Challenges and Strategies for Conducting Research With Grandparent–Grandchild Dyads
Conclusion The insights we gained will be useful for informing future family context dyadic research, in particular, research involving grandparent–grandchild dyads. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research

Protocol for Pilot Study on Self-Management of Depressive Symptoms in Pregnancy
This study is currently ongoing. Discussion Findings from this study will inform future research addressing the need for nonpharmacological self-management interventions for pregnant women with depressive symptoms. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Effects of Physical Activity on Neurophysiological and Gene Expression Profiles in Chronic Back Pain: Study Protocol
Discussion Comparing the neurophysiological and gene expression profiles of people with cLBP exposed to PROPEL could inform the development of interventions that offer personalized physical activity dosage along with general SM support. Web-based programs such as PROPEL have the potential to enhance accessibility of evidence-based interventions that improve functionality and quality of life among people living with cLBP. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Recruitment Strategies for Nurse Enrollment in an Online Study
Discussion Recruitment planning is an important component of successful clinical research. The use of the Internet for both recruitment of subjects and testing of interventions remains a cost-effective and potentially high yield methodology. Our research demonstrated several successful approaches to yield increased participation and retention of subjects, including seeking formal relationships with professional organizations as sponsors or supporters, providing meaningful incentives to participants, keeping surveys or questionnaires as short as possible, and planning multiple follow-up contacts from the outset. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Moderator Effects in Intervention Studies
Discussion These analyses highlight the key role that moderator effects can play in nursing research. Although random assignment to groups can control potentially biasing effects of extraneous differences among individuals in intervention and control groups, those very differences may suggest fruitful avenues for hypothesis generating research about what works best for whom in intervention studies. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: METHOD Source Type: research

Characteristics and Practices Within Research Partnerships for Health and Social Equity
Conclusions Community engagement is a developmental process with differences between early-stage and established CBPR partnerships. Engaging in active reflection and adopting promising partnering practices are important for CBPR partnerships working to improve health equity. The data provided in this study provide key indicators for reflection. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: HEALTH EQUITY SERIES Source Type: research

Inpatient Maternal Mortality in the United States, 2002–2014
Discussion Most in-hospital maternal mortalities occur after hospital discharge from child birth (postpartum period). Yet, the postpartum period continues to be the time period with the least maternal healthcare surveillance in the pregnancy continuum. African American women experience three times more in-hospital mortality when compared to their White counterparts. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Efficacy of Osteoporosis Prevention Smartphone App
Discussion Small but positive results were observed across all groups, suggesting one or more aspects of participation might have affected outcomes, including dissemination of the intervention across groups, retention without participation, ecological momentary assessments functioning as both an intervention and measure, and selective engagement in research-based recommendations. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Sleep–Wake States and Feeding Progression in Preterm Infants
Discussions Findings suggest that delays in sleep–wake state development may be associated with delays in feeding progression during hospitalization. Infants with delayed feeding skill development may require more environmental protection to further support their sleep development. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Health and Disability Among Young Black Men
Conclusions By examining the experiences of young adult Black men living with disabilities, knowledge of their perspectives and experiences at earlier stages in their life course contributes to the understanding of their personal challenges, health needs, and their perspectives of health-promoting strategies. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Psychosocial Uncertainty Management Interventions
Discussion Psychosocial UMIs had small to medium beneficial effects for both patients and their family members. Questions remain regarding what intervention components, modes of delivery, or dosages influence effect size. More rigorously designed randomized controlled trials are needed to validate intervention effects on patients' and family members' uncertainty management. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Year of the Nurse: Take the Challenge
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - December 18, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

The Use of Closing Questions in Qualitative Research: Results of a Web-Based Survey
Discussion Researchers frequently included closing questions in qualitative studies. The reasons for including these questions and how data are used vary, and support limited previously published literature. One unique reason, adding “new breath” to the interview, emerged. Study findings can aid qualitative researchers in deciding whether to include closing questions. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research

Decreasing Barriers to Research Utilization Among Labor and Delivery Nurses
Background Intermittent fetal monitoring (IFM) is a recommended strategy for intrapartum fetal heart rate assessment in low-risk pregnancies; however, this “high touch, low tech” approach is underutilized. Objective The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between labor and delivery nurses’ intellectual capital and their perceptions of barriers to research utilization in the work setting. Methods A cross-sectional correlational design using data derived from a larger study of labor and delivery nurses (N = 248) was used. Covell’s theory of nursing intellectual capital was used a...
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research

Pilot Study of the Mastery Lifestyle Intervention
Discussion Pilot testing of the MLI indicated that it was well accepted from the participants and feasible as a culturally tailored behavioral therapy administered in a group setting by nurse practitioners. Our initial pilot results also suggest preliminary efficacy as indicated by moderate to large Cohen's d effect sizes for depression and anxiety. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Perspectives on Conducting Research in Indian Country
Discussion Our previous experiences as novices leading research projects in Indian country have produced unique sensibilities that may serve to guide nurse researchers who seek to partner with tribal communities. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Using REDCap to Facilitate Web-Based Therapeutic Intervention Research
Discussion REDCap is cost-effective, is readily available, and, through its advanced functionality, is able to facilitate confidential, secure interactions with participants, robust data management, and seamless participant progression in web-based intervention research. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Agent-Based Modeling: A Method for Investigating Challenging Research Problems
Discussion ABM and simulation is a powerful method with tremendous potential in nursing research. It is vital that nursing embrace and adopt innovative and advanced research methods if we are to remain a progressive voice in health research, practice, and policy. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: METHODS Source Type: research

Review of Mixed-Methods Research in Nursing
Discussion Mixed-methods research is still in its infancy in nursing, and researchers encounter challenges during its conduct, analysis, and reporting. There is a need to determine researchers’ attitudes and challenges toward using mixed methods and educate them about advanced mixed methods. Emphasis should be placed on use of advanced data integration methods so that the rigor and quality of mixed research can be enhanced in nursing research. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: METHODS Source Type: research

Stress and Health in Nursing Students: The Nurse Engagement and Wellness Study
Discussion These data comprehensively summarize the lives of predominately Hispanic nursing students and highlight risk and resilience factors associated with their health and well-being. The findings are timely, as the nursing field diversifies in preparation to care for a diverse and aging population. Comprehensively assessing stress–health relationships among student nurses ought to inform the policies, practices, and curricula of nursing schools to better prepare nurses to thrive in the often-strenuous healthcare environment. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Diabetes Distress, Depressive Symptoms, and Cardiovascular Health in Adults With Type 1 Diabetes
Discussion This is a sample with elevated diabetes distress and depressive symptoms, both of which may affect their risk of cardiovascular disease. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Validation of the Presence of Nursing Scale Using Data Triangulation
This study asked if the Presence of Nursing Scale (PONS) is a reliable and valid instrument to measure nursing presence from the patient’s perspective. Methods A convenience sample of 75 adult acute care inpatients were verbally administered the 25-item PONS considering the registered nurse taking care of them on the day of data collection. Open-ended questions elicited the patients’ explanations of their ratings. They also rated their overall satisfaction with the nursing care provided by the subject nurse using a 5-point scale. Results The mean PONS score was 104.5 (SD = 17.26) on the 25–125 scale...
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Health Literacy Risk in Older Adults With and Without Mild Cognitive Impairment
Discussion These results suggest that low health literacy may be a predictor of mild cognitive impairment. Screening for lower health literacy risk should be included in multidimensional geriatric evaluation. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Integrative Review of Recruitment of Research Participants Through Facebook
Discussion FB is used to recruit participants for a variety of studies, with researchers using both free and paid ads to reach potential participants. Reporting of recruitment methods needs to be more rigorous, streamlined, and standardized in scientific papers. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

The Problem With p and Statistical Significance
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - November 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Experience of Perinatal Death From the Father’s Perspective
Discussion While women are receiving care, health staff may neglect or forget men. Men suffer alone while seeking ways of attunement with their partners’ emotions to support them during the grieving process. Fathers can overcome and adjust to the loss when they transcend it and find new meaning. Men felt neglected and marginalized at hospitals while their partners were receiving treatment. Health professionals should recognize and acknowledge the pain of fathers who face perinatal death and include them as much as possible in the standard of care. The results identify opportunities for healthcare providers in clini...
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research

A Replicable Model of Recruitment for Longitudinal Research of Preterm Infants
Discussion This recruitment pathway model offers researchers multiple recruitment methods for initial contact and scheduling that may be useful in contacting more participants to positively affect enrollment and reduce attrition rates for longitudinal cohorts. The innovation of recruitment methods via Facebook for initial contact and online scheduling are new methods with promise and multiple benefits for the research staff and participants. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Addressing Health Disparities in America: Analysis of Community Health Improvement Plans
This study investigates the prevalence with which health disparities are addressed within CHIPs and the specific health disparities targeted by these objectives. Methods Researchers analyzed 4,094 objectives from CHIPs of 280 local Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB)-accredited and nonaccredited public health agencies in the United States. Results Despite the PHAB's focus on addressing health equity, not all PHAB-accredited agencies addressed health disparities (85.4% of CHIPs analyzed). However, more accredited than nonaccredited agencies (73.9%) contained at least one objective focused on health disparities. ...
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: HEALTH EQUITY SERIES/METHOD Source Type: research

Revalidation of a Perioperative Risk Assessment Measure for Skin
Background Validated perioperative pressure injury (PI) risk assessment measures are few and often cumbersome to complete, leading to missed opportunities to identify and target prevention interventions to those patients at increased risk for developing a postsurgical PI. Objectives Previous validation of a six-item perioperative risk assessment measure for skin (PRAMS) was conducted in our community hospital with positive findings. The purpose of this study was to increase generalizability by revalidating the PRAMS in a larger sample. Methods This was a retrospective chart review of all surgical patients aged ≥...
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: HEALTH EQUITY SERIES/METHOD Source Type: research

Development of a Care Delivery Model for High-Need Older Adults in the Community
Discussion The developed model—consisting a classification of services for different types of high-need older adults—serves as a guide for care coordinators in community care centers to make better decisions on service linkages, resource management, and care plan monitoring. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Adherence to Home-Based Rehabilitation in Older Adults With Diabetes After Hip Fracture
Discussion The results of our study suggest that patients adhere to more than 50% of prescribed rehabilitation. Future studies should continue to explore interventions to enhance rehabilitation adherence after hospital discharge. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Symptom Experience of Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and Diabetes-Related Distress
The objective of this phenomenological study was to describe how diabetes-related distress in older adults (≥65 years) with Type 2 diabetes might be uniquely experienced. Methods Participants were recruited using convenience sampling and snowball sampling. Interpretive phenomenology guided the research design and analysis. With interpretive interviews, we investigated the everyday health, symptoms, and life experiences of living with Type 2 diabetes and elevated diabetes distress. Results Among the older adults in this study, the most prevalent symptoms were fatigue, hypoglycemia, diarrhea, pain, loss of balance, ...
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Relationship of Pain Quality Descriptors and Quantitative Sensory Testing: Sickle Cell Disease
Discussion Our study is the first to examine the association between MPQ sensory pain quality descriptors and QST-derived classifications in adults with SCD. Our findings provide the basis for the development of a MPQ subscale with potential as a mechanism-based screening tool for neuropathic pain. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Mediterranean Diet, Body Composition, and Activity Associated With Bone Health in Women With Fibromyalgia Syndrome
Discussion LM and the Med Diet were consistently associated with calcaneal quantitative ultrasound parameters, supporting the hypothesis that LM and adherence to the Med Diet play determinant roles in bone health in FMS women. Training programs to maximize LM and strategies for promoting good adherence to the Med Diet should be considered in order to prevent the development of osteoporosis in FMS women. Because nurses are involved in implementing preventive programs, their roles in promoting this adherence to the Med Diet and maximizing LM in patients with FMS should help reduce the impact of osteoporosis. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Development of a Bidimensional Simpatía Scale for Use With Mexican American, Puerto Rican, and Cuban American Adults
Discussion Culture is often identified as a powerful potential influence on health-related behaviors, but measures are often not available to assess specific cultural traits. By developing a new tool for measuring simpatía, this research advances opportunities for understanding and promoting Latinx health. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Demographics, Psychological Distress, and Pain From Pressure Injury
This study was a cross-sectional, retrospective secondary analysis using data from a regional acute hospital’s electronic health records from 2013 to 2016. A sample of 454 cases met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed using path analysis. Results The hypothesized model (Model A) and two alternative models (Models B and C) were tested and demonstrated adequate model fit. All tested models demonstrated statistically significant independent direct effects of age on the severity of pressure injury (p (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Publishing Preprints
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - August 30, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Psychometrics of the SCL-90-R and Development and Testing of Brief Versions SCL-45 and SCL-9 in Infertile Couples
Discussion The suitability of the SCL-90-R for use in ART was verified, and two valid instruments—useful and easy to use for nurses, psychologists, and other care providers—were developed. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: AVAILABLE ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research

Dose–Response Relationship in a Healthy Habits Study for Head Start Preschoolers
Background Understanding the dose–response relationship in behavioral interventions is critical to guide future research efforts. However, only few studies have fully examined the dose–response relationship especially among children. Objective The aim of the study was to examine the relationships between level of participation and intervention effects. Methods The study used data from 39 Head Start parent–preschooler dyads participating in a 10-week lifestyle intervention. The intervention included daily center-based preschooler program, preschooler weekly letters to parents, parent meetings, and ...
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Pain Assessment for Nursing Home Residents: A Systematic Review Protocol
Discussion The identification of barriers and facilitators to pain assessment in older adult nursing home residents may assist healthcare providers across all platforms and levels of education to improve pain assessment among nursing home residents. Improving the assessment of pain has the potential to improve quality of care and ultimately quality of life for older adult nursing home residents. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

31st Annual Scientific Sessions: Transforming the Future of Nursing Research: Imagination, Innovation and Engagement: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

A Protocol to Assess Feasibility, Acceptability, and Usability of Mobile Technology for Symptom Management in Pediatric Transplant Patients
This study will be among the first to explore the feasibility, acceptability, and usability of integrating multiple mHealth technologies to obtain patient-generated symptom data for the PBMT population. Results will enhance our understanding of how these data present, interact, and cluster together throughout the posttransplant period for these children and lead to symptom management strategies. Results will focus on a high-risk population that potentially stands to benefit from the use of mobile technologies. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: BRIEF REPORTS Source Type: research

Overcoming Challenges in Multisite Trials: Erratum
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: ERRATUM Source Type: research

Approaches to Recruitment of Postmenopausal Women for a Community-Based Study
Discussion Recruitment could be more costly and time-consuming than anticipated. Recruitment using direct-targeted mailings, such as provider letters and postcards, was successful in our study and has been effective in previous studies reviewed. Facebook was successful for recruitment in our study and may continue to be useful for recruitment in the future, as the number of women accessing Facebook continues to increase. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: METHODS Source Type: research

Relationships Among Parental Psychological Distress, Parental Feeding Practices, Child Diet, and Child Body Mass Index
Background Parents often play a main role in establishing the dietary patterns of preschool children, but there is no clear understanding about the relationship between parental psychological distress and child diet and body mass index (BMI). Objective The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among parental psychological distress, parental feeding practices, child diet, and child BMI in families with young children. Methods We conducted a mixed-methods study with families (parent–child dyad) of children aged 2–5 years. Measures included demographic data, parental general stress, parenting ...
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Self-Management Through Social Support Among Emerging Adults With Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Discussion Received informational social support, medication type, time since diagnosis, symptoms, and emerging adulthood factors have the potential to influence medication adherence. Received informational social support interventions, such as patient-to-patient or group-based mentoring, may serve to improve medication adherence among emerging adults with IBD. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Poverty, Toxic Stress, and Education in Children Born Preterm
Discussion The negative effect of poverty and toxic stress on children born preterm, as depicted by the eco-bio-developmental model, is supported by this analysis. Healthcare providers are encouraged to address the tripartite vulnerability resulting from prematurity, poverty, and toxic stress. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Hermeneutic Phenomenological Study of Military Nursing Officers
This study has provided an insight into the experiences of six Australian military nurses working in trauma teams—experiences that were rarely given voice outside the military. Central to this experience is the need to have these stories told. (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Mediators of Physical Activity Behavior Change in the “Girls on the Move” Intervention
Background The minimal effect of interventions to date on increasing young adolescent girls’ physical activity (PA) may be due to inadequate understanding of the mechanisms underlying behavior change, yet sparse research testing a PA intervention has examined the capacity of theories to explain PA, particularly when using objective measures. Objectives The aim of the study was to examine whether constructs from the health promotion model and self-determination theory mediated changes in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) following a 17-week intervention. Methods The study was a secondary analysis o...
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: FEATURE ARTICLES Source Type: research

Evaluation of Science Through Peer Review
No abstract available (Source: Nursing Research)
Source: Nursing Research - July 1, 2019 Category: Nursing Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research