Standard culture of Paratanytarsus grimmii Schneider, 1885 (Diptera: Chironomidae), for its use in toxicity bioassays.
nes A Abstract The management and use of native species under laboratory conditions is the main difficult for species proposal for its use in bioassays. The present study showed the results about management under controlled conditions of Paratanytarsus grimmii (Diptera: Chironomidae), that is a parthenogenetic species with wide geographical distribution. It obtained its eggs from a pre Andean river from Araucania region (39° S), and it determined the conditions for larval rearing under artificial food, adults getting (manipulation), eggs (hatching sincronization) and larvae getting after hatching. The P.grimmi...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Encina F, De Los Ríos P, Vega R, Mardones A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

In vitro haemostatic efficacy of aqueous, methanol and ethanol plant extracts of three medicinal plant species in Palestine.
Abstract The haemostatic efficacy of different extract types of Satureja thymbra L., Thymbra spicata L. (Lamiaceae) and Verbascum fruticulosum Post. (Scrophulariaceae) was evaluated in this study via the Prothrombin time (PT) and Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) analysis. Aqueous, methanol and ethanol extracts of the examined plant species leaves were prepared to a final concentration 50 mg/mL. In vitro PT and aPTT assays were conducted on normal platelet poor plasma blood samples by a digital coagulation analyzer. The obtained results revealed anticoagulation activity of all investigated plant species...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Omar G, Abdallah L, Barakat A, Othman R, Bourinee H Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Fumigant toxicity of some essential oils against Red Flour Beetles, Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and its safety to mammals.
Abstract Fumigant activities for three essential oils; Garlic oil (Allium sativum L); Chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and Nigella (Nigella sativa L.) were assessed at different concentrations against the adult and 20-days old larval stages of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) in the laboratory. The accumulative mortality was observed at different exposure periods (3, 5 and 7 days). The residual effect of garlic oil that was the effective oil, on the treated wheat grains was evaluated with respect to histological changes in the liver, kidney, and stomach of rat fed on this treated wheat. Th...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sileem TM, Mehany AL, Hassan RS Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Clustering accentuated matches and highly conserved domains between bacterial and human heat shock gene and protein.
PMID: 31800763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Gabriel JE Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Bioactive metabolites in of Ginkgo biloba leaves: variations by seasonal, meteorological and soil.
This study enriched the knowledge on the development and utilization value of the G. biloba leaves and was useful for determining the optimal harvest time and growing condition. PMID: 31800764 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Lin Y, Lou K, Wu G, Wu X, Zhou X, Feng Y, Zhang H, Yu P Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of fern communities in riparian forest remnants from the South Brazilian Campos (Pampa).
Abstract Riparian forests present biotic and abiotic factors that influence environmental dissimilarity, which reflect specific fern distribution. The purpose of this this study was to evaluate the environmental heterogeneity associated to the terrestrial fern communities in riparian forest remnants in the grasslands southern half of Rio Grande do Sul state . We sampled ten 5×5 m plots in each site (AI, AII and AIII), totaling 30 plots. In each plot, fern species were inventoried and vegetative, microclimatic and edaphic parameters were collected. A total of 24 species were surveyed in the three riparian for...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Silva VL, Orlandi CR, Funck L, Winhelmann MC, Schmitt JL, Fior CS, Freitas EM Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Phytochemical management of root knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) kofoid and white chitwood by Artemisia spp. in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.).
Abstract In vitro and screen house experiments were conducted to investigate the effectiveness of thirteen phytochemicals from Artemisia elegantissimia and A. incisa on root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum L.) cv. Rio Grande. A positive control (Carbofuran) and negative control (H2O) were also used for comparison. Effectiveness of phytochemicals against juveniles (J2s) mortality and egg hatch inhibition were evaluated after 24, 48 and 72 hours of incubation at three concentrations viz; 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mg/mL in vitro conditions. Amongst thirteen phytochemicals, Isoscopletin ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Khan R, Naz I, Hussain S, Khan RAA, Ullah S, Rashid MU, Siddique I Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Structure and dynamics of the protoplankton community in an environmentally protected urban stream.
CONCLUSION: we may conclude that the Mandacaru stream, although strongly influenced by anthropic action, still presents an acceptable water quality. Lastly, we emphasize that protists abundance was strongly influenced by system productivity. This was evidenced by elevated protozoan densities where there was higher primary and bacterial productivity. Thus, these organisms must be considered in studies that aim at the identification of organisms that may indicate anthropic impacts and environmental quality. PMID: 31800767 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Lippert MAM, Lansac-Tôha FM, Meira BR, Velho LFM, Lansac-Toha FA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Potential of some autochthonous wild plants of Burundi for vegetable oil and valuable compounds production.
Abstract Twelve species of indigenous plants have been studied in order to valorize some natural resources of Burundi (Eastern Africa) to investigate possibilities of vegetable oil production. Physicochemical properties and oil contents were determined from seeds harvested through five ecogeographic zones. From oilcake extracts, total sugars contents, proteins (TPrC), polyphenolic (TPhC), and flavonoids were quantified using spectrophotometry. Furthermore, antioxidant activity of oilcake extracts was assessed by 2, 2-diphenyl-b-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) a...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Niyukuri J, Raiti J, El Qarnifa S, El Abbassi A, Hafidi A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Feeding ecology of blue rock pigeon (Columba livia) in the three districts of Punjab, Pakistan.
Abstract Present paper provides information on the feeding regimens of the two genders of the blue-rock pigeon (Columba livia Linn.) in the sampled habitats of the three districts viz. Rawalpindi, Faisalabad and Bahawalpur of the Punjab province, Pakistan. This feral pigeon, considered ubiquitous species, inhabits both the grasslands and clumped environments to establish their roosts and nests. The study explored about comparable feeding proportions from three major habitats of the pigeons which were captured with medium sized mist-nets. For Rawalpindi in the winter season, the Zea mays was one of the predominant ...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Batool F, Khan HA, Rehman MS Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Moringa water extract promising additive to prolong the activity of baculovirus under field-sunlight conditions in Egypt.
Abstract Baculoviruses are considered as effective bio pesticides except of being not active under sunlight conditions. The aim of this study is to evaluate the capability of moringa extract to prolong virus activity under Egyptian field conditions especially that Moringa proved to be strong protective material under previous investigation under laboratory conditions the addition of moringa filters were tested on tomato plant foliage. Results are based on leaf bioassay using Spodoptera littoralis test insect and its nuclepolyhedrovirus (SpliNPV) as standard materials. The Original Activity Remaining (OAR) and Leth...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: El-Helaly A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Assessing the growth of Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) (Linnaeus, 1758) in four salinities, under experimental conditions.
ña B Abstract Studies in Salvelinus alpinus, Arctic charr, indicate that it has a low capacity to hyposmorregulatory or adaption to sea in winter periods in Arctic waters. The investigation finds to determinate the rank optimum of salinity to can cultivate this species at Chile. The weight adequate was determined to join on the sea by analysis of gill Na+, K+-ATPase activity, that it was found between the ranks 80-130 g, with 14.5 U/mg. It underwent evaluation of fish growth of 72 g salinities from 0 (control), 18, 25 and 33 g/L (sea water) for 94 days. The results indicate that the largest increases were o...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Mardones A, Vega R, Encina F, Pichara C, González K, De Los Rios P, Peña B Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Comparison of photoautotrophic and mixotrophic cultivation of microalgae Messastrum gracile (Chlorophyceae) in alternative culture media.
ue MG Abstract Growth and biological conditions of Messastrum gracile were evaluated to compare the effect of photoautotrophic and mixotrophic cultivation on the increase of biomass production and chemical conditions cultured in macrophyte and commercial culture media. The growth rate (k) of M. gracile was different in the culture media, higher in mixotrophic cultivation for Lemna minor culture medium, whilst to Eichhornia crassipes and NPK culture media were higher in photoautotrophic cultivation. Mean lipid contents in photoautotrophic cultivation were 8.2% biomass dry weight, whereas they reached 19% biomass dr...
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sipaúba-Tavares LH, Scardoeli-Truzzi B, Fenerick DC, Tedesque MG Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.190062]. PMID: 31800773 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.214039]. PMID: 31800774 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.216359]. PMID: 31800775 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Erratum.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.216607]. PMID: 31800776 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - December 2, 2019 Category: Biology Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

The influence of catch-and-release on mortality of Salminus brasiliensis (Cuvier, 1816).
Abstract Catch-and-release (CR) angling has been used to assist management programs seeking to promote the conservation and recovery of some recreational fish stocks by decreasing mortality from fishing. However, without appropriate fish handling, this activity may cause damage and injuries to individual fish, causing mortality. Therefore, CR should be allowed under some circumstances that ensure higher rates of survival to achieve the goals of the conservation measures. Thus, we experimentally tested the CR effects on dourado (Salminus brasiliensis) by comparing caught-and-released fish (CR fish) with uncaught fi...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sanches RAK, Piana PA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Mini review: immunologic functions of dual oxidases in mucosal systems of vertebrates.
Abstract Mucosal epithelial cells act as the first immunologic barrier of organisms, and contact directly with pathogens. Therefore, hosts must have differential strategies to combat pathogens efficiently. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), as a kind of oxidizing agents, participates in the early stage of killing pathogens quickly. Recent reports have revealed that dual oxidase (DUOX) plays a key role in mucosal immunity. And the DUOX is a transmembrane protein which produces ROS as their primary enzymatic products. This process is an important pattern for eliminating pathogens. In this review, we highlight the DUOX i...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Yang HT, Huang YH, Yang GW Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Survival, development and reproduction of Phenacoccus solenopsis (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on kaolin-treated cotton.
Abstract The mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) is a cotton pest widespread in several cotton growing regions of Brazil, particularly in the semi-arid region of southwestern Bahia. The impact of kaolin on survival, development and reproduction of P. solenopsis was evaluated in the laboratory. The experiment was developed in a completely randomized design with two treatments: immature or newly emerged adults of P. solenopsis sprayed with kaolin and fed with cotton leaf discs treated with kaolin suspension (with kaolin) (T1) and immature or newly emerged adults of P. solenopsis spra...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Guedes VS, Silva CAD, Zanuncio JC Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Assessment of interspecific interactions between the invasive red-claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) and the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus).
This study, conducted in 2015 under controlled conditions, aimed to assess the interspecific relationships between the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and the alien crayfish. For both species, no significant differences in growth and survival rates were found between animals reared in the presence versus the absence of heterospecifics, indicating no direct deleterious interspecific effects. Behavioural observations revealed that fish and crayfish competed for shelter and food. Both species reduced the foraging in the presence of heterospecifics during feeding period, in the daytime. Crayfish seemed to have an ...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Chivambo S, Mussagy A, Barki A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Influence of the host diet on the performance of Doryctobracon areolatus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae).
ia MS, Nava DE Abstract Fitness in parasitoids is generally influenced by host quality. We evaluated the development parameters of Doryctobracon areolatus (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) parasitoid on Anastrepha fraterculus (Diptera: Tephritidae) larvae, reared in artificial diets with different protein sources. Larvae of A. fraterculus were reared in the diets based on 1) raw wheat germ (control); 2) whole rice flour; 3) corn flour; and, 4) whole wheat flour + soybean meal. The larvae were used for the development of D. areolatus, to evaluate the number of offspring/female, emergence rate, sex ratio, egg-adult period, ...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Ongaratto S, Pinto KJ, Mânica-Berto R, Nörnberg SD, Gonçalves RS, Garcia MS, Nava DE Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Molecular characterization and genetic relationships of seven piranha species of the genera Serrasalmus and Pygocentrus (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) from Paran á-Paraguay, São Francisco and Tocantins River basins in Brazil.
Molecular characterization and genetic relationships of seven piranha species of the genera Serrasalmus and Pygocentrus (Characiformes: Serrasalmidae) from Paraná-Paraguay, São Francisco and Tocantins River basins in Brazil. Braz J Biol. 2019 Nov 25;: Authors: Bignotto TS, Gomes VN, Maniglia TC, Boni TA, Agostinho CS, Prioli SMAP, Prioli AJ Abstract Genetic and phylogenetic relationships among seven piranha species of the genera Serrasalmus and Pygocentrus from the Paraná-Paraguay, São Francisco and Tocantins River basins were evaluated in the present study by partial seque...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Bignotto TS, Gomes VN, Maniglia TC, Boni TA, Agostinho CS, Prioli SMAP, Prioli AJ Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Protein profile as a quality indicator of cryopreserved semen from Tambaqui Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1818).
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between proteins in the seminal plasma of tambaqui Colossoma macropomum (Cuvier, 1818) with seminal quality indicators after thawing. The semen was cryopreserved with a dilution based on BTS with 8% DMSO. A 200 µL sample of semen from each animal was diluted in 800 µL BTS, centrifuged at 800 rpm, and the supernatant was cryopreserved to further analyze of the protein profile of seminal plasma through one-dimensional electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). After 15 days of cryopreservation, a cryopreserved semen straw was thawed to analyze both qualitat...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Galo JM, Streit-Jr DP, Corcini CD, Varela-Jr AS, Jardim RD, Ribeiro RP Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Analysis of radiographic images and germination of Campomanesia pubescens (Mart. ex DC.) O.Berg (Myrtaceae Juss.) seeds under drying.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the internal morphology of seeds of Campomanesia pubescens (Mart. ex DC.) O. Berg with varying water content through X-ray image analysis, and correlate the images with the germination of these seeds. Fruits were collected in Jataí, Goiás, Brazil, and taken to the Seed Laboratory of the Federal Institute Goiano, Rio Verde Campus, where they were processed and the seeds were extracted. To establish the predetermined water content (43%, 37%, 34%, 31%, and 28% wet basis), seeds with an initial water content of 43% were kept in an oven with forced air circulation at a t...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Amaral EVEJ, Sales JF, Zuchi J, Neves JMG, Oliveira JA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Radular morphology by using SEM in Pugilina cochlidium (Gastropoda: Melongenidae) populations, from Thondi coast-Palk Bay in Tamil Nadu-South East coast of India.
lla C Abstract Radula in all melongeninae species is rather uniform and characterized by bicuspid lateral teeth with strongly curved cusps and sub rectangular rachidians, bearing usually 3 cusps. The aim of the present study was to describe the radula of 2 Pugilina cochlidium populations using SEM. The radula in 2 species proves itself as a rachiglossate type showing the radular formula of 1 + R + 1. The first population hasthe central tooth wide with sharp cusps equal in length, emanate from posterior margin of tooth base. The lateral teeth have 2 cusps and are long, sharp, pointed and bent towards the rachidian ...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: De Los Ríos P, Kanagu L, Lathasumathi C, Stella C Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Tamaulipan thornscrub after fire: an analysis of the composition of species.
, Amarán-Ruiz MF Abstract Forest fires are a natural element in many terrestrial ecosystems, in Mexico one of the main causes of loss of vegetation coverage is related to them. Nevertheless, no research has been carried out in the Tamaulipan thornscrub communities regarding post-fire regenerative strategies of plant species, therefore, is important to generate knowledge about the ecological role of fire in them. The aim of this study is to characterize the arboreal and shrub vegetation of a Tamaulipan thornscrub community in the Northeast of Mexico after a fire. To determine the composition, diversity and s...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Alanís-Rodríguez E, Rubio-Camacho EA, Mata-Balderas JM, Lozano-Cavazos EA, González-Tagle MA, Amarán-Ruiz MF Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Assessment of heavy metals and its impact on DNA fragmentation in different fish species.
This study was conducted to assess water pollution by examining DNA fragmentation in selected fish organs (kidney, liver, gills, and muscle tissue) from Wallago attu, Sperata sarwari, Vulgaris vulgaris, and Labeo rohita collected from a known polluted section of the Chenab River, Pakistan, and from a control site. The fish were caught using a gill net and were assigned to three different weight groups (W1, W2, and W3) to study the degree of variation in DNA fragmentation in relation to body weight. In fish from the polluted site, DNA fragmentation was higher in kidney, liver, gills, and muscles, compared to the control. No...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 25, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sultana S, Jabeen F, Sultana T, Al-Ghanim KA, Al-Misned F, Mahboob S Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Cytotaxonomy of Dipetalogaster maxima Uhler, 1894 (Hemiptera, Reduviidae, Triatominae).
Abstract The Triatomini tribe consists of ten genera and is regarded as one of the most important tribes from epidemiological point of view. The genus Dipetalogaster Usinger, 1939 is composed only by the species Dipetalogaster maxima Uhler, 1894. This triatomine is exclusive of the Mexico and is a potential vector for Chagas disease. Besides the epidemiological importance, the insects of the Triatominae subfamily are important biological models for cytogenetic studies. Therefore, in order to contribute to the knowledge on the reproductive biology and assist in citotaxonomy of D. maxima, this study aimed to describ...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 11, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Borsatto KC, Alevi KCC, Oliveira J, Azeredo-Oliveira MTV Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effect of Artemisia vulgaris extract against diethylnitrosamine induced hepatocellular carcinogenesis in Balb C mice.
Abstract The main objective of current study was to investigate the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic activity of Artemisia vulgaris extract on diethylnitrosoamine induced hepatocarcinogenesis in Balb C mice. Diethylnitrosoamine (DEN: 0.9%) was prepared to induce hepatocarcinoma in Balb C mice. The extract Artemisia vulgaris (AV) was prepared by maceration technique. Mice were classified into four groups as follows: Group 1 a control group (N=7) received saline solution (3.5 μl/mg), group 2 (N=14) received diethylnitrosoamine (3.5 μl/mg) intraperitoneally once in a week for eight consecutive weeks, group ...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 4, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Ali S, Ejaz M, Dar KK, Nasreen S, Ashraf N, Gillani SF, Shafi N, Safeer S, Khan MA, Andleeb S, Akhtar N, Mughal TA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

In vivo effect of essential oil of Mentha x villosa and its active compound against Schistosoma mansoni (Sambon, 1907).
Abstract Schistosomiasis treatment is dependent on a single drug, praziquantel (PZQ). The development of resistance of PZQ has drawn the attention of many researchers to alternative drugs. One viable and promising treatment is the study of medicinal plants as a new approach to the experimental treatment for Schistosomiasis. The present work aimed to evaluate in vivo antischistosomal activity of effect of Mentha x villosa Oil Essential (Mv-EO) and rotundifolone (ROT) against Schistosoma mansoni. Thirty-day-old female Swiss webster mice (Mus musculus) weighing 50 grams were used. Mice were infected with 80 cercariae...
Source: Braz J Biol - November 4, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Matos-Rocha TJ, Cavalcanti MGS, Veras DL, Feitosa AS, Freitas CF, Suassuna ASCL, Melo ES, Barbosa-Filho JM, Alves LC, Santos FABD Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Constrictotermes cyphergaster (Blattaria, Termitidae) termite nests as substrates for lichen fixation in the semiarid region of northeastern Brazil.
los A PMID: 31664314 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 24, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Barbosa-Silva AM, Santos LA, Cáceres MES, Vasconcellos A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal helminths in dog feces surrounding suburban areas of Lower Dir district, Pakistan: A public health threat.
This study was aimed to assess the eggs of gastrointestinal parasites of stray dogs and household dogs in lower Dir district, Pakistan with special consideration to those that can be spread to humans. One hundred and fifty two stool specimens from (stray dogs=90 and household dogs=62) were collected. The helminth eggs were processed by direct smear method and centrifugation techniques and identified by microscopic examination. Of the total examined dogs 26.8% (n=41 /152) were found to be infected with one or more intestinal parasites. The intestinal helminths detected were Dipylidium caninum (n =18, 11.8%), followed by Tox...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Khan W, Nisa NN, Ullah S, Ahmad S, Mehmood SA, Khan M, Ahmad S, Ali W, Ullah H, Anwar K Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Morphology and ectoparasite spectrum of Pteropus vampyrus (the flying fox) in different parts of Malakand Division, Pakistan.
Abstract Three districts viz. Lower Dir, Swat and Shangla in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, were surveyed for the collection of Pteropus vampyrus (the Indian flying fox) in Malakand division, the north western region of Pakistan from February to November 2018. A total of 35 specimens were captured. Out of the examined specimens 22 were found to be infected with ectoparasites. Three types of ectoparasites were observed including flies 20% (n=7/35), mites 28.5% (n=10/35) and bugs 14.2% (n=5/35). Male bats were more infected 57.1% (n=20/35) as compared to females 42.8% (n=15/35), however, no significant difference (p&g...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Khan W, Nisa NN, Ullah S, Rehbar B, Ahmad S, Siyal GB, Ahmad A, Khalid S, Zada K, Ullah N Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Effect of replacing fish meal by full fat soybean meal on growth performance, feed utilization and gastrointestinal enzymes in diets for African catfish Clarias gariepinus.
Abstract Study aimed to evaluate the effect of replacing fish meal with different levels of full fat soybean meal (FFSBM) on growth and digestive enzyme activities in the stomach, Liver and intestine for Clarias gariepinus. Four diets (D1, D2, D3 and D4) were formulated with 0, 15, 20 and 20 g 100-1 protein + DL-methionine by alternating FFSBM with fish meal. The growth of C. gariepinus was found to be significantly decreased when FFSBM replacement increased. Final body weight was 89.69, 79.70, 70.82 and 68.29 g for fish fed on D1, D2, D3 and D4, respectively, with significant differences between treatments. Speci...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Abdel-Warith AA, Younis EM, Al-Asgah NA, Mahboob S Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Economic valuation of the eco-systemic benefits derived from the environmental asset lake Laguna Santa Elena, through the multi-criteria analysis.
This study, a pioneer in the Region, will support decision making, allowing an adequate management of this critical water resource. PMID: 31644649 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Romero C, Arancibia-Avila P, Améstica-Rivas L, Toledo-Montiel F, Flores-Morales G Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of bioherbicidal potential of Carica papaya leaves.
Abstract Due to increased number of herbicide resistant weeds, it is needed to explore the allelopathic potential of plants as an alternative. The research was conducted to investigate allelopathic effects of Carica papaya L. leaf powder and aqueous extract on seeds as well as pre-germinated seeds of Avena fatua L., Helianthus annuus L., Rumex dentatus L., Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. on filter paper and soil in Weed Management Program Laboratory, Department of Plant and Environmental Protection at PARC Institute of Advanced Studies in Agriculture, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad, Pakistan....
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Anwar T, Qureshi H, Parveen N, Bashir R, Qaisar U, Munazir M, Yasmin S, Basit Z, Mahmood RT, Nayyar BG, Khani S, Khan SA, Qureshi MM, Wali M Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Toxicity and phytochemistry of eight species used in the traditional medicine of sul-mato-grossense, Brazil.
o CME Abstract The Brazilian Cerrado has several botanical species for medicinal purposes used by traditional communities and many of these plants are not included in the list of Medicinal Plants Research Program of Central Medicines. The purpose of this study was the phytochemical screening and toxicology bioassay front of Brine shrimp L. of ethanolic extracts of eight species of plants used in folk medicine of Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. The ethanolic extracts were submitted to phytochemical screening, determination of phenolic compounds and flavonoids. Toxicological assays were carried front of Br...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Mendonça LABM, Matias R, Zanella DFP, Porto KRA, Guilhermino JF, Moreira DL, Roel AR, Pott A, Carvalho CME Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

A case of polymelia associated with syndactyly in Didelphis aurita (Wied-Neuwied, 1826).
Abstract In January 2018, a young male of Didelphis aurita (Wied-Neuwied, 1826), the Brazilian common opossum, was admitted for veterinary evaluation at the Recovery Clinic of Wild Animals of Estácio de Sá University, CRAS, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, due to the presence of a partially duplicated right hind limb. After x-ray evaluation, polymelia associated with syndactyly was diagnosed. The images revealed the following alterations on the right limb: single femur with increased diameter, two tibiae, two fibulae and absence of hallux. The observed malformations were restricted to the hind right limb, ...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Araujo HB, Costa-Pinto D, Castro CSC, Pires JR Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the effects of sugarcane molasses as a carbon source for Ankistrodesmus gracilis and Haematococcus pluvialis (Chlorophyceae).
zzi B Abstract Two species of Chlorophyceae, Ankistrodesmus gracilis and Haemotococcus pluvialis, were used to compare and evaluate the effect of sugarcane molasses as a carbon source. Highest cell density in the two microalgae culture media was obtained in commercial culture media (CHU12 and WC). During exponential growth (day 1 to day 10), high cell density in H. pluvialis was detected for E. crassipes culture medium ranging between 0.4 x 105 cells mL-1 and 1.7 x 105 cells mL-1. Culture media were fundamental for growth under mixotrophic cultivation. Sugarcane molasses showed different results for the two microa...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Sipaúba-Tavares LH, Tedesque MG, Scardoeli-Truzzi B Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Assessment and incidence of fish associated bacterial pathogens at hatcheries of Azad Kashmir, Pakistan.
Abstract Fish is the most indispensable source of proteins for individuals and have high nutritional value. On the other hand, the fish culturing raised issues of fish health due to close contact between the aquatic environment and the fish pathogens. So, the aim of the current study was to identify the bacterial pathogens and screen the injured Rainbow trout rearing in different trout hatcheries run under fisheries department of the government of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. Seven bacterial pathogens such as Shigella flexneri, Enterobacter amnigenus, Salmonella Typhimurium, Serratia odorifera, Pseudomonas ae...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Kousar R, Shafi N, Andleeb S, Ali NM, Akhtar T, Khalid S Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

A green approach for the treatment of dye and surfactant contaminated industrial wastewater.
This study resulted that 100% of the surfactant and dye molecules removed together with the formation of a dye-surfactant complex by fungus. It is concluded that binary removal systems are very efficient for industrial wastewater treatment. PMID: 31644655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Gül ÜD Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica, in response to soil fertilization.
Abstract Root-knot nematodes (RKNs) (Meloidogyne spp.) are well known disease problem causing major losses in vegetable crops. Although, chemical nematicides have been used as one of the primary means for controlling RKNs, reliance on these nematicides is associated with heavy costs and negative effects on human health and environment. In this research, the suppressing potential of 6 Iranian commercial fertilizers on RKNs was investigated in laboratory and greenhouse conditions as an alternative to reduce the use of chemical nematicides. For this purpose, M. javanica inoculum was thoroughly mixed with autoclaved s...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Hemmati S, Saeedizadeh A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Effect of oviposition by Bactrocera dorsalis on the antioxidant activity of orange juice.
Abstract Among fruits and fruit products, oranges and orange juice are the most widely consumed worldwide. However, the effects of pest infestation of oranges on the quality of orange juice are not yet known. To evaluate the effect of the oriental fruit fly Bactrocera dorsalis on the antioxidant activity of orange juice, we measured changes in the vitamin C (Vc) concentration, total phenol content, and antioxidant activity of orange juice after the introduction of fruit fly eggs. Ten days after the eggs were introduced (larvae removed), the concentration of Vc in orange juice was 18.65 µg/mL, which was 9.16 ...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Ni M, Gu K, Hassan B, Ning D, Zheng Y, Qi Y, Xu Y Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Heterotrophic flagellates (Amorpha and Diaphoretiches) in phytotelmata bromeliad (Bromeliaceae).
irc;ha FA Abstract Many plants may accumulate rainwater, forming phytotelmata, aquatic microhabitats inhabited by various organisms. The aim of this study was to conduct an inventory of heterotrophic flagellates associated with phytotelmata of the bromeliad Aechmea distichantha Lem., found in rocky cliffs on the Upper Paraná River. The bromeliads were removed manually from the rocky wall, the water was removed and cultures of organisms of each plant were mounted in Petri dishes. Sixteen species of heterotrophic flagellate were recorded, drawn and described, among them one species belonging to the Amorpha Do...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Mendes PMS, Lansac-Tôha FM, Meira BR, Oliveira FR, Velho LFM, Lansac-Tôha FA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Physicochemical quality of and Escherichia coli resistance profiles in urban surface waters.
The objective of this research was to evaluate the quality of water used for recreation and public supply of six rivers in the city of Cascavel - Paraná, including Cascavel, Quati, Bezerra, Antas, Clarito and Amambay. Samples were collected every 4 months in 2017, and their physicochemical and microbiological parameters, as well as resistance profiles of strains of Escherichia coli to antimicrobials distributed by pharmacies of the primary healthcare network, were evaluated. Parameters such as water temperature, turbidity, total nitrogen, total phosphorus, total coliforms and thermotolerant coliforms showed signific...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Malagi I, Sampaio SC, Pinto FGS, Rosa DM, Reis RRD Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Verification of atmospheric plasma irradiation as an alternative control method for Tribolium castaneum (Herbst).
Abstract Radio frequency plasma, RF plasma, has been applied to a number of industrial applications. Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the RF plasma potential in Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) control. Three treatment variables: (1) helium or argon plasmas; (2) two power levels (50 and 100 watt); and (3) different RF plasma exposure times (0, 20, 40, 60 and 90 seconds) were examined in this study. The susceptibility of T. castaneum to treatment varies as gas, power level, and the exposure time varies. A positive correlation was found between insect mortality percent in treating larvae as well as tre...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 21, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Hassan AM, Sileem TM, Hassan RS Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

In vivo phagocytosis and hematology in Astyanax altiparanae, a potential model for surrogate technology.
In conclusion, our method was efficient to assess in vivo phagocytosis in A. altiparanae and will be an important tool to evaluate the efficacy of immunosuppressive drugs in this species. Additionally, these results may serve as support for further studies in fish immunocompetence, both in laboratory and in field conditions. PMID: 31596357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 7, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Levy-Pereira N, Yasui GS, Evangelista MM, Nascimento NF, Santos MP, Siqueira-Silva DH, Monzani PS, Senhorini JA, Pilarski F Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Ornamental fishing in the region of Barcelos, Amazonas: socioeconomic description and scenario of activity in the view of "piabeiros".
This study was carried out in municipality of Barcelos, through semi - structured interviews, with artisanal ornamental fishermen (N= 89). The main families of ornamental fish caught and traded were: Characidae, Lebiasinidae, Gasteropelecidae, Cichilidae, Anostomidae, Loricaridae, Potamotrygonidae and Gymnotidae. The main catchment areas were igarapés, lakes, flooded fields, beaches, river banks and igapó forest. Rapiché was the most used equipment in the fisheries both by the fishermen of the urban areas (43.81%) and rural (41.89%). Most of the fishermen are associated with the colony of fishermen of ...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 7, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Ladislau DS, Ribeiro MWS, Castro PDS, Aride PHR, Paiva AJV, Polese MF, Souza AB, Bassul LA, Lavander HD, Oliveira AT Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Pharmacological evaluation of the hydro-alcoholic extract of Campomanesia phaea fruits in rats.
Abstract Campomanesia phaea (Myrtaceae), popularly known as cambuci, is one of several species of plants producing comestible fruits, largely used in human nutrition. Despite its consumption and economic potential, limited scientific research is available on the Campomanesia, especially those related to its therapeutic benefits. It is reported by traditional medicine the use of the plant in the treatment of different disorders, such as cardiovascular and nervous system disturbances. So, the aim of this study was to carry out the pharmacological evaluation of the hydro-alcoholic extract (HAE) of Campomanesia fruits...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 7, 2019 Category: Biology Authors: Wczassek LR, Pontes VCB, Gamberini MT Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research