Intensive, personalized multimodal rehabilitation in patients with primary or revision total knee arthroplasty: a retrospective cohort study
AbstractBackgroundRecent evidence has shown that many patients suffer from persistent pain and impaired function after primary or revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Post-surgical complications may in addition decrease physical performances and lead to more pain and impacted quality of life.The purpose of the study was to assess the changes in pain intensity and functional capacity among patients with post-surgical complications after TKA three weeks of intensive, personalized multimodal rehabilitation.MethodsA retrospective cohort study consisting of 217 patient of which 166 had primary TKA and 51 had revision TKA was...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 10, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Futureproofing triathlon: expert suggestions to improve health and performance in triathletes
ConclusionsA series of applied implications were developed based on these five themes as guiding principles for how to futureproof triathlon. Additionally, roundtable and interview participants who held varying positions and opinions within the sport of triathlon agreed that the unique challenge of training for and competing in a triathlon should not be forgotten in the futureproofing of the sport. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 10, 2020 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of home-based low-volume, high-intensity interval training on cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition and cardiometabolic health in women of normal body mass and those with overweight or obesity: protocol for a randomized controlled trial
DiscussionSupervised laboratory-based HIIT interventions are effective in improving cardiometabolic health. More pragmatic exercise protocols may however show to be successful for mitigating barriers to the engagement in physical activity and exercise resulting in positive benefits to health. Investigation into home-based HIIT regimens are important in women, where globally the rising trend of overweight and obesity overshadows that of men. The results from this study may therefore inform future research on effective exercise prescription for women ’s health.Trial registrationPan African Clinical Trial Registry (www....
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of low level laser irradiation on oxidative stress, muscle damage and function following neuromuscular electrical stimulation. A double blind, randomised, crossover trial
ConclusionsLLLT may protect from impairments in enzymatic antioxidant system and may shorten inflammation induced by a single NMES session in moderately active, healthy men. However, the effects of LLLT on redox state and inflammatory processes do not seem to affect muscle damage and recovery of muscle function after NMES.Trial registrationThe study was retrospectively registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR); The trial registration number:ACTRN12619000678190; date of registration: 6 May 2019. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 27, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Longitudinal changes in body composition and waist circumference by self-reported levels of physical activity in leisure among adolescents: the Troms ø study, Fit Futures
AbstractBackgroundIt is not clear how physical activity affects body composition in adolescents. Physical activity levels are often reduced during this period, and the relative proportion of body fat mass and lean mass undergo natural changes in growing adolescents. We aimed to examine whether self-reported physical activity in leisure time at baseline or change in activity during follow-up affect changes in four measures of body composition; body mass index (kg/m2), waist circumference, fat mass index (fat mass in kg/m2) and lean mass index (lean mass in kg/m2).MethodsWe used data from the Troms ø Study Fit Futures...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 17, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sports participation related to injuries and illnesses among ambulatory youth with chronic diseases: results of the health in adapted youth sports study
ConclusionsParticipation in sports ≥2 times per week does not pose a significant increased risk in the incidence of injury or illness per 1000 h of PA in youth with CDPD compared to their peers who participate less frequent (once weekly) and compared to non-sports participants. Athletes who participate in sports at least twice we ekly get injured mostly during their sporting activities, while peers who do participate in sports once a week or not at all, get injured during less intense physical activities during physical eduction lessons, ADL or non-organized sports and play in leisure time. The social impact of i...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of two weeks high-intensity interval training on fasting glucose, glucose tolerance and insulin resistance in adolescent boys: a pilot study
This study assessed 1) fasting and postprandial insulin and glucose before and after 2 weeks of HIIT in healthy adolescent boys, and 2) the relationship between pre intervention health outcomes and the effects of the HIIT intervention.MethodsSeven healthy boys (age:14.3  ± 0.3 y, BMI: 21.6 ± 2.6, 3 participants classified as overweight) completed 6 sessions of HIIT over 2 weeks. Insulin resistance (IR) and blood glucose and insulin responses to a Mixed Meal Tolerance Test (MMTT) were assessed before (PRE), 20 h and 70 h after (POST) the final HIIT ses sion.ResultsTwo ...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 9, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Attitudes and behavior related to performance-enhancing substance use among elite Saudi football players
AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the attitudes, beliefs and behavior related to performance enhancing substances (PES) use in elite Saudi football players.MethodA cross-sectional survey was conducted. Using a systematic random sample of elite Saudi male football players, the standard World Anti-doping Agency (WADA) Social Science Research Package questionnaire was distributed to 408 players.ResultsThe overall prevalence rate of PES use was 3.9%, with the overall prevalence rate of doping susceptibility 17.1%. PES use or doping susceptibility is strongly correlated but negatively associated with morality and cheating measures (p 
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 5, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Physical activity promotion in daily exercise therapy: the perspectives of exercise therapists in German rehabilitation settings
ConclusionThe topic of PAP is addressed with a high level of variability; exercise therapists involved in this study identify various methods and content for the promotion of PA within their individual practices. However, they display a limited awareness of existing evidence- and theory-based concepts for the promotion of PA as well as underlying theories of behavioural change. This variability may be due to the lack of a defined common framework for promoting PA, insufficient emphasis being placed on PA promotion in the current curricula and training, or extensive conceptual differences within German exercise therapy depa...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of individualized follow-up with a smartphone-application after cardiac rehabilitation: protocol of a randomized controlled trial
DiscussionTo our knowledge, this will be the first study to examine the effects of individualized follow-up with an app for one year, in patients completing CR. Hence, it is reasonable to assume that the study may be groundbreaking. Due to the large sample size and the theoretically based intervention, the study has the potential to generate new knowledge that may improve the design of future technology-based follow-up interventions of patients that have completed rehabilitation.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov. NCT03174106. First registration, 19/05/2017. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Sporting programs aimed at inactive population groups in the Netherlands: factors influencing their long-term sustainability in the organized sports setting
ConclusionsKey factors influencing the long-term sustainability of the sporting programs were identified. The results can be used to develop strategies to promote long-term sustainability of these kind of programs and inform funding guidelines in countries with a similar organized sports infrastructure. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Horizontal jumping biomechanics among elite female handball players with and without anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: an ISU based study
AbstractBackgroundHandball is a strenuous body-contact team sport that places high loads on the knee joint. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear is one of the most devastating injuries that any handball player can suffer, and female athletes are at particular risk due to their intrinsic anatomical, hormonal, neuromuscular and biomechanical characteristics. The purpose of this study was to analyze the horizontal jumping biomechanics of female elite handball players with or without previous ACL reconstruction.MethodsTwenty-one female participants (6 with previous ACL reconstruction and 15 uninjured controls) were recruited....
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Immediate effect of ACL kinesio taping technique on knee joint biomechanics during a drop vertical jump: a randomized crossover controlled trial
ConclusionThis result confirmed that the application of ACL-KT is useful to reduce knee abduction angle at IC during a DVJ in healthy participants. Therefore, ACL-KT may be an acceptable intervention to reduce ACL injury risk.Trial registrationRetrospective registered on 25 September 2018. Trial number: TCTR20180926005 (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 11, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Cervicovestibular rehabilitation in adult with mild traumatic brain injury: a randomised controlled trial protocol
DiscussionControlled trials are needed to determine the best rehabilitation approach for mTBI with persistent symptoms such as neck pain, headache and dizziness. This RCT will be crucial to guide future clinical management recommendations.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier -NCT03677661, Registered on September, 15th 2018. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 11, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Six weeks of balance or power training induce no generalizable improvements in balance performance in healthy young adults
ConclusionsNeither a six-week power training nor a varied balance training improved performance or acquisition of an untrained balance task. This underpins the task-specificity principle of training and emphasizes the need for studies that assess the mechanisms of transfer and generalization, thus helping to find more effective intervention programs for fall prevention. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 8, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Validity of simplified, calibration-less exercise intensity measurement using resting heart rate during sleep: a method-comparison study with respiratory gas analysis
ConclusionsThe results suggest %HRRsleeping is valid in comparison to %VO2R. The results may encourage a calibration-less, 24/7 measurement model of exercise intensity using wearable devices.Trial registrationUMIN000034967.Registered 21 November 2018 (retrospectively registered). (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Stimulating injury-preventive behaviour in sports: the systematic development of two interventions
ConclusionsThrough a three-step approach, we developed two interventions to stimulate injury-preventive behaviour in runners and skiers. To develop an intervention that fits the needs of the target population, and will be used by them, it is necessary to involve this population as soon and as much as possible. Several steps in the IM and KTS protocols have thus been adjusted in order to establish an optimal fit between intervention and target group. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Disrupting prolonged sitting reduces IL-8 and lower leg swell in active young adults
ConclusionIt appears that short bouts of exercise significantly reduce swelling in the lower leg and IL-8 levels in the saliva, indicating that even among healthy, active, young adults, disrupting prolonged sitting can significantly reduce swelling and systemic inflammation. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

How can we get more people with long-term health conditions involved in parkrun ? A qualitative study evaluating parkrun ’s PROVE project
ConclusionsThis is the first study of its kind to explore the public health potential ofparkrun for people with long-term health conditions.parkrun ’s PROVE project was regarded to be important for ensuring that people with long-term health conditions can engage in physical activity and volunteering in a safe and supportive environment. The findings have important implications forparkrun, policy makers and physical activity providers looking to deliver inclusive community physical activity opportunities. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 17, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Correction to: Factors associated with non-attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation
Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that the family name of Daniel Lindholm was incorrectly published. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 17, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Novel causes and consequences of overtraining syndrome: the EROS-DISRUPTORS study
ConclusionsOTS can be independently triggered by eating patterns, regardless of training patterns, while the occurrence of OTS reduced late hormonal responses and the testosterone-to-estradiol ratio, worsened mood, and affected the immunology panel. These novel findings may explain underperformance, which is the key characteristic of OTS. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 18, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Improved maximal strength is not associated with improvements in sprint time or jump height in high-level female football players: a clusterrendomized controlled trial
AbstractBackgroundMaximal strength increments are reported to result in improvements in sprint speed and jump height in elite male football players. Although similar effects are expected in females, this is yet to be elucidated. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of maximal strength training on sprint speed and jump height in high-level female football players.MethodsTwo female football teams were team-cluster-randomized to a training group (TG) performing maximal strength training (MST) twice a week for 5 weeks, or control group (CG) doing their regular pre-season preparations. The MST consisted of 3 –4...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 17, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Kettlebell training in clinical practice: a scoping review
ConclusionsA small number of longitudinal studies, which are largely underpowered and of low methodological quality, provide the evidence-informed therapist with little guidance to inform the therapeutic prescription of kettlebells within primary care. Confidence in reported effects is low to very low. The strength of recommendation for kettlebell training improving measures of physical function is weak, based on the current body of literature. Further research on reported effects is warranted, with inclusion of clinical populations and investigations of musculoskeletal conditions common to primary care. There is a need fo...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 3, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a blocked versus an alternated sequence of balance and plyometric training on physical performance in youth soccer players
AbstractBackgroundThe sequence of blocked balance training (BT) followed by blocked plyometric training (PT) showed greater improvements in physical performance than vice versa and is explained by a preconditioning effect of BT-related adaptations on subsequent adaptations induced by PT. However, it remains unclear whether beneficial effects can also be induced using alternating instead of blocked BT and PT exercise sequences. Thus, we examined the effects of a blocked versus an alternated sequence of BT and PT on physical performance in trained individuals.MethodsTwenty young soccer players (13  years) were randoml...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - September 2, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Relaxation and exercise in lymphoma survivors (REIL study): a randomised clinical trial protocol
DiscussionIt is anticipated that results from this preliminary study will begin to highlight effective pathways to improve QoL following chemotherapy for this population. This will better inform healthcare professionals to optimise QoL of lymphoma patients, and enable a smooth transition from being a cancer patient to survivor.Trial registrationThe REIL study has been registered on a publicly accessible database, ClinicalTrials.gov, Registration Number:NCT02272751, October 2014. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - August 16, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of adding TENS to stretch on improvement of ankle range of motion in inactive patients in intensive care units: a pilot trial
This study was performed to determine the effect of adding TENS to stretch on the range of ankle motion in patients hospitalized in ICUs.MethodsThirty-six patients admitted to the ICU ward of the hospital who were not able to move their legs voluntarily were assigned randomly into experimental (n = 18) and control (n = 18) groups. The intervention group received TENS along with manual stretch in the ankle three times a week for 2 weeks. The control group only received stretch in the ankle for the same time. The extent of dorsiflexion and plantar flexion of the ankle was measured using a standard...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - August 15, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a behaviour change intervention aimed at increasing physical activity on clinical control of adults with asthma: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
The objective of the present study is, in adults with moderate-to-severe asthma, to investigate the effects of a behaviour change intervention, which aims to increase participation in physical activity, on asthma clinical control.MethodsThis is a single-blind (outcome assessor), two-arm, randomised controlled trial (RCT). Fifty-five participants with moderate-to-severe asthma, receiving optimized pharmacological treatment, will be randomly assigned (computer-generated) into either a Control Group (CG) or an Intervention Group (IG). Both groups will receive usual care (pharmacological treatment) and similar educational prog...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - August 14, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of wearable physical activity monitoring devices with exercise prescription or advice in the maintenance phase of cardiac rehabilitation: systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractBackgroundPhysical activity (PA) is a component of cardiac rehabilitation (CR). However, life-long engagement in PA is required to maintain benefits gained. Wearable PA monitoring devices (WPAM) are thought to increase PA. There appear to be no reviews which investigate the effect of WPAM in cardiac populations. We firstly aimed to systematically review randomised controlled trials within the cardiac population that investigated the effect WPAM had through the maintenance phase of CR. We specifically examined the effect on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), amount and intensity of daily PA, and sedentary time. Second...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 30, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Factors associated with non-attendance at exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation
ConclusionsA distance greater than 16  km was associated with increased probability of non-attendance at exCR, as were smoking, a higher burden of comorbidities, and male sex. A better understanding of individual and structural factors can support the development of future rehabilitation services. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Lights out, let ’s dance! An investigation into participation in No Lights, No Lycra and its association with health and wellbeing
ConclusionNo Lights, No Lycra attracts adult women, rather than the typical dance participants – children; These women did not meet physical activity guidelines and typically had low levels of engagement in organized physical activity. Participation in No Lights, No Lycra, shows promise to increase women’s physical activity. This study into No Lights, No Lycra demonstrates how dance can b e modified to engage a relatively inactive portion of the community. More should be done to understand how modifications to organized sport and physical activities can motivate and maintain engagement of typically inactive peo...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 26, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Reliability and methodology of quantitative assessment of harvested and unharvested patellar tendons of ACL injured athletes using ultrasound tissue characterization
ConclusionUTC imaging is a reliable tool to characterize the quality of most aspects of unharvested and harvested patellar tendons in subjects undergoing ACLR. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - July 19, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

New method for the mathematical derivation of the ventilatory anaerobic threshold: a retrospective study
AbstractBackgroundVentilatory anaerobic threshold (VAT) is a useful submaximal measure of exercise tolerance; however, it must be visually determined. We developed a new mathematical method to objectively determine VAT.MethodsWe employed two retrospective population data sets (A/B). Data A (from 128 healthy subjects, patients with cardiovascular risk factors, and cardiac subjects at institution A, who underwent symptom-limited cardiopulmonary exercise testing) were used to develop the method. Data B (from 163 cardiac patients at institution B, who underwent pre −/post-rehabilitation submaximal exercise testing) were ...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - June 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Cardiac hypertrophy is stimulated by altered training intensity and correlates with autophagy modulation in male Wistar rats
AbstractBackgroundThe mechanism for cardiac hypertrophy process that would be a benefit for improvement of cardiovascular endurance needed to be investigated throughly. Specific intensity of training may play a role for homeostasis process in cardiac during training. In the present study, we examine the effect of different intensity of treadmill training on cardiac hypertrophy process and autophagy related gene expression in male wistar rats.MethodsThree different intensities of treadmill training were conducted on 15 male wistar rats (Low Intensity: 10  m/minute, Moderate Intensity: 20 m/minute, and High Int...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - June 10, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Abstracts from the 5th International Scientific Conference on Exercise and Quality of Life
(Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 31, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of a tailored strength training program of the upper limb combined with transcranial direct  current stimulation (tDCS) in chronic stroke patients: study protocol for a randomised, double-blind, controlled trial
This study will determine whether an individualized strength training intervention in chronic stroke survivors can lead to improved arm function. In addition, we will also determine whether combining anodal tDCS over the lesioned hemisphere with strength training can lead to further improvement in arm function, when compared to sham tDCS.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:NCT02915185. Registered September 21 2016. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 24, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Frequency of a very brief intervention by physiotherapists to increase physical activity levels in adults: a  pilot randomised controlled trial
ConclusionVery brief physical activity interventions by physiotherapists may be an efficient approach to increase physical activity in community-dwelling adults. A larger trial is warranted.Trial registrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR): ACTRN12616000566437,http://www.ANZCTR.org.au/ACTRN12616000566437.aspx, registered 2 May 2016. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - May 22, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The effects of textured insoles on quiet standing balance in four stance types with and without vision
AbstractBackgroundWearing a textured shoe insole can decrease postural sway during static balance. Previous studies assessed bipedal and/or unipedal standing. In contrast, we aimed to investigate if textured insoles modulated postural sway during four stance types (bipedal, standard Romberg, tandem Romberg, and unipedal), with and without vision.MethodsThe repeated measures design involved 28 healthy young adults (13 females; mean age  = 26.86 ± 6.6 yrs) performing quiet standing in the four stance types on a force platform, under two different insole conditions (textured insole; T...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - April 4, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Universal goniometer and electro-goniometer intra-examiner reliability in measuring the knee range of motion during active knee extension test in patients with chronic low back pain with short hamstring muscle
ConclusionUniversal goniometer in clinical evaluations of patients (as they are easy to be employed) and electro-goniometer in laboratory studies (as they are more accurate) are reliable. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 22, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Cross-cultural adaptation and measurement properties of the Dutch knee self efficacy scale (K-SES)
The objective of this study was to determine measurement properties of the K-SES in Dutch patients.MethodsThe K-SES was translated and structural validity, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and measurement error were assessed in three patient samples: one group completed the questionnaire and additional measures pre-surgery (N = 200), and one group post-surgery (N = 58). The third group (post-surgery) completed the K-SES twice (N = 50).ResultsExploratory factor analysis distinguished two underlying important factors: K-SESpresent and K-SESfuture. However, the distincti...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 7, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Long-term members ’ use of fitness centers: a qualitative study
ConclusionAchieving desired health benefits and improving physical appearance were the main drivers for long-term members ’ use of the fitness center. The fitness center was preferred due to the comfort of the facilities and the possibility to commit to specific exercise times and activities. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - February 21, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Forces applied at the footrest during ergometer kayaking among female athletes at different competing levels – a pilot study
ConclusionThe relative differences between the three athletes were similar for power, VO2 and forces at the paddle. There were, however, dramatic differences in the forces applied at the footrest. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - January 9, 2019 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Angle-specific analysis of isokinetic quadriceps and hamstring torques and ratios in patients after ACL-reconstruction
ConclusionsThe angle specific approach is recommended for future ACL-research, as it reveals strength deficits and imbalances, which were not captured by conventional parameters. The results provide a rationale for more specific joint angle and/or velocity based training and may help for return-to-sport decisions. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - December 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of the kinematics and kinetics of shoulder exercises performed with constant and elastic resistance
ConclusionsLarger or lower moments can, therefore, be achieved through selection of the appropriate resistance type, while the range of motion can be altered through the selection of exercise type. Therefore, the loading motion patterns identified in this study can help to choose suitable shoulder exercises dependent on the training objective. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 28, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Exercise as ‘precision medicine’ for insulin resistance and its progression to type 2 diabetes: a research review
AbstractType 2 diabetes and obesity epidemics are in effect in the United States and the two pathologies are linked. In accordance with the growing appreciation that ‘exercise is medicine,’ it is intuitive to suggest that exercise can play an important role in the prevention and/or treatment of these conditions. However, if exercise is to truly be considered as a viable alternative to conventional healthcare prevention/treatment strategies involving pharmac euticals, it must be prescribed with similar scrutiny. Indeed, it seems reasonable to posit that the recent initiative calling for ‘precision med...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 23, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

A protocol to prospectively assess risk factors for medial tibial stress syndrome in distance runners
This study will be prospective in design and will recruit asymptomatic distance runners. All participants will be tested at base line and participants will have their training data longitudinally tracked over the following 12  months to assess any individuals who develop MTSS symptoms. At base line, outcome measures will include bilateral measures of lower limb anthropometry; cross sectional area (CSA) and thickness of the tibialis anterior, peroneals, flexor digitorum longus, flexor hallucis longus and thickness of sol eus, medial and lateral head of gastrocnemius. Tibial bone speed of sound, ankle dorsiflexion range...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 22, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of high intensity interval training on exercise capacity in people with cystic fibrosis: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial
This study will determine the effects of 8-weeks of supervised, low-volume HIIT, completed on a cycle ergometer on measures of exercise capacity, HRQoL, exercise self-efficacy, feelings of anxiety, depression and enjoyment. If effective, this type of training could be an attractive alternative to traditional continuous training because it may be more achievable and time efficient.Trial registrationAustralian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR):12617001271392 (04/09/2017). (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 6, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Swimming induced pulmonary oedema in athletes – a systematic review and best evidence synthesis
ConclusionThe results of this study suggest a moderate association between water temperature and the prevalence of SIPE. The presence of the clinical symptoms cough, dyspnoea, froth and haemoptysis are strongly suggestive of SIPE during or immediately following swimming. There is only limited evidence to suggest that there are pre-existing risk factors leading to SIPE with exposure to strenuous physical activity during swimming. There is strong evidence that sudden deaths of triathletes are often associated with cardiac abnormalities. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 1, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

The influence of kinesiology tape colour on performance and corticomotor activity in healthy adults: a randomised crossover controlled trial
ConclusionThis study found that kinesiology tape does not alter lower limb performance or muscle function in healthy adults, irrespective of the colour of the tape applied. Future research should seek to confirm these findings beyond the research setting, across a range of sports, and at a range of skill levels.Trial registrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry.ACTRN12616001506482. Prospectively registered on 01/11/2016. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - November 1, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Are oral health and fixed orthodontic appliances associated with sports injuries and postural stability in elite junior male soccer players?
ConclusionsThese results indicate that poor oral health may be an injury risk factor and that a FOA may hinder the development of body postural stability. (Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 20, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Agreement between test procedures for the single-leg hop for distance and the single-leg mini squat as measures of lower extremity function
AbstractBackgroundDifferent test procedures are often used within performance-based measures, causing uncertainty as to whether results can be compared between studies. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess agreement between different test procedures for the single-leg hop for distance (SLHD) and the single-leg mini squat (SLMS), respectively, two commonly used tasks for assessing deficiency in lower extremity muscle function.MethodsTwenty-three participants (20 –42 years) with lower extremity injury performed the SLHD with arms free and with arms behind back, and the Limb Symmetry Index (LSI; injured leg divided...
Source: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation - August 22, 2018 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research