Outcome of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation for Pediatric Patients With Neoplasm: An Extracorporeal Life Support Organization Database Study (2000–2019)

This study update in usage and outcomes of pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for patients with neoplasm analyzed according to demographics, clinical variables, and complications. DESIGN: Retrospective database review of the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry from the last 2 decades (2000–2019). The data were divided between two decades in order to compare patients’ backgrounds and outcomes over time. SETTING: ECMO centers reporting to Extracorporeal Life Support Organization. PATIENTS: Patients equal to or younger than 18 years old with International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision and International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision codes that referred to neoplasms who were managed with ECMO. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Demographics, cancer subtype, clinical variables, and ECMO complications were assessed in relation to the primary study outcome of survival to hospital discharge. Nine-hundred two patients met inclusion criteria; 699 patients were in the latest decade, which is more than three times the number from the previous decade (203 patients). On univariate analysis, compared with the previous decade, in the later decade, ECMO was more frequently applied in patients with pre-ECMO cardiac arrest (31.3% vs 17.1%; p
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research