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Metastases from distant primary tumours on the head and neck: clinical manifestation and diagnostics of 91 cases
ConclusionDistant metastases on the head and neck are rare and, therefore, pose a challenge for the oncologist and other involved disciplines. Most distant metastases occur within the first five years. Late metastases, especially in breast carcinoma, are still possible after 20  years. A surgical examination should be carried out if the findings are not clear due to multiple differential diagnoses. In particular, surgical options under palliative aspects should be examined. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 17, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Use of Kerrison Rongeur for safe and effective removal of bone in temporomandibular joint ankylosis
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Behavior of C-reactive protein in association with surgery of facial fracture and the influence of dexamethasone
AbstractPurposeTo clarify pre- and postoperative C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in patients with facial fractures and to investigate the influence of perioperatively administered dexamethasone on postoperative CRP levels.Patients and methodsFacial fracture patients were randomized to receive perioperatively a total dose of 30  mg of dexamethasone (Oradexon®), whereas patients in the control group received no glucocorticoid. The analysis included patients who had CRP measured pre- and postoperatively.ResultsA total of 73 adult patients with facial fractures were included in the final analysis. Mean CRP level was e...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 16, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Human bite injuries to the head and neck: current trends and management protocols in England and Wales
ConclusionHuman bites pose a number of unique problems, ranging from cellulitis to the transmission of communicable diseases. The maxillofacial surgeon has the added dilemmas surrounding subsequent repair and reconstruction. Appreciation of the complexity of human bite injuries will ensure optimal care for the patient. We propose a set of guidelines developed ‘in-house’ to assist in the management of human bite injuries. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 14, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Assessment of oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients with invasive treatment procedure
The objective of the current study was to assess the preoperative and postoperative oral cancer pain, anxiety, and quality of life of OSCC patients with invasive treatment procedure.MethodsThe current study was conducted by interviewing 21 (10 males; 11 females) patients who had been diagnosed with stage 3 and stage 4 OSCC and about to go through surgery at the inpatient ward of Surgical Oncology Department, Hasan Sadikin Hospital, Bandung, Indonesia. A preoperative and interview was conducted by using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality o...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 13, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Considerations in computer-aided design for inlay cranioplasty: technical note
ConclusionsThese changes to implant design and cranioplasty techniques facilitate the insertion and fixation of patient-specific cranial implants and improve esthetic outcomes. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 8, 2018 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Differences between osteoradionecrosis and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw
AbstractPurposeThe appearance of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is similar, but clinically important differences between ORN and MRONJ exist. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical data between ORN and MRONJ and to reveal the critical differences between these diseases.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed the epidemiological data, clinical findings, and treatment in 27 ORN and 61 MRONJ patients. Radiographic signs before the initiation of treatment were also assessed.ResultsThe median age (P = 0.0474) and the ratio of female to male patients (P 
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 9, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A prospective assessment of outcomes following the use of autologous blood for the management of recurrent temporomandibular joint dislocation
ConclusionIntra- and peri-articular ABI is more effective than peri-articular blood application alone in the treatment of CRTMD, although the difference was not statistically significant. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Utility of superiorly based platysma myocutaneous flap for reconstruction of intraoral surgical defects: our experience
ConclusionThe PMF is simple, versatile and could be valued as a reconstructive alternative, with interesting visual qualities. It is a good therapeutic alternative tool for reconstruction of the buccal mucosa, especially for small- and medium-sized defects between 2 and 4  cm2 of the oral cavity. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The use of fibrin glue to stabilize geometry of free-flaps vascular pedicle
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Most cited publications in oral and maxillofacial surgery: a bibliometric analysis
ConclusionDespite considerable advances in the quality of both clinical and laboratory research, only six level I studies were identified. Osteonecrosis/bisphosphonates and platelet-rich plasma were frequent topics indicating the recent interests in these fields. The USA has continued to play a major role in the research; however, there needs to be more international, multi-institutional cooperative collaborations. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A case of traumatic infraorbital neuroma
AbstractA 53-year-old Afghan man presented with a 12-month history of left proptosis, diplopia and facial swelling 20  years after a bomb blast injury. Magnetic resonance and computed tomography imaging revealed a well-circumscribed lesion centred within the left inferior orbit/superior maxillary sinus along with left orbital fracture. Histopathology and immunostaining of the debulked lesion were consistent with t raumatic neuroma of the infraorbital nerve. Infraorbital neuromas have developed following orbital decompression surgeries but have not been reported previously following non-surgical trauma. (Source: Oral a...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Can gray values derived from CT and cone beam CT estimate new bone formation? An in vivo study
ConclusionAccording to the results, both HU/CT and GV/CBCT can be considered as fairly good predictors for assessment of the amount of NBF following bone reconstruction surgeries. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Protocol for mandibular reconstruction with zygomatic implants (zygomatic mandibular implant)
ConclusionsThe zygomatic implant is an excellent immediate loading option for mandibular dental rehabilitation among patients with mandibular defects. According to our observation, immediate occlusal loading of transmandibular zygomatic implants has a very good potential for success. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Rare case report of an aggressive follicular lymphoid hyperplasia in maxilla
We describe here the first case of RFH presenting as an aggressive tumor on the right posterior side of the maxilla in a 24-year-old male patient. The lesion had a clinical evolution of 18  months and was noticed after the surgical extraction of the right third molar, although we cannot assume a cause-effect relation with that surgical event whatsoever. His medical history was unremarkable. Following an incisional biopsy, histological examination revealed lymphoid follicles comprised by germinal centers surrounded by well-defined mantle zones. The germinal centers were positive for Bcl-6, CD10, CD20, CD21, CD23, CD79a...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Maxillofacial surgery: the impact of the Great War on both sides of the trenches
This article focuses on the circumstances under which the specialty was developed, the significant events and the i mportant figures that played a leading role in the advancement of a new fascinating surgical specialty. The literature leaves no doubt that trench warfare despite its devastating outcome for humanity has forged the shape of modern maxillofacial surgery. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Should alcohol screening be a routine practice in alcohol-related facial trauma care? A narrative review
AbstractThe link between alcohol intoxication and Emergency Department (ED) attendance for management of alcohol-related injuries has been well documented. The acute settings such as ED and surgical wards may not be the most appropriate environment for treatment of chronic conditions, but traumatic episode presentation to ED may offer the most opportunistic time to focus on screening against harmful alcohol use in order to provide timely feedback and support. Although ED provides an opportunity to identify patients with alcohol problems, the initial challenge is finding suitable ways to identify and screen affected patient...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A new approach to treat bone gaps after midfacial and zygomatic fractures with a collagen membrane
ConclusionsNative resorbable collagen membrane is a promising tool to reduce the size of bony gap in midfacial defects. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Maxillary zygomatic hexagonal implant system (MZH system) for severe resorption: a new technique
ConclusionsThe zygomatic hexagonal implants ’ protocol guarantees barrier function, biomechanical stability, load distribution, and preventing fatigue bone/implant interface, which allows distributing of the forces through the pillars, anterior masticatory load reduction, and correcting the skeletal class III type which occurs in patients w ith severe resorption. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 3, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Assessment of the quality of life of the patients with treated oral cancer in Iran
AbstractPurposeOral cancer diagnosis and treatment could influence the well-being of patients. The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) of oral cancer patients after their treatments.MethodIn this descriptive-analytical study, all oral cancer patients ’ records were retrieved from the archives of the oral pathology departments of Isfahan dental school and Sayed-al-Shohada from 2004 to 2015. Telephone interviews were conducted to collect data using the short form 36 (SF-36) and Head and Neck (H&N35) questionnaire. Demographic information of participants as well as tumor-related information, in...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Rational and simplified nomenclature for buccinator myomucosal flaps
ConclusionsThis proposed nomenclature may bring a consensus on the classification of buccinator myomucosal flaps and can help their spread. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 21, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of painful inferior alveolar nerve injuries following endodontic treatment: a consecutive case series of seven patients
ConclusionsAlthough our sample includes only seven patients, early surgical treatment with an interpositional sural nerve graft seems to allow neurosensory recovery. Less satisfactory results are achieved in patients with IAN injuries of>  12 months duration. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

A technique for intraoperative maxillomandibular fixation
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 18, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Correction of whistle deformity using autologous free fat grafting: first results of a pilot study and review of the literature
ConclusionAutologous free fat graftings for reconstruction of whistle deformity represent a reliable method with a low complication rate. However, the resorption rate is unpredictable. If necessary, several autologous fat transplantations should be conducted at an interval of at least 6  months. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 17, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Animal and human bite injuries: a 5-year retrospective study in a large urban public hospital in Venezuela
ConclusionsWe concluded that the use of empiric antibiotic prophylaxis is essential for management of facial animal bite, and the antibiotic of first choice is amoxicillin-clavulanic acid. The aim of immediate surgical repair (
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 13, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Radiographic evaluation of condylar positioning in patients undergoing orthognathic surgery
AbstractObjectiveThe aim of this study was to evaluate alterations in condylar positioning through submentovertex projection (Hirtz Radiographic Technique) in patients who underwent orthognathic surgery for maxillary advancement and mandibular setback with stable internal fixation.MethodsA prospective longitudinal clinical study of 40 surgical patients presenting dentofacial deformity admitted in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Federal University of Paran á (UFPR) in the period between March 2013 and December 2015. We performed two submentovertex digital radiographs, one 7 days before surgery a...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 12, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The risk factors associated with postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction: a multi-center retrospective study of patients receiving oral antithrombotic therapy
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to retrospectively investigate the multivariate relationships between specific risk factors and postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction in patients who were prescribed oral antithrombotic therapy. Risk factors for postoperative hemorrhage after tooth extraction were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analyses. Patient characteristics such as age and gender; the presence or absence of known comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cerebral infarction, and alcohol consumption; and perioperative diarrhea were assessed. The drug used for antithrombotic therap...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

The hydroxyapatite Turkish Delight: a technical note
AbstractNasal dorsum augmentation is commonly performed using autologous cartilage grafts, also in the Turkish Delight technique. The aim of this study was to describe a modification of the Turkish Delight technique for dorsal augmentation consisting of small hydroxyapatite-calcium carbonate granules (0.5 –1 mm) that were wrapped in layers of oxidized cellulose and glued with 1–2-cm3 fibrin sealant and to compare its utility with that of other techniques. Clinically stable and satisfactory results were achieved in the four cases examined. Cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) imaging revealed that there...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Usefulness of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography in detecting synchronous multiple primary cancers with oral cancer
ConclusionsPET-CT for oral cancer patients is an effective supporting diagnostic tool. However, the ability of PET-CT has some limitations. Especially for early detection of the upper gastrointestinal cancers, it is necessary to be supplemented by EGD. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Hemophilic pseudotumor of the mandible in a patient with hemophilia B
AbstractIntroductionHemophilic pseudotumor is a rare complication occurring in patients with hemophilia, frequently seen in the femur, tibia, pelvic bones, iliac bones, or rarely in the maxillofacial region.Case reportA 7-year-old male reported with a spontaneous extra-oral swelling that was managed with pre-operative transfusion of factor IX along with curettage of the lesion. Our report presents only the fourth case in literature wherein this tumor presented in a patient with hemophilia B.FindingHemophilic pseudotumor is a rare entity in the maxillofacial region. High degree of suspicion is required for diagnosis, and cl...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Modified spreader for facilitating controlled osteotomy in orthognathic surgery: RAI and JAIN Modification
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 24, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comparison of 3D plate and locking plate in treatment of mandibular fracture —a clinical study
ConclusionBoth 3D titanium miniplates and locking plate are effective in the treatment of mandibular fractures, and overall complication rates are lesser. However, the 3D plating system uses less hardware in cases of parasymphysis and symphysis fractures and more hardware in cases of body and angle fractures. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - August 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Anatomical relation between nasal septum deviation and oropharynx volume in different facial patterns evaluated through cone beam computed tomography
ConclusionThe presence of NSD was not associated with facial type, although the oropharynx volume in patients with NSD increased. Therefore, deviation of the septum influences oropharynx volume. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Large facial lymphatic malformation treatment using sclerosing agent followed by surgical resection: clinical and pathology report
AbstractLymphatic malformations are rare slow-flow vascular malformations, with high tendency to appear in the head and neck region. The treatment of these lesions ranges from follow-up to sclerosing agent injection to surgical excision. The authors present a case of a new born with large extensive lingual and submandibular lymphatic malformation, for which the patient underwent tracheostomy and gastrostomy insertion. He was then treated successfully with sclerosing agent injections followed by surgical excision, with 7  years follow-up. The second case presented is a two and a half baby with large lingual lymphatic m...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - July 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Would brief alcohol intervention be helpful in facial trauma patients?A Narrative Review
This article explores the individual component of brief alcohol intervention and its provision by an acute surgical service by way of a narrative review. The progress of research into brief alcohol intervention for facial trauma patients is also reviewed. The methods and rationale behind screening patients for targeted BAI are discussed in a separate article. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comparison of a 2.0-mm locking system with conventional 2.0- and 2.4-mm systems in the treatment of mandibular fractures: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsIt was concluded that the 2.0-mm locking fixation system can replace conventional systems in the treatment of mandibular fractures; in addition, this approach was effective in the treatment of unfavourable fractures that typically require the 2.4-mm conventional system. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 12, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Oral dexamethasone decreases postoperative pain, swelling, and trismus more than diclofenac following third molar removal: a randomized controlled clinical trial
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study was to compare the anti-inflammatory potential of two pharmacotherapy protocols based on the parameters of pain, trismus, and swelling, after extraction of third molars.MethodsThirty patients selected with symmetrical impaction of third molars were submitted to surgical procedures in both sides in different times. For one group, dexamethasone was used for 3  days, and for another group diclofenac sodium was also used for the same period. The main variables analyzed were the visual analogue pain scale (VAS), but others were also analyzed such as swelling and trismus, which were subm...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 8, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Erratum to: Compartmental tongue resection with submental island flap reconstruction for large carcinoma of the oral tongue
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 8, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Hypoesthesia associated with mandibular movement after sagittal split ramus osteotomy
AbstractPurposeThis retrospective study investigated the relationship between the degree of neurosensory disturbance (NSD) and mandibular movement distance after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) and assessed sensory recovery.MethodsLower lip hypoesthesia was evaluated at 1  week, 1 month, and 2 months after SSRO in 38 patients categorized according to the distance of mandibular movement: S group (0–7 mm;n = 17, 4 males and 13 females) and L group (7–14 mm;n = 21, 7 males, 14 females). Symptoms were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS), tactile-threshold (SW) t...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Letter to the editor
(Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 3, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Utility of intraoperative nerve monitoring in thyroid surgery: 20-year experience with 1418 cases
ConclusionIntraoperative monitoring during thyroidectomy may not prevent injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Evaluation of retromolar canals on cone beam computerized tomography scans and digital panoramic radiographs
ConclusionWe may consider that these structures are clinically relevant findings and, due to the low accuracy of the panoramic radiographs, high-quality tomographic exams should always be asked for presurgical treatment planning. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - June 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Infiltrative local anesthesia with articaine is equally as effective as inferior alveolar nerve block with lidocaine for the removal of erupted molars
ConclusionFrom this study, we concluded that the use of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline is as effective as inferior alveolar nerve block with lignocaine but without the risk of attendant adverse effects of inferior alveolar nerve block technique. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Compartmental tongue resection with submental island flap reconstruction for large carcinoma of the oral tongue
ConclusionCTS via pull through technique with submental island flap reconstruction for large tongue cancer has been evolved to improve oncologic resections, obtaining a better local control of disease and increased survival rate with concomitant successful functional and esthetic outcomes especially in elderly patients with serious comorbidities. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 19, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Condylar surface CT value in sagittal plane before and after sagittal split ramus osteotomy
AbstractPurposeThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between computed tomography (CT) values of the condylar surface and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc position in the sagittal plane before and after sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) setback surgery, retrospectively.Materials and methodsThe subjects were 75 patients (150 condyles) who underwent bilateral SSRO setback surgery. They were divided into two groups (42 symmetric patients and 33 asymmetric patients). Maximum CT values (pixel values) of five points of the condylar surface and condylar height, length, fossa height, fossa length, and ram...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Where to position osteotomies in genioglossal advancement surgery based on locations of the mental foramen, canine, lateral incisor, central incisor, and genial tubercle
ConclusionsA straight line estimating the mental foramen, canine, lateral incisor, and central incisor tooth roots crosses at a mean of 22.3 –22.6 mm above the inferior border of the mandible at the midline and has an angle of decline of about 18°. Potential osteotomies made parallel to and below this line result in tradeoffs between maximizing capture of the genioglossus muscle attachment and risk of dental/neurovascular injury. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 11, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Subgemmal neurogenous plaque of the tongue: a report of three cases
We report three cases of SNP with detailed clinical, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Facial fractures caused by less-lethal rubber bullet weapons: case series report and literature review
ConclusionsManagement of facial fractures caused by LLRBW is done in a usual manner with closed or open reduction associated with bone mini-plates or reconstruction plates when indicated. Special initial wound care should be done to avoid secondary infection and additional procedures. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 5, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Operative time, blood loss, hemoglobin drop, blood transfusion, and hospital stay in orthognathic surgery
ConclusionsIn orthognathic surgery, blood loss is relatively minor, blood transfusion is frequent, and ICU admission is unlikely. Operative time, blood loss, blood transfusion, and the complexity of the surgical procedure can significantly increase the length of hospital stay. Males may bleed more than females in orthognathic surgery. Hemoglobin drop can be overestimated due to hemodilution in orthognathic surgery, which may influence the decision to use blood transfusion. (Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Use positional screws for Le Fort I osteotomy fixation: technical note
AbstractIn recent years, several studies related to fixation systems have been published, but few suggest any variations of the Le Fort I osteotomy technique, and the use of plates and screws placed along the canine and zygomatic pillar are common. The 20-year-old patient with Crouzon syndrome presented with severe hypoplasia of the maxillary, mandibular prognathism, and class III facial pattern. The patient underwent orthognathic surgery and high Le Fort I osteotomy with the fixation of eight positional screws. The aim of this paper is to describe a different technique for the fixation in high maxillary osteotomies, which...
Source: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - May 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research