Valvular surgery before cardiac transplantation: The exception that proves the rule.
her E PMID: 33189591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Flécher E Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Myocardial glucotoxicity: Mechanisms and potential therapeutic targets.
Abstract Besides coronary artery disease, which remains the main cause of heart failure in patients with diabetes, factors independent of coronary artery disease are involved in the development of heart failure in the onset of what is called diabetic cardiomyopathy. Among them, hyperglycaemia - a hallmark of type 2 diabetes - has both acute and chronic deleterious effects on myocardial function, and clearly participates in the establishment of diabetic cardiomyopathy. In the present review, we summarize the cellular and tissular events that occur in a heart exposed to hyperglycaemia, and depict the complex molecul...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 11, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Battault S, Renguet E, Van Steenbergen A, Horman S, Beauloye C, Bertrand L Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Response to a comment by H. Bu and Y. Yang on the article "Transcatheter closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect with Nit-Occlud L ê VSD Coil: A French multicentre study" by A. Houeijeh et al.
Response to a comment by H. Bu and Y. Yang on the article "Transcatheter closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect with Nit-Occlud Lê VSD Coil: A French multicentre study" by A. Houeijeh et al. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Nov 06;: Authors: Houeijeh A PMID: 33168450 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Houeijeh A Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Comment on the article "Transcatheter closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect with Nit-Occlud L ê VSD Coil: A French multicentre study" by Ali Houeijeh et al.
Comment on the article "Transcatheter closure of a perimembranous ventricular septal defect with Nit-Occlud Lê VSD Coil: A French multicentre study" by Ali Houeijeh et al. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Nov 06;: Authors: Bu H, Yang Y PMID: 33168451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bu H, Yang Y Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Predictive value of early cardiac magnetic resonance imaging functional and geometric indexes for adverse left ventricular remodelling in patients with anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: A report from the CIRCUS study.
ton N Abstract BACKGROUND: Postinfarction adverse left ventricular (LV) remodelling is strongly associated with heart failure events. Conicity index, sphericity index and LV global functional index (LVGFI) are new LV remodelling indexes assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). AIM: To assess the predictive value of the new indexes for 1-year adverse LV remodelling in patients with anterior ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: CMR studies were performed in 129 patients with anterior STEMI (58±12 years; 78% men) from the randomized CIRCUS trial (CMR substudy) treated with...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pezel T, Besseyre des Horts T, Schaaf M, Croisille P, Bière L, Garcia-Dorado D, Jossan C, Roubille F, Cung TT, Prunier F, Meyer E, Amaz C, Derumeaux G, de Poli F, Hovasse T, Gilard M, Bergerot C, Thibault H, Ovize M, Mewton N Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Watchful waiting care or early intervention in asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis: Where we are.
Abstract Aortic stenosis, the most common valvular heart disease in Western countries, affects predominantly older people. Prompt aortic valve replacement is undoubtedly indicated in symptomatic patients. Management of asymptomatic patients is nowadays shifting from a conservative approach to early aortic valve replacement, as multimodality imaging is increasingly available. However, multimodality imaging has led to multiple prognostic parameters and complex algorithms, as well as a new staging classification that has left patients and physicians somewhat puzzled. We highlight the value of thorough serial clinical...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ennezat PV, Malergue MC, Le Jemtel TH, Abergel E Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Simultaneous cardiocerebral embolization in patients with atrial fibrillation.
PMID: 33153948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mione V, Yao H, Laurent G, Zeller M, Fauchier L, Cottin Y Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Predictive value of premature atrial complex characteristics in pulmonary vein isolation for patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Premature atrial complexes from pulmonary veins are the main triggers for atrial fibrillation in the early stages. Thus, pulmonary vein isolation is the cornerstone of catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. However, the success rate remains perfectible. AIM: To assess whether premature atrial complex characteristics before catheter ablation can predict pulmonary vein isolation success in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We investigated consecutive patients who underwent catheter ablation for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation from January 2013 to April 2017 in two ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - November 2, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hamon D, Courty B, Leenhardt A, Lim P, Elbaz N, Rouffiac S, Varlet E, Algalarrondo V, Messali A, Audureau E, Extramiana F, Lellouche N Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Are routine cryoballoon procedural characteristics predictive of atrial arrhythmia recurrence in the long term?
CONCLUSIONS: At long-term follow-up, up to one-third of patients had AA recurrence after PVI-2CB. Important atrial remodelling was the only factor predictive of AA recurrence, whereas no procedural variable was found to be predictive. PMID: 33129697 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mirolo A, Chaumont C, Savoure A, Godin B, Raitière O, Eltchaninoff H, Anselme F Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Value of preoperative echocardiography for the diagnosis of coronary artery patterns in neonates with transposition of the great arteries.
CONCLUSIONS: Echocardiography can assess coronary artery anatomy in neonates with transposition of the great arteries. Intramural coronary course is often misdiagnosed. Preoperative misdiagnosis of coronary artery anomaly may impact perioperative mortality. However, this assessment will have to be confirmed by further larger studies. PMID: 33069638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Bertail-Galoin C, Leconte C, Bakloul M, Perouse-de-Montclos T, Moulin-Zinsch A, Martin-Bonnet C, Debost B, Di Filippo S Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life correlates with time in therapeutic range in children on anticoagulants with International Normalised Ratio self-monitoring.
This study aimed to assess the correlation between time in therapeutic range and quality of life in children participating in a non-selective International Normalised Ratio self-monitoring and vitamin K antagonist education programme. METHODS: Children aged from 2 to 18 years and receiving vitamin K antagonist therapy were eligible for this prospective multicentre study. Clinical and demographic data were collected. Health-related quality of life was assessed using the PedsQL™ 4.0 questionnaire. Correlations between quality of life scores and time in therapeutic range were measured. RESULTS: A total of 121 ...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Abassi H, Bajolle F, Werner O, Auer A, Marquina A, Mura T, Lavastre K, Guillaumont S, Manna F, Auquier P, Bonnet D, Amedro P Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Definition of success criteria for ablation of typical right atrial flutter with a single-catheter approach: A pilot study.
not N Abstract BACKGROUND: The success rate of cavotricuspid isthmus ablation to treat right common flutter is high (up to 95%), but needs bidirectional block confirmation, requiring two or three catheters. AIM: To describe a new pacing technique using a single catheter to ablate and confirm cavotricuspid isthmus block with differential PR interval measurements. METHODS: We included 61 patients from five centres, who were referred for cavotricuspid isthmus ablation. All patients had cavotricuspid isthmus ablation, and the cavotricuspid isthmus block was confirmed by differential pacing using two or three...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 10, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sebag FA, Simeon É, Moubarak G, Zhao A, Villejoubert O, Darondel JM, Vedrenne G, Lepillier A, Jorrot P, Mouhoub Y, Bouzeman A, Hamon D, Lellouche N, Mignot N Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Red blood cell distribution width in addition to N-terminal prohormone of B-type natriuretic peptide concentration improves assessment of risk of cardiovascular events in adult patients with congenital heart disease.
CONCLUSION: RDW and NT-pro-BNP concentration are independent analytical predictors of MACE in patients with CHD. PMID: 33039325 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Martínez-Quintana E, Estupiñán-León H, Riaño-Ruiz M, Rodríguez-González F, Tugores A Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Left atrial dysfunction as marker of poor outcome in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
bib G Abstract BACKGROUND: The incremental prognostic value of left atrial (LA) dysfunction, emerging in various clinical contexts, remains poorly explored in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). OBJECTIVE: To assess LA strain correlation with outcome in HCM. METHODS: A cohort of all 307 consecutive patients presenting with HCM between 2007 and 2017 (54±17 years; 34% women), with comprehensive echocardiography at diagnosis and LA peak longitudinal strain (PALS) and LA peak contraction strain (PACS) measurement, was enrolled and occurrence of HCM related cardiac events analysed. RESULTS: Clinica...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Essayagh B, Resseguier N, Michel N, Casalta AC, Renard S, Donghi V, Carbone A, Piazzai C, Ambrosi P, Levy F, Martel H, Gérard H, Avierinos JF, N'Guyen K, Habib G Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Therapeutic management and outcome of nonagenarians versus octogenarians admitted to an intensive care unit for acute coronary syndromes.
CONCLUSIONS: Although overall mortality was higher in patients aged≥90 years compared with those aged
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 5, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kochly F, Haddad C, Harbaoui B, Falandry C, Lantelme P, Courand PY Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes with high-intensity statins according to atherothrombotic risk stratification after acute myocardial infarction: The FAST-MI registries.
CONCLUSIONS: High-intensity statin therapy at discharge after acute myocardial infarction was associated in absolute terms with fewer major adverse cardiovascular events at 5 years, regardless of atherothrombotic risk stratification, although the highest absolute reduction was found in the high-risk TRS-2P class. PMID: 33011156 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Desjobert E, Tea V, Schiele F, Ferrières J, Simon T, Danchin N, Puymirat E, FAST-MI investigators Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

A novel personalized approach to cardiovascular prevention: The VIVOPTIM programme.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are a leading cause of mortality, but a substantial proportion are preventable. AIMS: The Mutuelle générale de l'éducation nationale (MGEN), a provider of private health insurance in France, has developed the VIVOPTIM programme, a novel digital approach to healthcare based on individualized, multiprofessional, ranked management of cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Between November 2015 and June 2016, eligible individuals (age 30-70 years) from two regions of France were invited to participate. Volunteers completed a questionnaire based...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Blacher J, Femery V, Thorez F, Sosner P, Dibie A, Pavy B, Beaunier P, Chabot JM, Benzaqui M, Ohannessian R, Garnier M, Dubois A, Isnard-Bagnis C, Durand-Zaleski I Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Reproducibility of reading echocardiographic parameters to assess severity of mitral regurgitation. Insights from a French multicentre study.
CONCLUSION: Reproducible transthoracic echocardiography MR quantification remains challenging in 2019, despite the expected high skills of echocardiographers regarding MR at the time of dedicated percutaneous intervention. The multiparametric approach does not entirely alleviate the substantial dispersion in measurement of MR severity parameters, whereas reader experience seems to partially address the issue. Our study emphasizes the continuing need for multimodality imaging and education in the evaluation of MR among cardiologists. PMID: 32994143 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Coisne A, Aghezzaf S, Edmé JL, Bernard A, Ma I, Bohbot Y, Di Lena C, Nicol M, Lavie Badie Y, Eyharts D, Seemann A, Falaise C, Ternacle J, Nguyen A, Montier G, Hubert A, Montaigne D, Donal E, Dreyfus J Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Reperfusion therapies in pulmonary embolism-state of the art and expert opinion: A position paper from the "Unit é de Soins Intensifs de Cardiologie" group of the French Society of Cardiology.
Reperfusion therapies in pulmonary embolism-state of the art and expert opinion: A position paper from the "Unité de Soins Intensifs de Cardiologie" group of the French Society of Cardiology. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Sep 22;: Authors: Delmas C, Aissaoui N, Meneveau N, Bouvaist H, Rousseau H, Puymirat E, Sapoval M, Flecher E, Meyer G, Sanchez O, Del Giudice C, Roubille F, Bonello L Abstract Acute pulmonary embolism is a frequent cardiovascular emergency with an increasing incidence. The prognosis of patients with high-risk and intermediate-high-risk pulmonary embolism has not improved...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Delmas C, Aissaoui N, Meneveau N, Bouvaist H, Rousseau H, Puymirat E, Sapoval M, Flecher E, Meyer G, Sanchez O, Del Giudice C, Roubille F, Bonello L Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

How should we manage left atrial thrombosis?
PMID: 32958416 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 17, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fauchier L, Cohen A Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Septuagenarian population has similar survival and outcomes to younger patients after left ventricular assist device implantation.
Gariboldi V, Pozzi M, Obadia JF, Litlzer PY, Anselme F, Babatasi G, Plane AF, Garnier F, Bielefeld M, Hamon D, Radu C, Bourguignon T, Genet T, Eschalier R, D'Ostrevy N, Bories MC, Marijon E, Vanhuyse F, Blangy H, Leclercq C, Martins RP Abstract BACKGROUND: Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation may be an attractive alternative therapeutic option for elderly patients with heart failure who are ineligible for heart transplantation. AIM: We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcomes of elderly patients (i.e. aged≥70 years) receiving an LVAD. METHODS: This observational study was cond...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Galand V, Flécher E, Chabanne C, Lelong B, Goéminne C, Vincentelli A, Delmas C, Dambrin C, Nubret K, Pernot M, Kindo M, Hoang Minh T, Gaudard P, Frapier JM, Michel M, Sénage T, Boignard A, Chavanon O, Verdonk C, Para M, Pelcé E, Gariboldi V, Pozzi M, Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Patients with acute heart failure treated with the CARRESS-HF diuretic protocol in association with canrenoate potassium: Tolerance of high doses of canrenoate potassium.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Oral mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists have failed to prove their efficacy for decongestion and potassium homeostasis in acute heart failure. Intravenous mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists have yet to be studied. AIM: The aim of this study was to confirm the safety of high-dose potassium canrenoate in association with classic diuretics in acute heart failure. METHODS: This retrospective single-centre study included consecutive patients who were hospitalized with acute heart failure between 2013 and 2018. One hundred patients with overload treated with the standardized diuret...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 14, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Berger C, Prieur C, Bochaton T, Berthiller J, Luyt CE, Bonnefoy-Cudraz E Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Does a brief functional assessment in the emergency department predict outcomes of patients admitted with heart failure? The FASTER-HF study.
CONCLUSIONS: Functional assessment in the emergency department of patients admitted for heart failure did not predict outcomes. However, the prognostic value of these assessments for decision-making about disposition (admission or discharge) may still be warranted. PMID: 32943373 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Kichura AB, Duderija E, Vidic A, Hoerner RM, Bhandari V, Byrne LE, Patel KK, Chibnall JT, Hauptman PJ Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Diagnostic accuracy of smart gadgets/wearable devices in detecting atrial fibrillation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that smart devices have similar diagnostic accuracies. Regarding atrial fibrillation detection methods, there was also no difference between photoplethysmography and single-lead electrocardiography. However, further studies are warranted to determine their clinical implications in atrial fibrillation management. PMID: 32921618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Prasitlumkum N, Cheungpasitporn W, Chokesuwattanaskul A, Thangjui S, Thongprayoon C, Bathini T, Vallabhajosyula S, Kanitsoraphan C, Leesutipornchai T, Chokesuwattanaskul R Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Long-term evolution of stents implanted in branch pulmonary arteries.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Branch pulmonary artery stenosis complicates the management of congenital heart diseases. Surgical branch pulmonary artery angioplasty is associated with a high reintervention rate. As an alternative, percutaneous or intraoperative branch pulmonary artery stents have been implanted to improve efficiency, but long-term evaluations are limited. AIM: To describe the long-term evolution of branch pulmonary artery stents. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study at Tours University Hospital. All stents implanted by surgery or catheterization in branch pulmonary arteries with a m...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ma I, El Arid JM, Neville P, Soule N, Dion F, Poinsot J, Chantepie A, Lefort B Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Cryoballoon ablation of atrial fibrillation in patients with atypical right pulmonary vein anatomy.
CONCLUSIONS: A significant proportion of patients have atypical right pulmonary vein anatomy. Procedural characteristics, acute pulmonary vein isolation success and mid-term procedural efficacy were similar, regardless of right pulmonary vein anatomy. In addition to left-side pulmonary vein isolation, cryoballoon ablation of right superior and right inferior pulmonary veins only, neglecting accessory pulmonary veins, is sufficient to obtain acute right-side pulmonary vein isolation and mid-term sinus rhythm maintenance in patients with atypical anatomy. PMID: 32896517 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archi...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 3, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pichard C, Nicolas A, Galand V, Coquard C, Behar N, Chérel C, Daubert JC, Mabo P, Leclercq C, Pavin D, Lederlin M, Martins RP Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Leadless pacemaker for patients following cardiac valve intervention.
CONCLUSION: A leadless pacemaker is safe and efficient after valve intervention, and therefore represents an effective pacing option in patients after valve intervention. PMID: 32891563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Garweg C, Vandenberk B, Foulon S, Poels P, Haemers P, Ector J, Willems R Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Does layer-specific strain using speckle tracking echocardiography improve the assessment of left ventricular myocardial deformation? A review.
Abstract An increasing number of studies of left ventricular myocardial deformation have been published. Layer-specific strain using speckle tracking echocardiography to evaluate left ventricular function is not recommended in clinical practice. However, evaluation of myocardial mechanics using longitudinal and circumferential layer-specific strain enables the detection of subclinical impairment of myocardial deformation in various diseases. Unfortunately, normal values for longitudinal and circumferential strain have not been clearly defined. In normal subjects, layer-specific strain decreases from the endocardia...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - September 1, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ancedy Y, Ederhy S, Jean ML, Nhan P, Soulat-Dufour L, Adavane-Scheuble S, Chauvet-Droit M, Boccara F, Cohen A Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Prognostic importance of Kidney, Heart and Interstitial lung diseases (KHI triad) in PH: A machine learning study.
uer F Abstract BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a heterogeneous, severe and progressive disease with an impact on quality of life and life-expectancy despite specific therapies. AIMS: (i) to compare prognosis significance of each PH subgroup in a cohort from a referral center, (ii) to identify phenotypically distinct high-risk PH patient using machine learning. METHODS: Patients with PH were included from 2002 to 2019 and routinely followed-up. We collected clinical, laboratory, imaging and hemodynamic variables. Four-year survival rate of each subgroups was then compared. Next, phenotypic doma...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fauvel C, Raitière O, Belkacem NS, Dominique S, Artaud-Macari E, Viacroze C, Schleifer D, Bauer F Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Correlation between left atrial spontaneous echocardiographic contrast and 5-year stroke/death in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation.
CONCLUSIONS: In this retrospective monocentric study, the presence of moderate/severe LASEC was an independent predictor of stroke/death at 5-year follow-up in patients with NVAF. The inclusion of LASEC in stroke risk scores could modestly improve risk stratification. PMID: 32873521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Soulat-Dufour L, Lang S, Etienney A, Ederhy S, Ancedy Y, Adavane S, Chauvet-Droit M, Nhan P, Di Angelantonio E, Boccara F, Cohen A Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Lipid-lowering treatment and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol target achievement in patients with type 2 diabetes and acute coronary syndrome.
tt AK Abstract BACKGROUND: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus characteristically display an atherogenic lipid profile with high triglyceride concentrations, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations not always elevated. It is unclear if patients with diabetes who present with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) receive different or more-potent lipid-lowering therapy (LLT). AIMS: To investigate lipid abnormalities in patients with and without type 2 diabetes hospitalised for an ACS, and use of LLT before admission and 4 month...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ferrières J, Lautsch D, Bramlage P, Horack M, Baxter CA, Ambegaonkar B, Toth PP, Poh KK, De Ferrari GM, Gitt AK Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Valvular surgery in donor hearts before orthotopic heart transplantation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our limited series demonstrates that conventional valvular procedures performed on otherwise healthy donor hearts with mitral and aortic valve pathology can efficaciously expand the donor pool for orthotopic cardiac transplantation and decrease the mortality rate on the waiting list. PMID: 32868256 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Fiore A, Grande AM, Gatti G, Youssari A, Piscitelli M, Bergoend E, Mongardon N, Ternacle J, Couetil JP Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Epidemiological characteristics and therapeutic management of patients with chronic heart failure who use smartphones: Potential impact of a dedicated smartphone application (report from the OFICSel study).
CONCLUSION: Smartphones were used by more than one-third of patients with heart failure in France in 2017, underscoring the feasibility of developing a smartphone application to deliver therapeutic education to the population with chronic heart failure. PMID: 32868257 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 27, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pezel T, Berthelot E, Gauthier J, Chong-Nguyen C, Iliou MC, Juillière Y, Galinier MC, De Groote P, Beauvais F, Bauer F, Vergeylen U, Gellen B, Raphael P, Bezard M, Ricci JE, Boiteux MC, Bonnefous L, Bodez D, Audureau E, Damy T Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

French annual national observational study of 2015 outpatient and inpatient healthcare utilization by approximately half a million patients with previous heart failure diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS: General practitioners and nurses are the main actors in the regular follow-up of patients with heart failure, whereas cardiologist consultations and dispensing of first-line treatments are insufficient with respect to guidelines. PMID: 32863158 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 26, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Feldman SF, Lesuffleur T, Olié V, Gastaldi-Ménager C, Juillière Y, Tuppin P Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Renin-angiotensin system blockers and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2.
uo;Hypertension Artérielle Abstract Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, which is responsible for the current coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, uses angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 as a gateway into host cells. In this review, we summarise the biology of this enzyme, which plays a key role in cardiovascular homeostasis. Blockers of the renin-angiotensin system modify the expression and activity of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in different ways. The effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers on the expression and enzyme activity of angiotensin-conver...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 16, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lévy BI, Fauvel JP, Société Française d’Hypertension Artérielle Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

The value of electrocardiography and echocardiography in distinguishing Fabry  disease from sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
The value of electrocardiography and echocardiography in distinguishing Fabry disease from sarcomeric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Aug 05;: Authors: Junqua N, Legallois D, Segard S, Lairez O, Réant P, Goizet C, Maillard H, Charron P, Milliez P, Labombarda F Abstract BACKGROUND: Screening for Fabry disease is sub-optimal in non-specialised centres. AIM: To assess the diagnostic value of electrocardiographic scores of left ventricular hypertrophy and a combined electrocardiographic and echocardiographic model in Fabry disease. METHODS: We retrospectively r...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - August 4, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Junqua N, Legallois D, Segard S, Lairez O, Réant P, Goizet C, Maillard H, Charron P, Milliez P, Labombarda F Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Impact of obesity on atrial fibrillation ablation.
This article reviews atrial fibrillation ablation in the obese population, focusing on outcomes, complications and periprocedural management. Through an analysis of the possible pathophysiological mechanism linking obesity and atrial fibrillation, we identify potential strategies to improve post-ablation outcomes in this challenging population. PMID: 32753124 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 31, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mangiafico V, Saberwal B, Lavalle C, Raharja A, Ahmed Z, Papageorgiou N, Ahsan S Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Lung ultrasound for the cardiologist-a basic application: The B-profile of the Bedside Lung Ultrasound in Emergencies protocol for diagnosing haemodynamic pulmonary oedema.
PMID: 32739293 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 28, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lichtenstein DA Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

In vitro comparison of three percutaneous atrial septal defect closure devices for endothelialisation and haemocompatibility.
CONCLUSIONS: In this in vitro study we showed that, despite the three ASD occluders having different device designs and coatings, adhesion and proliferation of human endothelial cells was similar for all devices. This should be further confirmed by similar studies including shear stress forces and anti-thrombotic treatments. PMID: 32718809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 23, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Levy Y, Jalal Z, Aussel A, Thebaud NB, Renard M, Bareille R, Ripoche J, Durand M, Thambo JB, Bordenave L Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Colchicine and myocardial infarction: A review.
Abstract The inflammatory response is frequent after acute myocardial infarction, and may worsen ischaemia-reperfusion injuries, leading to increased infarct size and poor prognosis. Therefore, inflammation may be a promising therapeutic target, and anti-inflammatory drugs appear to be potential additional treatments in this context. Among these treatments, colchicine-a well-known drug that has been used for centuries in clinical practice for rheumatism-may represent the ideal candidate. Indeed, colchicine exerts direct anti-inflammatory and pleiotropic effects, with potential anti-arrhythmic, anti-fibrotic and an...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Akodad M, Sicard P, Fauconnier J, Roubille F Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants in patients with atrial fibrillation and atrial thrombosis: An appraisal of current evidence.
an Society of Cardiology Abstract Major thromboembolic complications in patients with atrial fibrillation, secondary to thromboembolism from the left atrium or the left atrial appendage, are a major concern because of their burden of disabling stroke and mortality. To date, non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are considered the first-line strategy in most patients with atrial fibrillation receiving chronic anticoagulation, as they have major advantages compared with vitamin K antagonists, including minimization of intracranial bleeding risk. Although several studies and post-hoc analyses have prov...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Calabrò P, Gragnano F, Cesaro A, Marsico F, Pariggiano I, Patti G, Moscarella E, Cavallari I, Sardu C, Parato VM, Renda G, Niccoli G, Marcucci R, De Caterina R, Working Group of Thrombosis and, Working Group of Interventional Cardiology of the Italian So Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Successful linkage of French large-scale national registry populations to national reimbursement data: Improved data completeness and minimized loss to follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Linking data from a single-payer national claims database to national registries using a probabilistic approach is feasible and can close data gaps and practically abolish losses to follow-up in the registry population. PMID: 32712203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 21, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Didier R, Gouysse M, Eltchaninoff H, Le Breton H, Commeau P, Cayla G, Glatt N, Glatt B, Gabbas M, Tuppin P, Liepchitz L, Boussac M, Iung B, Gilard M Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Patent foramen ovale closure in children without cardiopathy: Child-PFO study.
CONCLUSION: Closure of patent foramen ovale in children appears to be safe and effective, as we noted a low rate of immediate complications, no delayed complications and no stroke recurrence in this indication. PMID: 32680737 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Miton N, Godart F, Milani G, Jalal Z, Karsenty C, Baruteau AE, Gronier C, Aldebert P, Douchin S, Lucron H, Chalard A, Houeijeh A, Petit J, Hascoet S, Thambo JB, Dauphin C Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Role of humanin, a mitochondrial-derived peptide, in cardiovascular disorders.
Abstract The mitochondria produce specific peptides-mitochondrial-derived peptides-that mediate the transcriptional stress response by their translocation into the nucleus and interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid. Mitochondrial-derived peptides are regulators of metabolism. This class of peptides comprises humanin, mitochondrial open reading frame of the 12S ribosomal ribonucleic acid type c (MOTS-c) and small humanin-like peptides (SHLPs). Humanin inhibits mitochondrial complex 1 activity and limits the level of oxidative stress in the cell. Data show that mitochondrial-derived peptides have a role in improving...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 13, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Rochette L, Meloux A, Zeller M, Cottin Y, Vergely C Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Practical management of worsening renal function in outpatients with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction: Statement from a panel of multidisciplinary experts and the Heart Failure Working Group of the French Society of Cardiology.
Abstract Renal function is often affected in patients with chronic heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). The complex interplay between heart and renal dysfunction makes renal function and potassium monitoring mandatory. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) blockers are a life-saving treatment for patients with HFrEF, regardless of worsening renal function. Uptitration to the maximum-tolerated dose should be a constant goal. This simple fact is all too often forgotten (only 30% of patients with heart failure receive the target dosage of RAAS blockers), and the RAAS blocker effect on renal fun...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 9, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mewton N, Girerd N, Boffa JJ, Courivaud C, Isnard R, Juillard L, Lamblin N, Legrand M, Logeart D, Mariat C, Meune E, Sabouret P, Sebbag L, Rossignol P Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Pulsatility in ventricular assistance devices: A translational review focused on applied haemodynamics.
en LS Abstract Heart failure affects more than 30 million people worldwide and its prevalence is constantly rising. In 2020, heart transplantation is the only curative treatment, but left ventricular assistance devices (LVADs) are fully integrated into the decision algorithm for management of patients with advanced heart failure, with more than 20,000 devices implanted worldwide in the last decade. Intended to support cardiac output, LVADs remove the blood from the left ventricle and eject it into the proximal aorta. Whereas first-generation LVADs were pulsatile, second- and third-generation LVADs are more reliabl...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - July 7, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lescroart M, Hébert JL, Vincent F, Nguyen LS Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Worrying decrease in hospital admissions for myocardial infarction during the COVID-19 pandemic.
CONCLUSION: This study strongly suggests a decrease in the number of admissions for myocardial infarction during lockdown. Although we do not have a long follow-up to determine whether this trend will endure, this is an important warning for the medical community and health authorities. PMID: 32636131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - June 24, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Lantelme P, Couray Targe S, Metral P, Bochaton T, Ranc S, Le Bourhis Zaimi M, Le Coanet A, Courand PY, Harbaoui B Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

The potential sudden shift in clinical research and epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases, caused by COVID-19.
PMID: 32586675 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - June 18, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Pezel T, Lima JAC Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Valve-in-valve transcatheter aortic valve implantation after failed surgically implanted aortic bioprosthesis versus native transcatheter aortic valve implantation for aortic stenosis: Data from a nationwide analysis.
CONCLUSION: We observed that valve-in-valve TAVI was associated with good short- and long-term outcomes. No significant differences were observed compared with native valve TAVI regarding clinical follow-up. PMID: 32532695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - June 8, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Deharo P, Bisson A, Herbert J, Lacour T, Saint Etienne C, Jaussaud N, Theron A, Collart F, Bourguignon T, Cuisset T, Fauchier L Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research

Cardiac computed tomography angiography in the paediatric population: Expert consensus from the Filiale de cardiologie p édiatrique et congénitale (FCPC) and the Société française d'imagerie cardiaque et vasculaire diagnostique et interventionnelle (SFICV).
Cardiac computed tomography angiography in the paediatric population: Expert consensus from the Filiale de cardiologie pédiatrique et congénitale (FCPC) and the Société française d'imagerie cardiaque et vasculaire diagnostique et interventionnelle (SFICV). Arch Cardiovasc Dis. 2020 Jun 07;: Authors: Warin Fresse K, Isorni MA, Dacher JN, Pontana F, Gorincour G, Boddaert N, Jacquier A, Raimondi F Abstract This paper aims to provide a paediatric cardiac computed tomography angiography expert panel consensus based on the opinions of experts from the Société...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - June 6, 2020 Category: Cardiology Authors: Warin Fresse K, Isorni MA, Dacher JN, Pontana F, Gorincour G, Boddaert N, Jacquier A, Raimondi F Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research