The Relationship between Negative Affect and Reported Cognitive Failures.
Authors: Payne TW, Schnapp MA Abstract The purpose of this study was to expand our understanding of the range of negative affect associated with reported problems with everyday functions and activities, measured by the cognitive failures questionnaire (CFQ). Evidence from previous research indicates that individuals meeting criteria for mood disorders, such as major depression or seasonal affective disorder, experience cognitive deficits in memory and attention that can lead to problems with everyday activities reported in the CFQ. The Positive and Negative Affect Scale (PANAS) was used to assess potential correlat...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Assessing Depression in Cardiac Patients: What Measures Should Be Considered?
Authors: Ceccarini M, Manzoni GM, Castelnuovo G Abstract It is highly recommended to promptly assess depression in heart disease patients as it represents a crucial risk factor which may result in premature deaths following acute cardiac events and a more severe psychopathology, even in cases of subsequent nonfatal cardiac events. Patients and professionals often underestimate or misjudge depressive symptomatology as cardiac symptoms; hence, quick, reliable, and early mood changes assessments are warranted. Failing to detect depressive signals may have detrimental effects on these patients' wellbeing and full recov...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The Prevalence and Risk Factors of Paternal Depression from the Antenatal to the Postpartum Period and the Relationships between Antenatal and Postpartum Depression among Fathers in Hong Kong.
Conclusions. The present study points to the need for greater research and clinical attention to paternal depression given that it is a highly prevalent problem and could be detrimental to their spouse and children development. The present findings contribute to theoretical basis of the prevalence and risk factors of paternal perinatal depression and have implications of the design of effective identification, prevention, and interventions of these clinical problems. PMID: 24600517 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Remission from Depression among Adults with Arthritis: A 12-Year Followup of a Population-Based Study.
In this study, we calculated time to remission from depression in a representative community-based sample of depressed Canadians with arthritis who were followed for 12 years. We conducted secondary analysis of a longitudinal panel study, the National Population Health Survey, which was begun in 1994/95 and has included biennial assessment of depression since that time. Our analysis focused on a total of 216 respondents with arthritis who were depressed at baseline. The mean time to remission from depression was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier procedure and compared across categories of each of the potential predictors. ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 4, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Stresses and Disability in Depression across Gender.
Authors: Deshpande SS, Kalmegh B, Patil PN, Ghate MR, Sarmukaddam S, Paralikar VP Abstract Depression, though generally episodic, results in lasting disability, distress, and burden. Rising prevalence of depression and suicide in the context of epidemiological transition demands more attention to social dimensions like gender related stresses, dysfunction, and their role in outcome of depression. Cross-sectional and follow-up assessment of men and women with depression at a psychiatric tertiary centre was undertaken to compare their illness characteristics including suicidal ideation, stresses, and functioning on G...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Does duloxetine improve cognitive function independently of its antidepressant effect in patients with major depressive disorder and subjective reports of cognitive dysfunction?
Conclusions. Patients reporting baseline cognitive deficits achieved cognitive improvements with duloxetine treatment, most of which were independent of symptomatic improvement. This trial is registered with NCT00933439. PMID: 24563781 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - February 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Sedative Drug Use among King Saud University Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Sampling Study.
Conclusions. Further study is required to increase our understanding of sedative drug use patterns in this relatively high-risk group, as such understanding will help in the development of early intervention programs. PMID: 24551449 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - February 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Personality pathology predicts outcomes in a treatment-seeking sample with bipolar I disorder.
This study builds upon previous research, which has largely focused on major depression and which has primarily taken a categorical approach to examining PD pathology in BD. PMID: 24516762 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - February 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Temperament, Character, and Depressive Symptoms during Pregnancy: A Study of a Japanese Population.
Conclusion. Depression during pregnancy is predicted by personality traits as well as women's negative attitudes towards the current pregnancy. PMID: 24455225 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - January 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Suicidal Career in Severe Depression among Long-Term Survivors: In a Followup after 37-53 Years Suicide Attempts Appeared to End Long before Depression.
Conclusions. A healing process of the suicidal career, which may occur long before the end of the last depressive episode (sometimes decades), is proposed. PMID: 24455226 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - January 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Factors Affecting Non-Adherence among Patients Diagnosed with Unipolar Depression in a Psychiatric Department of a Tertiary Hospital in Kolkata, India.
Authors: Banerjee S, Varma RP Abstract Non-adherence to depression treatment is a common clinical problem globally. However, limited research is available from India. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess non-adherence to prescribed treatment among patients with unipolar depression at a psychiatric out-patient department (OPD) of a tertiary hospital in Kolkata, India. The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS) was used and a questionnaire designed by the Principal Investigator (PI) was administered. A total of 239 patients with unipolar depression were interviewed of whom 66.9% (160) were non-adherent and 3...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - January 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The effect of short-term aerobic exercise on depression and body image in Iranian women.
Authors: Zarshenas S, Houshvar P, Tahmasebi A Abstract The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of short-term aerobic exercise on depression symptoms and body image attitudes among Iranian women. In this quasiexperimental study, 82 females were assigned to experimental group (aerobic exercise group, n = 41) or control group (waiting list, n = 41) and evaluated by Beck Depression Inventory-second edition (BDI-II) and Multidimensional Body Self-Relation Questionnaire (MBSRQ), respectively. The experimental group received four-week aerobic exercise program, and control group had been asked to wait for the...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - December 19, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Mental Health Outcomes in US Children and Adolescents Born Prematurely or with Low Birthweight.
We examined the effects of prematurity (
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - December 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The Impact of an Early Eclectic Rehabilitative Intervention on Symptoms in First Episode Depression among Employed People.
Conclusions. There was some evidence that early eclectic intervention in first ever episode depression may be more effective than conventional treatments among working age people in employment. PMID: 24324883 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - December 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Migraine and Despair: Factors Associated with Depression and Suicidal Ideation among Canadian Migraineurs in a Population-Based Study.
This study sought to (1) investigate the association between migraine and both depression and suicidal ideation and (2) to identify the factors independently associated with each of these mental health problems among Canadian men and women with migraine. Data were analyzed from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS). Presence of migraine was assessed by self-report of a health professional diagnosis. Current depression was measured using the CIDI-SF, and suicidal ideation was based on a question about serious consideration of suicide at any point during the respondent's lifetime. Migraineurs were found to have el...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - November 14, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

A Low-Cost Point-of-Care Testing System for Psychomotor Symptoms of Depression Affecting Standing Balance: A Preliminary Study in India.
Authors: Dutta A, Kumar R, Malhotra S, Chugh S, Banerjee A, Dutta A Abstract The World Health Organization estimated that major depression is the fourth most significant cause of disability worldwide for people aged 65 and older, where depressed older adults reported decreased independence, poor health, poor quality of life, functional decline, disability, and increased chronic medical problems. Therefore, the objectives of this study were (1) to develop a low-cost point-of-care testing system for psychomotor symptoms of depression and (2) to evaluate the system in community dwelling elderly in India. The prelimina...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - November 11, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Prevalence of Depression among University Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Study.
Conclusions. On the whole, depression is common in university students with no preponderance between males and females and in single students is higher than married ones. PMID: 24187615 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - November 5, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Cognitive Vulnerabilities and Depression in Young Adults: An ROC Curves Analysis.
Conclusion. In the screening of young adults at risk of depression, clinicians have to pay particular attention to the expression of pessimism about the future. PMID: 24058734 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - September 24, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Symptom Profile and Severity in a Sample of Nigerians with Psychotic versus Nonpsychotic Major Depression.
This study compared the rates and severity of depressive symptoms in outpatients with PMD (n = 129) and NMD (n = 117) using the Structured Clinical Interview for Depression (SCID) and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D). Patients with PMD had statistically significantly higher rates of suicidal ideation, suicidal attempt, psychomotor agitation, insomnia, and reduced appetite. Patients with NMD were more likely to manifest psychomotor retardation and somatic symptoms. PMD was associated with greater symptom severity. On logistic regression analysis, suicidal ideation, psychomotor disturbances, insomnia, and somatic sym...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - September 13, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Socioeconomic, psychiatric and materiality determinants and risk of postpartum depression in border city of ilam, Western iran.
Conclusions. Prevalence of PPD in western Iran was slightly higher than the corresponding rate from either national or international reports. PMID: 23984055 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - August 29, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Sleep Difficulties Are Correlated with Emotional Problems following Loss and Residual Symptoms of Effective Prolonged Grief Disorder Treatment.
This study also suggested that sleep difficulties are more strongly associated with depression than with PGD. In Study 2, we examined whether prior evidence that sleep complaints are a residual symptom of PGD treatment could be replicated in a sample of 43 bereaved individuals who underwent cognitive behavioural therapy for PGD. Outcomes showed that, although sleep difficulties declined significantly during this cognitive behavioural therapy, after this therapy, over half of all patients still had sleep difficulties above the average sleep difficulties observed in the general Dutch population. PMID: 23956852 [PubMed] ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - August 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Trends of postpartum depression in iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions. Interventions that would specifically target women with a prior history of depression, illiterates, housewives, or women with unwanted pregnancies could be helpful to decrease the prevalence of postpartum depression in Iran. PMID: 23936640 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - August 13, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Psychometric Properties of the Attitudes toward Self-Revised in Italian Young Adults.
Authors: Innamorati M, Tamburello S, Contardi A, Imperatori C, Tamburello A, Saggino A, Balsamo M Abstract Objectives and Methods. Several researchers have provided support for the critical role of cognitive vulnerabilities in the development of depression. The Attitudes toward Self-Revised (ATS-R) was designed to assess three potential self-regulatory vulnerabilities to depression: High Standards (HS), Self-Criticism (SC), and Negative Generalization (NG). The aim of the study was to assess the psychometric properties of the ATS-R in the Italian young adult population. The ATS-R, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - July 24, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Prevalence and Impact of Anxiety and Depression on Type 2 Diabetes in Tunisian Patients over Sixty Years Old.
Conclusion. Association between anxiety and depressive disorders and diabetes is frequent and worsens patients' outcome, in terms of diabetes imbalance as well as in terms of diabetic complications. Our study shows that there is need for physicians to detect, confirm, and treat anxiety and depressive disorders in elderly diabetic patients. PMID: 23853718 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - July 16, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The Role of Attention to Emotion in Recovery from Major Depressive Disorder.
We examined whether attention to emotion predicted recovery from MDD. Fifty-three adults with current MDD completed a week of experience sampling (Time 1). At each prompt, participants reported attention to emotion, negative affect (NA), and positive affect (PA). Approximately one year later (Time 2), the depressive status of 27 participants was reassessed. Participants who had recovered from MDD (n = 8) indicated paying less attention to their emotions at Time 1 than did participants who had not fully recovered (n = 19). Attention to emotion was better predictor of recovery than was severity of MDD, NA, or PA at Time 1. L...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - July 16, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

To what factors do rural-dwelling hispanics attribute depressive symptoms?
This study is a retrospective chart review comparing rural-dwelling Caucasian and Hispanic outpatients' attribution of depressive symptoms. Based on the data gathered at intake, Hispanics were more likely to attribute depression to curse/spell and supernatural causes, while Caucasians were more likely to attribute symptoms to hereditary factors or job stress. Among both groups, higher CESD score was associated with problems with significant others or how they got along with others. Among Hispanics, depression severity was additionally associated with problems related to job or finances. Our findings point to a consequentia...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - June 20, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Pattern of Change of Depressive Disorder over a One-Year Period among Community-Dwelling Older Adults in Qu├ębec.
The objective of this study was to describe changes in depression and its correlates, in community-dwelling elderly, over a 12-month period. Data come from a longitudinal ESA Study (Enquête sur la Santé des Aînés) of elderly persons (n = 2752). Depression was measured using the DSM-IV criteria. Polytomous logistic regression was used to assess relations, over time, between participant's characteristics and depression. Among the 164 (5.9%) subjects, who were depressed at baseline, 19.5% were continuously ill cases and 80.4% had recovered, 12 months later. In polytomous regression, factors increasin...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - April 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Potential Antidepressant Role of Neurotransmitter CART: Implications for Mental Disorders.
Authors: Mao P Abstract Depression is one of the most prevalent and debilitating public health concerns. Although no single cause of depression has been identified, it appears that interaction among genetic, epigenetic, biochemical, environmental, and psychosocial factors may explain its etiology. Further, only a fraction of depressed patients show full remission while using current antidepressants. Therefore, identifying common pathways of the disorder and using that knowledge to develop more effective pharmacological treatments are two primary targets of research in this field. Brain-enriched neurotransmitter CAR...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Relationship between Temperament, Depression, Anxiety, and Hopelessness in Adolescents: A Structural Equation Model.
Authors: Iliceto P, Pompili M, Lester D, Gonda X, Niolu C, Girardi N, Rihmer Z, Candilera G, Girardi P Abstract The purpose of this study was to test the validity of affective temperaments for predicting psychiatric morbidity and suicide risk, using a two-factor model to explain the relationships between temperament, anxiety, depression, and hopelessness. We investigated 210 high school students, 103 males and 107 females, 18-19 years old, who were administered self-report questionnaires to assess temperament (TEMPS-A), depression (BDI-II), anxiety (STAI) and hopelessness (BHS). The final structural model had a goo...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Bipolar Disorder and the TCI: Higher Self-Transcendence in Bipolar Disorder Compared to Major Depression.
Authors: Harley JA, Wells JE, Frampton CM, Joyce PR Abstract Personality traits are potential endophenotypes for genetic studies of psychiatric disorders. One personality theory which demonstrates strong heritability is Cloninger's psychobiological model measured using the temperament and character inventory (TCI). 277 individuals who completed the TCI questionnaire as part of the South Island Bipolar Study were also interviewed to assess for lifetime psychiatric diagnoses. Four groups were compared, bipolar disorder (BP), type 1 and 2, MDD (major depressive disorder), and nonaffected relatives of a proband with BP...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

A review on assessment and treatment for depression in malaysia.
Authors: Mukhtar F, Oei TP Abstract This paper aimed to review the literature on depression that focused on its assessment and treatment in Malaysia. PsycINFO, Medline, local journals were searched, and 18 published articles were included in this paper. Results indicate that research on depression in Malaysia, particularly validation studies and psychotherapy research, was weak and fragmented, with minimal empirical evidence available. Pharmacotherapy still dominated the treatment for depression, and, in terms of psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) was recently practiced, but only a few studies have ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Efficacy of chronic antidepressant treatments in a new model of extreme anxiety in rats.
Authors: Javelot H, Weiner L, Terramorsi R, Rougeot C, Lalonde R, Messaoudi M Abstract Animal models of anxious disorders found in humans, such as panic disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder, usually include spontaneous and conditioned fear that triggers escape and avoidance behaviors. The development of a panic disorder model with a learned component should increase knowledge of mechanisms involved in anxiety disorders. In our ethological model of extreme anxiety in the rat, forced apnea was combined with cold water vaporization in an inescapable situation. Based on the reactions of vehicle controls, behavior...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The Relationship between Individual Personality Traits (Internality-Externality) and Psychological Distress in Employees in Japan.
This study examines the relationship between the internality-externality (I-E) scale as an indicator of coping styles and the Kessler 6 (K6) scale as an indicator of psychological distress and analyzes the effects of sociodemographic and employment-related factors on this relationship. Employees from Akita prefecture in Japan were invited to complete self-administered questionnaires. A uniform pattern of findings emerged in the relationship between the two scales as follows: all the significant correlations were negative, that is, as the I-E score increased, the K6 score decreased. Furthermore, significant effects were obs...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Can Better Mother-Daughter Relations Reduce the Chance of a Suicide Attempt among Latinas?
Authors: Zayas LH, Hausmann-Stabile C, Kuhlberg J Abstract National surveys and other research on adolescent Latinas show that adolescent females have higher rates of suicidal ideation, planning, and attempts than other ethnic and racial minority youth. Internalizing behaviors and family conflicts are commonly associated with suicidality in research on adolescents. In the case of Latinas, we explore the connection between adolescent Hispanic cultural involvement, mother-adolescent mutuality, internalizing behaviors, and suicidality. This paper presents data from a study of 232 Latinas, some with a recent history of...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Psychopathology and Suicide among Quebec Physicians: A Nested Case Control Study.
Conclusions. Physicians and nonphysicians who committed suicide in Quebec suffered from the same type of psychiatric disorder at the time of killing themselves. The findings advocate strongly for more efficient suicide prevention measures including early detection and treatment of mood disorders for the physicians. PMID: 21822488 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Paliperidone ER in the Treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder: A Pilot Study of Efficacy and Tolerability.
Authors: Bellino S, Bozzatello P, Rinaldi C, Bogetto F Abstract Antipsychotics are recommended for the treatment of impulsive dyscontrol and cognitive perceptual symptoms of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Three reports supported the efficacy of oral risperidone on BPD psychopathology. Paliperidone ER is the metabolite of risperidone with a similar mechanism of action, and its osmotic release reduces plasmatic fluctuations and antidopaminergic effects. The aim of this study is to evaluate efficacy and safety of paliperidone ER in BPD patients. 18 outpatients with a DSM-IV-TR diagnosis of BPD were treated for...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Relationship between Depressive Symptoms and Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors in African American Individuals.
Conclusions. It has been well documented that higher levels of depressive symptoms are associated with higher CVD risk. However, this evidence is derived primarily from samples of predominantly Caucasian individuals. The present investigation demonstrates that depressive symptoms are related to CVD risk factors in African American individuals. PMID: 21826265 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Exposure to community violence, psychopathology, and personality traits in Russian youth.
Authors: Koposov R, Ruchkin V Abstract Previous research with the US inner-city youth demonstrated the hazardous effects of community violence exposure. It remains unclear, however, whether these findings are generalizable to other cultures and populations. Furthermore, the role of factors influencing the processing of traumatic events such as personality has not been investigated. Two groups of Russian adolescents (community youth (N = 546) and male delinquents (N = 352)) completed questionnaires assessing their exposure to community violence, conduct problems, internalizing psychopathology and personality. The st...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Disruption of circadian rhythms: a crucial factor in the etiology of depression.
Authors: Salgado-Delgado R, Tapia Osorio A, Saderi N, Escobar C Abstract Circadian factors might play a crucial role in the etiology of depression. It has been demonstrated that the disruption of circadian rhythms by lighting conditions and lifestyle predisposes individuals to a wide range of mood disorders, including impulsivity, mania and depression. Also, associated with depression, there is the impairment of circadian rhythmicity of behavioral, endocrine, and metabolic functions. Inspite of this close relationship between both processes, the complex relationship between the biological clock and the incidence of...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

The Relationship between Personality and Depression in Expectant Parents.
Authors: Andriola E, Di Trani M, Grimaldi A, Donfrancesco R Abstract Several studies assessed the relationship between depression and dimensions of temperament/character using the Cloninger's model of personality and the TCI-R. The aim of this study is clarify the relation between depression and personality in men and women who are expecting a baby. The Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised Form and the Beck Depression Inventory were administered to 65 pregnant women and 37 husbands during the last quarter of pregnancy. ANOVAs showed that pregnant women had higher levels of depression, reward dependence, and ...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Health-related conditions and depression in elderly mexican american and non-Hispanic white residents of a United States-Mexico border county: moderating effects of educational attainment.
Authors: Briones DF, Heller PL, Carcoba LM, Weisman HW, Ledger EM, Escamilla MA Abstract We investigated the prevalence of "high" levels of depressive symptomatology and 13 health-related medical conditions in elderly Mexican American (MA) and non-Hispanic white (NHW) residents of El Paso County, Texas. We analyzed the extent to which depressive symptoms in this population are associated with these conditions. Elderly MA residents possessed a higher prevalence of current depression, a relatively unique health-related condition profile, and were more likely to experience a set of conditions that impede par...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Cognitive and affective correlates of temperament in Parkinson's disease.
We examined links between TPQ scores and performance on an attentional orienting task in a sample of 20 people with PD. In addition, associations between TPQ and depression and anxiety scores were explored. It was found that novelty seeking scores were significantly correlated with a reaction time measure of attentional orienting to visual novelty. Harm avoidance scores were significantly correlated with anxiety, but not depression scores. These findings extend our understanding of how temperament interacts with cognitive and affective features of the disorder. PMID: 21869930 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Personality Profiles Identify Depressive Symptoms over Ten Years? A Population-Based Study.
Authors: Josefsson K, Merjonen P, Jokela M, Pulkki-Råback L, Keltikangas-Järvinen L Abstract Little is known about the relationship between temperament and character inventory (TCI) profiles and depressive symptoms. Personality profiles are useful, because personality traits may have different effects on depressive symptoms when combined with different combinations of other traits. Participants were from the population-based Young Finns study with repeated measurements in 1997, 2001, and 2007 (n = 1402 to 1902). TCI was administered in 1997 and mild depressive symptoms (modified Beck's depression invento...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary approach to child and adolescent depression.
Authors: Piko BF, Milin R, O'Connor R, Sawyer M PMID: 21876797 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Depressive symptom clusters and neuropsychological performance in mild Alzheimer's and cognitively normal elderly.
Conclusion. Findings suggest the need to examine disease status and gender when considering the impact of depressive symptoms on cognition. PMID: 21904674 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Revisiting Shimoda's "Shuuchaku-Kishitsu" (Statothymia): A Japanese View of Manic-Depressive Patients.
Revisiting Shimoda's "Shuuchaku-Kishitsu" (Statothymia): A Japanese View of Manic-Depressive Patients. Depress Res Treat. 2011;2011:193742 Authors: Tsuda H Abstract Although the empiric paradigm is now dominant in academic research, in Japan quite a few psychiatric clinicians still take phenomenological-anthropological approaches into consideration, especially when they address manic-depressive illness with typical endogenous features. This is because Shimoda's concept of "shuuchaku-kishitsu" (statothymia) has been widely accepted, together with other phenomenological views of continenta...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

More Similar than Different? Exploring Cultural Models of Depression among Latino Immigrants in Florida.
Authors: Martinez Tyson DD, Castañeda H, Porter M, Quiroz M, Carrion I Abstract The Surgeon General's report, "Culture, Race, and Ethnicity: A Supplement to Mental Health," points to the need for subgroup specific mental health research that explores the cultural variation and heterogeneity of the Latino population. Guided by cognitive anthropological theories of culture, we utilized ethnographic interviewing techniques to explore cultural models of depression among foreign-born Mexican (n = 30), Cuban (n = 30), Columbian (n = 30), and island-born Puerto Ricans (n = 30), who represent the largest L...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Depression and Anxiety among Black Sexual Minority Men.
Authors: Graham LF, Aronson RE, Nichols T, Stephens CF, Rhodes SD Abstract The primary aim of this study was to examine the relationships between depression and anxiety, and ethnic and sexual identity development, and discrimination and harassment (DH) among Black sexual minority men. Additional aims were to determine whether an interaction effect existed between ethnic and sexual identity and whether coping skills level moderated these relationships. Using an observational cross-sectional design, 54 participants recruited through snowball sampling completed self-administered online surveys. Stepwise multiple regre...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Depression among Asian Americans: Review and Recommendations.
This article presents a review of the prevalence and manifestation of depression among Asian Americans and discusses some of the existing issues in the assessment and diagnosis of depression among Asian Americans. The authors point out the diversity and increasing numbers of Asian Americans and the need to provide better mental health services for this population. While the prevalence of depression among Asian Americans is lower than that among other ethnic/racial groups, Asian Americans receive treatment for depression less often and its quality is less adequate. In addition, the previous belief that Asians somatize depre...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Self-referential thinking, suicide, and function of the cortical midline structures and striatum in mood disorders: possible implications for treatment studies of mindfulness-based interventions for bipolar depression.
Authors: Marchand WR Abstract Bipolar depression is often refractory to treatment and is frequently associated with anxiety symptoms and elevated suicide risk. There is a great need for adjunctive psychotherapeutic interventions. Treatments with effectiveness for depressive and anxiety symptoms as well as suicide-related thoughts and behaviors would be particularly beneficial. Mindfulness-based interventions hold promise, and studies of these approaches for bipolar disorder are warranted. The aim of this paper is to provide a conceptual background for such studies by reviewing key findings from diverse lines of inv...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - March 9, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research