Functional outcome in bipolar disorder: the big picture.
Authors: Levy B, Manove E Abstract Previous research on functional outcome in bipolar disorder (BD) has uncovered various factors that exacerbate psychosocial disability over the course of illness, including genetics, illness severity, stress, anxiety, and cognitive impairment. This paper presents an integrated view of these findings that accounts for the precipitous decline in psychosocial functioning after illness onset. The proposed model highlights a number of reciprocal pathways among previously studied factors that trap people in a powerful cycle of ailing forces. The paper discusses implications to patient c...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Administration of harmine and imipramine alters creatine kinase and mitochondrial respiratory chain activities in the rat brain.
Authors: Réus GZ, Stringari RB, Gonçalves CL, Scaini G, Carvalho-Silva M, Jeremias GC, Jeremias IC, Ferreira GK, Streck EL, Hallak JE, Zuardi AW, Crippa JA, Quevedo J Abstract The present study evaluated mitochondrial respiratory chain and creatine kinase activities after administration of harmine (5, 10, and 15 mg/kg) and imipramine (10, 20, and 30 mg/kg) in rat brain. After acute treatment occurred an increase of creatine kinase in the prefrontal with imipramine (20 and 30 mg/kg) and harmine in all doses, in the striatum with imipramine (20 and 30 mg/kg) and harmine (5 an...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Eating disorders and major depression: role of anger and personality.
This study aimed to evaluate comorbidity for MD in a large ED sample and both personality and anger as clinical characteristics of patients with ED and MD. We assessed 838 ED patients with psychiatric evaluations and psychometric questionnaires: Temperament and Character Inventory, Eating Disorder Inventory-2, Beck Depression Inventory, and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory. 19.5% of ED patients were found to suffer from comorbid MD and 48.7% reported clinically significant depressive symptomatology: patients with Anorexia Binge-Purging and Bulimia Nervosa were more likely to be diagnosed with MD. Irritable mood was f...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Ethnicity and Race Variations in Receipt of Surgery among Veterans with and without Depression.
Authors: Copeland LA, Zeber JE, Pugh MJ, Phillips KL, Lawrence VA Abstract To examine equity in one aspect of care provision in the Veterans Health Administration, this study analyzed factors associated with receipt of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), vascular, hip/knee, or digestive system surgeries during FY2006-2009. A random sample of patients (N = 317, 072) included 9% with depression, 17% African-American patients, 5% Hispanics, and 5% women. In the four-year followup, 18,334 patients (6%) experienced surgery: 3,109 hip/knee, 3,755 digestive, 1,899 CABG, and 11,330 vascular operations. Patients with preex...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The effects of temperament and character on symptoms of depression in a chinese nonclinical population.
Conclusion. Syndromes of depression are differentially associated with temperament and character patterns. It was mainly the positive symptoms scores that were predicted by the TCI scores. The effects of harm avoidance (HA) on the positive symptoms scores could be mediated by low SD and C. PMID: 22028960 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Clinical and physiological correlates of irritability in depression: results from the Netherlands study of depression and anxiety.
Conclusion. Irritable and non-irritable depressed patients differ on clinical and psychological variables, but not on the currently investigated physiological markers. The clinical relevance of the distinction and the significance of the hypomanic symptoms remain to be demonstrated. PMID: 22110910 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Ethnicity and cultural issues.
Authors: Zeber JE, Gonzalez JM, Van Dorn R, Interian A PMID: 22110911 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Parent prediction of child mood and emotional resilience: the role of parental responsiveness and psychological control.
This study examines parental responsiveness and psychological control for improving prediction of early adolescent mood and emotional resilience beyond parent report of child emotional functioning. Participants were 268 early adolescents administered measures of depression symptoms, emotional resilience, and perceptions of parenting. Parents of participating youth completed measures of youth emotional functioning. Parental responsiveness and psychological control each emerged as family variables that may be of value for predicting child emotional functioning beyond parent reports. Specifically, responsiveness explained sig...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Predictors of time to relapse/recurrence after electroconvulsive therapy in patients with major depressive disorder: a population-based cohort study.
Conclusions. Within the first years after ECT, relapses/recurrences leading to hospitalisation or suicide are common. Treatment with lithium might be beneficial, while benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, or continuation ECT does not seem to significantly reduce the risk of relapse/recurrence. PMID: 22110913 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Early life stress and child temperament style as predictors of childhood anxiety and depressive symptoms: findings from the longitudinal study of Australian children.
Conclusions. Both infant temperament and stress exposures are independent and notable predictors of later anxiety and depressive problems in childhood. The risk relationship between stress exposure in infancy and childhood emotion problems did not vary as a function of infant temperament. Implications for preventive intervention and future research directions are discussed. PMID: 22203890 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Temperament and character in psychotic depression compared with other subcategories of depression and normal controls.
Conclusion. The combination of two premorbid temperaments, high HA and low RD, and the development of a state-related reduction of two character functions, SD and CO, may be the precondition for the development of combined depressive and psychotic psychopathology. PMID: 22203891 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

An Increase of the Character Function of Self-Directedness Is Centrally Involved in Symptom Reduction during Remission from Major Depression.
Conclusion. The results correspond with a central pathogenetic role for a state-related deficit at the character level in depression. This may have important consequences for investigations of endophenotypes and clinical treatment. PMID: 22203892 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Cognitive reactivity to success and failure relate uniquely to manic and depression tendencies and combine in bipolar tendencies.
Authors: Raes F, Ghesquière I, Van Gucht D Abstract The present study examined simultaneously the relations between cognitive reactivity to success and failure, on the one hand, and depression, manic, and bipolar tendencies, on the other hand. Participants (161 students) completed measures of success and failure reactivity, current manic and depressive symptoms, and tendencies towards depression, mania, and bipolarity. Results showed that respondents with a greater tendency towards depression evidenced greater (negative) reactivity to failure, whereas those with a greater tendency toward mania evidenced grea...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Do we really know how to treat a child with bipolar disorder or one with severe mood dysregulation? Is there a magic bullet?
Conclusions. Valproate, lithium, risperidone, olanzapine, aripiprazole and quetiapine remain first line treatments for acute episodes in the under 18s with BD. Their efficacy in maintenance treatment remains unclear. There is no validated treatment for SMD. It is likely that some children who are currently diagnosed with BD and DBD and possibly most children currently diagnosed with SMD will be subsumed under the proposed category in the DSM V of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder with dysphoria. PMID: 22203894 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Seasonality and sleep: a clinical study on euthymic mood disorder patients.
Conclusions. Sleep, light, and seasonality seem to be three interconnected features that lie at the basis of chronobiology that, when altered, have an important effect both on the psychopathology and on the treatment of mood disorders. PMID: 22203895 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Recognition of facial expressions in individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms: an eye-movement study.
Authors: Wu L, Pu J, Allen JJ, Pauli P Abstract Previous studies consistently reported abnormal recognition of facial expressions in depression. However, it is still not clear whether this abnormality is due to an enhanced or impaired ability to recognize facial expressions, and what underlying cognitive systems are involved. The present study aimed to examine how individuals with elevated levels of depressive symptoms differ from controls on facial expression recognition and to assess attention and information processing using eye tracking. Forty participants (18 with elevated depressive symptoms) were instructed ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Social-cognitive bias and depressive symptoms in outpatients with bipolar disorder.
This study compares the attribution of intentions (social-cognitive bias) in a group of 37 outpatients with bipolar disorder with 32 matched control subjects. Bipolar patients scored significantly higher in the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire, showing an angry and intentionality bias (P = .001, P = .02). Differences in blame scale and hostility bias did not reach statistical significance, but a trend was found (P = .06). Bipolar patients with depressive symptoms presented a higher score in the angry bias scale (P = .03) and aggressivity bias scale (P = .004). The global functioning (GAF) correlates significant...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Diagnostic disagreements in bipolar disorder: the role of substance abuse comorbidities.
Authors: Shalini Theodore R, Ramirez Basco M, Biggan JR Abstract Substance abuse can produce symptoms similar to other psychiatric disorders, thus confusing the diagnostic picture. This paper attempts to elucidate how misdiagnosis in bipolar disorder might be explained by the presence of substance abuse comorbidities. The overlap of symptoms, limited information about symptom onset, and inexperienced clinicians can result in the misinterpretation of symptoms of substance abuse disorders for bipolar disorder. The present study found that the presence of a substance abuse comorbidity, the polarity of last episode (de...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Antidepressant treatment for acute bipolar depression: an update.
Conclusions. Antidepressants probably have no substantial role in acute bipolar depression. However, in light of conflicting results between studies, more well-designed trials are warranted. PMID: 22319648 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Pathways to prevention for children of depressed mothers: a review of the literature and recommendations for practice.
Authors: Rishel CW Abstract Maternal depression is one of the most well-documented risk factors for child and adolescent depression, but little work has focused on how to reduce this risk. Although a few interventions have been developed and tested, implementing targeted prevention efforts with depressed mothers and their children is not common practice. The increased risk of depression for children of depressed mothers is so clear, however, professionals can no longer "sit on the sidelines" without initiating specific prevention efforts with this population. To do so requires a paradigm shift-moving from...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Gender Differences in Depression: Assessing Mediational Effects of Overt Behaviors and Environmental Reward through Daily Diary Monitoring.
Authors: Ryba MM, Hopko DR Abstract Gender differences in the prevalence of depression are well documented. To further explore the relation between gender and depression, this study used daily diaries to examine gender differences within thirteen behavioral domains and whether differential frequency of overt behaviors and environmental reward mediated the relationship between gender and depression severity. The sample included 82 undergraduate students [66% females; 84% Caucasian; Mean age = 20.2 years]. Overall, females engaged in a significantly greater breadth of behavioral domains and reported a higher level of...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Longitudinal relationships of religion with posttreatment depression severity in older psychiatric patients: evidence of direct and indirect effects.
Authors: Hayward RD, Owen AD, Koenig HG, Steffens DC, Payne ME Abstract Psychiatric patients (age 59+) were assessed before study treatment for major depressive disorder, and again after 3 months. Measures taken before study treatment included facets of religiousness (subjective religiosity, private prayer, worship attendance, and religious media use), social support, and perceived stress. Clinician-rated depression severity was assessed both before and after treatment using the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS). Structural equation modeling was used to test a path model of direct and indirect...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Evidence map of prevention and treatment interventions for depression in young people.
Conclusions. This map demonstrates opportunities for future research to address the numerous evidence gaps for interventions to prevent or treat depression in young people, which are of interest to clinical researchers, policy makers, and funding bodies. PMID: 22496974 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Altered neurochemical ingredient of hippocampus in patients with bipolar depression.
Conclusions. We found that the patients with bipolar depression had lower NAA/CHO and higher CHO/CRE ratios compared to those of healthy control subjects. The findings of the present study also suggest that there may be a degenerative process concerning the hippocampus morphology in the patients with bipolar depression. PMID: 22500219 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Affective spectrum disorders in an urban Swedish adult psychiatric unit: a descriptive study.
Conclusion. The study identifies a large group of patients that presents much suffering and failure of functioning. This group is shared between the levels of medical care, between primary care and psychiatry. The term AfSD facilitates identification of patient groups that share common traits and identifies individuals clinically, besides the referred patients, in need of psychiatric interventions. PMID: 22536500 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Bipolar disorder.
Authors: Colombo C, Fossati A, Colom F PMID: 22548158 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Stigma and discrimination in people suffering with a mood disorder: a cross-sectional study.
Conclusion. Stigma negatively affects those with both depression and bipolar disorder but appears to have a greater psychosocial impact on those with bipolar disorder. PMID: 22550571 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Emotional Intelligence: An Untapped Resource for Alcohol and Other Drug Related Prevention among Adolescents and Adults.
Authors: Coelho KR Abstract Alcohol and Other Drug abuse in adolescents and adults continues to be a major public health problem in the United States. Care in intervention programs aimed at high risk populations identified occurs after the maladaptive behavioral delinquency has occurred, and only then is an individual afforded the opportunity to join an intervention program. The focus of this paper is to illustrate and highlight the value of prevention programs which emphasize altering maladaptive behavior before the behavior becomes problematic. Emotional Intelligence is not only an indicator of alcohol and other ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Approaches to understanding and addressing treatment-resistant depression: a scoping review.
The objective of this study is to synthesize extant literature on approaches currently being applied to understand and address this condition. It is hoped that the findings can be used to inform practitioners and guide future research. A scoping review of the scientific literature was conducted with findings categorized and charted by underlying research paradigm. Currently, the vast majority of research stems from a biological paradigm (81%). Research on treatment-resistant depression would benefit from a broadened field of study. Given that multiple etiological mechanisms likely contribute to treatment-resistant depressi...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Spiritually integrated treatment of depression: a conceptual framework.
Authors: Peteet JR Abstract Many studies have found an inverse correlation between religious/spiritual involvement and depression. Yet several obstacles impede spiritually integrated treatment of depressed individuals. These include specialization and fragmentation of care, inexperience of clinicians and spiritual care providers, ideological bias, boundary and ethical concerns, and the lack of an accepted conceptual framework for integrated treatment. Here I suggest a framework for approaching these obstacles, constructed from a unified view of human experience (having emotional, existential, and spiritual dimensio...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Joint Effect of Childhood Abuse and Family History of Major Depressive Disorder on Rates of PTSD in People with Personality Disorders.
Conclusions. The results from this observational study contribute to a growing understanding of predisposing factors for the development of PTSD and suggest that joint effects of family history of MDD and childhood abuse on PTSD are greater than either factor alone. PMID: 22577531 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

A Pilot Study of Mifepristone in Combat-Related PTSD.
Conclusions. Further controlled trials of the effects of mifepristone and their durability are indicated in PTSD. If effective, a short-term pharmacological treatment in PTSD could have myriad uses. PMID: 22611490 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Which depressive symptoms and medication side effects are perceived by patients as interfering most with occupational functioning?
Conclusions. Specific depressive symptoms and medication side effects were perceived by patients as interfering more with occupational functioning than others. These factors should be considered in treatment selection (e.g., in the choice of antidepressant) in working patients with MDD. PMID: 22611491 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Relationships between Depression and High Intellectual Potential.
Authors: Weismann-Arcache C, Tordjman S Abstract This paper proposes to analyse the relationships between depression and high intellectual potential through a multidisciplinary and original approach. Based on their respective experience in psychology and child psychiatry, the authors will focus their analysis on creative potential. First, relationships between creativity (literary, artistic, or scientific creativity) and melancholy ("melancholy" comes from the Greek words for "black" ("melas") and "bile" ("khole")) will be examined from antiquity to modern times. Ar...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Neuromagnetic indication of dysfunctional emotion regulation in affective disorders.
Authors: Pietrek C, Popov T, Steffen A, Miller GA, Rockstroh B Abstract Dysfunctional emotion regulation is often reported in affective disorders, but it is unclear whether this dysfunction concerns initial processing of emotional input or regulation of resulting emotion. The present study addressed these aspects in 27 depressive and 15 borderline personality disorder patients and 28 healthy controls who were instructed to either passively view unpleasant and neutral pictures or downregulate emotional responses by reappraisal, while neuromagnetic brain activity was measured. All three groups showed more early respo...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Does Death of a Family Member Moderate the Relationship between Religious Attendance and Depressive Symptoms? The HUNT Study, Norway.
Conclusion. In a population-based study in Norway, attendance at church/prayer house was associated with lower depressive symptoms, and the death of a close relative and gender moderated this relationship. PMID: 22655182 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Prospective Associations between Religiousness/Spirituality and Depression and Mediating Effects of Forgiveness in a Nationally Representative Sample of United States Adults.
Conclusions regarding the continued development of this type of research and for the treatment of clients with depression are offered. PMID: 22675623 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Bipolar disorder: clinical perspectives and implications with cognitive dysfunction and dementia.
Conclusion. More specific neuropsychological tests and functional imaging studies are needed and will assume an important role in the near future for diagnosis and treatment. PMID: 22685638 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Posttraumatic and depressive symptoms in victims of occupational accidents.
Authors: Buodo G, Novara C, Ghisi M, Palomba D Abstract The present descriptive study was aimed at evaluating posttraumatic and depressive symptoms and their cooccurrence, in a sample of victims of workplace accidents. Also, posttraumatic negative cognitions were assessed. Eighty-five injured workers were evaluated, using the PTSD Symptom Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory II, and the posttraumatic Cognitions Inventory. 49.4% of injured workers reported both depressive and posttraumatic symptoms of clinical relevance. 20% only reported posttraumatic, but not depressive, symptoms, and 30.6% did not report either t...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Predictors of Treatment with Duloxetine or Venlafaxine XR among Adult Patients Treated for Depression in Primary Care Practices in the United Kingdom.
Conclusion. Initial treatment choice with duloxetine versus venlafaxine XR was primarily driven by patient-specific mental and medical health characteristics. General practitioners in the UK favor duloxetine over venlafaxine XR when pain conditions coexist with depression. PMID: 22720149 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Managing Mental Health Disorders Resulting from Trauma through Yoga: A Review.
Authors: Telles S, Singh N, Balkrishna A Abstract There are many and varied types of trauma. The extent to which trauma influences the mental health of an individual depends on the nature of trauma, as well as on the individual's coping capabilities. Often trauma is followed by depression, anxiety, and PTSD. As the pharmacological remedies for these conditions often have undesirable side-effects, nonpharmacological remedies are thought of as a possible add-on treatment. Yoga is one such mind-body intervention. This paper covers eleven studies indexed in PubMed, in which mental health disorders resulting from trauma...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Influence of spirituality on depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicidality in active duty military personnel.
This study seeks to determine the extent to which spirituality is associated with selected mental health problems among active duty military personnel and whether it moderates the relationship between combat exposure/deployment and (a) depression, (b) posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and (c) suicidality in active duty military personnel. Data were drawn from the 2008 Department of Defense Survey of Health Related Behaviors Among Active Duty Military Personnel. Over 24,000 randomly selected active duty personnel worldwide completed an anonymous self-report questionnaire. High spirituality had a significant protective e...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Religious versus Conventional Psychotherapy for Major Depression in Patients with Chronic Medical Illness: Rationale, Methods, and Preliminary Results.
Authors: Koenig HG Abstract This paper (1) reviews the physical and religious barriers to CBT that disabled medically ill-depressed patients face, (2) discusses research on the relationship between religion and depression-induced physiological changes, (3) describes an ongoing randomized clinical trial of religious versus secular CBT in chronically ill patients with mild-to-moderate major depression designed to (a) overcome physical and religious barriers to CBT and (b) compare the efficacy of religious versus secular CBT in relieving depression and improving immune and endocrine functions, and (4) presents prelimi...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

A pilot survey of clergy regarding mental health care for children.
Authors: Blalock L, Dew RE Abstract Collaborations between healthcare and faith-based organizations have emerged in the drive to improve access to care. Little research has examined clergy views on collaborations in the provision of mental healthcare, particularly to children. The current paper reports survey responses of 25 clergy from diverse religious traditions concerning mental health care in children. Subjects queried include clergy referral habits, specific knowledge of childhood conditions such as depression and anxiety, past experiences with behavioral health workers, and resources available through their ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Mental health services required after disasters: learning from the lasting effects of disasters.
Authors: McFarlane AC, Williams R Abstract Disasters test civil administrations' and health services' capacity to act in a flexible but well-coordinated manner because each disaster is unique and poses unusual challenges. The health services required differ markedly according to the nature of the disaster and the geographical spread of those affected. Epidemiology has shown that services need to be equipped to deal with major depressive disorder and grief, not just posttraumatic stress disorder, and not only for victims of the disaster itself but also the emergency service workers. The challenge is for specialist a...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Late-life depressive symptoms, religiousness, and mood in the last week of life.
Authors: Braam AW, Klinkenberg M, Galenkamp H, Deeg DJ Abstract Aim of the current study is to examine whether previous depressive symptoms modify possible effects of religiousness on mood in the last week of life. After-death interviews with proxy respondents of deceased sample members of the Longitudinal Aging Study Amsterdam provided information on depressed mood in the last week of life, as well as on the presence of a sense of peace with the approaching end of life. Other characteristics were derived from interviews with the sample members when still alive. Significant interactions were identified between meas...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Temperament, character, and adolescents' depressive symptoms: focusing on affect.
Authors: Garcia D, Kerekes N, Andersson Arntén AC, Archer T Abstract Positive (PA) and negative affect (NA) are two separate systems markers of subjective well-being and measures of the state depression (low PA combined with high NA). The present study investigated differences in temperament, character, locus of control, and depressive symptoms (sleep quality, stress, and lack of energy) between affective profiles in an adolescent sample. Participants (N = 304) were categorized into four affective profiles: "self-fulfilling" (high PA, low NA), "high affective" (high PA, high NA), "lo...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Brief group intervention using emotional freedom techniques for depression in college students: a randomized controlled trial.
Authors: Church D, De Asis MA, Brooks AJ Abstract Two hundred thirty-eight first-year college students were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Thirty students meeting the BDI criteria for moderate to severe depression were randomly assigned to either a treatment or control group. The treatment group received four 90-minute group sessions of EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques), a novel treatment that combines exposure, cognitive reprocessing, and somatic stimulation. The control group received no treatment. Posttests were conducted 3 weeks later on those that completed all requirements (N = 18). The ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Understanding depression as it occurs in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder.
Authors: Yehuda R, Vermetten E, McFarlane A PMID: 22852074 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Exercise for adolescents with depressive disorders: a feasibility study.
Conclusions. Adolescents suffering from depression can complete a rigorous protocol requiring structured increases in aerobic exercise. Participants showed significant increases in exercise, and significant decreases in depressive symptoms. PMID: 22888415 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research