However, similar studies about the effects of...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 9, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Testosterone and cortisol response to acute intermittent and continuous aerobic exercise in sedentary men
ConclusionsIn summary, it seems that intermittent exercise can be more useful in the development of body anabolic processes in sedentary men due to pronounced increases in testosterone. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - October 5, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Possible benefits of different physical exercise programs after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: a minireview of selected randomized controlled trials
ConclusionThe practice of physical exercises (with duration, frequency and intensity established) in cardiac rehabilitation programs proposed were beneficial for patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Further randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the benefits mentioned. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 23, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of conventional and oval chainrings on patellofemoral loading during road cycling: an exploration using musculoskeletal simulation
ConclusionsThe current analysis found no effects of chainring geometry, on the forces experienced by the patellofemoral joint during the pedal cycle. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 23, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute downhill running does not induce fat oxidation
ConclusionDownhill running at 60%VO2max and inclination of − 12% does not induce fat oxidation. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 22, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Aerobic exercise training improves physical performance of patients with binge-eating disorder
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of aerobic exercise training and traditional treatment on body mass index (BMI) and aerobic capacity compared to the traditional treatment alone in patients with binge-eating disorder (BED). Fourteen BED patients were divided into Intervention Group (IG,n = 6) and Control Group (CG,n = 8). All patients participated into the weekly multidisciplinary program. In addition, IG underwent an aerobic exercise-training period of 6 months. At baseline and after 6 months of intervention, both groups underwent measurements of BMI and s...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 15, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sismes IX National Congress
(Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 12, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Forecasting of rehabilitation treatment in sufferers from lateral displacement of patella using artificial intelligence
AbstractObjectivesIn this research, the application of artificial intelligence methods for data analysis named hybrid artificial neural network (ANN) with teaching learning based optimization (TLBO) algorithm to predict of the rehabilitation treatment  for females with lateral displacement of the patella (LDP) is demonstrated.MethodsThe prediction abilities offered using ANN-TLBO model was presented using available data from 48 female patients referred to physical medicine and rehabilitation clinics of Isfahan Ayatollah Kashani medical center and Al Zahra hospital, Iran. In this modeling, clinical characteristics [wei...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 8, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Skin temperature changes of under-20 soccer players after two consecutive matches
ConclusionThetsk of lower limbs as well as CK markedly change in response to two consecutive matches separated by an interval of 3  days. There is indication of the highest inflammatory response after the second match, which was preceded by just a 3-day recovery. In addition, a general increase was obtained in thighs and legs in anterior and posterior views. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Aerobic capacities, anaerobic power, and anthropometric characteristics of elite female canoe polo players based on playing position
AbstractPurposeTo determine the aerobic capacities, anaerobic power, and anthropometric characteristics of elite female canoe polo players. A secondary purpose was to investigate positional differences between goalkeepers (GKs), flat 3 defenders (FDFs), and chase defenders (CHDFs).MethodsTwenty-one elite female canoe polo players (age 26.8  ± 2.1 years; height 166.9 ± 5.2 cm; body mass 61.4 ± 7.1 kg; and percent body fat 21.0 ± 3.8%) volunteered. Anthropometric variables, peak oxygen uptake (\( \dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{2{\text{peak}}}} \)), venti...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - September 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

An investigation of home advantage in the Summer Paralympic Games
AbstractPurposeThere is a paucity of home advantage research set in the context of para-sport events. It is this gap in the knowledge that this paper addresses by investigating the prevalence and size of home advantage in the Summer Paralympic Games.MethodsUsing a standardised measure of success, we compared the performances of nations when competing at home with their own performances away from home in the competition between 1960 and 2016. Both country-level and individual sport-level analyses were conducted for this time frame. A Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to determine whether there was a genuine difference in n...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 30, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Different training responses to eccentric endurance exercise at low and moderate altitudes in pre-diabetic men: a pilot study
AbstractThis pilot study aimed (a) to evaluate the effects of eccentric exercise training at low and moderate altitudes on physical fitness in pre-diabetic men and (b) to establish whether or not oxidative stress levels and antioxidant status were associated with performance improvements. In this crossover trial, five pre-diabetic men conducted nine downhill walking sessions (3  days/week, 3 consecutive weeks) at low altitude (from 1360 to 850 m) and one year later at moderate altitude (from 2447 to 2000 m). Exercise testing and the determination of parameters of oxidative stress and antioxidant capacity wer...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Correlates and pattern of physical activity among urban and suburban Iranian adults: a population-based study
AbstractBackgroundConsidering the important role of physical activity in prevention of chronic disease, the aims of the present study were investigating the socio-demographic and lifestyle determinants and also pattern of the physical activity in urban and suburban Iranian adults.MethodA sample of 2135 adults from suburban and urban areas of East Azerbaijan, Iran, participated in the present study. The Persian form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire was completed for evaluation of the physical activity level. The demographic characteristics including age, gender, educational level, marriage status, and reside...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Long-term endurance training improves general health perception in multiple sclerosis patients with fatigue: results of an exploratory study
AbstractPurposeTo determine if long-term endurance exercise improves quality of life (QOL) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).Methods89 patients with relapsing –remitting MS and an EDSS of
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 23, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The circadian typology: the role of physical activity and melatonin
AbstractCircadian rhythms influence our daily behavior. Individuals display preferences for activity at certain time of day and this circadian phenotype can be summarized with the concept of “chronotype” or circadian typology (CT). The chronotypes differ in the timing of many physiological and psychological variables. Individuals with an early circadian phase are morning-types (M-types), those with a delayed circadian phase are evening-types (E-types), and those with an intermediate circadian phase are neither-types (N-types). Nevertheless, the propensity toward morning or evening preferences can vary during th...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 22, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A comparative analysis between head-out underwater walking and land-based treadmill walking in a group of healthy asymptomatic elderly
ConclusionsThe present investigation indicates that data of land maximal exercise test can be used to prescribe water aerobic exercise. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 7, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of pennation angle, electrodes orientation and knee angle on surface electromyography of vastus lateralis during isometric contractions
AbstractPurposeThe effects of pennation angle (PA), electrode orientation (EO) and knee angle (KA) on the amplitude of electromyography signal (EMG) of vastus lateralis muscle (VL) were investigated.MethodsSeventeen participants (8 men and 9 women; 26.5  ± 5.1 years; 64.4 ± 12.3 kg; 1.66 ± 0.09 m) accomplished isometric tests at four contraction intensities (COI): 25, 50, 75 and 100% of maximum voluntary contraction (MVC), with KA at 90° and 120°. PA was measured at rest and during contractions. One pair of electrodes was aligned with PA of relaxed V...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 5, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Erratum to: Familiarity affects electrocortical power spectra during dance imagery, listening to different music genres: independent component analysis of Alpha and Beta rhythms
(Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - August 4, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Perceived psychological, cultural, and environmental barriers to sport in children living in urban and non-urban settings in the Midlands, Portugal
ConclusionsDifferences according to the gender were visible in psychological barriers, with girls being less motivated to be physically active. Urban children are at a greater risk of not being sufficiently active since they reported more physical and organizational barriers than non-urban ones. Different barriers, according to children ’s gender and urbanization, should be considered in future strategies to promote physical activity. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 27, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Kinematic analysis of postural control in gymnasts vs. athletes practicing different sports
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to examine the postural control difference between gymnasts and other athletes practicing different sports.MethodsTwenty-eight elite-level male athletes (7 gymnasts, 7 volleyball players, 7 windsurfers, and 7 monofin swimmers) participated in this study. Two-dimensional kinematic analysis of mediolateral and anteroposterior sway velocity of the center of mass (COM) on single plane balance board in bipedal and unipedal conditions, and on hard and foam surfaces was performed using two cameras (Sony, DCR-PC108E, 50  Hz). Data were digitized using the video-based data analysis syst...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 27, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Is postural asymmetry associated with emotional stability in healthy subjects? A preliminary study
AbstractPurposeConsidering that musculo-skeletal system and nervous system reciprocally are connected by the presence of proprioceptors and interoceptors, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between emotional stability and posture.MethodsWe recruited 100 healthy volunteers (age 30.2  ± 9.8 years) who regularly practiced physical activity, and we evaluated posture (vertical line of Barrè) and emotional stability (a specific component of the Big Five Questionnaire—BFQ). Chi-square test was used to evaluate the distribution of the postural evaluation by sex. ANOVA with ...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 25, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Familiarity affects electrocortical power spectra during dance imagery, listening to different music genres: independent component analysis of Alpha and Beta rhythms
This study used independent component analysis (ICA) to assess EEG frequency spectrum associated with the musical genre. High Alpha (10.0 –11.5 Hz) and Low Beta (12.0–15.5 Hz) EEG frequency spectra were analyzed. Considering EEG power spectra analysis, no statistically significant differences were found between groups at baseline.ResultsStatistically significant difference (p 
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 17, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Spatiotemporal characteristics of habitually shod runners change when performing barefoot running
We report a significant main effect of running barefoot for spatiotemporal variables, but not for foot-strike pattern. Relative to when shod, all groups of runners took shorter strides and steps. RFS and MFS runners also exhibited higher step frequency and exhibited shorter step and cycle times, while RFS and FFS runners both exhibited shorter stance times. These findings indicate that barefoot running has a significant influence on spatiotemporal measures, regardless of utilized foot-strike pattern. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 14, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Time –motion analysis and patterns of salivary cortisol during different judo championship phases
AbstractPurpose The aim of this study was to investigate the time –motion of the matches and patterns of salivary biomarkers during different championship judo phases. For this, eight male judo athletes from all weight divisions (16 ± 6 years of practice) were studied during an official championship.MethodsThe combats were recorded and a time –motion analysis was made, assessing total time by combat and time per block of action (approach time, gripping time, time of attack/defense, groundwork combat time, and pause time). Saliva samples were collected for the measurement of cortisol, tot...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 12, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Time use and health and wellbeing outcomes of sport school students in Australia
ConclusionIt was concluded that the flexible and integrated structure of sport schools may provide an appropriately balanced and supportive environment for student-athletes. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 7, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Muscular glucose metabolism in middle-age trained rats
AbstractAging decreases the normal organism physiological functions. On the other hand, physical exercise shows health benefits, but little information is known about physical deconditioning at aging. The aim of the present study was to analyze the glucose muscle metabolism in middle-age Wistar rats in response to conditioning and physical deconditioning. The study included three groups: Control (C) —not performed physical training; Trained (T)—performed physical training from 4 to 12 months—swimming exercise for 1 h per day, 5 days per week at 80% of maximal lactate stead state—MLSS;...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - July 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Co-administration of vitamin C or estradiol with aerobic exercise on liver oxidative stress and enzymes in ovariectomized rat
AbstractBackgroundEstrogen insufficiency during postmenopausal life may be the reason of serious metabolic disturbances including oxidative stress that can effect on liver status. It is important to properly assess the benefits of antioxidant therapy and exercise on liver status in menopausal females. The main objective of this study was to investigate the effects of co-administration of vitamin C or estradiol with aerobic exercise on liver oxidative stress of ovariectomized rat.Materials and methodsThirty-two ovariectomized female rats were divided into four groups, consisting of sham (Sh), exercise (Ex), exercise  +...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 24, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Healing potential and surgical treatment of anterior cruciate ligament rupture in pediatric population
(Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 19, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Accelerometer-based sleep behavior and activity levels in student athletes in comparison to student non-athletes
AbstractPurposeThe comparison between athletes and non-athletes for sleep, sedentary time or incidental daily activity is yet to be examined in a student population. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to measure sleep and activity levels using accelerometry in athlete and non-athlete university students.Methods19 students on university athletic scholarships (11 female/8 male, age 20  ± 2, body mass index 24 ± 3) and 21 student non-athletes (11 female/10 male, age 21 ± 3, body mass index 25 ± 4) volunteered to wear an activity monitor over a 7-...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 16, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Biological underpinnings of mood and the role of physical exercise
This article reviews the research on the Profile of Mood States effects associated with sport and exercise (occasional and intense) and biological markers. The series of studies reveals relations between biological markers and mood states, and sustains the conclusion that hormonal responses indicate physiological processes that produce and are affected by psychological processes. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 13, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Acute effect of high-intensity interval exercise and moderate-intensity continuous exercise on appetite in overweight/obese males: a pilot study
ConclusionHIIE and MICE did not modify appetite (i.e., hunger, satiety, and prospective food consumption perception) until 40  min post-exercise in overweight/obese males, despite a transient increase in fullness observed immediately after the HIIE. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 10, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games 1976 –2014
ConclusionThe causes of home advantage in the Winter Paralympic Games are unclear and should be investigated further. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 6, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

An optimal control solution to the predictive dynamics of cycling
ConclusionsIt is suggested that: (1) an optimal control based on an indirect method approach can provide a solution to the predictive dynamics of sub-maximal cycling, (2) predictive dynamics adapts accordingly to real data for changes in power output. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 5, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

PPAR γ and ADRB3 polymorphisms analysis and Irisin expression in professional water polo players
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the influence of two PPAR γ and ADRB3 common polymorphisms on Adiponectin and Irisin expression in WP athletes is limited, if it exists at all. Further studies are needed to clarify if the positive effects mediated by physical training may pass through the regulation of Irisin, adiponectin and genetic background. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - June 1, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of exercise intensity on V O 2max in studies comparing two or more exercise intensities: a meta-analysis
ConclusionThe effect of different exercise intensity levels, from low to high intensity, is relatively predictable in that the effect increases with increased intensity. To make the effect of training clear to the recipient of training guidelines, this meta-analysis suggests that effect size should be incorporated in future exercise guidelines. (Source: Sport Sciences for Health)
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 19, 2017 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research