Anatomy of soft body of Pugilina cochlidium (Linnaeus, 1758) and P. erecta (Vermeij & Raben, 2009) (Neogastropoda: Melongenidae) from Thondi Coast-Palk Bay in Tamil Nadu, India.
Anatomy of soft body of Pugilina cochlidium (Linnaeus, 1758) and P. erecta (Vermeij & Raben, 2009) (Neogastropoda: Melongenidae) from Thondi Coast-Palk Bay in Tamil Nadu, India. Braz J Biol. 2020 Oct 30;: Authors: Ríos-Escalante PL, Ragunathan C, Kanagu L, Stella C Abstract The species of Pugilina cochlidium (Linnaeus, 1758) and P. erecta (Vermeij & Raben, 2009) has been studied in the present study. The female can be differentiated from the male by the absence of the cephalic penis and a complicated genital aparatus visible through the mantle skirt in both the sexes. In other aspects o...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 30, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Ríos-Escalante PL, Ragunathan C, Kanagu L, Stella C Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Morphometrics of the indian false vampire bat (Megaderma lyra) from district Jhelum, Pakistan.
Abstract During the present study thirteen Megaderma lyra bats were observed roosting in dark, domed shaped room of Rohtas Fort, district Jhelum. Out of these, six specimens were captured from the roosting site, using hand net. All captured specimens were male. These bats were identified through their unique facial features, an erect and elongated nose-leaf, large oval ears that joined above the forehead and no tail. Mean head and body length of captured specimens was 80 mm, forearm length was 67 mm while average lengths of 3rd, 4th and 5th metacarpals were 51.73 mm, 55.17 mm and 60.42 mm, respectively. Mean skull...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 30, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Shahbaz M, Hamidullah, Khan W, Javid A, Attaullah, Rasheed SB, Anwar K, Ullah A, Zeb J, Khan MI, Ahmad QA, Khan BT, Khan M, Ullah I, Farooq Z, Hussain A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Biochemical characterization for determination of genetic distances among different indigenous chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties of North-West Pakistan.
In conclusion; for broadening the genetic pools in breeding programs or to search for exotic characters, for instance new disease resistance alleles, accession with low similarity coefficients (Lawaghar and Battal-98) may be utilized. Furthermore the information acquired from this study could be used to device a proficient breeding approach intended at improving nutritional as well as broadening the genetic base of this essential food crop of Pakistan. PMID: 33146664 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 28, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Shah SMS, Ullah F, Munir I Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Identification of the taxonomic status of Scinax nebulosus and Scinax constrictus (Scinaxinae, Anura) based on molecular markers.
Abstract The validation of many anuran species is based on a strictly descriptive, morphological analysis of a small number of specimens with a limited geographic distribution. The Scinax Wagler, 1830 genus is a controversial group with many doubtful taxa and taxonomic uncertainties, due a high number of cryptic species. One example is the pair of species Scinax constrictus and Scinax nebulosus, which share a similar morphology. Scinax constrictus is restricted to the Brazilian Cerrado savanna, while S. nebulosus is widely distributed throughout northern South America. Despite the validation of many anuran species...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Freitas TMB, Sales JBL, Sampaio I, Piorski NM, Weber LN Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Daily vertical distribution of zooplankton in two oligo-mesotrophic north Patagonian lakes (39 ° S, Chile).
Daily vertical distribution of zooplankton in two oligo-mesotrophic north Patagonian lakes (39° S, Chile). Braz J Biol. 2020 Oct 23;: Authors: Ríos-Escalante PL, Valdivia P, Woelfl S Abstract The zooplankton communities often exhibit daily vertical migrations to avoid natural ultraviolet radiation and/or fish predation. However there is no information on this topic in Chilean North Patagonian lakes up to date. Therefore, this study deals with a first characterization of plankton crustacean daily vertical migration in two temperate, oligotrophic lakes (Villarrica and Panguipulli lakes, 39&de...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Ríos-Escalante PL, Valdivia P, Woelfl S Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Apoptosis (programmed cell death) and its signals - A review.
Abstract Apoptosis is a sequential order of cell death occurring regularly to ensure a homeostatic balance between the rate of cell formation and cell death. However, a misplaced of this balancing function can contribute to an abnormal cell growth / proliferation or autoimmune disorders etc. Apoptosis is therefore said to be crucial from the point of development of an embryo throughout the growth of an organism contributing to the renewal of tissues and also the getting rid of inflammatory cells. This review seeks to elaborate on the recent overview of the mechanism involved in apoptosis, some element and signal c...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Obeng E Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

A summary of reptile and anuran amphibian species from Brazilian sandy coastal plains: 31 years of sampling efforts of the "Laborat ório de Ecologia de Vertebrados, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro".
A summary of reptile and anuran amphibian species from Brazilian sandy coastal plains: 31 years of sampling efforts of the "Laboratório de Ecologia de Vertebrados, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro". Braz J Biol. 2020 Oct 23;: Authors: Rocha CFD, Militão CM, Vrcibradic D, Van Sluys M, Pereira-Ribeiro J, Dias EJR, Marra RV, Bergallo HG, Winck GR, Galdino CAB, Cunha-Barros M, Kiefer MC, Telles FBS, Almeida-Santos P, Hatano FH, Menezes VA, Siqueira CC, Miranda JP, Maia-Carneiro T, Oliveira JCF Abstract Although currently there is already a set of studies regarding ecologica...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Rocha CFD, Militão CM, Vrcibradic D, Van Sluys M, Pereira-Ribeiro J, Dias EJR, Marra RV, Bergallo HG, Winck GR, Galdino CAB, Cunha-Barros M, Kiefer MC, Telles FBS, Almeida-Santos P, Hatano FH, Menezes VA, Siqueira CC, Miranda JP, Maia-Carneiro T, Oliveir Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

New observations from the intestinal fauna of Kerodon rupestris (Wied, 1820) (Rodentia, Cavidae), Brazil: a checklist spanning 30,000 years of parasitism.
ez AM Abstract This checklist of parasites of Kerodon rupestris, an endemic rodent from the Brazilian semiarid region, revealed records of 25 enteroparasite taxa comprising Cestoda (Anoplocephalidae), Trematoda, Acanthocephala and Nematoda (Ancylostomidae, Ascarididae, Heterakidae, Oxyuridae, Pharyngodonidae, Trichuridae, Capillariidae, Trichostrongylidae, and Strongyloididae), and two taxa of coccidian. Paleoparasitological and parasitological studies published until 2019 were assessed in the present study and locality information, site of infection, sample dating, and host data were summarized from each referenc...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Souza MV, Chaves SAM, Iñiguez AM Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Susceptibility of Alabama argillacea and Chrysodeixis includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae to Beauveria bassiana associated with kaolin.
Abstract The mortality of the Alabama argillacea and Chrysodeixis includens (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae caused by the kaolin inert powder and the entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana were determined under laboratory conditions. Using the caterpillar submersion method, the CG 138 B. bassiana isolate was more pathogenic to A. argillacea than the CG 70, GC 82, ESALQ 634, and ESALQ 645. All five tested isolates caused similar mortality of C. includens. The mortality of first-instar larvae of A. argillacea and C. includens by feeding on leaf-disc impregnated with B. bassiana (CG 138) and kaolin was also deter...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Galdino JS, Silva CAD, Zanuncio JC, Castellani MA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Silicon as an attenuator of drought stress in plants of Oryza sativa L. treated with dietholate.
Abstract Silicon (Si) is an element that can improve the growth and development of rice plants in water-deficient environments because it is an enzymatic stimulant, signaling for production of antioxidant compounds. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between water deficiency and the effect of Si on two rice cultivars whose seeds were treated with dietholate. The experimental design was fully randomized with three replicates, and treatments were organized in a 3x2x2x4 factorial arrangement: three water soil conditions (50% and 100% of soil water retention capacity (WRC) and complete su...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Cassol JC, Sponchiado D, Dornelles SHB, Tabaldi LA, Barreto EPM, Pivetta M, Lopes SJ Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Diet and microhabitat use by juveniles Rhinella ornata (Anura, Bufonidae) in an insular Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest area.
a CFD PMID: 33111933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 23, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Flynn CN, Araújo PG, Rocha CFD Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Cytoarchitecture of the medial nucleus of trapezoid body of three neotropical species of bats (Noctilio leporinus, Phyllostomus hastatus, and Carollia perspicillata) with different foraging behavior.
Abstract The present study was taken to test the hypothesis that the medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB) of echolocating neotropical bats with different foraging behavior will exhibit morphological variations in relative size, degree of complexity and spatial distribution. The brains were collected from six male adult bats of each species: Noctilio leporinus (fish-eating), Phyllostomus hastatus (carnivorous/ omnivorous) and Carollia perspicillata (fruit-eating) and were double-embedded and transverse serial sections were cut and stained with cresyl fast violet. The results showed that the MNTB is well deve...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 19, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Gibbons I, Sundaram V, Adogwa A, Odekunle A Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Effects of sheep manure in agricultural soils on the behavior of Folsomia candida and initial growth and development of Avena sativa.
tta D Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of sheep manure in agricultural soils on the behavior of Folsomia candida and initial growth and development of Avena sativa. For this, an Oxisol was submitted to different doses of sheep manure and was subsequently evaluated for Folsomia candida survival and avoidance behavior through standardized ecotoxicological assays, the initial performance of oats by germination test and the soil basal respiration rate by respirometry methodology. There was an increase in the basal respiration rate of the soil by the application of sheep manure and this was co...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 19, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Zortéa T, Segat JC, Conte RA, Barreta DA, Silva AWL, Paulino AT, Baretta D Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Do restinga cnemidophorine lizards run on empty along the Brazilian coast?
In this study, we aimed to analyze the proportion of empty stomachs in 16 populations of five cnemidophorine species (Glaucomastix abaetensis, Ameivula ocellifera, Glaucomastix littoralis, Contomastix lacertoides and Ameivula nativo) along approximately 5,000 km the Brazilian coast. A total of 550 individuals had their stomach contents removed and identified in the laboratory. Our results showed that the proportion of individuals "running on empty" varied from 0 to 11.1% among the different populations and species. These proportions are suggestive that the five studied species would be in an overall positive ener...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 19, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Flynn CN, Menezes VA, Rocha CFD Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Situational diagnosis of professionals of family health units on phytotherapy.
os AF Abstract The incorporation of the use of phytotherapy in the primary health care is an important gain for the Unified Health System, besides reducing the cost in the treatment of the patient, rescues the popular knowledge and promotes the rational use of the medicinal plants. To determine the situational diagnostic profile of professionals of family health units on phytotherapy. A quantitative observational study was carried out, in which forms were applied to the team of the family health units of the municipality of Marechal Deodoro da Fonseca/Alagoas. Only 23% of the interviewed professionals reported hav...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Bezerra ASCE, Franco SPB, Mousinho KC, Fonseca SA, Matos-Rocha TJ, Pavão JMSJ, Santos AF Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Chagas disease in Southern Brazilian cardiac patients and their knowledge about the parasitosis and vectors.
This study provides support for the evaluation to be extended to other cardiology centers, given the importance of Chagas disease in Brazil. PMID: 33053119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Dutra AS, Stauffert D, Bianchi TF, Ribeiro DRP, Villela MM Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Danger next door: new record of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci near to the Serra da Canastra National Park (southeast Brazil).
PMID: 33053120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Oliveira JO, Paschoal LRP, Nunes JF Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Strain of Bacillus thuringiensis from Restinga, toxic to Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera, Culicidae).
Abstract Bacillus thuringiensis is the most commonly used entomopathogen in the control of Aedes aegypti, which is a vector for different etiological agents that cause serious infections in humans. Several studies aim to isolate strains of this bacterium from different environments, with the perspective of selecting isolates with larvicidal activity for mosquitoes. Aiming at the insecticidal action of B. thuringiensis, the present study aimed to prospect B. thuringiensis of restinga and mangrove soils from the state of Maranhão, Brazil, with toxic potential for use in the biological control of Ae. aegypti. ...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Vieira-Neta MRA, Soares-da-Silva J, Viana JL, Silva MC, Tadei WP, Pinheiro VCS Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Chemical composition of Zhumeria majdae essential oil and its effects on the expression of morphine withdrawal syndrome and tolerance to the anticonvulsant effect of morphine on pentylenetetrazole-induced seizures in mice.
Abstract Regarding the proven anticonvulsant effect of Zhumeria majdae essential oil (ZMEO) in previous studies we were prompted to investigate the ZMEO effects on the tolerance to the anticonvulsant effects of morphine and the morphine withdrawal syndrome. Tolerance to the morphine anticonvulsant effect was induced in mice by subcutaneous injection of 2.5 mg/kg of morphine for 4 days. Subsequent doses of ZMEO (20 mg/kg) were used to study the expression and development of morphine tolerance. Clonidine was used as the standard drug to inhibit the morphine withdrawal syndrome symptoms. To study the ZMEO effect on w...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Azimi G, Asgarpanah J Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

First occurrence of Filinia longiseta (Ehrenberg, 1834) from low-orders streams in a protected area at Cerrado-Amazon boundary, central Brazil.
PMID: 33053123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Padovesi-Fonseca C Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Situational diagnosis of the popular use of medicinal plants in pediatrics.
This study aimed to describe the use of medicinal plants for the relief and treatment of pediatrics pathologies performed by parents of children registered in a Basic Health Unit. This is a cross-sectional, observational and analytical study that occurred from March until May 2016, with the participation of 176 individuals, using a semi-structured questionnaire as a research instrument. Descriptive statistics were applied for data analysis, using frequency distribution and chi-square test. Among all 177 indications of medicinal use of plants in childhood, considering the plant part and administration method, 61.6% converge...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Freire CJ, Santos RGA, Costa JG, Miranda PRB, Santos AF Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Using Citronella to Protect Bees (honeybee Apis mellifera L.) from certain Insecticides and Their Nano Formulations.
In this study, we used a modeling approach regarding survival data of caged worker bees under chronic exposure to four insecticides (Chloropyrophos, Nano-chloropyrophos Imidacloprid, Nano-Imidacloprid) each of them was supplemented in a box alone and in combination with citronella. Having three replicates and five concentrations (100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 ppm). Laboratory bioassay of these insecticides showed that chloropyrophos and nano chloropyrophos were the most toxic at their high dose (500 ppm) with LT50 of 120.98 and 122.02 followed by 132.14 and 136.5 minutes for Imidacloprid and Nano-Imidacloprid, respectively. N...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: El-Helaly AA, El-Masarawy MS, El-Bendary HM Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Feeding habits of Dermatonotus muelleri (Anura, Microhylidae) from a semiarid region in Pernambuco state, Northeastern Brazil.
, Ávila RW PMID: 33053126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Machado HTS, Araújo KC, Benício RA, Ávila RW Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Seed-dispersing bird assemblages in riparian environments of a partially urbanized river basin, Southeastern Brazil.
We described how assemblages are structured aiming to evaluate the possible influence of seasonality and landscape type. We recorded 39 bird species that can play a role as seed-dispersers, 32 in wet season and 32 in dry season. There were no significant differences in the diversity and dominance of species between seasons considering the entire area, indicating stability of basic assemblage structure. However, total number of individuals of all species recorded in different landscapes were influenced by seasonality. Also, the composition and abundance of species significantly changed between seasons, leading to a high dis...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Lessi BF, Reis MG, Fieker CZ, Dias MM Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Interaction of the nematophagous fungus Pochonia chlamydosporia on eggs of Spartocera dentiventris (Berg) (Hemiptera: Coreidae) under laboratory conditions.
ga FR PMID: 33053128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Ferraz CM, Soares FEF, Senna CC, Silva LPC, Araújo JV, Moreira TF, Monteiro FC, Braga FR Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

DNA Barcoding unveils cryptic lineages of Hoplias malabaricus from Northeastern Brazil.
Abstract The trahira or wolf fish - Hoplias malabaricus- is a valid species, although recent cytogenetic and molecular studies have indicated the existence of a species complex. In this context, the present study analyzed the mitochondrial COI marker to determine the levels of genetic diversity of specimens from the Brazilian state of Maranhão, and verify the occurrence of distinct lineages within the study area. Samples were collected from the basins of the Turiaçu, Pindaré, Mearim, Itapecuru, and Parnaíba rivers. A 630-bp fragment was obtained from 211 specimens, with 484 conserved an...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Pires WMM, Barros MC, Fraga EC Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) region of rDNA for identifying Trichogramma species and evaluating genetic diversity.
This study aimed to compare sequences of internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS2-rDNA) of Trichogramma accessions with those deposited in GenBank in order to access the reliability of the ITS2 as a barcode for discriminating species and evaluating the genetic diversity. ITS2-rDNA sequences obtained from seventeen specimens of Trichogramma confirmed previous identifications based on morphological characteristics. Multiple sequence alignment revealed the existence of highly conserved regions in ITS2 sequences while the neighbour-joining dendrogram indicated that the specimens formed three clusters comprisi...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Viana JBV, Querino RB, Carvalho LCB, Lima PSC Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Characterization of Enterococcus spp. isolated from a fish farming environment in southern Brazil.
This study is the first step towards enhancing our understandingof distribution, resistance and virulence profile in enterococci isolated from fish farming environments in the south Brazil. PMID: 33053131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Araújo AJG, Grassotti TT, Frazzon APG Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Growth and hematological responses of tambaqui, Colossoma macropomum fed different levels of rice, Oryza spp.
Abstract The tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is a fish of primary importance in South American aquaculture, principally in the Amazon region and has a particularly unique diet in the wild. Oryza spp, or Wild rice as it is commonly known, is native to the floodplains of muddy rivers in the Amazon region. The aim of this study was to analyze the physical performance and the effects of dietary levels of Oryza spp. via the hematological parameters, total food intake, conversion efficiency, growth ratio and swimming performance of this fish. Diets containing 45% Oryza spp. induced the best performance in tambaqui. Diet...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Aride PHR, Oliveira AM, Ferreira MS, Liebl ARS, Comassetto LE, Ladislau DS, Bassul LA, Silva BR, Mattos DC, Lavander HD, Souza AB, Polese MF, Ribeiro MWS, Castro PDS, Oliveira AT Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Spatial distribution and sample size to estimate Lycosa erythrognatha (Araneae: Lycosidae) population density overwintering.
Abstract Lycosa erythrognatha Lucas, 1833 (Araneae: Lycosidae) is a predatory arthropod with potential for conservation biological control. In addition to being considered a bioindicator of environmental quality, this arthropod provides an important service for agriculture by reducing insect-pest populations. In this work we seek to understand how the plants Andropogon bicornis L., Saccharum angustifolium Nees and Eustachys retusa Lag (Poales: Poaceae) and their different clump sizes affect the population density, spatial distribution and determination of the minimum number of samples to estimate its population de...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Engel E, Pasini MPB, Kist NA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Induction of secondary metabolites on nanoparticles stress in callus culture of Artemisia annua L.
Abstract Nanoparticles are known bio elicitors in plant biotechnology. Different concentrations of ZnO, CuO and CoO nanoparticles were used for the enhanced accumulation of secondary metabolites and antioxidant activities in the callus derived from root, shoot and leaf of Artemisia annua L. Biomass of callus was somehow affected on high concentrations of Nps. Phenolic content was observed maximum (60µg) in shoot callus at 0.1mg/l of CuONps. Total antioxidant activity was observed maximum (33µg) in root callus at 0.1mg/l of ZnOnps. Total reducing power maximum (33µg) was observed in root callus at...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Fatima K, Abbas SR, Zia M, Sabir SM, Khan RT, Khan AA, Hassan Z, Zaman R Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the reproductive profile of Subulina octona (Gastropoda, Subulinidae) experimentally infected by Paratanaisia bragai (Digenea, Eucotylidae).
Abstract Snails infected by trematodes may increase or decrease their reproductive activity in response to the presence of infection. Our aim was to verify the reproductive alterations in Subulina octona after infection by Paratanaisia bragai. The infected snails were individually exposed for 24 hours to 20 parasite eggs and four groups were formed (10, 20, 30 and 40 d.p.i.- days after infection), along with control groups. Every 10 days, the number of eggs in the reproductive tract, number of eggs hatched, galactogen content and histopathological changes were evaluated. The reproductive in the control and infecte...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Bonfim TCS, Martins FG, Tunholi-Alves VM, Santos MAJ, Brandolini SVPB, Pinheiro J Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

First record of parasitoids (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) associated with Anastrepha barbiellinii Lima, 1938 (Diptera: Tephritidae).
VA PMID: 33053136 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Garcia FRM, Araujo ES, Krüger AP, Telles MHF, Costa VA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

DNA barcoding revels first records of three rare coleopteran genera in Northern lakes of Egypt.
Abstract One aquatic coleopteran species from family Dytiscidae and two aquatic coleopteran genera from family Hydrophilidae were recorded in the summer period and represent first records in the Egyptian lakes. Beetles were collected from two northern lakes, Lake Idku and Lake Burullus. They were identified by morphological characteristics as well as the mtDNA barcoding method. A molecular phylogenetic approach was used to determine the genetic identity of the collected samples based on the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (COI). Prodaticus servillianus (Dytiscidae) from Egypt showed no significant difference in...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Kheirallah DA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Fruit consumption and seed dispersal of Caryocar brasilense (Caryocaraceae) by Caracara plancus (Falconidae).
PMID: 33053138 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Paula WS, Souza RN, Santos EG Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Filamentous fungi occurrence on Molossus molossus (Pallas, 1766) (Chiroptera: Molossidae) present in an Atlantic Forest remnant in Southern Brazil.
Abstract The bats usually inhabit shelters with favorable conditions for fungal proliferation, including pathogenic and opportunistic species. The fungal diversity present on bats is little known and the studies are scarce in Brazil, which only a work has been performed in Cerrado and Pantanal biomes. Therefore, the objective of this study was evaluating the occurrence of filamentous fungi on the rostral region of Molossus molossus in an Atlantic Forest remnant of Brazil. The bats were captured with mist nets installed outside a shelter located in the municipality of Treviso, (28°29'23"S and 49°31'23&...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Furtado BG, Savi GD, Angioletto E, Carvalho F Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Comparative Bioaccumulation of PAH and BTEX in Malapterurus electricus (Siluriformes: Malapteruridae) and its Enteric Parasite, Electrotaenia malopteruri Sampled from Lekki Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria.
Abstract Contamination of Lekki lagoon by petrogenic chemicals such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) has been widely reported. The study was aimed at investigating the bioaccumulation of PAH and BTEX in Malapterurus electricus collected from Lekki lagoon in Lagos, Nigeria. BTEX was analyzed in the intestine, water, and sediment samples using 8260B Agilent 7890B gas chromatograph coupled to a mass spectrometer (GC-MS). While PAHs were tested in the same media using a gas chromatograph coupled to a flame ionization detector (GC-FID). Histopathological an...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Isibor PO, Akeredolu E, Samuel OB, Abayomi A, Olaleru F, Akinsanya B, Emezie P, Are FN, Saliu JK Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Bioaccumulation of Organochlorine Pesticides, Procamallanus sp. (Baylis, 1923) infections, and Microbial Colonization in African Snakehead fish Sampled from Lekki Lagoon, Lagos, Nigeria.
Abstract The exponential rise in the Nigerian population has necessitated the use of agrochemicals for enhanced agricultural yields to meet the ever-rising demand for food. However, agrochemicals such as organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) have caused several devastating health and ecological challenges. The study was therefore aimed at assessing the bioaccumulation of OCPs and the associated parasitological and microbial susceptibility in P. obscura to determine the possible ecological impacts of the chemical. A total of 106 specimens of Parachanna obscura fish species were sampled between July and November 2019 fro...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Akinsanya B, Olaleru F, Samuel OB, Akeredolu E, Isibor PO, Adeniran OS, Saliu JK, Akhiromen DI Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

COVID-19 interferes in the disclosure of the first Brazilian GIAHS site.
PMID: 33053142 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Santos JB, Soares MA, Mucida DP Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Erratum: Population structure and phylogenetic relationships in Brassica rapa L. subspecies by using isozyme markers.
Authors: Abstract [This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/1519-6984.226889]. PMID: 33053143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - October 12, 2020 Category: Biology Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Efficacy of aggregation nano gel pheromone traps on the catchability of Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) in Egypt.
Abstract Field experiments were carried out in the reclaimed land east of Cairo-Alexandria Desert Road, Village of Wardan, Giza Governorate, Egypt, to evaluate the impact of using nano-gels pheromone for the first time on the attraction of the RPW adults by pheromone traps compared to the control which is normal pheromone during two successive seasons in 2018 and 2019. Also, this study aimed to compare the efficacy of two types of trap, traditional trap (type 1) and dry funnel trap (type 2) in capturing of RPW adults. Results revealed that the nano gel pheromone traps attracted significantly more adults with an av...
Source: Braz J Biol - October 5, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: El-Wahab ASA, El-Fattah AYA, El-Shafei WKM, Helaly AAE Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Monitoring wastewater for assessing community health in cities: perspectives and a proposal.
PMID: 33027342 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Biol)
Source: Braz J Biol - September 30, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Tundisi JG, Garcia JA, Matsumura-Tundisi T, Tundisi JEM, Patrizzi LJ, Ghiglieno F Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Virulence genotyping and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Yersinia enterocolitica isolated from meat and meat products in Egypt.
Abstract Pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica (Y. enterocolitica) is one of the food-borne entero-pathogen responsible for yersiniosis in humans. The purpose of this research was to survey the prevalence, virulence-associated genes, and antimicrobial resistance of Y. enterocolitica isolated from meat and meat product samples in Egypt. Forty-one (5.9%) out of 700- samples of chicken meat, beef, ground beef, and sausage were positive Y. enterocolitica with a high prevalence in chicken meat (12%). Five virulence genes (ail, inv, ystA, ystB, and yadA) were characterized among 41 Y. enterocolitica isolates with variable ...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 22, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Younis GA, Elkenany RM, Dowidar HA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Co-relationship between Escherichia coli in broiler cellulitis and liver lesions.
to J Abstract Pathogenic strains of Escherichia coli may invade the subcutaneous tissue of poultry and cause cellulitis, whilst the pathogen may also cause lesions in internal organs such as the liver. Current paper co-relates Escherichia coli and virulence genes characteristic of Avian Pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC) in broilers´ cellulitis and liver lesions. One hundred carcasses were retrieved from the production chain in an avian abattoir in the state of Bahia, Brazil, between August 2013 and January 2014, due to detection of cellulitis lesions. Cellulitis and liver samples were retrieved aseptically ...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Silva RM, Silva IMM, Jesus MC, Fernandes MDB, Oliveira FS, Evêncio-Neto J Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Phytochemical analysis and biological activities of ethanolic extract of Curcuma longa rhizome.
Abstract Curcuma longa is an important dietary plant which possess several pharmacological activities, including antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflamatory, anticancer and anti clotting etc. The aim of the present study was to determine the phenolic profile of Curcuma longa and in vitro antioxidant and antidiabetic activities. In HPLC chromatogram of Curcuma longa rhizome extract 15 phenolic compounds were identified namely Digalloyl-hexoside, Caffeic acid hexoside, Curdione, Coumaric, Caffeic acid, Sinapic acid, Qurecetin-3-D-galactoside, Casuarinin, Bisdemethoxycurcumin, Curcuminol, Demethoxycurcumin, and Isor...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Sabir SM, Zeb A, Mahmood M, Abbas SR, Ahmad Z, Iqbal N Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Do river basins influence the composition of functional traits of fish assemblages in Neotropical reservoirs?
In this study, there were taxonomic and functional differences among reservoirs inserted in different basins. It was observed that the basin is a determining factor for the functional structure of fish assemblage in reservoirs. When compared, functional and taxonomic structures follow the same pattern, although functionally the reservoir tends to be more similar. These results reinforce the idea that reservoirs act as filters for functional traits (e.g., related with reproduction, feeding and habitat use), although there is a great influence of evolutionary processes related to the basin's characteristics and origin of the...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Muniz CM, Frota A, Ganassin MJM, Agostinho AA, Gomes LC Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Parasitic prevalence in bat fauna captured from selected sites in northwestern Pakistan.
Abstract Present study was conducted to record ecotoparasitic prevalence in bat fauna of the northwestern parts of Pakistan. A total of 204 bat specimens representing 14 species were captured during a two year survey, extending from June 2015 through May 2016. A species of soft ticks Argas vespertilionis was identified from 23 bat specimens. Similarly, members of the family Dermanyssoidae (dermanyssoid mites) were isolated from 10 bat specimens, that of Spinturnicidae (spinturnicid mites) from 3 and Streblidae (bat flies) from 2 bat specimens. These parasites were collected using entomological tweezers and were id...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Hamidullah, Javid A, Rasheed SB, Ullah A, Attaullah, Ahmad QA, Khan MI, Shahbaz M, Anwar K, Khan W, Ahmad Z, Ullah I Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Seasonal abundance and distribution of dragonflies in upper Siran valley of District Mansehra Pakistan.
Abstract Present study was conducted to study seasonal abundance and distribution of dragonflies in upper Siran valley district Mansehra Pakistan. To collect data, eleven localities were visited for three consecutive years (2016-2018). Results come up with a sum of 300 specimens identified under three families, eight genera and twenty species. Highest seasonal abundance recorded during summer and spring were 80.67% and 13.33% respectively while minimum 6.00% was recorded during early autumn. Dominant species observed were, Orthetrum chrysis (14.00%), followed by O. gluacum (12.00%), Palpoleura sexmaculata sexmacul...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Mehmood SA, Zia A, Ahmed S, Panhwar WA, Khan W, Shah M, Ullah I Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

An investigation on systematic history and distribution areas of tarek (Alburnus tarichi (G üldenstädt, 1814)).
This study aimed to determine the distribution area of tarek (Alburnus tarichi (Güldenstädt, 1814)) and to define how it must be called according to the scientific name by evaluating its previous studies made by various systematisers and their reports on its distribution, and by comparing literature knowledge. The taxonomic characteristics of the collected samples were evaluated and several measurements and counts were taken on the samples; analfin origin 0-4 scales behind dorsal fin-base; 72-91 lateral line scales; 21-29 gill rakers; 7½-10 branched dorsal-fin rays and 10-12½ branched anal-fin rays....
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Atici AA, Elp M, Sen F Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research

Evaluation of phytochemicals and antioxidant activity of gamma irradiated quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa).
Abstract Phytochemical and antioxidant activity of quinoa flour was evaluated after subjected to gamma irradiation processes at dose 3 and 6 kGy. Both non-irradiated and irradiated quinoa samples were subjected to successive extractions in ethanol solvent. The antioxidant activity after gamma irradiation treatment was investigated via Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and radical-scavenging activity (RSA) using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH).Total phenolic and flavonoid content were analyzed using Folin-Ciocalteu micro-method, aluminium chloride (AlCl3) method and High Performance Liquid Chromatograph...
Source: Braz J Biol - September 20, 2020 Category: Biology Authors: Abdelaleem MA, Elbassiony KRA Tags: Braz J Biol Source Type: research