Age estimation for children and young adults by volumetric analysis of upper anterior teeth using CBCT data.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study proved that the PTR value of canines had a negative correlation relationship with a subadult's chronological age and volumetric analysis of CBCT scans using the software may become an efficient method to estimate the chronological age of children and young adults. PMID: 31930465 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The potential gonadoprotective effects of grape seed extract against the histopathological alterations elicited in an animal model of cadmium-induced testicular toxicity.
CONCLUSIONS: GSE protected against cadmium-induced testicular toxicity in rats, reducing induced histopathological changes, and maintaining testicular histoarchitecture. PMID: 31930466 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Duplication of the spleen accompanied by multiple anomalies of the thorax and abdomen: a rare case.
Authors: Sahin S, Baykan AH Abstract Duplication of the spleen, classified as a polysplenia syndrome, is a very rare anomaly. Polysplenia is a complex syndrome with a broad spectrum of abnormalities. Other abnormalities accompanying polysplenia have been previously reported. In this paper, we present a case of duplication of the spleen accompanied by multiple anomalies in the thorax and abdomen. PMID: 31930467 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Calvarial bone defects in ovariectomized rats treated with mesenchymal stem cells and demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts.
Authors: Kadiroğlu ET, Akbalık ME, Karaöz E, Kanay BE, Dağ A, Ketani MA, Eroğlu EG, Uysal E, Tuncer MC Abstract The aim of the study was to investigate the ability of a combination of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) with and without demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts (DFDBAs) to induce bone regeneration in calvarial defects in ovariectomized rats. Critical size defects were filled with a combination of demineralized freeze-dried bone allografts and bone marrow mesenchymalstem cells(BM-MSCs) or BM-MSCs alone. Eight weeks after calvarial surgery, the rats were sacrificed. The samples wer...
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 15, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Evaluation of the sciatic nerve location regarding its relationship to the piriformis muscle.
CONCLUSIONS: SN can be localized by PSIS-GT and IT-GT lines without statistically significant difference between types (a,b,and c) of SN-PM relationship. PMID: 31907919 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 9, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Effect of high fructose diet induced metabolic syndrome on the pituitary-gonadal axis from adolescence through adulthood in male albino rats and the possible protective role of ginger extract. A biochemical, histological and immunohistochemical study.
CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of HFrD induced MetS and proved to have harmful effects on the pituitary - testicular axis. Moreover, this work provided a new insight into the possible use of ginger extract to alleviate the main features of MetS and protect the pituitary-gonadal axis from the damaging effects of HFrD induced MetS. PMID: 31886878 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Association between superior semicircular canal dehiscence and other dehiscences in temporal bone.
CONCLUSIONS: When the superior semicircular canal dehiscence is associated to other in the petrous bone (tegmen tympani, mastoid antrum, posterior semicircular canal, internal auditory canal…) could be grouped into the same syndrome called "otic capsule syndrome", since they have the same origin and common etiology (otic capsule). PMID: 31886879 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Evaluation of the frequency of left renal vein variations in computed tomography and ıts relationship with cancer development.
CONCLUSIONS: A high incidence of malignancy was detected in patients with LRV variations. Of the LRV variations, RLRV variation is more common than CLRV variation. The presence of total LRV variations and CLRV variations is not associated with gender. Whereas the presence of RLRV variation is more common in the male gender. PMID: 31886880 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Increased number of activated microglia in rat spinal cord during early stage of diabetic induction.
Authors: Lanlua P, Prommahom A, Sricharoenvej S Abstract Diabetic neuropathy is a common chronic complication in diabetes mellitus. Such neuropathy associates with chronic inflammation and immune system activation. Microglia, a type of neuroglia, are involved in the immune system and are found in grey and white matter of the central nervous system, such as the brain and spinal cord. The spinal cord connects the peripheral nervous system and the higher brain center. Hyperglycemia during diabetes mellitus has been found to activate and increase number of microglia in the dorsal grey horn or column of the lumbar segme...
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Vascular variations of the kidney, retrospective analysis of computed tomography images of ninety-one laparoscopic donor nephrectomies, and comparison of computed tomography images with perioperative findings.
CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of the vascular variations of the kidney is essential for surgeons performing kidney transplantation. It is also essential for urologist and vascular surgeons. Incompatible with the literature, the right kidney has more vascular variations and, one kidney artery is found in the majority of Turkish kidney donor patients. PMID: 31886882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - January 1, 2020 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Anatomical variations of the abductor pollicis longus: a pilot study.
CONCLUSIONS: The abductor pollicis longus is characterized by high morphological variability. PMID: 31802470 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Evaluation of trabecular bone microstructure of mandibular condyle in edentulous, unilateral edentulous and fully dentate patients using cone beam computed tomography.
CONCLUSIONS: Considering the in vivo microstructure analysis of CBCT images, it can be said that teeth loss does not have a significant effect on the microstructure parameters excluding Tb.sp of mandible condyles and does not affect mandibular condyle trabecular endurance. PMID: 31802471 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Coronary artery fistulas morphology in coronary computed tomography angiography.
CONCLUSIONS: Computed tomography angiography has proven to be a useful tool in coronary artery fistulas detection and morphological assessment. Proposed classification may simplify the predictions whether fistula has a significant influence on cardiac function, however further studies are needed. PMID: 31802472 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Beneficial effects of voluntary over forced exercise on skeletal muscle structure and myokines expression.
Authors: Eldomiaty MA, Elayat A, Ali S, Algaidi S, Elnaggar M Abstract Myokines; a group of cytokines mainly small proteins are released by myocytes during muscular contraction and proved to have many biological effects locally or at systemic levels. The main objective was to study the morphological alterations and myokines expression in rat gastrocnemius muscle following forced compared to voluntary muscle contraction. Thirty-six adult male Wistar rats were divided into 3 groups: control, voluntary exercise and forced swimming regimen. The experiment last for 3 weeks. The weight of rats and serum corticosterone le...
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Features and clinical significance of the ossification centers in the odontoid process based on micro-computed tomography.
Authors: Wang W, Wang X, Ren X, Li Z, Su B, Xu Y, Xu X, Lv D, Liu W, Zhang S, Chen L, Li X Abstract BACKGROUND: Microscopic structures of the ossification centers of the odontoid process were studied from the micro-CT images of the axis, and the potential influence of the ossification centers with different microscopic structures on odontoid process fractures was analyzed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen odontoid process specimens were randomly collected and scanned by micro-CT. The obtained images were then input into the software for further observation and measurement. Incomplete absorption of the ossificati...
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

New Terminologia Anatomica: Cranium and extracranial bones of head.
Authors: Chmielewski PP Abstract In 2019, the updated and extended version of Terminologia Anatomica (TA) was published by the Federative International Programme for Anatomical Terminology (FIPAT). This new edition uses more precise and adequate anatomical names compared to its predecessors. Nevertheless, numerous terms have been modified, which poses a challenge to those who prefer traditional anatomical names, i.e. medical students, teachers, clinicians and their instructors. Therefore, there is a need to popularise this new edition of terminology and explain these recent changes. The anatomy of the head, includi...
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A study of the symmetry of roots and root canal morphology in mandibular anterior teeth using cone-beam computed tomographic imaging in a Polish population.
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides supplemental information for dentists and should help them to better predict the morphology of mandibular anterior teeth in complicated cases in the Polish population. Symmetry was observed in roots and root canal morphology in all examined parameters. PMID: 31802476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - December 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Protective effect of propolis on Manganese chloride (MnCl2) neurotoxicity of olfactory bulb in adult male albino rat.
In this study forty adult male albino rats were divided randomly into four groups 10 rats each. Group I (control group), group II Manganese Chloride (MnCl2) received 10 mg/kg/day/orally for 4 weeks by intra-gastric tube. Group III (Propolis group) received 50mg/kg/day/orally for 4 weeks by intra-gastric tube and Group IV (MnCl2 +Propolis group) received the same doses with the same duration and route as in groups II and III. Rats were sacrificed after 24 hours of last dose. The olfactory bulbs removed, the right bulb cut to be processed for Haematoxylin and Eosin, immunohistochemical staining and the left cut for electron ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Cadmium-induced adrenal cortical autophagy in rats: possible modulation by sildenafil.
Authors: Imam RA, Motawei AG, Abd Algaleel WA Abstract BACKGROUND: The link between autophagy, inflammatory bowel disease, ischemic injury and cancer had been established. Reasonable evidence is available for Cadmium (Cd) to be related to certain cancers. Sildenafil had been investigated to modulate oxidative stress mechanisms. AIM OF WORK: is to investigate Cadmium-induced adrenal cortical autophagy and to declare possible modulation by sildenafil. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty four Wistar rats weighing 150 -200gm were randomly and equally assigned into: Control group, Sildenafil (20mg/kg/day orally) expose...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Three-dimensional modeling and morphometric investigation of computed tomography images of brown bear's (Ursus arctos) ossa cruris (Zeugopodium).
This study was aimed to examine the detailed morphometrical and morphological characteristics of the bone by creating three-dimensional images through Multidetector Computed Tomography images of ossa cruris in brown bears. 4 brown bear ossa cruris were used in the study. It was observed that tibia and fibula articulated at proximal and distal epiphisys and they combined, and ossa cruris were shaped in this way. Cochlea tibiae were determined to be sagittally oriented. The length of the tibia was determined to be 268.97 mm ad 266.32 mm at right and left sides, respectively. The length of the fibula was determined to be 249....
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 30, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A morphological study of retromolar foramen and retromolar canal of modern and medieval population.
In this study, the authors analysed 100 cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans of the modern people's retromolar region and 26 scans of samples from the medieval population. Additionally, 74 retromolar regions of the medieval people were examined macroscopically. The statistical analysis showed a correlation between the frequency of RMC occurrence and bone thickness on the medial surface of the retromolar canal. Also it was proven that the results of the RMF identification based on macroscopic examination of the bone may be falsely negative or positive and it is caused by destruction caused by resting in soil. Thus, CB...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 23, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Ossa Sesamoidea - prevalence of sesamoid bones in human hands.
CONCLUSIONS: Moreover, this study discusses discrepancies of opinion regarding sesamoid bones in morphological research. PMID: 31750538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 23, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Topographic and morphometric study of the mental foramina of Abaza goats with its clinical implication for regional anesthesia.
In this study, the topographic and morphometric structure of the mental foramen of both female and male Abaza goats, a domestic goat breed found in Turkey, was examined. The mandibles and body weights of 30 adult Abaza goats, both female and male, were used. The goats were obtained during the sale of the Abaza goat herd sacrificial and forbearance. The mandibles were separated from the head and the skin, muscles and ligaments were cleaned and the mandibles were left to dry by standard technique. Various measurements were carried out on the mandible in accordance with relevant studies in the literature. The mental foramina ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 23, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Partial pancreatic resection along the embryological fusion plane - no longer a fantasy.
CONCLUSIONS: Accurate diagnosis with a vascular anatomy and biliary and pancreatic duct configuration give grounds to analyze pancreas-sparing surgery. The operation plan requires careful 3D planning and an experienced team. Bipolar electrocautery, micro surgical tools and intraoperative cholangiography and pancreatography are helpful. PMID: 31750540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 23, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

New aspect of morphometric study of the superior peroneal retinaculum: pertinent data for surgical repair and reconstruction.
CONCLUSIONS: Precise information of the characteristics, morphometric data and coordinates of attachment sites of SPR are essential for surgical procedures and reconstruction. PMID: 31724148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

The structural characteristics of photoaging in mice caused by the effects of ultraviolet A radiation.
Authors: Savic S, Smiljic S, Lestarevic S, Ilic A, Mijovic M, Mandic P, Djerkovic B Abstract BACKGROUND: Due to its deep penetration into the dermis, ultraviolet A (UVA) radiation is considered a primary factor in skin photoaging. The aim of this study is to use a qualitative and quantitative analysis to determine the structural parameters of skin photoaging in mice exposed to UVA radiation, with or without the application of a photoprotective cream. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The experiment consisted of the radiation of female BALBc mice in a solarium by UVA rays, up to total dosages of 7800 J/cm² and 12500J/c...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Reduced c-Fos expression in orexin neurons of the lateral hypothalamic area and the locus coeruleus following injection of spinosin into mice.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that spinosin administration results in a restricted pattern of c-Fos expression within the LHA orexin neurons and the LC, suggesting that this particular neuronal inactivation contributes to sedation and hypnosis. PMID: 31724150 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Aqueous anise extract alleviated the pancreatic changes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rat model via modulation of hyperglycemia, oxidative stress, apoptosis and autophagy: A biochemical, histological and immunohistochemical study.
CONCLUSIONS: Anise extract can be a promising agent in the control of DM for further clinical trials. PMID: 31724151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 16, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Detailed radiological study of the patent ductus arteriosus - a computed tomography study in the Polish population.
Authors: Krupiński M, Irzyk M, Moczulski Z, Banyś R, Kuniewicz M, Urbańczyk-Zawadzka M Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to perform qualitative and quantitative computed tomography (CT) angiography-based evaluation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) morphology and its influence on morphology of the great vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-thousand twenty-two patients underwent 64-slice or dual-source CT and were retrospectively screened for the presence of PDA. Those who had presence of PDA underwent evaluation of its anatomy and morphology. RESULTS: Thirty-two adult patients with PDA were ev...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Vertebral arteries bilaterally passing through stellate (cervicothoracic) ganglion.
Authors: Chaudhary B, Tripathy PR, Gaikwad MR Abstract Vertebral artery is a branch of 1st part of subclavian artery. Vertebral artery arising from the aortic arch most commonly presents on the left side. The cervical part of sympathetic trunk is closely related to the vertebral artery in the cervical region. Though lots of variations regarding anomalous origin, course of vertebral artery is reported in the literature, here we present a rare anomaly in which vertebral artery after originating from aortic arch is passing through stellate ganglia and it enters into the transverse foramina of higher cervical vertebra ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - November 8, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Altered cannabinoid receptor expression in pancreatic islets in experimental model of uremia.
CONCLUSIONS: The obtained results indicate the involvement of cannabinoid receptors in the pathomechanism of carbohydrate metabolism disorders, associated with abnormal secretion of hormones by the α and β cells in uremia. PMID: 31625133 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 20, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A computed tomography-based morphometric study of the styloid process.
CONCLUSIONS: This anthropometric study revealed the standard morphometric measurements of SP. We believe that the data obtained will help clinicians to identify and diagnose pathologies more easily. PMID: 31621055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 19, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Morphometric study of the ciliary ganglion and its pertinent intraorbital procedure.
CONCLUSIONS: This study described the characteristic of CG, number of its nerve root and some measurements relevant to intraorbital procedures in Asian population. Moreover, a new parameter was the distance between CG and scleral insertion of the lateral rectus muscle. This parameter should be considered when performing operation involved the lateral rectus muscle and BTX-A injection to lateral rectus muscle to reduce CG injury. PMID: 31621056 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 19, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

An odontometric study of tooth dimension in diastematic dentition.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with diastema were characterized by incorrect tooth dimensions. The central incisors and upper canines were shorter in this group. Aesthetic closing of the diastema requires not only widening the crowns of the front teeth but also their elongation. PMID: 31621057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 19, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

A plea for extension of the official nomenclature of the microscopic structure of human tissues and organs, the Terminologia Histologica.
Authors: Varga I, Kachlík D, Klein M Abstract At first sight, the issue of terminology in morphological sciences may seem as "closed and changeless chapter", as many of the structures within the human body have been known for centuries. However, the exact opposite is true. Terminologia Histologica: International Terms for Human Cytology and Histology published under the Federative International Programme on Anatomical Terminology in 2008 is a new standard in human cell and tissue terminology. The list of items in the first and still valid official nomenclature of cellular and tissue structures, the...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 17, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Three-dimensional anatomy of the transantral intraseptal infraorbital canal with the use of cone-beam computed tomography.
Authors: Cârstocea L, Rusu MC, Pascale C, Săndulescu M Abstract The transantral or ectopic infraorbital canal (IOC) courses diagonally through the maxillary sinus (MS), thereby being exposed to risk during a number of surgical procedures. A few prior reports have presented evidence of a septa-embedded IOC, albeit only on single-plane slices. We identified this extremely rare variation of the IOC during a retrospective study of the cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) files of two patients. In the first case, which involved a 34-year-old female patient, the canals and septa within the MS were bilaterally asym...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 17, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Concomitant multiple anomalies of renal vessels and collecting system: a case report.
Authors: Stojadinovic D, Zivanovic-Macuzic I, Sazdanovic P, Jeremic D, Jakovcevski M, Minic M, Kovacevic M Abstract Although anomalies of renal vessels and collecting system are relatively frequent, their concomitant occurrence is a rare event. During dissection of a 75-year-old male formalin-embalmed cadaver, we found multiple variations in the renal vessels and renal collecting system. Both kidneys were normal in size and anteriorly malrotated, with duplex collecting system and duplex ureter. One ureter drained the upper part of the kidney and the second ureter drained the lower part of the kidney. Superior and i...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 17, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Different fixative solutions in the detection of mast cells in the canine and feline reproductive organs.
Authors: Hamouzova P, Cizek P, Bartoskova A, Novotny R Abstract The aim of the study was to evaluate the usability of different fixative fluids in the detection of mast cells in ovaries and uteri of bitches and cats. Samples were fixed in 4% formaldehyde, Carnoy's fluid, Mota's basic lead acetate and isotonic formaldehyde-acetic acid (IFAA). Mast cells were detected by acidified toluidine blue staining and counted for various parts of the ovaries and uteri. In the ovaries of both species, the numbers of MCs were significantly (P
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Bony canal and grooves of the middle meningeal artery: mythic structures in anatomy and neurosurgery?
Authors: Eberlova L, Pisova S, Papezova L, Mirka H, Hosek P, Steflova M, Maleckova A, Kachlik D, Stepanek D Abstract It has been previously published that the frontal branch of the middle meningeal artery (MMA) is usually embedded in a bony canal (BC). Although the incidence of the BC was over 70%, this structure is currently omitted both in anatomical nomenclature and in most of the literature. We found the same gap pertaining to the grooves for the MMA on the skull base. The aims of our study were to assess the incidence and morphometry of the MMA BC and grooves on the skull base. Computed tomography (CT) scans o...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Invest ıgatıon of the morphometrıc features of bony nasolacrımal canal: a cone beam computed tomography study.
CONCLUSIONS: This study may provide useful information of morphometric features of the bony nasolacrimal canal. The detailed anatomical knowledge of bony nasolacrimal canal morphology may help the clinicians plan the treatment options. PMID: 31584181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

On the assessment of angiogenesis: its time to change (go further) from an estimate to a measurement.
Authors: Grizzi F, Chiriva-Internati M, Yiu D PMID: 31584182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 6, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Dual left anterior descending coronary artery (type III) and the presence of myocardial bridges - a post-mortem examination.
Authors: Wróbel G, Spałek M, Spałek J, Kuder T Abstract An observational examination of the heart was performed in the Department of Anatomy, during the routine autopsy of a 89-year-old man. The heart was fixed in 10% formalin and an analysis of arterial vasculature was performed (used morphometric abbreviations below [mm]: L - length; D - diameter of origin). Trifurcation of the left main coronary artery (LMCA; L=17.4; D=8.1) was observed during the study, which originated in the left aortic sinus and was followed by three branches: proper left anterior descending artery (pLAD; L=11.2; D=7.4), intermediat...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Three-dimensional volumetric analysis of the maxillary sinus: a cone-beam computed tomography study.
CONCLUSIONS: Right and left maxillary sinus volumes were not different from each other. Gender and age were not found to be related to maxillary sinus volume. PMID: 31565786 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

An unusual insertion of an accessory band of the semitendinosus tendon: case report and review of the literature.
This report presents a case of a rare insertion of accessory band of the semitendinosus tendon (to the fascia of the soleus muscle and tibia). The current classification should be extended to accommodate such "rare cases" to facilitate more successful hamstring grafts. PMID: 31565787 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Comparative study of osteoarthritis (OA) induced by monoiodoacetate (MIA) and papain in rabbit temporomandibular joints: macroscopic and microscopic analysis.
Authors: Molinet M, Alves N, Vasconcelos A, Deana NF Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic, progressive, degenerative pathology. Inducing OA in an animal model is useful for studying the pathology and testing the effectiveness of new treatments. The object of the present study was to determine the macroscopic and microscopic changes occurring in rabbit temporomandibular joints (TMJ) at 15, 30 and 45 days after induction of OA by monoiodoacetate (MIA) and papain. 22 male rabbits were used in the experiment, divided into 3 groups: a control group (n=4) and two experimental groups, MIA (n=9) and papain (n=9). The ...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Location and course of the mandibular canal in dentate patients: morphometric study using cone beam computed tomography.
Authors: Arias A, Venegas C, Soto N, Montiel I, Farfán C, Navarro P, Fuentes R Abstract The morphometric characteristics of the mandibular canal (MC) may vary according to the characteristics of the population studied. Correct location of the MC is fundamental for the indication and planning of different dental treatments, and it is therefore essential to have clinical parameters indicating its approximate location. The aim of this study was to describe the location and course of the MC by morphometric relations in the mandibular body, from the mental foramen to distal of the first molar, in dentate adult pa...
Source: Folia Morphologica - October 2, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Aging changes of the testis in albino rat: light, electron microscopic, morphometric, immunohistochemical and biochemical study.
Authors: Hussein SM, El-Fadaly AB, Metawea AG, Khaled BEA Abstract Aging has a deleterious effect on the morphology of the male reproductive system which might, in turn, lead to changes in spermatogenesis and consequently, decrease in both quality and quantity of spermatozoa. The present study elucidated the histological and ultrastructural changes of testes of adult albino rats during aging and applied morphometric measures to obtain quantitative data for these changes. The oxidative and antioxidative markers of aged testes were also assessed. The results documented the presence of age-related regressive structura...
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 7, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Effects of alloplastic graft material combined with a topical ozone application on calvarial bone defects in rats.
CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to an ozone application with an alloplastic bone graft on calvarial bone damage may induce osteoblastic activity, matrix development, mature bone cell formation, and new bone formation in rats. PMID: 31489606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 7, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Effect of high-fat diet-induced obesity on thyroid gland structure in female rats and the possible ameliorating effect of metformin therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Obesity induced by high-fat diet in female rats structurally and functionally changed the thyroid gland in a way that may explain hypothyroidism associated with obesity. These changes were improved by metformin therapy. PMID: 31489607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - September 7, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research

Endometrial immunocompetent cells in proliferative and secretory phase of normal menstrual cycle.
CONCLUSIONS: Significantly changes in endometrial leukocyte populations during proliferative and secretory phase of the menstrual cycle are emphasized. Changes in dominance of different leukocyte subpopulations are determined by hormonal and microenvironmental changes in modulatory factors that have not yet been fully explained. PMID: 31448399 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Folia Morphologica)
Source: Folia Morphologica - August 28, 2019 Category: Anatomy Tags: Folia Morphol (Warsz) Source Type: research