New accessory palatine canals and foramina in cone beam computed tomography.
CONCLUSIONS: Accessory palatine foramina and their bony canals are frequently seen in CBCT with wide anatomical variations. New unusual connecting canals are found passing from palatine foramina to the lateral wall of the maxillary sinus through the sinus floor. These findings should be considered when planning for anesthesia and surgery in the palate. PMID: 32964408 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 25, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Types of inferior mesenteric artery: a proposal for a new classification.
CONCLUSIONS: The IMA is characterized by high morphological variability. The introduction of a new, structured, anatomical classification seems necessary for all clinicians. PMID: 32964409 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 25, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Morphometric analysis and three-dimensional computed tomography reconstruction of the long bones of femoral and crural regions in Van cats.
This study was conducted to determine the morphometric features and to make the three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of the images obtained by computed tomography (CT) of the main long bones (femur, tibia, fibula) in Van cats, and to reveal the biometric differences between these measurement values of both sexual dimorphism and homotypic variations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total sixteen adult Van Cats, 8 male and 8 female, were used in the study. The pelvic limb long bones of the cats, which were anesthetized with the ketamine-xylazine combination, were scanned with a CT device and their images were obtained. These i...
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 25, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Pterional variable topography and morphology. An anatomical study and its clinical significance.
CONCLUSIONS: Pterion is a commonly used neurosurgical landmark and thus in depth knowledge of the pteric area and its variants could be valuable. Recognition of the possible variability in pterion location, morphology and morphometry, as well as possible occurrence of epipteric bones may render pterional craniotomy safer among different population groups. PMID: 32896866 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Evaluation of the relationship of maxillary third molar teeth with pterygomaxillary fissure with cephalometric radygraph.
CONCLUSIONS: The fact that the third molar teeth are impacted bilaterally or unilaterally is not affected by pterygomaxillary fissure change. PMID: 32896867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Morphologic and morphometric characteristics of the adductor minimus in Korean: its topographic relationship with respect to neighboring anatomical structure and clinical significance.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study may provide physicians with the accurate anatomical knowledge that they require for managing groin pain and applying a regional nerve block with ultrasound guidance in this adductor region. PMID: 32896868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Corona mortis, aberrant obturator vessels, accessory obturator vessels: clinical applications in gynecology applications in Gynecology.
Authors: Kostov S, Slavchev S, Dzhenkov D, Stoyanov G, Dimitrov N, Yordanov AD Abstract "Corona mortis " (CMOR) is a heterogeneous and often dubious term that causes much confusion in medical literature, especially in regard to its modern day significance in pelvic surgery. Some authors define CMOR as any abnormal anastomotic vessel between the external iliac and obturator vessels, whereas others define it as any vessel coursing over the superior pubic branch, regardless whether it is a vascular anastomosis, an accessory obturator vessels, an obturator vessel related to the external iliac system or a term...
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Anatomical study of the common iliac arteries.
CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of the anatomy and morphology of the common iliac arteries is of great clinical significance, given that abnormal course, length or branching pattern of these vessels are not uncommon and their clinical impact may be great. Mostly interventional radiologists and vascular surgeons should be aware of this knowledge. PMID: 32896870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Development and growth of the foot lumbricalis muscle: a histological study using human fetuses.
Authors: Jin ZW, Hayashi S, Cho KH, Murakami G, Wilting J, Rodríguez-Vázquez JF Abstract Our group has shown early development of the hand lumbricalis and hypothesized that, at midterm, the lumbricalis (LU) bundles flexor tendons to provide a configuration of "one tendon per one finger" (Folia Morphologica 2012; 71:154). However, the study concentrated on the hand and contained no sections of near-term fetuses. The present examination of paraffin-embedded tangential sections along the planta from 25 embryos and fetuses at 6-40 weeks (15-320 mm crown-rump length or CRL) demonstrated that, at ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Anatomic morphological study of thoracolumbar foramen in normal adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The minimum height of intervertebral foramen in the thoracolumbar segment was T6/7, and L1/2 was the minimum height in the lumbar segment. When placing a spinal endoscopic working channel safely into intervertebral foramen, it is necessary to perform an enlarging foraminoplasty to reduce the risk of injury to the exiting nerve root. PMID: 32896872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Current concepts on the morphology of popliteus tendon and its clinical implications.
Authors: Zabrzyński J, Huri G, Yataganbaba A, Paczesny Ł, Szwedowski D, Zabrzyńska A, Łapaj Ł, Gagat M, Wiśniewski M, Pękała P Abstract In this review we described the anatomy and biomechanics of popliteus muscle and its tendon. Furthermore, we combined the anatomy with clinics and discussed a wide spectrum of disorders regarding the popliteus and its musculotendinous complex. There are three main anatomical regions of the popliteus musculotendinous complex: the proximal origin, the mid-portion, the distal part on the tibia. The unique localization and various origins of the tendon, connected with structure...
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A cadaveric analysis of anatomical variations of the anterior belly of the digastric muscle.
CONCLUSIONS: ABDM variations were found in 1 in 3 individuals in the local Northern California population. Knowledge of the prevalence and common patterns of ABDM variations in the general population would be valuable information when an operation or examination is performed in the submental region. PMID: 32896874 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

3D verification of volumetric measurements and relationships between the condyle and the rest of the mandible; a novel approach.
Authors: Marghalani HYA, Barayan MA, Zawawi KH, Afify AR, Alansari RA, Alsulaimani FF Abstract BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the volumetric relationship between the condyles and the mandible bilaterally. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Condylar and mandibular segmentations from a sample of CBCTs for 37 individuals were selected. T-test, correlation and linear regression analyses were performed to assess the relationships between the volumes of the condyles and mandible. RESULTS: The volume of the condyles and the mandible was significantly different between genders, p
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Topography of the common fibular nerve terminal division in human fetuses.
CONCLUSIONS: The created unique typology of the terminal division of common fibular nerve is an important supplement to the anatomical knowledge and at the same time, due to the peripheral and superficial location of the described structures, it has a relatively high clinical significance. PMID: 32896876 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A morphometric study of the thoracolumbar spine spinous process and lamina space in the Chinese.
CONCLUSION: This study reports morphometric data of the thoracolumbar spine spinous process and lamina space in the Chinese population, which provides an anatomic basis for thoracolumbar spine design of internal fixation, posterior surgery, puncture and epidural anaesthesia. PMID: 32844385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A bifurcated plantaris muscle: another confirmation of its high morphological variability? Another type of plantaris muscle.
Authors: Smędra A, Olewnik Ł, Łabętowicz P, Danowska-Klonowska D, Polguj M, Berent J Abstract The plantaris muscle usually begins with a short, narrow belly in the popliteal fossa at the lateral supracondylar line of the femur and the knee joint capsule. Then it form a long and slender tendon and usually inserts into the calcaneal tuberosity on the medial side of Achilles tendon. Nevertheless, many anatomical variations of distal attachment have been described. Cases of atypical proximal origin are reported less frequently. In this paper, we have presented a case of a two headed plantaris muscle. First head att...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Which morphological abnormalities better define the elongation of transverse aortic arch; MR angiography study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed that the finding which best defines elongation of transverse aortic arch is the combination of LTO and arch flattening. Therefore, we recommend using this combination in the diagnosis of ETA instead of the classical diagnostic criteria including combination of LTO and posterior kinking. PMID: 32844387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Evaluation of the greater occipital nerve location regarding its relation to intermastoid and external occipital protuberance to mastoid process lines.
CONCLUSIONS: MM and EM lines are potential reference lines for locating the subcutaneous and SSC piercing points of GON, respectively. PMID: 32844388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Morphometry of the aortic arch and its branches. A computed tomography angiography-based study.
CONCLUSIONS: Mexican population has one of the highest prevalence of variations in the aortic arch branching pattern. The high probability of finding these should be taken into consideration when assessing patients. A standardized classification method would contemplate future un-reported findings, without causing confusion by the different numbers assigned by each author. PMID: 32844389 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Comparison of local rosmarinic acid and topical dexpanthenol applications on wound healing in a rat experimental wound model.
Authors: Küba MC, Türkoğlu A, Oğuz A, Tuncer MC, Kaya Ş, Başol Ö, Bilge H, Tatlı F Abstract We compared the effects of rosmarinic acid and dexpanthenol in a rat experimental wound model. Twenty-four Wistar albino rats weighing 200-250 g were randomly divided into 3 groups. After 2-cm full-thickness skin defects were created, the wounds were washed with sterile 0.9% NaCl solution. After washing, the control group was left untreated, the second group received 5% dexpanthenol cream, and the third group received 10% rosmarinic acid cream. Before excision, the skin was evaluated macroscopically by me...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Potential compression of the musculocutaneous, median and ulnar nerves by a very rare variant of the coracobrachialis longus muscle.
Authors: Olewnik Ł, Paulsen F, Tubbs RS, Zielinska N, Szewczyk B, Karauda P, Polguj M Abstract The coracobrachialis longus muscle (CBL) is an extremely rare variant of the coracobrachialis muscle (CRM). The CBL originates from the apex of the coracoid process together with the short head of the biceps brachii and inserts on the olecranon of the ulna. The CBL consists of three parts: a superior part (classical CRM - length 137.88 mm), a middle fibrous layer (23.41 mm), and an inferior part (185.37 mm). A rare relationship between the CBL and median, musculocutaneous and ulnar nerves was observed with potential comp...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Is the middle cerebral artery bifurcation aneurysm affected by morphological parameters of bifurcation?
In this study, the relationship between the presence of aneurysm and various morphological parameters of aneurysm-related arteries was evaluated in patients with saccular mıddle cerebral artery (MCA) bifurcation aneurysm. The archival images of 74 patients (62.2% women) were evaluated retrospectively. In this study, the angle between the ipsilateral MCA M1 segment and the dominant truncus (Φ1), the angle between the M1 segment and the recessive truncus (Φ2), and the bifurcation angle (Φ1 + Φ2) were compared. Bilateral internal carotid artery (ICA), MCA M1 segment, dominant and recessive truncus diameters a...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Is amygdala size correlated with stress?
Authors: Canbolat M, Erbay MF, Şenol D, Uçar C, Yıldız S Abstract One of the important mechanisms that regulates the stress response of the body is hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis. One of the structures activating this axis is amygdala. We have seen people around who react calmer and cooler to very stressful situations. Are people with smaller amygdala really calmer? Or, can we say that the bigger the amygdala, which is the trigger of the body's response to stress, the more a person panics? Aim of the study is to compare the saliva cortisol levels and amygdala volume. Study conducted with 63 male stud...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

An analysis of the variations and clinical applications of the lateral circumflex femoral artery.
CONCLUSIONS: There are many variant types in the lateral circumflex femoral artery. To avoid iatrogenic injuries, clinicians must have a sound understanding of the variation types of this important blood vessel. PMID: 32827310 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Agenesis of the celiac trunk: a case report and review of the literature.
Authors: Karamanidi M, Chrysikos D, Samolis A, Protogerou V, Fourla N, Michalis I, Papaioannou G, Troupis T Abstract Vascular anatomical variations of the abdomen are very common. Awareness of these variations is of paramount importance in clinical practice mainly in achieving best results in minimal invasive or surgical vascular procedures. From surgical point of view, the preoperative knowledge of vascular anatomy and the relations to the surrounding structures and tissues aims to minimize inadvertent complications. Agenesis of the celiac trunk is one of the rare anatomical variations of the abdominal aorta. Limi...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 23, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Analysis of posterior circulation diameters depending on age, sex and side by CTA.
In this study, we evaluate the relationship of posterior circulation measurements with age, gender and side by using computed tomography angiography (CTA) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 199 brain CTA examinations were retrospectively analyzed for all posterior circulation arteries (vertebral artery (VA), basilar artery, posterior cerebral artery (PCA), superior cerebellar artery (SCA), anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) and posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA)) to compare the difference based on age, gender and side. RESULTS: There is no correlation between age and the mean diameters of all v...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Small intestinal mucosal cells in piglets fed with probiotic and zinc: a qualitative and quantitative microanatomical study.
Authors: Kalita A, Talukdar M, Sarma K, Kalita PC, Roychoudhury P, Kalita G, Choudhary OP, Chaudhary JK, Doley PJ, Debroy S Abstract BACKGROUND: Probiotics and zinc are commonly used and beneficial in pig production. This work aimed to assess the effects of probiotic and zinc on the mucosal cells of the small intestine in respect to digestive capacity and immunity in pre and post-weaned piglets. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen LWY piglets were divided equally into control and treatment groups. The piglets were maintained in standard management conditions and were weaned at 28 days of age. The treatment group of...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Case report of a bifurcated fibular (lateral) collateral ligament: which band is the dominant one?
CONCLUSIONS: Although the fibular collateral ligament is a permanent structure it presents morphological variations. It is important to constantly extend morphological knowledge for all scientists concerned in anatomy. PMID: 32789843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Bilateral double-layered patella in a patient with advanced knee osteoarthritis.
Authors: Przybylski P, Skoczyński M, Tarkowski P, Tarczyńska M, Gawęda K, Drop A Abstract Double layered patella (DLP) is a rare anomaly of the patella that may go undiagnosed, especially in patients with progressive knee dysfunction and early degenerative changes. Clinical symptoms such as motion-dependent pain and anterior knee pain most typically occur in adolescents or young adults, however, gradually increasing pain and early generalized degenerative changes have also been seen in patients over 40 years old. Diagnosis of DLP could be difficult, especially in cases with coexisting arthrosis. DLP is considere...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Comparison of the histological structure of the tibial nerve and its terminal branches in the fresh and fresh-frozen cadavers.
Authors: Warchol Ł, Walocha JA, Mizia E, Liszka H, Bonczar M Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the histological structure (cross-sectional area (CSA) and number of nerve fascicles) of the distal part of the tibial nerve (TN) and its terminal branches (medial plantar nerve [MPN], lateral plantar nerve [LPN]) in the fresh and fresh-frozen cadavers using computer assisted image analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tibial nerve with terminal branches (medial and lateral plantar nerves) were dissected from the fresh and fresh-frozen cadavers. Each nerve was harvested 5 mm proximally and resp...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The influence of antero-posterior dentoskeletal pattern on the value of nasal soft tissue angles: a cephalometric study.
Authors: Perović TM, Blažej Z, Jovanović I Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the influence of sagittal dentoskeletal pattern on the value of profile nasal soft tissue angles and estimate the significance of examined differences for each angle. Lateral cephalograms were used to examine the nasofrontal angle, nasofacial angle, nasal tip angle, and nasolabial angle of 120 adult Caucasian subjects (60 male and 60 female) from the central Balkan area. Subjects were divided into four groups according to the ANB angle and incisors inclination: Class I as the control group, Class II division1, Class II divis...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Protrusion of the carotid canal into the sphenoid sinuses: evaluation before endonasal endoscopic sinus surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: Complicated structure of the paranasal sinuses, derived from the high prevalence of their anatomical variations, may perplex routine surgical interventions. Henceforth, referral for aCT scan is imperative in order to abate the risks associated with an invasive procedure in the said region. PMID: 32789847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The ameliorative effect of curcumin on cryptorchid and non-cryptorchid testes in induced unilateral cryptorchidism in albino rat: histological evaluation.
CONCLUSIONS: Curcumin proved to be an important and effective medical line for protecting against the unfavorable sequels of cryptorchidism in a rat model. PMID: 32748946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Anatomic characterization of the parietal branches arising from the internal iliac artery in the fetal pig (Sus scrofa domestica).
In conclusion, we identified the anatomic characteristics of the internal iliac artery and its parietal branches in the fetal pig. Our findings provide new insight into the comparative anatomy of the internal iliac artery and will promote understanding of related morphogenetic processes. PMID: 32748947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A case of solitary kidney with duplex collecting systems and renal vascular variants in an adult male cadaver.
We describe a unique solitary kidney with duplex collecting system and vascular variation observed in an 86-year-old White male formaldehyde- and phenol-fixed cadaver during routine academic dissection. The left renal fossa was empty with an intact adrenal gland, and the right renal fossa contained a fused renal mass with apparent polarity between the superior and inferior regions and two renal pelves converging into a single ureter. There were three right renal arteries supplying the renal mass; the superior and middle arteries were noted to be postcaval and the inferior artery was precaval. There were also two right rena...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Aberrant right subclavian artery in a cadaver: a case report of an aortic arch anomaly.
Authors: Alghamdi MA, Al-Eitan LN, Elsy B, Abdalla AM, Mutwakil Mohammed H, Salih AGE, Al Ghamdi S Abstract In early embryogenesis, aortic anomalies occur as a consequence of disorders in the development of the primitive aortic arches system. Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA), also known as arteria lusoria, is one of the important congenital anomalies of the aortic arch, in which the right subclavian artery arises from the arch of aorta instead of the brachiocephalic trunk. During routine dissection of a female cadaver, we observed retroesophageal aberrant right subclavian artery arising as the fourth branch ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Relationship of vascular variations with liver remnant volume in living liver transplant donors.
CONCLUSIONS: Variations in the hepatic artery and portal vein do not affect the remaining liver volume in liver transplantation donors. PMID: 32748950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 13, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Types of inferior phrenic arteries: a new point of view based on a cadaveric study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest the presence of six different types of LIPA and RIPA origin. The most common form is Type 1, characterized by an IPA originating from the abdominal aorta, while the second most common is Type 2, in which the IPA originates from the AA by a common trunk. The diversity of other types of origin is associated with the occurrence of celiac trunk variation (Type 3). No significant differences in RIPA diameter could be found, whereas LIPA diameter could vary significantly. No significant differences in RIPA and the LIPA diameter could be found according to sex. PMID: 32710792 [PubMed - as sup...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Carotid paragangliomas: case report and imaging review.
CONCLUSIONS: Carotid paragangliomas are rare, often asymptomatic tumors, but with potential for increased malignancy, which raises the need for good knowledge of the cervical region pathology as well as the features of neuroendocrine tumors. CT and MRI examinations are essential for diagnosis, staging and, implicitly, for establishing the therapeutic strategy. PMID: 32710793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 29, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Types of left brachiocephalic vein aberrations detected during cardiac implantable electronic device implantation procedures.
CONCLUSIONS: The analyzed venograms rarely showed isolated left-BCV aberrations (0.3%), with the combination of left-BCV agenesis and PLSVC being much more common (33%). The morphometry and/or topography of aberrant left-BCV may result in difficulties during cardiac lead insertion. PMID: 32639573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Computer-assisted measurements of the histological structure of the tibial nerve and its terminal branches.
Authors: Warchol Ł, Walocha JA, Mizia E, Liszka H, Bonczar M, Zamojska I Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze the histological structure (cross-sectional area (CSA) and number of nerve bundles) of the distal part of the tibial nerve and its terminal branches (medial plantar nerve, lateral plantar nerve) using computer assisted image analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The tibial nerve with distal branches (medial and lateral plantar nerves) were dissected from the fresh cadavers. Each nerve was harvested 5 mm proximally and respectively 5 mm distally from the tibial nerve bifurcation, marked,...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Unusual variations in the branching pattern of the celiac trunk and their clinical significance.
CONCLUSIONS: Rare variations of the celiac trunk should always be anticipated before radiological and surgical interventions. Knowledge of unusual celiac trunk anatomy is important in hepatopancreatobiliary surgery, transplantology, and interventional radiology. PMID: 32639575 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Morphology of sesamoid bones in keyboard musicians.
This study compares a group of 32 young musicians to 30 non-musicians of similar age and posture. The hands of the subjects were examined by ultrasound imaging for the presence of sesamoid bones. The results were noted and observed sesamoids were measured. RESULTS: The results seem to prove that althought there are no difference in the amount or the location of the sesamoid bones between the musicians and the non-musicians, there is statistically significant tendency for the musicians to have bigger sum of the sesamoid's volume per hand (Fisher's test p-value = 0.034
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The contribution of the middle cerebral artery and callosal artery to the vascularization of the Facies convexa of the brain in horses with reference to the equine-specific cartographic pattern of the neopallium.
CONCLUSIONS: The topographical analysis of the vascular ramification patterns (Regions of Residence) in combination with the cartographic system of Sectors of the neopallium respected the equine-specific surface architecture. It highlighted the distinct vascular supply areas and the particular Multiple-Supply Situations especially in Sectors presumably related to the equine Area motorica. PMID: 32639577 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The distribution of ghrelin cells in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract: a review of the evidence.
Authors: Mehdar KM Abstract The growth hormone and appetite are regulated by a 28-peptide hormone called ghrelin, which is produced in the stomach, pituitary gland, and other body tissues. The physiological roles fulfilled by ghrelin include regulation of food intake, cardiac output, reproductive system, proliferation of cells, and formation of osteoblasts, as well as action against inflammation/fibrosis. The ghrelin present in the body can be distinguished as acylated ghrelin and deacylated ghrelin. Furthermore, both in humans and other animals, the entirety of the gastrointestinal tract comprises ghrelin cells, w...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Anatomical traps for arteriovenous fistula creation.
Authors: Ziętek ZM Abstract BACKGROUND: The risk of complications in undisclosed vascular variability appears relatively likely. Therefore, it is important to assess the probability of encountering anatomical-topographic variability in the venous system of the upper limb. The catalog of patterns of the upper limb venous system seems to be unlimited and should therefore be constantly updated. The aim of the study was to explore of venous system of upper extremity and discuss some problems that would be encountered with the formation of an arteriovenous fistula. RESULTS: In 17 (85%) explored of upper limbs, the ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Febuxostat ameliorates methotrexate-induced lung damage.
CONCLUSIONS: The overdose of MTX displays inflammatory lung affection with residual fibrosis. It induces lung affection through oxidative stress, apoptosis and sterile inflammation. With the use of febuxostat, the normal lung architecture was preserved with a little structural affection or fibrotic residue. Febuxostat exerts its lung protection through its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant features. PMID: 32644182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Normal and five-fingered hand: comparative X-ray morphometry in the post-natal age.
CONCLUSIONS: The relative length and IGR comparative analysis in the two groups suggested homology of the (anatomical) 1st metacarpal with the 2nd - 5th proximal phalanges in the same hand and that of the (anatomical) 1st proximal phalanx with the 2nd-5th mid phalanges. These data suggest that the missing segment of the thumb normal hand is the metacarpal. PMID: 32644183 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A structural magnetic resonance imaging study in therapy na ïve transsexual individuals.
A structural magnetic resonance imaging study in therapy naïve transsexual individuals. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2020 Jul 09;: Authors: Starcevic A, Dakovic M, Radojicic Z, Filipovic B Abstract Transsexuality is explaned and defined as a gender-identity disorder, characterized by very strong conviction of belonging to the opposite sex and has been associated with a distinct neuroanatomical pattern. We performed a structural analysis in search of possible differences in gray matter structures based on MRI scans of the brains of 26 individuals between 19 and 38 years of age. The participants were divi...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Origin and main ramifications of celiac artery in Cerdocyon thous.
Authors: Viana-Peçanha S, Souza EC, Guerra DML, Bernardes FCS, Carvalho RBJ, de Souza Junior P, Abidu-Figueiredo M Abstract Cerdocyon thous is the canid with the greatest geographical coverage in South America. The aim of this study was to describe the origin, skeletopy, length and main branches of the celiac artery in C. thous. The dissections were performed on 14 cadavers of adult specimens, six males and eight females, with a rostrosacral length average of 67.00 ± 4.7 and 62.09 ± 5.7 cm respectively. The specimens were collected dead on highways on the banks of the Atlantic Forest (Rio de Ja...
Source: Folia Morphologica - July 10, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research