Magnetoencephalography Signal Processing, Forward Modeling, Inverse Source Imaging, and Coherence Analysis
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a noninvasive functional imaging technique for the brain. MEG directly measures the magnetic signal due to neuronal activation in gray matter with high spatial localization accuracy. The first part of this article covers the overall concepts of MEG and the forward and inverse modeling techniques. It is followed by examples of analyzing evoked and resting-state MEG signals using a high-resolution MEG source imaging technique. Next, different techniques for connectivity and network analysis are reviewed with examples showing connectivity estimates from resting-state and epileptic activity. (So...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - May 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Matti H ämäläinen, Mingxiong Huang, Susan M. Bowyer Source Type: research

Role of Magnetoencephalography in the Early Stages of Alzheimer Disease
As synaptic dysfunction is an early manifestation of Alzheimer disease (AD) pathology, magnetoencephalography (MEG) is capable of detecting disruptions by assessing the synchronized oscillatory activity of thousands of neurons that rely on the integrity of neural connections. MEG findings include slowness of the oscillatory activity, accompanied by a reduction of the alpha band power, and dysfunction of the functional networks. These findings are associated with the neuropathology of the disease and cognitive impairment. These neurophysiological biomarkers predict which patients with mild cognitive impairment will develop ...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Fernando Maest ú, Alberto Fernández Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography Signal Processing, Forward Modeling, Magnetoencephalography Inverse Source Imaging, and Coherence Analysis
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a noninvasive functional imaging technique for the brain. MEG directly measures the magnetic signal due to neuronal activation in gray matter with high spatial localization accuracy. The first part of this article covers the overall concepts of MEG and the forward and inverse modeling techniques. It is followed by examples of analyzing evoked and resting-state MEG signals using a high-resolution MEG source imaging technique. Next, different techniques for connectivity and network analysis are reviewed with examples showing connectivity estimates from resting-state and epileptic activity. (So...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Matti H ämäläinen, Mingxiong Huang, Susan M. Bowyer Source Type: research

MEG for Greater Sensitivity and More Precise Localization in Epilepsy
Magnetoencephalography is the noninvasive measurement of miniscule magnetic fields produced by brain electrical currents, and is used most fruitfully to evaluate epilepsy patients. While other modalities infer brain function indirectly by measuring changes in blood flow, metabolism, and oxygenation, magnetoencephalography measures neuronal and synaptic function directly with submillisecond temporal resolution. The brain ’s magnetic field is recorded by neuromagnetometers surrounding the head in a helmet-shaped sensor array. Because magnetic signals are not distorted by anatomy, magnetoencephalography allows for a mor...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Richard C. Burgess Source Type: research

CME Accreditation Page
(Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Roland R. Lee, Mingxiong Huang Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
State of the Art Evaluation of the Head and  Neck (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contributors
SURESH K. MUKHERJI, MD, MBA, FACR (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents
Suresh K. Mukherji (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 24, 2020 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Presurgical Functional Mapping with Magnetoencephalography
Noninvasive functional brain imaging with magnetoencephalography (MEG) is regularly used to map the eloquent cortex associated with somatosensory, motor, auditory, visual, and language processing before a surgical resection to determine if the functional areas have been reorganized. Most tasks can also be performed in the pediatric population. To acquire an optimal MEG study for any of these modalities, the patient needs to be well rested and attending to the stimulation. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 15, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Susan M. Bowyer, Elizabeth W. Pang, Mingxiong Huang, Andrew C. Papanicolaou, Roland R. Lee Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography for Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia (Sz) is a chronic mental disorder characterized by disturbances in thought (such as delusions and confused thinking), perception (hearing voices), and behavior (lack of motivation). The lifetime prevalence of Sz is between 0.3% and 0.7%, with late adolescence and early adulthood, the peak period for the onset of psychotic symptoms. Causal factors in Sz include environmental and genetic factors and especially their interaction. About 50% of individuals with a diagnosis of Sz have lifelong impairment. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 9, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: J. Christopher Edgar, Anika Guha, Gregory A. Miller Source Type: research

Foreword
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a powerful functional imaging technique that measures changes in the magnetic fields due to real-time neuronal function. MEG has the ability to reconstruct the neuronal sources of brain activity with spatial resolution of a few millimeters at the cortical level. The first single-channel MEG was measured in 1972, and whole-head MEG units became commercially available in the mid-1990s. There are currently about 20 clinical MEG centers in the United States. So, the $64 million (literally!) question has always been why has such a powerful imaging technique not been widely accepted? (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 7, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Suresh K. Mukherji Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are leading causes of sustained physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral deficits in the general population, active-duty military personnel, and veterans. However, the underlying pathophysiology of mTBI/PTSD and the mechanisms that support functional recovery for some, but not all individuals is not fully understood. Conventional MR imaging and computed tomography are generally negative in mTBI and PTSD, so there is interest in the development of alternative evaluative strategies. Of particular note are magnetoencephalography (MEG) -based met...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 3, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Mingxiong Huang, Jeffrey David Lewine, Roland R. Lee Source Type: research

Merging Magnetoencephalography into Epilepsy Presurgical Work-up Under the Framework of Multimodal Integration
This article describes the methodology of such integration, focusing on integration of MEG. Also discussed is the clinical value of integration of MEG, in terms of planning of intracranial EEG implantation, interpretation of intracranial EEG data, planning of final resection, and addressing surgical failures. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 2, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Joon Yul Choi, Zhong Irene Wang Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography and Language
This article provides an overview of research that uses magnetoencephalography to understand the brain basis of human language. The cognitive processes and brain networks that have been implicated in written and spoken language comprehension and production are discussed in relation to different methodologies: we review event-related brain responses, research on the coupling of neural oscillations to speech, oscillatory coupling between brain regions (eg, auditory-motor coupling), and neural decoding approaches in naturalistic language comprehension. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Suzanne Dikker, M. Florencia Assaneo, Laura Gwilliams, Lin Wang, Anne K ösem Source Type: research

Pediatric Magnetoencephalography in Clinical Practice and Research
This article highlights the benefits that pediatric MEG has to offer to clinical practice and pediatric research, particularly for infants and young children; reviews the existing literature on adult MEG systems for pediatric use; briefly describes the few pediatric MEG systems currently extant; and draws attention to future directions of research, with focus on the clinical use of MEG for patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Christos Papadelis, Yu-Han Chen Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography: Elucidating Brain Function
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a functional imaging technique that measures the magnetic fields emitted by the brain with millisecond temporal resolution, from which one can reconstruct the neuronal sources of brain activity with spatial resolution of a few millimeters at the cortical level. It differs from most neuroimaging techniques, which generally display a snapshot of brain anatomy; MEG solely elucidates real-time ongoing brain function: neuronal activity. Functional MR imaging is an extremely valuable imaging technique that uses cerebral blood flow as a surrogate for neuronal activity with 3- to 5-second temporal r...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - April 1, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Roland R. Lee, Mingxiong Huang Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Magnetoencephalography Research in Pediatric Autism Spectrum Disorder
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) research indicates differences in neural brain measures in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) compared to typically developing (TD) children. As reviewed here, resting-state MEG exams are of interest as well as MEG paradigms that assess neural function across domains (e.g., auditory, resting state). To date, MEG research has primarily focused on group-level differences. Research is needed to explore whether MEG measures can predict, at the individual level, ASD diagnosis, prognosis (future severity), and response to therapy. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - March 27, 2020 Category: Radiology Authors: Heather L. Green, J. Christopher Edgar, Junko Matsuzaki, Timothy P.L. Roberts Source Type: research

Resting-State Functional Connectivity: Signal Origins and Analytic Methods
Resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) has been widely studied in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and is observed by a significant temporal correlation of spontaneous low-frequency signal fluctuations (SLFs) both within and across hemispheres during rest. Different hypotheses of RSFC include the biophysical origin hypothesis and cognitive origin hypothesis, which show that the role of SLFs and RSFC is still not completely understood. Furthermore, RSFC and age studies have shown an “age-related compensation” phenomenon. RSFC data analysis methods include time domain analysis, seed-based correl...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Kai Chen, Azeezat Azeez, Donna Y. Chen, Bharat B. Biswal Source Type: research

CME Accreditation Page
(Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Psychoradiology
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Qiyong Gong Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Magnetoencephalography (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contributors
SURESH K. MUKHERJI, MD, MBA, FACR (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents
Suresh K. Mukherji (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 21, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Individual-Specific Analysis for Psychoradiology
In neuroimaging research, averaging data at the level of the group results in blurring of potentially meaningful individual differences. A more widespread use of an individual-specific approach is advocated for, which involves a more thorough investigation of each individual in a group, and characterization of idiosyncrasies at the level of behavior, cognition, and symptoms, as well as at the level of brain organization. It is hoped that such an approach, focused on individuals, will provide convergent findings that will help identify the underlying pathologic condition in various psychiatric disorders and help in the deve...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Hesheng Liu, William J. Liu, Danhong Wang, Louisa Dahmani Source Type: research

Imaging-Based Subtyping for Psychiatric Syndromes
Despite considerable research evidence demonstrating significant neurobiological alterations in psychiatric disorders, incorporating neuroimaging approaches into clinical practice remains challenging. There is an urgent need for biologically validated psychiatric disease constructs that can inform diagnostic algorithms and targeted treatment development. In this article, we present a conceptual review of the most robust and impactful findings from studies that use neuroimaging methods in efforts to define distinct disease subtypes, while emphasizing cross-diagnostic and dimensional approaches. In addition, we discuss curre...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Elena I. Ivleva, Halide B. Turkozer, John A. Sweeney Source Type: research

Psychoradiological Biomarkers for Psychopharmaceutical Effects
The application of personalized medicine to psychiatry is challenging. Psychoradiology could provide biomarkers based on objective tests in support of the diagnostic classifications and treatment planning. We review potential psychoradiological biomarkers for psychopharmaceutical effects. Although none of the biomarkers reviewed are yet of sufficient clinical utility to inform the selection of a specific pharmacologic compound for an individual patient, there is strong consensus that advanced multimodal approaches will contribute to discovery of novel treatment predictors in psychiatric disorders. Progress has been suffici...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Anouk Schrantee, Henricus Gerardus Ruh é, Liesbeth Reneman Source Type: research

Neuroimaging in Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia is a chronic psychotic disorder with a lifetime prevalence of about 1%. Onset is typically in adolescence or early adulthood; characteristic symptoms include positive symptoms, negative symptoms, and impairments in cognition. Neuroimaging studies have shown substantive evidence of brain structural, functional, and neurochemical alterations that are more pronounced in the association cortex and subcortical regions. These abnormalities are not sufficiently specific to be of diagnostic value, but there may be a role for imaging techniques to provide predictions of outcome. Incorporating multimodal imaging datase...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Matcheri S. Keshavan, Guusje Collin, Synthia Guimond, Sinead Kelly, Konasale M. Prasad, Paulo Lizano Source Type: research

The Neurodevelopment of Autism from Infancy Through Toddlerhood
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) emerges during early childhood and is marked by a relatively narrow window in which infants transition from exhibiting normative behavioral profiles to displaying the defining features of the ASD phenotype in toddlerhood. Prospective brain imaging studies in infants at high familial risk for autism have revealed important insights into the neurobiology and developmental unfolding of ASD. In this article, we review neuroimaging studies of brain development in ASD from birth through toddlerhood, relate these findings to candidate neurobiological mechanisms, and discuss implications for future r...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Jessica B. Girault, Joseph Piven Source Type: research

Clinical Aims of Psychoradiology
In the past 2 decades, radiological imaging techniques have rapidly evolved to become powerful tools in studying the human brain in both healthy and diseased conditions. For psychiatry, this is particularly true with the advances of MR imaging), where the development of the multi-modal MR imaging has allowed quantification of brain tissue at the structural, functional, and molecular levels. While early experience using brain scans in psychiatry with traditional visual image inspection failed to establish meaningful benefit to patient care, improved and novel image acquisition strategies and semi-automated quantitative imag...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Qiyong Gong Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Psychoradiology
So, one of the reasons I decided not to go into psychiatry was that I found the criteria for diagnosing various psychiatric disorders very ambiguous. The criteria for arriving at a specific diagnosis were based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). It was DSM-III when I was medical school, and the current edition is DSM-V. I think every medical student felt that they had characteristics of every psychiatric disorder after they finished their psychiatry clerkship! (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 11, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Suresh K. Mukherji Tags: Foreword Source Type: research

Implementing MR Imaging into Clinical Routine Screening in Patients with Psychosis?
MR imaging is a suitable instrument for the detection of incidental radiological findings in patients with early psychosis and guidance of subsequent treatment adjustments. We outline evidence showing the clinical utility of MR imaging to guide treatment selection by identifying radiological abnormalities and predicting clinical outcomes in early-stage psychosis. We argue that MR imaging is an indispensable screening tool to detect gross radiological abnormalities in early psychosis and implementation in routine clinical assessments is warranted. We highlight future key challenges and make pragmatic suggestions to exploit ...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Andr é Schmidt, Stefan Borgwardt Source Type: research

Imaging of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
This review summarizes current knowledge obtained from psychoradiological studies of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We first focus on 3 key anatomic structures (hippocampus, amygdala, and medial prefrontal cortex) and the functional circuits to which they contribute. In addition, we discuss the triple-network model, a widely accepted neurobiological model of PTSD that explains the vast majority of neuroimaging findings, as well as their interactions and relationships to functional disruptions in PTSD. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 8, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Kouhei Kamiya, Osamu Abe Source Type: research

Clinical Strategies and Technical Challenges in Psychoradiology
Psychoradiology is an emerging discipline at the intersection between radiology and psychiatry. It holds promise for playing a role in clinical diagnosis, evaluation of treatment response and prognosis, and illness risk prediction for patients with psychiatric disorders. Addressing complex issues, such as the biological heterogeneity of psychiatric syndromes and unclear neurobiological mechanisms underpinning radiological abnormalities, is a challenge that needs to be resolved. With the advance of multimodal imaging and more efforts in standardization of image acquisition and analysis, psychoradiology is becoming a promisi...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Fei Li, Dongsheng Wu, Su Lui, Qiyong Gong, John A. Sweeney Source Type: research

Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Psychiatry
Psychiatric disorders are common and can be severe. There is a need to identify biomarkers of psychiatric disorders to better diagnose and treat patients with psychiatric symptoms. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is a tool used to measure the levels of various metabolites in the human brain, and MRS studies of psychiatric disorders have identified potentially useful biomarkers of psychiatric illness. There have been significant advances in the way that psychiatric disorders are understood, classified, and researched as well as improvements in magnetic resonance imaging/MRS technology. MRS as a tool has not yet proved...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: John D. Port Source Type: research

Widespread Morphometric Abnormalities in Major Depression
Major depression is common and debilitating. Identifying neurobiological subtypes that comprise the disorder and predict clinical outcome are key challenges. Genetic and environmental factors leading to major depression are expressed in neural structure and function. Volumetric decreases in gray matter have been demonstrated in corticolimbic circuits involved in emotion regulation. MR imaging observable abnormalities reflect cytoarchitectonic alterations within a local neuroendocrine milieu with systemic effects. Multivariate pattern analysis offers the potential to identify the neurobiological subtypes and predictors of c...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - November 7, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Cynthia H.Y. Fu, Yong Fan, Christos Davatzikos Source Type: research

Spinal Vascular Anatomy
This article reviews the arterial and venous anatomy of the spine and spinal cord. Special emphasis is placed on vessels critical to the conduct and interpretation of spinal angiography, notably the intersegmental artery and its cranial and caudal derivatives: the vertebral, supreme intercostal, and sacral arteries. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Philippe Gailloud Source Type: research

Introduction to Diagnostic and Therapeutic Spinal Angiography
This article describes the basic principles of diagnostic and therapeutic spinal angiography as practiced by the author, including catheterization and radioprotection techniques, the selection of endovascular devices and embolization agents, and procedural complications. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Philippe Gailloud Source Type: research

Image-Guided Percutaneous Treatment of Lumbar Stenosis and Disc Degeneration
Low back pain, radicular leg pain, and lumbar spinal stenosis are the most common of all chronic pain disorders. Discogenic pain is related to distress of annular fibers and tears, whereas spinal stenosis is related to reduction of the spinal canal dimensions and compression of the neural elements; radicular pain is mainly related to disc herniation and is initially managed conservatively. The percutaneous minimally invasive approach in discogenic and radicular pain is designed to reduce the volume of the nucleus pulposus in patients with failure of medical and physical treatment prolonged for at least 6 weeks. (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Stefano Marcia, Chiara Zini, Matteo Bellini Source Type: research

Percutaneous Vertebroplasty
Percutaneous vertebroplasty (VP) progressed from a virtually unknown procedure to one performed on hundreds of thousands of patients annually. The development of VP provides a historically exciting case study into a rapidly adopted procedure. VP was the synthesis of information gained from spinal biopsy developments, the inception of biomaterials used in medicine, and the unique health care climate in France during the 1980s. It was designed as a revolutionary technique to treat vertebral body fractures with minimal side effects and was rapidly adopted and marketed in the United States. The impact of percutaneous vertebrop...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Sergiy V. Kushchayev, Philip C. Wiener, Oleg M. Teytelboym, John A. Arrington, Majid Khan, Mark C. Preul Source Type: research

Spine Anatomy Imaging
Spinal MR imaging is excellent for identifying details of spinal anatomy, including intraspinal contents, neural foramina, joints, ligaments, intervertebral discs, and bone marrow. Cortical bony structures of the spine are better imaged using CT. Conventional and CT myelography is an alternative to MR imaging in those with contraindications to MR imaging or in evaluation of spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks. Motion- and flow-related artifacts may occur during imaging and should not be mistaken for lesions. With advancements in MR imaging hardware and software, spinal MR imaging can expand its role in the delineation of norm...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Amirali Modir Shanechi, Matthew Kiczek, Majid Khan, Gaurav Jindal Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Image-Guided Spine Interventions
NEUROIMAGING CLINICS OF NORTH AMERICA (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Majid Khan Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Psychoradiology (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contributors
SURESH K. MUKHERJI, MD, MBA, FACR (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Contents
Suresh K. Mukherji (Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

CME Accreditation Page
(Source: Neuroimaging Clinics)
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - October 31, 2019 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Sacral Fractures and Sacroplasty
Sacral fractures result from high-impact trauma or in the form of insufficiency or pathologic fractures, resulting from osteoporosis, radiation therapy, or malignancy. In the emergency setting, the escalating use of computed tomography has substantially increased diagnosis of sacral fractures, which are frequently occult on radiographs. Radiologists should be familiar with and create reports using the most current fracture classification systems, because this improves communication with the treatment team and optimizes patient care. Sacroplasty is a safe, minimally invasive treatment option for many types of sacral fractur...
Source: Neuroimaging Clinics - August 27, 2019 Category: Radiology Authors: Wende Nocton Gibbs, Amish Doshi Source Type: research