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Editorial Board/Reviewing Committee
(Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 15, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comprehensive analysis of soft tissue changes in response to orthognathic surgery: mandibular versus bimaxillary advancement
This study was performed to compare soft tissue changes in response to mandibular and bimaxillary advancement osteotomy. Preoperative and postoperative cone beam computed tomography scans of 24 cases were analysed: 12 underwent bimaxillary advancement and 12 underwent mandibular advancement. The skeletal surgical movements were measured and soft tissue changes were displayed on a three-dimensional colour map. The intensity and shade of the colour indicated the magnitude and direction of the changes. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 14, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Almukhtar, B. Khambay, X. Ju, A. Ayoub Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Sequencing of bimaxillary surgery in the correction of vertical maxillary excess: retrospective study
The aim of this study was to evaluate the precision of bimaxillary surgery performed to correct vertical maxillary excess, when the procedure is sequenced with mandibular surgery first or maxillary surgery first. Thirty-two patients, divided into two groups, were included in this retrospective study. Group 1 comprised patients who received bimaxillary surgery following the classical sequence with repositioning of the maxilla first. Patients in group 2 received bimaxillary surgery, but the mandible was operated on first. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 12, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: F.S. Salmen, T.F.M. de Oliveira, M.A.C. Gabrielli, V.A. Pereira Filho, M.F. Real Gabrielli Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Comparative study of volumetric changes and trabecular microarchitecture in human maxillary sinus bone augmentation with bioactive glass and autogenous bone graft: a prospective and randomized assessment
The aim of this study was to compare the volumetric changes and the new bone microarchitecture in human maxillary sinuses augmented with bioactive glass (Biogran) alone, bioactive glass combined with autogenous bone graft (1:1), or autogenous bone graft alone. Twelve maxillary sinuses were grafted with bioactive glass (group 1), nine with bioactive glass mixed with autogenous bone graft 1:1 (group 2), and 12 with autogenous bone graft (group 3). Patients underwent cone beam computed tomography 15days after the procedure to determine the initial volume of the graft (T1) and again 6 months later (T2). (Source: International ...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 12, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R.S. Pereira, J.D. Menezes, J.P. Bonardi, G.L. Griza, R. Okamoto, E. Hochuli-Vieira Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Influence of involuntary cigarette smoke inhalation on osseointegration: a systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies
There are no studies that have systematically reviewed the influence of involuntary cigarette smoke inhalation (ICSI) on the stability of implants. The aim of the present study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of preclinical studies that assessed the influence of involuntary cigarette smoke inhalation ICSI on osseointegration. Indexed databases (PubMed, Google-Scholar, Scopus, EMBASE, and Web of Knowledge) were searched till September 2017. Titles and abstracts of studies identified using the above-described protocol were independently screened by 2 authors. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 9, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: F. Javed, S.V. Kellesarian, T. Abduljabbar, A.T. Abduljabbar, Z. Akram, F. Vohra, I. Rahman, G.E. Romanos Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Soft palate functional reconstruction with buccinator myomucosal island flaps
Oropharyngeal reconstruction after ablative surgery is a challenge. The results of a retrospective study of 17 patients who underwent total or sub-total soft palate reconstruction with a buccinator myomucosal island flap, between 2008 and 2016, are reported herein. An analysis of flap type and size, harvesting time, and postoperative complications was performed. Patients underwent standardized tests to assess the recovery of sensitivity, deglutition, quality of life (QoL), and donor site morbidity, at>6 months after surgery or the end of adjuvant therapy, if performed. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: O. Massarelli, L.A. Vaira, R. Gobbi, A. Biglio, G. Dell ’aversana Orabona, G. De Riu Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Unilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy: an alternative for some cases of asymmetric mandibular prognathism
The objective of this study was to propose a treatment protocol for patients with lateral prognathism based on the unilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (USSRO). This was a prospective study involving 31 patients with lateral prognathism, who required a bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy (BSSRO). Two groups were formed using the proposed protocol, with specific inclusion criteria for each group: BSSRO (n=17) and USSRO (n=14). Occlusal parameters (dental midline deviation, overbite, and overjet) were measured preoperatively (T0), at model surgery (T1), 1 month postoperative (T2), and 1year after surgery (T3) and c...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 6, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Fari ña, C. Mebus, C. Mayer, R. Torrealba, E. Moreno Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma of salivary gland origin in the head and neck: clinical and histopathological analysis
This study was approved by Medical ethics review of affiliated hospital of jiangsu university. Fourteen new cases of HCCC are reported. The clinical and histopathological data of these 14 cases were analysed alongside those of 141 cases identified in a systematic review of the literature (up to 2016). (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 4, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: X.-H. Yang, L. Liu, Y.-Y. Shi, Y.-J. Hu, Q.-G. Hu, P. Zhang Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Botulinum toxin A for patients with orofacial dystonia: prospective, observational, single-centre study
The objective of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of intramuscular botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) as a method of controlling the symptoms of focal facial dystonia. A prospective, longitudinal, observational, pre –post (case-series) single-centre study was conducted over a period of 3 months, involving 30 patients with focal dystonia. The patients were enrolled on a first-come, first-served basis. For all patients, the abnormal movements were evaluated using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS). (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - December 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G. Ruiz-de-Le ón-Hernández, R.-M. Díaz-Sánchez, D. Torres-Lagares, E. Hernández-Pacheco, M. González-Martín, M.-A. Serrera-Figallo Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

In reference to “Central nervous system anomalies in craniofacial microsomia: a systematic review”
We read with interest the in-depth review by Renkema and colleagues on central nervous system (CNS) involvement in patients affected by craniofacial microsomia1. In this article, the authors clearly showed that CNS abnormalities are commonly detected (2 –69%), thus confirming that malformations in craniofacial microsomia go far beyond isolated skeletal abnormalities. The authors also underlined the need to investigate further the true prevalence rate of CNS involvement through the performance of dedicated studies, and attributed the wide range of CNS abnormality detection rates to selection bias, as patients with neu...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: D. Brotto, A. Martini, R. Manara Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Anaesthetic efficacy of 4% articaine compared with 2% mepivacaine: a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of 4% articaine (Ar4) compared to 2% mepivacaine (Me2), both in combination with 1:100,000 epinephrine, in a unique soft tissue model. This was a randomized, double-blind, crossover clinical trial. The anaesthetic was applied to the lower lip using a computerized local delivery system. The following were evaluated: blood flow, thermal sensation, pressure and proprioception, extent of anaesthesia, gradual elimination, and the final duration of the effect of the anaesthesia. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.C. Bortoluzzi, P. de Camargo Smolarek, R. Cecato, M.T. Pochapski, A.C.R. Chibinski Tags: Randomised Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Three-dimensional changes to the upper airway after maxillomandibular advancement with counterclockwise rotation: a systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of counterclockwise (CCW) rotation and maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) on the upper airway space using three-dimensional images. An electronic search was performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Virtual Health Library, Web of Science, and OpenGrey databases (end date July 2016); a hand-search of primary study reference lists was also conducted. The inclusion criteria encompassed computed tomography evaluations of the upper airway spaces of adult patients undergoing orthognathic surgery with CCW rotation and MMA. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R.S. Louro, J.A. Calasans-Maia, C.T. Mattos, D. Masterson, M.D. Calasans-Maia, L.C. Maia Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Titanium and polyether ether ketone (PEEK) patient-specific sub-periosteal implants: two novel approaches for rehabilitation of the severely atrophic anterior maxillary ridge
The aim of this study was to assess two new protocols for single-stage rehabilitation of the severely atrophic maxillary ridge using customized porous titanium or polyether ether ketone (PEEK) sub-periosteal implants. Ten patients with a severely atrophic anterior maxillary alveolar ridge were divided randomly into two groups (five patients in each) to receive customized sub-periosteal implants fabricated via CAD/CAM technology: group 1, porous titanium implants; group 2, PEEK implants. Prosthetic loading with fixed acrylic bridges was performed 1 month postoperative. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 25, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Mounir, M. Atef, A. Abou-Elfetouh, M.M. Hakam Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Evaluation of saliva and plasma cytokine biomarkers in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma
The aim of this study was to investigate potential biomarkers in human saliva and plasma to aid in the early diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Saliva and plasma samples obtained from OSCC patients (n=41) and non-oral cancer patients (n=24) were analyzed by Luminex Bead-based Multiplex Assay. Data were analyzed using the non-parametric Mann –Whitney U-test, Kruskal–Wallis test, and receiver operating characteristics curve (ROC) to evaluate the predictive power of 14 biomarkers individually for OSCC diagnosis. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: L.T. Lee, Y.K. Wong, H.Y. Hsiao, Y.W. Wang, M.Y. Chan, K.W. Chang Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Clinical implications of taste thresholds in patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis
Patients with odontogenic maxillary sinusitis (OMS) often complain of reduced taste sensitivity as well as nasal obstruction. The filter paper disc method (the conventional gustatory test) was applied to nine patients who underwent sinus surgery to open the inferior nasal meatus and sinus drainage, on three different days: 1day prior to surgery, 7days postoperative, and 28days postoperative. The same test was applied to nine non-clinical participants with or without clipping the nose to interfere with smooth nasal airflow on two different days. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T. Tsuji, S. Tanaka, Y. Nishide, M. Kogo, T. Yamamoto Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

The impact of different torques for the insertion of immediately loaded implants on the peri-implant levels of angiogenesis- and bone-related markers
The aim of this split-mouth, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the influence of different insertion torque values for dental implants on bone- and angiogenesis-related marker profiles. Eighteen edentulous patients received dental implants and fixed complete-arch mandibular prostheses. The implants (n=36) were assigned randomly to two groups: reduced torque (n=18), with insertion torque (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 22, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Verrastro Neto, R. Andrade, M.G. Corr êa, R.C.V. Casarin, M.Z. Casati, S.P. Pimentel, F.V. Ribeiro, F.R. Cirano Tags: Randomised Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Cancer-related hypercalcemia in oral cancer
Cancer-related hypercalcemia (CRH) is a critical paraneoplastic disorder in advanced cancer patients. In clinical practice, patients with CRH have a poor prognosis. The medical records of 3198 oral cancer patients with CRH diagnosed at Taichung Veterans General Hospital from 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2015 were reviewed. The criteria for patient enrolment were a diagnosis of hypercalcemia or the use of antihypercalcemia medication. Patients who met any of the following criteria were excluded: use of total parenteral nutrition, incomplete serum calcium data, and unknown date of death. (Source: International Journal of Or...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 16, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T.-C. Lin, K.-L. Liang, L.-C. Lee, C.-Y. Hsu, T.-T. Yen Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function with two-stage maxillary distraction –mandibular setback surgery in patients with cleft lip and palate
In this study, changes in maxillofacial morphology and velopharyngeal function were examined in 22 patients with cleft lip and palate who underwent this two-stage approach. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 14, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: T. Susami, Y. Mori, K. Ohkubo, M. Takahashi, Y. Hirano, H. Saijo, T. Takato Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Comparison of two physiotherapy programmes for rehabilitation after temporomandibular joint arthroscopy
The purpose of this study was to compare two physiotherapy programmes for rehabilitation after temporomandibular joint (TMJ) arthroscopy. The medical files of 137 consecutive patients diagnosed with closed lock and treated by arthroscopic lysis and lavage were analyzed retrospectively. Sixty-eight patients were rehabilitated with gradually increasing range of motion self-exercises (gradual programme) and 69 patients were rehabilitated with immediate full range of motion self-exercises (immediate programme). (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 14, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: W.A. Abboud, N. Yarom, R. Yahalom, M. Joachim, S. Reiter, O. Koren, H. Elishoov Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Correlation between intraoperative proximal segment rotation and post-sagittal split ramus osteotomy relapse: a three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography study
This study evaluated the effects of proximal segment rotation and the extent of mandibular setback on post-sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) relapse using three-dimensional (3D) analysis. Thirty-one patients diagnosed with a skeletal class III malocclusion who underwent SSRO alone were enrolled in this study. The movements of the mandibular condyles were assessed using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and a 3D imaging program at ≤1 month before the operation (T0), 1 week after the operation (T1), and 6 months (T2) and 1year (T3) postoperative. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 13, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: B.-J. Choi, B.-S. Lee, Y.-D. Kwon, J.-W. Lee, S.-U. Yun, K.-S. Ryu, J.-Y. Ohe Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Effect of implant loading protocols on failure and marginal bone loss with unsplinted two-implant-supported mandibular overdentures: systematic review and meta-analysis
The aim of this study was to compare implant failure and radiographic bone level changes with different loading protocols for unsplinted two-implant-supported mandibular overdentures. An electronic search of two databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library) was performed, without language restriction, to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing immediate or early versus conventional dental implant loading protocols for unsplinted two-implant-supported mandibular overdentures. Data were extracted independently by two reviewers. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 13, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M.H.E.-D. Helmy, A.Y. Alqutaibi, A.A. El-Ella, A.F. Shawky Tags: Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Three-dimensionally printed personalized guide plate for percutaneous radiofrequency thermal coagulation in idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia
Radiofrequency thermocoagulation (RFT) is used widely for the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia (TN). Precise puncture and placement of the electrode needle tip are crucial for successful RFT. This technical note introduces a novel method for performing RFT using a customized, three-dimensionally (3D)-printed guide plate. Eleven patients with idiopathic TN were treated using this method between February and July 2016. Three had V2 branch TN and eight had V3 branch TN. Punctures in eight patients were successful at the first attempt; slight adjustments were required subsequently in the other three patients. (Sour...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 8, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Deng, H. Cai, W. Fang, X. Long Tags: Technical Note Source Type: research

Biomaterials in temporomandibular joint replacement: current status and future perspectives —a narrative review
The alloplastic total temporomandibular joint (TMJ) prosthesis has a long history, with many different materials and designs used. While several of these materials have proven valuable over time, many others have not been suitable for implantation, resulting in failure and the need for explantation of the implant. Because of the failure of several of these systems, the use of alloplastic prostheses has reduced dramatically, despite their advantages over autogenous restoration. The aim of this narrative review is to discuss the criteria that must be met by a biomaterial in order for it to be considered suitable for implanta...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: N. De Meurechy, A. Braem, M.Y. Mommaerts Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research

The effect of different dosage regimens of tranexamic acid on blood loss in bimaxillary osteotomy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of three dosage regimens of intravenous tranexamic acid and normal saline placebo on blood loss and the requirement for transfusion during bimaxillary osteotomy. A prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed. Eighty patients scheduled for elective bimaxillary osteotomy were divided into four groups: a placebo group and three groups receiving a single dose of tranexamic acid 10, 15, or 20mg/kg body weight after the induction of anaesthesia. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: B. Apipan, D. Rummasak, T. Narainthonsaenee Tags: Randomised Controlled Trial Source Type: research

Evaluation of peri-implant bone levels and soft tissue dimensions around zirconia implants —a three-year follow-up study
The aim of this study was to measure bone levels around zirconia implants during follow-up of up to 3 years. Additionally, the effect of clinical contact point positions on the papilla deficit was evaluated. Eighty-one patients with 105 zirconia implants were examined at the 3-year follow-up. Bone levels were measured on the date of implant placement and at 3 months, 1year, and 3 years thereafter. Distances between the first bone –implant contact and the contact point of the crowns and between the bone level at the adjacent tooth and the contact point of the crowns were assessed. (Source: International Journal of Ora...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 7, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: K. Kniha, K.A. Schlegel, H. Kniha, A. Modabber, F. H ölzle, K. Kniha Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Genioglossus muscle advancement and simultaneous sliding genioplasty in the management of sleep apnoea
Genioglossus muscle advancement (GMA) was reported in 1993 as an option for the surgical treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), in the context of phase I of the Stanford University (Powell –Riley) protocol. The rationale for this technique is the placement of tension on the base of the tongue, thus preventing the tongue from falling back into the posterior airway space. However, in retrognathic patients undergoing phase I of the Stanford University protocol, an additional genioplast y will provide a better aesthetic outcome. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Rojas, R. Chateau, C. Gaete, C. Mu ñoz Tags: Technical Note Source Type: research

Fluctuating asymmetry of the normal facial skeleton
The purpose of this study was to produce reliable estimations of fluctuating facial asymmetry in a normal population. Fifty-four computed tomography (CT) facial models of average-looking and symmetrical Chinese subjects with a class I occlusion were used in this study. Eleven midline landmarks and 12 pairs of bilateral landmarks were digitized. The repeatability of the landmark digitization was first evaluated. A Procrustes analysis was then used to measure the fluctuating asymmetry of each CT model, after all of the models had been scaled to the average face size of the study sample. (Source: International Journal of Oral...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Gate ño, T.L. Jones, S.G.F. Shen, K.-C. Chen, A. Jajoo, T. Kuang, J.D. English, M. Nicol, J.F. Teichgraeber, J.J. Xia Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Changes in condylar volume and joint spaces after orthognathic surgery
The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in condylar volume and joint spaces occurring in patients undergoing bimaxillary orthognathic surgery for the treatment of class II deformities, by means of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Initial and follow-up (at least 6 months) CBCT examinations of 114 condyles (57 patients) were studied retrospectively. Linear measurements of the joint space and volumetric analysis of changes in condylar volume were performed using Dolphin 3D Imaging in association with ITK-SNAP 3.0.0 segmentation software. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 2, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R.J. da Silva, C.V. Valadares Souza, G.A. Souza, G.M.B. Ambrosano, D.Q. Freitas, E. Sant ’Ana, C. de Oliveira-Santos Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Reaching the vertical versus horizontal target position in multi-segmental Le Fort I osteotomy is more difficult, but yields comparably stable results to one-segment osteotomy
This retrospective cohort study evaluated the postoperative outcomes of preoperatively planned positional changes for Le Fort I osteotomy in 77 patients (average age 26.6 years). Movement relapse and planning accuracy were evaluated by lateral cephalometric analysis, with an average follow-up of 257 days. In one-segment osteotomy cases, 73% of the horizontal movements were positioned within 2mm of the surgical plan. With posterior –inferior repositioning of the maxilla, results fell within 2mm of the prescribed plan in 60% of cases. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - November 1, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Meewis, D. Govaerts, B. Falter, K. Grisar, E. Shaheen, G. Van de Vyvere, C. Politis Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Donor site morbidity after vascularized fibula free flap: gait analysis during prolonged walk conditions
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of vascularized fibula free flap (VFFF) harvest on gait variables during the six-minute walk test (6MWT). Eleven patients who had undergone VFFF harvest and 11 healthy peers participated in this case –control study. The main evaluation consisted of the collection of gait variables using the GAITRite system during three periods of the 6MWT: beginning (0–1min), middle (2:30–3:30min), and end (5–6min). The 6MWT was significantly shorter in the VFFF group than in the reference group (−31%, P (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 31, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: N. Hadouiri, D. Feuvrier, J. Pauchot, P. Decavel, Y. Sagawa Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Modified lateral orbital wall decompression in Graves ’ orbitopathy using computer-assisted planning
Graves ’ orbitopathy, a condition seen in the autoimmune syndrome Graves’ disease, affects the fatty tissue and muscles inside the orbit. Graves’ orbitopathy is associated with increasing exophthalmos and sometimes leads to compressive dysthyroid optic neuropathy, resulting in progressive vision loss . Dysthyroid compressive optic neuropathy, functional problems, and cosmetic problems are the main indications for surgical decompression of the orbit, especially if conservative treatment has not led to a reduction in symptoms. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S. Spalthoff, P. Jehn, R. Zimmerer, M. Rana, N.-C. Gellrich, J. Dittmann Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Does incorporating collagen and chondroitin sulfate matrix in implant surfaces enhance osseointegration? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Implant surface modification has been used to improve osseointegration. However, evidence regarding improved new bone formation (NBF) and osseointegration with the use of collagen –chondroitin sulfate (CS) matrix coated implants remains unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of collagen–CS matrix coating on the osseointegration of implants. The focused question was “Does the incorporation of collagen–CS matrix in implant surfaces influence osseointe gration?” To answer the question, indexed databases were searched up to July 2017 using various combinations of the key words &...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S.V. Kellesarian, V.R. Malignaggi, T.V. Kellesarian, H. Bashir Ahmed, F. Javed Tags: Meta-Analysis Source Type: research

Editorial Board/Reviewing Committee
(Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 29, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Treatment of lower lip pits in Van der Woude syndrome: a systematic review
The presence of lower lip pits in individuals with Van der Woude syndrome (VWS) may cause discomfort due to saliva secretion. Furthermore, one of the main complaints in relation to lip pits is poor aesthetics, which often affects quality of life. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the best technique for the surgical removal of lower lip pits in terms of aesthetic and functional characteristics. A search of the PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Science Direct, and Scopus databases was performed on December 27, 2016, which retrieved 88 records without duplicates. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Peralta-Mamani, Á. Terrero-Pérez, G. Dalben, C.M.F. Rubira, H.M. Honório, I.F. Rubira-Bullen Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of facial soft tissue perfusion during hypotensive anesthesia using laser-assisted indocyanine green fluorescence angiography
The aim of this study was to quantitatively evaluate the efficacy of induced hypotensive anesthesia in decreasing facial soft tissue perfusion during orthognathic surgery using laser-assisted indocyanine green fluorescence angiography. This retrospective study involved the evaluation of 16 patients who underwent orthognathic surgery. Data collection included facial tissue perfusion of the bilateral cheeks and chin at normotension and with pharmacologically induced hypotensive anesthesia. There were statistically significant differences in the facial tissue perfusion at normal and depressed levels of blood pressure (P (Sour...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. McCabe, C. Guevara, J. Renfroe, T. Fattahi, S. Salman, B. Steinberg Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Quantitative assessment of the learning curve for cleft lip repair using LC-CUSUM
The first step in cleft lip repair is the precise positioning of anatomical landmarks and tracing of the incisions on the patient ’s lip at the beginning of the procedure. The aim of this study was to evaluate progress made in learning cleft lip repair tracing using a quantitative assessment of learning curves: LC-CUSUM (learning curve – cumulative sum). Eight surgical residents were enrolled and asked to trace lip repair incisions on five cases of unilateral left cleft lip over 5 consecutive weeks. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 27, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: E. Segna, J.-B. Caruhel, P. Corre, A. Picard, D. Biau, R.H. Khonsari Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

The role of psychological factors in the development of burning mouth syndrome
The psychiatric profiles of 50 patients diagnosed with burning mouth syndrome (BMS) were compared to those of 50 age- and sex-matched individuals as the control group. The Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) questionnaire was used to evaluate the role of psychological factors in the development of BMS. Somatization, obsessive-compulsive, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobic anxiety, psychoticism, global severity index (GSI), positive symptom total (PST), and positive symptom distress index (PSDI) scores were significantly higher in the patients with BMS than in the control group. (Source: International Journal of Ora...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H.S. Yoo, S.H. Jin, Y.J. Lee, C.M. Song, Y.B. Ji, K. Tae Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Skeletal stability following bioresorbable versus titanium fixation in orthognathic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Despite developments in bioresorbable fixation over recent decades, controversy remains regarding skeletal stability following the use of this material in orthognathic surgery. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated evidence from the international literature from studies comparing skeletal stability between bioresorbable and titanium fixation in orthognathic surgery. Key words were searched in MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library, and relevant journals and reference lists were searched for additional material, up to January 2017. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 23, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Luo, X. Yang, Q. Wang, C. Li, Y. Yin, X. Han Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Source Type: research

Platelet-rich plasma for the therapeutic management of temporomandibular joint disorders: a systematic review
This systematic review aimed to investigate whether intra-articular injections of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are beneficial for the treatment of degenerative temporomandibular disorders, such as temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) and disc displacement with osteoarthritic lesions, when compared to other treatments, such as injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) or saline. An electronic search of the MEDLINE and Scopus databases was performed using combinations of the terms “temporomandibular” and “platelet rich plasma”, to identify studies reported in English and published up until May 2017....
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 20, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Bousnaki, P. Koidis Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research

Effect of V –Y plasty on lip lengthening and treatment of gummy smile
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of isolated V –Y plasty on lip lengthening and the treatment of gummy smile. An isolated V–Y plasty was performed on 14 patients with a gummy smile. In each case, measurements of upper lip length and gingival display were recorded from posed-smile photographs taken preoperatively and at 1, 3, and 6 months pos toperatively. Gingival display decreased significantly and lip length increased significantly over all intervals investigated. Applying this technique after Le Fort I surgery may be beneficial; however, as with other injection or surgical lip lengthening metho...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 14, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: E. Dilaver, S. Uckan Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Implant-oriented navigation in orbital reconstruction. Part 1: technique and accuracy study
Intraoperative navigation is frequently used to assess the position of the implant in orbital reconstruction. Interpretation of the feedback from the navigation system to a three-dimensional position of the implant needs to be done by the surgeon, and feedback is only gathered after the implant has been positioned. An implant-oriented navigation approach is proposed, with real-time intuitive feedback during insertion. A technical framework was set up for implant-oriented navigation, with requirements for planning, implant tracking, and feedback. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 13, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Schreurs, L. Dubois, A.G. Becking, T.J.J. Maal Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Hypoxic volume evaluated by 18F-fluoromisonidazole positron emission tomography (FMISO-PET) may be a prognostic factor in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma: preliminary analyses
This study evaluated the relationships between these PET parameters and 5-year survival in OSCC patients. Twenty-three patients (age 42 –84 years; 15 male, eight female) with OSCC underwent FMISO- and 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (FDG)-PET computed tomography before surgery. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Sato, Y. Kitagawa, S. Watanabe, T. Asaka, N. Ohga, K. Hirata, T. Shiga, A. Satoh, N. Tamaki Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

The trajectory of positive psychological change in a head and neck cancer population
A stressful event may be sufficient to challenge a strongly held set of assumptions about the world and the self. In some people this may lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and in others to positive psychological change (PPC), whereby a person ’s reactions to the challenge are beneficial. Little research has investigated PPC in people who have had head and neck cancer (HNC). The aim of this study was to identify demographic, clinical, and psychological factors associated with PPC over time. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 10, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: S.A. Harding Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

SPECT bone scintigraphy for the assessment of condylar growth activity in mandibular asymmetry: is it accurate?
The comparison of serial radiographs and clinical photographs is considered the current accepted standard for the diagnosis of active condylar hyperplasia in patients with facial asymmetry. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) has recently been proposed as an alternative method. SPECT can be interpreted using three reported methods absolute difference in uptake, uptake ratio, and relative uptake. SPECT findings were compared to those from serial comparisons of radiographs and clinical photographs taken at the time of SPECT and a year later; the sensitivities and specificities were determined. (Source: Interna...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 9, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: B.H. Chan, Y.Y. Leung Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Intrasinusal locking technique: a novel use of the ring block technique at sinus perforations for simultaneous implant placement
Ten patients who underwent sinus lift surgery with simultaneous implant placement using the intrasinusal locking technique were evaluated retrospectively. All patients were scheduled for sinus floor elevation procedures with simultaneous implant placement. Schneiderian membrane perforation occurred during the lifting procedure, and conventional methods failed to repair the perforation. Therefore, an autogenous bone ring was placed at the base of the maxillary sinus and was locked to the alveolar crest with a dental implant. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - October 9, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: A. Sindel, M.M. Özarslan, Ö. Özalp Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Editorial Board/Reviewing Committee
(Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 30, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Prognostic factors in head and neck mucoepidermoid carcinoma: experience at a single institution based on 64 consecutive patients over a 28-year period
The objective of this study was to determine the clinicopathological predictors of recurrence and survival in patients with head and neck MEC. The medical records of 64 patients who underwent surgical treatment for head and neck MEC between 1982 and 2010 were reviewed. The main outcome measures were disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 29, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: M. Granic, P. Suton, D. Mueller, I. Cvrljevic, I. Luksic Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Tumor PD-L1 expression is associated with improved survival and lower recurrence risk in young women with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma
In this study, genomic and immune-based metrics were correlated with long-term outcomes for a young patient population treated at a single institution. A fully clinically annotated, retrospective cohort of 81 patients aged ≤45 years with OCSCC is described, and the impact of clinicopathological features on long-term survival outcomes is reported. Genomic and immune parameters were integrated utilizing a whole-exome sequencing and immunohistochemical approach among females in the cohort. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 29, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: G.J. Hanna, S.-B. Woo, Y.Y. Li, J.A. Barletta, P.S. Hammerman, J.H. Lorch Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Iodine-125 brachytherapy alone for advanced primary parotid gland carcinoma
This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of iodine-125 (125I) brachytherapy alone for the treatment of advanced parotid gland carcinoma and to identify predictors of tumour control and patient survival. Primary parotid gland carcinoma patients (n=23) treated with 125I brachytherapy alone between 1 October 2005 and 31 July 2013 at Peking University Stomatology Hospital were enrolled in this retrospective study. All had clinical stage IV disease. The prescribed dose was 60 –160Gy. The local control rate, survival rate, and predictors of the prognosis were evaluated. (Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: C. Zhou, J. Zhang, J.-G. Zhang, S.-M. Liu, L. Zheng, M.-W. Huang, Y. Shi, X.-M. Lv Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

Orthodontic camouflage versus orthodontic-orthognathic surgical treatment in class II malocclusion: a systematic review and meta-analysis
This systematic review was performed to compare dental, skeletal, and aesthetic outcomes between orthodontic camouflage and surgical-orthodontic treatment, in patients with a skeletal class II malocclusion and a retrognathic mandible who have already finished their growth period. A literature search was conducted, and a modified Downs and Black checklist was used to assess methodological quality. The meta-analysis was conducted using the DerSimonian –Laird random-effects method to obtain summary estimates of the standardized mean differences and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. (Source: International Journal o...
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - September 28, 2017 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: R. Raposo, B. Peleteiro, M. Pa ço, T. Pinho Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research