Preparation and evaluation of humic acid-based composite dust suppressant for coal storage and transportation

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2021 Oct 16. doi: 10.1007/s11356-021-16685-2. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTTo mitigate environmental pollution caused by the escape of dust during coal storage and transportation, humic acid (HA) and grafted acrylamide (AM) were used as raw materials to prepare a composite dust suppressant suitable for coal storage and transportation. Single-factor experiments were used to explore the optimal synthesis conditions of the dust suppressant, and the microstructure of the product was studied using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and other methods. The wetting effect of the dust suppressant on coal was also investigated by way of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The experimental results showed that the dust suppressant had good wind erosion resistance (wind erosion rate 10.2%), shock resistance (loss rate 3.63%), and anti-evaporation performance, while the MD simulation and permeability analysis results showed that the dust suppressant had an excellent wetting effect on the coal surface. SEM images revealed that the dust suppressant can fill the gaps between coal dust particles and bond them together to form a consolidated layer, thereby effectively inhibiting the escape of dust sources during coal storage and transportation.PMID:34655031 | DOI:10.1007/s11356-021-16685-2
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Source Type: research

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Source: Toxicology in Vitro - Category: Toxicology Authors: Source Type: research
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