Imaging of Gynecologic Malignancy in a Reproductive-Aged Women
Gynecologic malignancies are common among cancers diagnosed during pregnancy, especially those of cervical and ovarian origin. Imaging is an important part of the diagnosis, staging, and follow-up of pregnancy-associated gynecologic tumors, with sonography and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging being the most suitable modalities. MR imaging is particularly useful in cervical cancer for the evaluation of tumor size, nodal, and extrapelvic disease. Ovarian tumor is initially diagnosed with sonography; MR imaging should be performed in cases of indeterminate ultrasonography findings and for staging. Pregnancy-related changes may...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Charis Bourgioti, Marianna Konidari, Lia Angela Moulopoulos Source Type: research

Imaging of Infertility, Part 2
This article provides an overview of the multimodality imaging assessment of female infertility and details the developmental and acquired pelvic abnormalities in which diagnostic imaging aids in evaluation. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Bryce A. Merritt, Spencer C. Behr, Nadia J. Khati Source Type: research

Imaging of Infertility, Part 1
This article provides an overview of the multimodality imaging assessment of female infertility and details the developmental and acquired pelvic abnormalities in which diagnostic imaging aids in evaluation. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Bryce A. Merritt, Spencer C. Behr, Nadia J. Khati Source Type: research

Imaging Spectrum of Benign Uterine Disease and Treatment Options
This article highlights the added value of MR imaging in the diagnosis of the most common benign uterine diseases, describes therapeutic options, and delineates the role of MR imaging in treatment planning. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 4, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Stephanie Nougaret, Martina Sbarra, Jessica Robbins Source Type: research

Imaging Safety and Technical Considerations in the Reproductive-aged Female
This article discusses the 4 main imaging modalities used to evaluate reproductive-aged women: ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography, and fluoroscopy. For each modality, major clinical indications are described, along with important technical considerations unique to imaging reproductive-aged women. Finally, key safety issues are discussed, particularly with regard to imaging pregnant patients. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 3, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Michael A. Ohliger, Hailey H. Choi, Jesse Coutier Source Type: research

Imaging of Benign Adnexal Disease
This article provides an overview of the imaging evaluation of benign ovarian and adnexal masses in premenopausal and postmenopausal women and lesions discovered during pregnancy. Current imaging techniques are discussed, including pitfalls and differential diagnosis when necessary, as well as management. It also reviews the now well-established American College of Radiology (ACR)/Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound consensus guidelines and covers the more recently introduced Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System by the ACR and the recently published ADNEx Scoring System. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - December 2, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Nadia J. Khati, Tammy Kim, Joanna Riess Source Type: research

Imaging of Postpartum/Peripartum Complications
There are various complications that can occur in the postpartum period, including pain, bleeding, and infection. These include complications related to cesarean section, postpartum hemorrhage and hematomas, bladder injury, torsion and uterine dehiscence, and rupture. It is important the radiologist is aware of these entities and the associated imaging features to help guide timely and appropriate management. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 20, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Sherry S. Wang, Dorothy Shum, Anne Kennedy Source Type: research

Nonfetal Imaging During Pregnancy
Abdominal pain is a common occurrence in pregnant women and may have a variety of causes, including those that are specific to pregnancy (eg, round ligament pain in the first trimester) and the wide range of causes of abdominal pain that affect men and women who are not pregnant (eg, appendicitis, acute cholecystitis). Noncontrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging is increasingly performed to evaluate pregnant women with abdominal pain, either as the first-line test or as a second test following ultrasonography. The imaging appearance of causes of abdominal pain in pregnant women are reviewed with an emphasis on noncontrast ...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 19, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Courtney C. Moreno, Pardeep K. Mittal, Frank H. Miller Source Type: research

Imaging of Bowel Wall Thickening in the Hospitalized Patient.
Abstract Bowel wall thickening in the hospitalized patient can be due to myriad etiologies. Familiarity with the optimal study protocols and a structured approach for evaluation are important. Understanding the pathology and knowing the imaging features of most common entities (ischemia, shock bowel, hemorrhage, infection, graft-versus-host disease, and fluid overload) enable radiologists to provide unique value to clinical management. PMID: 31731894 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Mills A, Mellnick VM, Itani M Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging Approach to Misplaced Central Venous Catheters.
Abstract Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used in patients in a variety of clinical settings, including the intensive care unit, general ward, and outpatient settings. After placement, the radiologist is frequently requested to evaluate the location of CVCs and deem them suitable for use. An understanding of the ideal location of catheter tips as well as the approach to identifying malpositioned catheter tips is essential to prevent improper use, recognize and/or prevent further injury, and direct potential lifesaving care. An approach to CVC placement based on tip location can be helpful in localizati...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Raptis DA, Neal K, Bhalla S Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Diffuse Lung Disease in the Intensive Care Unit Patient.
Abstract There is a wide variety of causes of diffuse lung disease in the intensive care unit patient, of which adult respiratory distress syndrome is the commonest clinical consideration. Plain radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasound can be used synergistically to evaluate patients with diffuse lung disease and respiratory impairment. Imaging is not limited to characterization of the cause of diffuse lung disease but also aids in monitoring its evolution and in ventilator setting management. PMID: 31731896 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Stefanidis K, Moser J, Vlahos I Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging Early Postoperative Complications of Cardiothoracic Surgery.
This article reviews the common complications of cardiothoracic surgery focusing on the role of imaging and clues to diagnosis. PMID: 31731897 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Cossu A, Martin Rother MD, Kusmirek JE, Meyer CA, Kanne JP Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Cardiac Support Devices.
This article discusses some of the more commonly encountered mechanical circulation devices seen in ICU patients, including intra-aortic balloon pumps, Impella devices, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulas, and ventricular assist devices. Normal appearance and commonly encountered device-related complications that can be diagnosed on imaging are reviewed. PMID: 31731898 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Kligerman S, Horowitz M, Jacobs K, Weihe E Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Neuroimaging of Patients in the Intensive Care Unit: Pearls and Pitfalls.
Abstract A brief introduction is provided of the different imaging modalities encountered in the intensive care unit (ICU). The spectrum of intracranial pathology as well as potential postsurgical complications is reviewed, with a focus on pearls and pitfalls. A brief overview also is provided of imaging of the spine in an ICU patient. PMID: 31731899 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Gadde JA, Weinberg BD, Mullins ME Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Altered Mental Status.
Abstract Neuroimaging is an invaluable diagnostic tool for sorting through the vast array of etiologies that underlie altered mental status (AMS). Head computed tomography (CT) without contrast is the primary modality for evaluation of AMS and should be complemented by MR imaging in cases of negative CT but high clinical concern. Studies to maximize brain imaging efficiency and improve the yield of positive scans through the utilization of clinical and laboratory pre-scan diagnostics are ongoing. However, imaging remains the gold standard due to its rapidity with which certain diagnoses can be made or excluded. ...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Uzelac A Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Gastrointestinal Tract Perforation.
This article provides brief overviews of different causes of perforation. Various imaging modalities and protocols are discussed, along with direct and indirect imaging findings of perforation. Specific findings associated with different causes are also described to aid in the diagnosis. PMID: 31731901 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Shin D, Rahimi H, Haroon S, Merritt A, Vemula A, Noronha A, LeBedis CA Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Acute Hepatobiliary Dysfunction.
Abstract Abdominal pain is a common cause for emergency department visits in the United States, and biliary tract disease is the fifth most common cause of hospital admission. Common causes of acute hepatobiliary include gallstones and its associated complications and multiple other hepatobiliary etiologies, including infectious, inflammatory, vascular, and neoplastic causes. Postoperative complications of the biliary tract can result in an acute abdomen. Imaging of the hepatobiliary tree is integral in the diagnostic evaluation of acute hepatobiliary dysfunction, and imaging of the biliary tree requires a multimo...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Yu H, Uyeda JW Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Acute Renal Failure in the Hospital Setting.
This article discusses the utility of imaging in characterizing AKI in adult patients in a hospital setting. PMID: 31731903 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Alabousi M, Alabousi A, Patlas MN Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Imaging of Abdominal Postoperative Complications.
We present a case-based review of abdominal postoperative complications, organized by organ system affected, including wound/superficial, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and vascular complications. Both general complications and specific considerations for certain types of operations are described, as well as potential pitfalls that can be confused with complications. Representative cases are shown using all relevant imaging modalities, including CT, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI, and nuclear medicine. Management options are also described, highlighting those that require radiologist input or int...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: O'Malley RB, Revels JW Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Approach to Abnormal Chest Computed Tomography Contrast Enhancement in the Hospitalized Patient.
This article describes an approach to analyzing the distribution of intravenous contrast on chest computed tomography and illustrates the various pathologies and pitfalls that may be encountered by the imager, especially in the hospitalized patient. Understanding normal and abnormal distribution of intravenous contrast can be used as a clue to detect alterations in physiology and flow. PMID: 31731905 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Kallianos KG, Hope MD, Henry TS Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Multisystem Imaging of the Critically Ill Patient.
PMID: 31731906 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Henry TS, Mellnick VM Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Fertility-Sparing Approaches in Gynecologic Oncology
Gynecologic cancers impact women of all ages. Some women may wish to preserve their capacity for future childbearing. With appropriate patient selection, acceptable oncologic outcomes may be achieved with preservation of fertility. Determination of eligibility for fertility preservation is guided by patient factors, tumor histology, and preoperative local staging with pelvic MR imaging. The aim of this article is to educate radiologists on the current guidelines for fertility-sparing techniques in women with early stage cervical, endometrial, and ovarian malignancies. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Erica B. Stein, Jean M. Hansen, Katherine E. Maturen Source Type: research

Imaging of Acute Hepatobiliary Dysfunction
Abdominal pain is a common cause for emergency department visits in the United States, and biliary tract disease is the fifth most common cause of hospital admission. Common causes of acute hepatobiliary include gallstones and its associated complications and multiple other hepatobiliary etiologies, including infectious, inflammatory, vascular, and neoplastic causes. Postoperative complications of the biliary tract can result in an acute abdomen. Imaging of the hepatobiliary tree is integral in the diagnostic evaluation of acute hepatobiliary dysfunction, and imaging of the biliary tree requires a multimodality approach ut...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: HeiShun Yu, Jennifer W. Uyeda Source Type: research

Approach to Abnormal Chest Computed Tomography Contrast Enhancement in the Hospitalized Patient
This article describes an approach to analyzing the distribution of intravenous contrast on chest computed tomography and illustrates the various pathologies and pitfalls that may be encountered by the imager, especially in the hospitalized patient. Understanding normal and abnormal distribution of intravenous contrast can be used as a clue to detect alterations in physiology and flow. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Kimberly G. Kallianos, Michael D. Hope, Travis S. Henry Source Type: research

Imaging Approach to Misplaced Central Venous Catheters
Central venous catheters (CVCs) are commonly used in patients in a variety of clinical settings, including the intensive care unit, general ward, and outpatient settings. After placement, the radiologist is frequently requested to evaluate the location of CVCs and deem them suitable for use. An understanding of the ideal location of catheter tips as well as the approach to identifying malpositioned catheter tips is essential to prevent improper use, recognize and/or prevent further injury, and direct potential lifesaving care. An approach to CVC placement based on tip location can be helpful in localization and guiding man...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Demetrios A. Raptis, Kevin Neal, Sanjeev Bhalla Source Type: research

Imaging of Cardiac Support Devices
This article discusses some of the more commonly encountered mechanical circulation devices seen in ICU patients, including intra-aortic balloon pumps, Impella devices, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation cannulas, and ventricular assist devices. Normal appearance and commonly encountered device-related complications that can be diagnosed on imaging are reviewed. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Seth Kligerman, Michael Horowitz, Kathleen Jacobs, Elizabeth Weihe Source Type: research

Multisystem Imaging of the Critically Ill Patient
Hospitalized patients present a unique challenge to radiologists. In the era of ever-increasing subspecialization, it is important to take a step back and recognize that the critically ill patient often has disease that affects multiple organ systems, or multiple concurrent disorders that prompt imaging. In addition to systemic conditions with multiple findings, surgical changes, support devices, medications, and their side effects may all cause imaging findings in the hospitalized patient. The effects of these conditions may be readily apparent, but providing a precise diagnosis requires awareness from the interpreting ra...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Travis S. Henry, Vincent M. Mellnick Tags: Preface Source Type: research

CME Accreditation Page
(Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging the Hospitalized Patient
RADIOLOGIC CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Travis S. Henry, Vincent M. Mellnick Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contributors
FRANK H. MILLER, MD, FACR (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents
Travis S. Henry and Vincent M. Mellnick (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Imaging of the Reproductive Age Female (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - November 13, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Imaging of Gastrointestinal Tract Perforation
This article provides brief overviews of different causes of perforation. Various imaging modalities and protocols are discussed, along with direct and indirect imaging findings of perforation. Specific findings associated with different causes are also described to aid in the diagnosis. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Donghoon Shin, Hamza Rahimi, Samir Haroon, Alexander Merritt, Abhinav Vemula, Ansu Noronha, Christina A. LeBedis Source Type: research

Imaging of Abdominal Postoperative Complications
We present a case-based review of abdominal postoperative complications, organized by organ system affected, including wound/superficial, hepatobiliary, pancreatic, gastrointestinal, genitourinary, and vascular complications. Both general complications and specific considerations for certain types of operations are described, as well as potential pitfalls that can be confused with complications. Representative cases are shown using all relevant imaging modalities, including CT, fluoroscopy, ultrasound, MRI, and nuclear medicine. Management options are also described, highlighting those that require radiologist input or int...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Ryan B. O ’Malley, Jonathan W. Revels Source Type: research

Imaging Early Postoperative Complications of Cardiothoracic Surgery
This article reviews the common complications of cardiothoracic surgery focusing on the role of imaging and clues to diagnosis. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Alberto Cossu, Maria Daniela Martin Rother, Joanna Eva Kusmirek, Cristopher A. Meyer, Jeffrey P. Kanne Source Type: research

Imaging of Altered Mental Status
Neuroimaging is an invaluable diagnostic tool for sorting through the vast array of etiologies that underlie altered mental status (AMS). Head computed tomography (CT) without contrast is the primary modality for evaluation of AMS and should be complemented by MR imaging in cases of negative CT but high clinical concern. Studies to maximize brain imaging efficiency and improve the yield of positive scans through the utilization of clinical and laboratory pre-scan diagnostics are ongoing. However, imaging remains the gold standard due to its rapidity with which certain diagnoses can be made or excluded. (Source: Radiologic ...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 18, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Alina Uzelac Source Type: research

Imaging of Bowel Wall Thickening in the Hospitalized Patient
Bowel wall thickening in the hospitalized patient can be due to myriad etiologies. Familiarity with the optimal study protocols and a structured approach for evaluation are important. Understanding the pathology and knowing the imaging features of most common entities (ischemia, shock bowel, hemorrhage, infection, graft-versus-host disease, and fluid overload) enable radiologists to provide unique value to clinical management. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 17, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Abigail Mills, Vincent Mellnick, Malak Itani Source Type: research

Imaging of Acute Renal Failure in the Hospital Setting
This article discusses the utility of imaging in characterizing AKI in adult patients in a hospital setting. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Mostafa Alabousi, Abdullah Alabousi, Michael N. Patlas Source Type: research

Neuroimaging of Patients in the Intensive Care Unit
A brief introduction is provided of the different imaging modalities encountered in the intensive care unit (ICU). The spectrum of intracranial pathology as well as potential postsurgical complications is reviewed, with a focus on pearls and pitfalls. A brief overview also is provided of imaging of the spine in an ICU patient. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Judith A. Gadde, Brent D. Weinberg, Mark E. Mullins Source Type: research

Imaging of Diffuse Lung Disease in the Intensive Care Unit Patient
There is a wide variety of causes of diffuse lung disease in the intensive care unit patient, of which adult respiratory distress syndrome is the commonest clinical consideration. Plain radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasound can be used synergistically to evaluate patients with diffuse lung disease and respiratory impairment. Imaging is not limited to characterization of the cause of diffuse lung disease but also aids in monitoring its evolution and in ventilator setting management. (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 16, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Konstantinos Stefanidis, Joanna Moser, Ioannis Vlahos Source Type: research

Imaging of Acute Stroke: Current State.
This article reviews the current state of imaging for acute ischemic stroke. Protocolized imaging acquisition using computed tomography in conjunction with coordinated stroke care allows for rapid diagnosis and prompt revascularization. Following the initial evidence to support endovascular therapy for large-vessel occlusion, published between 2014 and 2015, there are now guidelines supporting treatment up to 24 hours after time of onset of symptoms. Neuroimaging remains a central component in diagnosing acute stroke and potentially excluding patients from stroke treatment, as outlined in this article. PMID: 3158...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Hetts S, Khangura R Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Causes of Acute Stroke: A Patterned Approach.
This article reviews the imaging patterns of acute strokes, and how the infarct pattern and imaging characteristics can suggest an underlying cause. PMID: 31582037 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Knight-Greenfield A, Nario JJQ, Gupta A Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Perfusion Computed Tomography in Acute Ischemic Stroke.
This article reviews PCT for the evaluation of AIS patients. PMID: 31582038 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Heit JJ, Sussman ES, Wintermark M Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Central Nervous System Vasculopathies.
This article discusses important clinical and imaging findings used to distinguish these disorders. PMID: 31582039 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Soun JE, Song JW, Romero JM, Schaefer PW Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome and Reversible Cerebral Vasoconstriction Syndrome: Distinct Clinical Entities with Overlapping Pathophysiology.
Abstract The clinical and radiologic manifestations of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome are reviewed. The relationship between these entities is discussed. A hypothesis of a common underlying pathophysiology is proposed and substantiated based on the current medical literature. PMID: 31582040 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Levitt A, Zampolin R, Burns J, Bello JA, Slasky SE Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Adult Primary Brain Neoplasm, Including 2016 World Health Organization Classification.
This article provides a brief discussion of the major 2016 updates to the WHO CNS classification scheme and reviews typical MR imaging findings of adult primary CNS neoplasms, including diffuse infiltrating gliomas, ependymal tumors, neuronal/glioneuronal tumors, pineal gland tumors, meningiomas, nerve sheath tumors, solitary fibrous tumors, and lymphoma. PMID: 31582041 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Wang KY, Chen MM, Malayil Lincoln CM Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Primary Neoplasms of the Pediatric Brain.
This article emphasizes relevant clinical, molecular, and imaging features that are unique to pediatric brain tumors. PMID: 31582042 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Jaimes C, Poussaint TY Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

MR Perfusion and MR Spectroscopy of Brain Neoplasms.
Abstract Advances in imaging techniques, such as MR perfusion and spectroscopy, are increasingly indispensable in the management and treatment plans of brain neoplasms: from diagnosing, molecular/genetic typing and grading neoplasms, augmenting biopsy results and improving accuracy, to ultimately directing and monitoring treatment and response. New developments in treatment methods have resulted in new diagnostic challenges for conventional MR imaging, such as pseudoprogression, where MR perfusion has the widest current application. MR spectroscopy is showing increasing promise in noninvasively determining genetic...
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Gharzeddine K, Hatzoglou V, Holodny AI, Young RJ Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research

Utility of Preoperative Blood-Oxygen-Level-Dependent Functional MR Imaging in Patients with a Central Nervous System Neoplasm.
This article discusses the applications, significance, and interpretation of BOLD fMR imaging, and its applications in presurgical planning for CNS neoplasms. PMID: 31582044 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America)
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - October 5, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Chaudhry AA, Naim S, Gul M, Chaudhry A, Chen M, Jandial R, Badie B Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research