The role of immunosuppressive therapy in aneurysmal degeneration of hemodialysis fistulas in renal transplant patients
Venous aneurysms are long-term complications of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) for hemodialysis with an estimated incidence rate of around 5-6%. The purpose of our study is to investigate the role of immunosuppressive therapy in the development of AVF aneurysms in renal transplant patients, and to determine whether AVF closure following transplantation is necessary. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 7, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Alessia Viscardi, Antonio Travaglino, Luca del Guercio, Maria D'Armiento, Michele Santangelo, Maurizio Sodo, Maria Donata Di Taranto, Antonio Pisani, Raffaele Serra, Umberto Marcello Bracale Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Translational sciences in cardiac failure secondary to arteriovenous fistula in haemodialysis patients
High-output cardiac failure is a rare form of heart failure associated with the formation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in haemodialysis patients. The pathophysiology underlying the HOCF is complex and multifactorial. Presence of AVF can cause long term haemodynamic changes that ultimately lead to increased cardiac output and consequently cardiac failure. A number of risk factors have been associated with the development of HOCF post-AVF construction, including male sex, a proximally located AVF and a state of volume overload. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Syeda Anum Zahra, Rozina Yasmin Choudhury, Kamran Basharat, Tien Tran, Munira Begum, Ahmed Abotabekh, Fatemeh Hedayat, Lara Rimmer, Amer Harky, Mohamad Bashir Source Type: research

Endovascular Repair of Splenic Vein Aneurysm with Balloon Expandable Stent Placement
We describe the case of a patient with an incidentally found enlarging splenic vein aneurysm in the absence of significant past medical history. The patient underwent successful repair of the aneurysm utilizing a transhepatic endovascular approach with a balloon expandable stent. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Rebecca A. Marmor, Seth Goodman, Pouria Parsa Source Type: research

Association of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm and Simple Renal Cysts: a Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Prior studies have suggested a higher prevalence of simple renal cysts (SRC) among patients with aortic disease, including abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Thus, the aim of this study was to systematically review all currently available literature and investigate whether patients with AAA are more likely to have SRC. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Stefanos Giannopoulos, Damianos G Kokkinidis, Efthymios D. Avgerinos, Ehrin J. Armstrong Tags: General Review Source Type: research

Sarcopenia as a prognostic factor in peripheral arterial disease: descriptive review
Determine the influence of sarcopenia on the prognosis of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: J. Ferreira, P. Cunha, A. Carneiro, I. Vila, C. Cunha, C. Silva, A Longatto-Filho, A. Mesquita, J. Cotter, A. Mansilha, M. Correia-Neves Source Type: research

The use of a suture mediated vascular closure device to achieve hemostasis following arterial access through previously implanted synthetic grafts.
Percutaneous Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) and peripheral interventions using the Perclose Proglide suture mediated system has not been adequately studied in patients with synthetic grafts at access sites. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Nikolaos Kontopodis, Elias Kehagias, Emmanouel Tavlas, Nikolaos Galanakis, Dimitrios Tsetis, Christos V Ioannou Source Type: research

Strategies to Minimize Iodinated Contrast Volume in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Peripheral Vascular Interventions
Peripheral vascular interventions (PVI) utilize iodinated contrast medium (ICM) to visualize intravascular lesions and guide therapy. The use of ICM carries a risk of postcontrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI), which is increased in the elderly and in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Furthermore, the risk of PC-AKI increases with the volume of ICM used. This paper reports a 94-year-old patient with CKD stage 4 who presented with chronic limb threatening ischemia. He underwent successful endovascular revascularization using a combination of CO2 and dilute ICM (total volume  = 6.5mL). (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Shin-Rong Lee, Alan Dardik, Cassius Iyad Ochoa Chaar Tags: Selected Technique Source Type: research

Change in domains that influence quality of life after major lower limb amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease
Objectives: Recent guidelines raise the concept of the importance of health-related quality of life (QoL). Change in QoL after amputation in ischemic patients is not well described. We aim to evaluate the change in quality of life after major limb amputation in patients with peripheral arterial disease.Methods: We retrospectively identified all patients submitted to above-knee amputation (AKA) and below-knee amputation in our vascular surgery department in a 2-year period. Trauma excluded. A vascular amputee adapted QoL questionnaire was administered comparing the last 2 weeks to the 2 weeks before amputation. (Source: Ann...
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Joana Cruz Silva, V ânia Constâncio Oliveira, Pedro Lima, Mafalda Correia, Mário Moreira, Gabriel Anacleto Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Balloon-assisted true lumen expansion and fenestration of a symptomatic, triple-barrel, post-dissection thoracoabdominal aneurysm with collapsed true lumen to facilitate endovascular treatment with a t-Branch
To present the challenging endovascular treatment of a symptomatic triple-barrel (three lumens; one true and two false lumens) aortic dissection case. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Nikolaos Konstantinou, Ramin Banafsche, Aldin Mehmedovic, Konstantinos Spanos, Barbara Rantner, Nikolaos Tsilimparis Source Type: research

Case report: Cross-over deployment of a tapered stent graft to repair a ruptured isolated internal iliac aneurysm
We report the case of a 72-year-old man who presented with a left ruptured internal iliac aneurysm (IIA). A percutaneous cross-over approach was used to coil-embolize the three distal branches of the IIA. A tapered endograft limb was then delivered via the right common femoral artery using a femoro-femoral through-and-through cross-over approach. The widest part of the graft was deployed in the common iliac artery and the smallest in the external iliac artery. This percutaneous endovascular technique opens up new perspectives in emergency care for ruptured internal iliac artery aneurysms. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Jules Lacquemanne, Dan Danut, Charlotte Allain, Eric Steinmetz Source Type: research

Pantaloon vein grafts – an alternative fix for an old problem
Pantaloon vein grafts (PVG) were first used to replace infrarenal aortic grafts. However, they may have other applications, such as femoral aortic bifurcation reconstruction. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Nelson Oliveira, Alberto Henrique, Isabel Vieira Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Calcified aortic wall removal for dysphagia aortica caused by chronic traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysm
In this study, we report a case of a 45-year-old man with dysphagia aortica secondary to chronic traumatic aortic pseudoaneurysm of the aortic isthmus. He had been involved in a motor vehicle accident 27 years earlier. Computed tomography demonstrated a severely calcified aortic pseudoaneurysm of the aortic isthmus that compressed the esophagus extrinsically. An invasive surgical procedure involving a graft replacement and removal of the calcified aortic wall released the esophageal compression and completely improved the patient's symptoms. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Takuya Wada, Shogo Oyama, Shingo Ohuchi, Takayuki Kadohama, Daichi Takagi, Kentaro Kiryu, Itaru Igarashi, Hiroshi Yamamoto Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Splenic vein as an autologous graft in traumatic SMV injuries: a missed valuable alternative
Traumatic superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and vein (SMV) injuries are rare but often lethal. The ideal management options of traumatic SMV injury are still controversial. Management options include venous repair and ligation. Splenic vein turndown procedure (SVTP) is a rare procedure that has been described in only six cases in the literature. Here, we reviewed the literature on the usage of the splenic vein turndown procedure (SVTP) as an alternative option in patients with traumatic SMV injury. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Sadi A. Abukhalaf, Kalloub A. Mohammed, Ashraf Imam, Ashraf M. Ashker, Eyad M. Gabri, Marwan Abusada, Harbi Khalayleh, Abed Khalaileh Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Unusual presentation of bilateral carotid artery dissection: the importance of reasoning outside the box
A bilateral internal carotid artery dissection presenting with atypical symptoms of cerebral hypoperfusion has been rarely reported, especially in the absence of obvious precipitating factors.A middle-aged woman presented to the emergency department with a 2-day-history of progressive left arm numbness and weakness, confusion, disorientation and clumsiness worsened by upright position. A cerebral hypoperfusion condition was hypothesized and confirmed by a CT angiography, which showed bilateral internal carotid dissection with uncertain aetiology. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Marianna Gabriella Rispoli, Vincenzo Di Stefano, Paola Ajdinaj, Marco Onofrj, Maria Vittoria De Angelis Source Type: research

Prinzmetal-like acute limb ischemia
Vasospasm-induced acute limb ischemia (ALI), also known as vasospastic limb ischemia (VLI), is a rare, underreported vascular event. Unlike thrombotic and embolic occlusive etiologies, which often warrant revascularization, vasospasm is a transient phenomenon that may be successfully managed conservatively without surgical intervention. Thus, prompt recognition and accurate diagnosis of VLI is imperative to avoid unnecessary surgical or endovascular procedures. This diagnosis, however, can pose as a challenge for clinicians, as it can present with clinical signs and symptoms near-identical to the presentation of thrombotic...
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Nikita Singh, Omkaar Jaikaran, Pavel Kibrik, Anil Hingorani, Enrico Ascher Source Type: research

Preliminary clinical and radiologic outcome of matched patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms treated by low-profile vs standard profile branched aortic endografts
Durability of low-profile branched aortic stent-grafts (LPSG) in the treatment of patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) remains unclear. Objective of this study is to compare the outcomes of LPSG with standard profile branched aortic stent-grafts (SPSG). (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Besjona Puta, Stefano Fazzini, Giovanni Torsello, Marco Damiano Pipitone, Martin Austermann, Efthymios Beropoulis, Giovanni Federico Torsello Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of heparinization before deployment of endograft for blunt traumatic aortic injury in severely injured patients
The administration of unfractionated heparin (UFH) during endovascular repair of blunt traumatic aortic injury (BTAI) is controversial. The aim of the study is to report the early outcomes of patients undergoing thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR) for BTAI, and to assess the individualized intra-operative use and dose of UFH. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Vladimir Makaloski, Hannah Widenka, Florian Sch önhoff, Konstantinos Spanos, Thomas R. Wyss, Jürg Schmidli Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Eversion endarterectomy of the external iliac artery in treating chronic limb-threatening ischemia in TASC II C and D iliofemoral occlusive disease
Iliofemoral occlusive arterial disease treatment includes open and endovascular surgical techniques. An endovascular approach has been associated with lower invasiveness and morbidity. However, extensive occlusive disease TASC II C and D are a challenging disorders for an endovascular approach, especially when there is common femoral artery (CFA) involvement.1-5 In this current endovascular era, efforts have been made to overcome these limitations and hybrid procedures, including endovascular iliac revascularization and open femoral endarterectomy have been established6,7. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: J úlio César Gomes Giusti, Marcus Vinícius Martins Cury, Fábio Henrique Rossi, Samara Pontes Soares, André Felipe Trento, Sabrina Payne Tartarotti, Francisco Cardoso Brochado Neto Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Acute Nonruptured Expansion of Extracranial Carotid Artery Aneurysm. An Infrequent Clinical Presentation
We report the case of a 79-year-old woman who presented with a right Common Carotid Artery aneurysm with pain and local symptoms. The expansion of the aneurysm is documented with images and t he surgical treatment consisting of bypass from Common Carotid artery to Internal Carotid artery with Dacron prosthesis and reimplantation of External Carotid artery is described and discussed. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Julio Gonz ález Hernández, Alicia Bueno Bertomeu, César Varela Casariego, Alejandro Bravo Martínez, Cristina Hernández-Ávila, José Ramón March Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Duodenal Obstruction after Endovascular Repair of a Ruptured Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm
Endovascular repair has become the most frequent approach in the management of the ruptured infra-renal abdominal aorta aneurysm. When managing the ruptured patient with a significant retroperitoneal hematoma, abdominal compartment syndrome is often a consideration. Duodenal obstruction from the hematoma is rare and not typically a consideration. In the case of our patient, the intra-abdominal pressures were successfully managed conservatively. The large retroperitoneal hematoma, however, encased and obstructed the duodenum ultimately requiring a gastrojejunostomy. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Patricio Rosa, Sean D. O'Donnell, Joseph W. Melendez-Davidson Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Loss of Prosthetic Aortic Valve during TAVI Procedure: Endovascular Treatment in Emergent Setting
We report a case of TAVI complication due to the loss of the prosthetic valve in the abdominal aorta treated by endovascular approach. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Anna Giulia Carli, Paolo Perini, Luigi Vignali, Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Mara Fanelli, Antonio Freyrie Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Five-Year Management of Vascular Injuries of the Extremities in the “Real-World” Setting in Northeastern Greece: The Role of Iatrogenic Traumas
Vascular trauma comprises a diagnostic and surgical challenge. Aim of this study was to present the vascular traumas treated in our Tertiary Hospital during the last 5 years. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Efstratios Georgakarakos, Gioultzan Memet Efenti, Andreas Koutsoumpelis, Anna-Maria Veloglou, Birtze Mechmet, Kalliopi-Maria Tasopoulou, Christos Argyriou, George S. Georgiadis Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Primary Aorto-Duodenal Fistula in Association with Chronic Ischemic Enteritis: A Case Report
Primary aorto-duodenal fistula (PADF) is a rare but life-threatening condition that should be taken into account when considering upper gastrointestinal bleeding in elderly patients with history of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Unfortunately, its diagnosis is often unsuspected until surgery or at postmortem. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Osella Giulia, Reddavid Rossella, Potenza Enrico, Calandri Marco, Veltri Andrea, Degiuli Maurizio Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Extraabdominal rupture of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with aortodecubital fistula: a case report.
We present a  paraplegic patient with fistulous communication between an inflamed abdominal aortic aneurysm and a sacral decubitus ulcer, leading to intermittent bleeding episodes and finally to exsanguination. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Arp ád Panyko, Martin Dubovský, Marián Vician Source Type: research

The Effect of Patient Oral Intake Status on Abdominal Aortic Ultrasound Visualization
The abdominal aorta is the most common location of aneurysms involving the extracranial peripheral arterial system with approximately 200,000 patients diagnosed annually1. Although abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are usually asymptomatic and expand slowly, the risk of rupture increases with size. Rupture carries a high mortality rate, and remains the most feared complication. When rupture occurs outside the hospital mortality can exceed 90% with over half of the deaths occurring before patients reach the hospital1-2. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Eric Goldschmidt, Somya Al-Embideen, Jihad Abbas, Todd Russell, Laith Al-Balbissi, Fedor Lurie Source Type: research

Impact of Frailty on Clinical Outcomes after Carotid Artery Revascularization
: Frailty has been increasingly recognized as an important risk factor for vascular procedures. To assess the impact of frailty on clinical outcomes and resource utilization in patients undergoing carotid revascularization using a national cohort. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Ava D. Mandelbaum, Joseph Hadaya, Jesus G. Ulloa, Rhusheet Patel, John C. McCallum, Christian De Virgilio, Peyman Benharash Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Loss of prosthetic aortic valve during TAVI procedure: endovascular treatment in emergent setting.
We report a case of TAVI complication due to the loss of the prosthetic valve in the abdominal aorta treated by endovascular approach. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Anna Giulia Carli, Paolo Perini, Luigi Vignali, Claudio Bianchini Massoni, Mara Fanelli, Antonio Freyrie Source Type: research

Sharp recanalization with the Upstream GoBack Catheter for chronic occlusive ilio-caval thrombosis
We present a case of chronically thrombosed inferior vena cava and common iliac veins that failed conventional crossing techniques but were successfully recanalized using the recently approved Upstream GoBack Crossing Catheter. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Limael E. Rodriguez, Roxana Tabrizi, Rafael Malgor, Max Wohlauer, Donald Jacobs Source Type: research

Title: Duodenal obstruction after endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aorta aneurysm
Endovascular repair has become the most frequent approach in the management of the ruptured infra-renal abdominal aorta aneurysm. When managing the ruptured patient with a significant retroperitoneal hematoma, abdominal compartment syndrome is often a consideration. Duodenal obstruction from the hematoma is rare and not typically a consideration. In the case of our patient, the intra-abdominal pressures were successfully managed conservatively. The large retroperitoneal hematoma, however, encased and obstructed the duodenum ultimately requiring a gastro-jejunostomy. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Patricio Rosa, Sean D. O'Donnell, Joseph W. Melendez-Davidson Source Type: research

Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneursym Accompanied by Leriche Syndrome in a Patient with Coronary Artery Disease: Management Strategy in a Single Case Experience ‘Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneursym Accompanied by Leriche Syndrome’
In this report, we present our treatment strategy in a 64-year-old male patient with ischemic heart disease and type 5 thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm accompanied by Leriche syndrome. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Mustafa Ozer Uluka, Atalay Karakaya, Didem Melis Oztas, Metin Onur Beyaz, Orhan Rodoplu, Ibrahim Erdinc, Orcun Unal, Murat Dayangac, Halil Turkoglu, Murat Ugurlucan Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Acute non-ruptured expansion of extracranial carotid artery aneurysm. an infrequent clinical presentation
We report the case of a 79-year-old woman who presented with a right Common Carotid Artery aneurysm with pain and local symptoms. The expansion of the aneurysm is documented with images and the surgical treatment consisting of bypass from Common Carotid artery to Internal Carotid artery with Dacron prosthesis and reimplantation of External Carotid artery is described and discussed. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Julio Gonz ález Hernández, Alicia Bueno Bertomeu, César Varela Casariego, Alejandro Bravo Martínez, Cristina Hernández-Ávila, José Ramón March Source Type: research

5-year management of vascular injuries of the extremities in the “real-world” setting in Northeastern Greece: the role of iatrogenic traumas: vascular injuries of the extremities: Original article
ː Vascular trauma comprises a diagnostic and surgical challenge. Aim of this study was to present the vascular traumas treated in our Tertiary Hospital during the last 5 years. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Efstratios Georgakarakos, Gioultzan Memet Efenti, Andreas Koutsoumpelis, Anna-Maria Veloglou, Birtze Mechmet, Kalliopi-Maria Tasopoulou, Christos Argyriou, George S. Georgiadis Source Type: research

A REBOA Complication: EtCO2 is not just a marker of cardiac output
We describe an as yet undescribed complication, namely the perforation of the balloon at a distance from its introduction and the use of EtCO2 to suspect the diagnosis. Following a high-kinetic motorcycle accident, a 25-year-old patient was admitted in our level 1 trauma center, and benefited from a resuscitation thoracotomy followed by a REBOA catheter in zone 3. The use of a small caliber introducer could be responsible for balloon injury. EtCO2 is not only a marker of cardiac output and its sudden increase in this situation should raise questions about the recirculation of ischemia product and therefore the effectivenes...
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael Cardinale, Pierre-Julien Cungi, Jean-Philippe Avaro, Julien Bordes Source Type: research

Carotid Endarterectomy. A single institutional experience of 28 years from Pakistan
Cerebrovascular event is the most common reason of acute neurological injury in the western world. There is an extensive literature and data available on its prognosis, outcomes and complications rates from the west, yet still, data regarding its safety and efficacy is scarce from the South Asian belt. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Mohammad Mussadiq Khan, Hadi Mohammad Khan, Usama Khalid Choudry, Tehreem Fatima Kazmi, Amina amin, Syed Muhammad Azeem Source Type: research

Improving outcomes in carotid body tumors treatment: the impact of a multidisciplinary team approach
Carotid body tumors (CBTs) are the most frequent tumors among neck paragangliomas (NPs), with an incidence of about 1/30.000/year [1]. Clinical presentation for NPs is often an asymptomatic neck mass, with a low percentage of catecholamine-producing tumors. However, large tumors can be characterized by cranial nerve deficits or other symptoms related to the cervical structures compression [2]. Malignancy is rare, mainly associated to vagal tumors (VTs) and the diagnosis is based on histological criteria [3]. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Menegolo Mirko, Xodo Andrea, Bozza Riccardo, Piazza Michele, Pirri Carmelo, Caroccia Brasilina, Schiavi Francesca, Opocher Giuseppe, Antonello Michele, Grego Franco Source Type: research

Contemporary management of arterial thoracic outlet syndrome
This study aimed to describe the contemporary experience in managing arterial thoracic outlet syndrome at a large tertiary hospital. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Marcelo Bellini Dalio, Elp ídio Ribeiro da Silva Filho, Marina Britto Barufi, Maurício Serra Ribeiro, Edwaldo Edner Joviliano Source Type: research

Drug-coated Balloon versus Bare Nitinol Stent in Femoropopliteal Artery: 12 Months Outcome from a Single Center in China
The study sought to compare the safety and effectiveness of drug-coated balloon(DCBs) with bare nitinol stent in patients with complex femoropopliteal(FP) lesions in real-world practice. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Hao Zhao, Bo Ma, Jie Chen, Lei Zheng, Cong-Rui Sun, Ming-Sheng Sun, Jian-bin Zhang, Xue-Qiang Fan, Peng Liu, Zhi-Dong Ye Source Type: research

Femoral vein leiomyosarcoma mimicking thrombosis
Leiomyosarcoma, a smooth muscle connective tissue tumor, is a rare form of cancer accounting for 5 –10% of soft tissue sarcomas [1]. Usually, venous leiomyosarcomas arise from the saphenous, femoral, and jugular veins [2-3]. In daily practice, it represents a diagnostic challenge since it is often misdiagnosed as deep venous thrombosis, leading to a delayed treatment [3]. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Attilia Maria Pizzini, Cesare Tripolino Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Massive pulmonary embolism due to inferior vena cava thrombosis related to compression by lumbar artery pseudoaneurysm. a case report and review of literature
We present a 53-year-old male patient with LAPA whose expansion caused compression of the inferior vena cava and subsequently PE. He underwent mechanical thrombectomy and inferior cava vein filter placement associated with embolization of the LAPA. Despite the severe clinical profile, the patient was discharged with a favorable postoperative course without complications. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: David Bellido-Yarlequ é, Luz Rosadio-Portilla, Jesús Tan-Kuong, Fernando Bautista-Sánchez, Carlos Zúñiga-Luna, Wernher Cuya-Ochoa Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Lateral Axillary Exposure for Antegrade Access during Endovascular Repair of Complex Abdominal Aortic and Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms
During endovascular treatment of pararenal aortic aneurysms (PAA) and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA), our antegrade vascular access of choice is a lateral axillary exposure (LAE). We directly access the axillary artery with multiple sheaths followed by primary closure of the axillary artery at case completion. The aim of this study is to describe our technique and to report our results with this approach. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Roberto G. Aru, Jeremy C. Miller, Abigail H. Clark, Jacob Hubbuch, Travis G. Hughes, Michael C. Bounds, David J. Minion, Sam C. Tyagi Source Type: research

Commentary
I read with great interest the article from Aru, et al. regarding a novel technique for upper extremity access during complex endovascular aortic cases. Their technique utilizing open access to the axillary artery via a lateral approach is a welcomed addition to the literature, especially with their excellent procedural success and outcomes. With multiple devices currently available, and upcoming, the need for multiple approach techniques is going to continue to be prudent for successful outcomes. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Martyn Knowles Source Type: research

Management of Deep Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a COVID-19 patient
Dear Editor, (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Antonio Peluso, Pietro Venetucci, Antonio Catelli, Umberto Marcello Bracale Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Ruptured intercostal artery aneurysm with radiculomedullary branch downstream treated with endovascular stenting
Intercostal artery aneurysms are extremely rare, and could be associated with aortic coarctation, systemic diseases like neurofibromatosis, or more rarely Marfan syndrome. They could be life-threatening when ruptured, leading to hemothorax or mediastinal hematoma. Endovascular management before or after rupture of intercostal aneurysms, should be considered. Radiculomedullary branch, especially Adamkiewicz one, emanating from intercostal artery needs special focus during endovascular management, to avoid spinal cord ischemia. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Norbert Zhang, Pierre Chagu é, Aurélien Léal, Dominique Cabral, Robert-Yves Carlier, Mostafa El Hajjam Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Vascular Access Complications and Clinical Outcomes of Vascular Surgical Repairs Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI)
The objective of this study is to evaluate vascular access complications in one of the largest TAVI sites in North America. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Nicholas Sinclair, Alexa Mordhorst, Gary K Yang, P Shaun MacDonald, Ravi Sidhu, John DS Reid Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Can styloid process and internal carotid artery anatomy be used to predict carotid artery dissection?
This study assesses the association between styloid process length, internal carotid artery position and cervical carotid artery dissection (CCAD). This information would provide potential predicative radiological measurements, which could prevent delays in CCAD diagnosis. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Ms Lucinda Cruddas, Dr Michael Joffe, Mr Daryll Baker Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Association of high serum homocysteine levels and severe chronic venous disease
This study was aimed to explore the association between serum concentration and the severity of primary chronic venous disease (CVD). (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Hongxia Gao, Huimin Xu, Jiantao Zhang, Shyamal Premaratne, Xudong Su, Wenpei Zhang, Shengquan Wang, Lei Sun, Jie Yao, Bin Hao, Tao Yang Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Role of bypass with preoperatively diagnosed small caliber veins in chronic limb-threatening ischemia
This study aimed to assess whether bypass with veins judged as small by preoperative ultrasound is acceptable to achieve wound healing. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Keisuke Miyake, Takashi Nakamura, Hironobu Fujimura, Takashi Shibuya, Yoshiki Sawa Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Frailty is a Poor Predictor of Postoperative Morbidity and Mortality After Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
: Frailty has gained prominence as a predictor of postoperative outcomes across a number of surgical specialties, vascular surgery included. The role of frailty is less defined in the acute surgical setting. We assessed the prognostic value of frailty for patients undergoing surgery for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Michael Ciaramella, Timothy Kravchenko, Anthony Grieff, ShihYau Huang, Saum Rahimi, William Beckerman Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Parallel Grafting Should Be Considered as a Viable Alternative to Open Repair in High-Risk Patients with Paravisceral Aortic Aneurysms.
Parallel grafting presents a viable method for treating complex aortic aneurysms. Current available endografts are limited to treating infra-renal and juxta-renal aneurysms with restrictive anatomic specifications. Branched devices are only available for investigational use in North America, and custom-made endografts do not address the urgency that some of our patients present with, both having further anatomic limitations [1]. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Abdullah A Alfawaz, Kaitlyn M Dunphy, Steven D Abramowitz, Misaki M Kiguchi, Joshua A Dearing, Christian C Shults, Edward Y Woo Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research

Primary Aortoduodenal Fistula: A Case Report and Current Literature Review
An aortoduodenal fistula (ADF) is a rare, life-threatening entity in which mortality approaches 100% unless diagnosed and treated in a timely fashion.1 –3 Primary ADF (PADF) is predominantly due to abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), as aortic dilatation and compression against the gastrointestinal (GI) tract erodes into the enteral lumen.4,5 Sir Astley Cooper first described PADF and its clinical sequela in 1829, and the first case report was publ ished by Salman in 1843.1,6 Between 1951 to 2010, there were 253 cases of PADF noted. (Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - February 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Authors: Christina Georgeades, Rakel Zarb, Zoe Lake, Jacob Wood, Brian Lewis Tags: Case Report Source Type: research