Clinical Correlates of Deliberate Self-Harm Among Migrant Trauma-Affected Subgroups

Conclusion: Given the association between trauma exposure and DSH among migrants, exploring the presence of DSH behavior within the immigrant community is crucial for the implementation of measures to develop intervention in a clinical setting.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Trauma and catastrophes seen by surgeons, medics and first responders puts them at high risk for developing depression, anxiety, PTSD and associated suicide. Both exaggerated/high and blunted/low stress reactivity (HPA) axis has been shown to correlate with poor mental health, along with a pro-inflammatory state. We hypothesis that cortisol reactivity and cytokine levels correlate with mental disorder risk and traumatic life experiences.
Source: Journal of the American College of Surgeons - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Military Source Type: research
In this study, we systematically reviewed and meta-analyzed longitudinal studies that examined mental health of the general population prior to and during the pandemic. Furthermore, we explored the long-term psychiatric implications of the pandemic with data from South Korea. Our analysis showed that the number of suicidal deaths during the pandemic was lower than the previous years in many countries, which is in contrast with the increased depression, anxiety, and psychological distress in the general population in South Korea as well as in other countries. To explain this phenomenon, we propose a possibility of delayed i...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
In this study we research the association between lifetime sexual victimization and adverse mental health outcomes in older adults, and its moderators.MethodsBetween July 2019 and March 2020, 513 older adults living in Belgium participated in a structured face-to-face-interview. Selection occurred via a cluster random probability sampling with a random walk finding approach. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD) were measured using validated scales. Suicide attempts and self-harm were questioned during lifetime and in the past 12-months. SV was measured using behaviorally specific questions based on...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
From Wall Street to Hollywood, psychedelics are having a cultural moment. For those of us who grew up in the “this is your brain on drugs” era, it’s hard to let go of stigma—and the mental image of an egg sizzling on a hot pan. But as a growing number of states and cities move to decriminalize drugs, and investors flock to an emerging market for psychedelic health care, substances like psilocybin, ketamine and LSD are edging into mainstream culture—and setting the stage for a paradigm shift in modern medicine. Within the next few years, we could see psychedelic therapies prescribed for refract...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Asian J Psychiatr. 2021 Sep 11;66:102858. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2021.102858. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTThe ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the health and wellbeing of communities worldwide. Measures to limit transmission, have enhanced vulnerability of individuals to well identified risk factors associated with mental illness and suicide. These include a sense of loneliness, anxiety, depression, insomnia, PTSD, harmful alcohol and drug use. Given that the potential for increased rates of suicide persist, the suicide prevention agenda remains urgent and essential. The same is one of the cornerstones of resilience in...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Discussion: We found that adolescents with a prior trauma history appear to have a more realistic appraisal of potential difficulties associated with traumatic events, and seem less reactive to potentially unsettling PTSD symptoms. They also seemed less prone to overconfidence as they got older, an effect seen in the adolescents without a history of trauma. Our findings provide preliminary evidence that the construct of anxiety may work differently in newly traumatized and retraumatized individuals, particularly in the context of mass trauma events.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
New Army soldiers with a history of impairing anger attacks were twice as likely to later develop major depressive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, or suicidal ideation, according to astudy published this week inJAMA Network Open.When anger attacks, or sudden outbursts of verbal or physical aggression, cause substantial life impairment, they are a hallmark of intermittent explosive disorder (IED). IED is estimated to effect 4% to 7% of the U.S. population.Diana M. Smith, A.B., and Murray B. Stein, M.D., M.P.H., of the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues analyzed data collected as part...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: anger attacks Army STARRS generalized anxiety disorder intermittent explosive disorder JAMA Network Open major depressive disorder panic disorder suicidal ideation Source Type: research
Aust N Z J Psychiatry. 2021 Sep 28:48674211049332. doi: 10.1177/00048674211049332. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVES: Anti-police (#EndSARS) protests took place in October 2020 across several Nigerian cities, resulting in deaths, injuries and loss of property, but the psychological sequelae of these protests have not been studied.METHOD: In a cross-sectional online survey, we collected data on psychiatric morbidity and potential risk factors from 426 Nigerian social media users, who self-identified as participants or non-participants in a recent anti-police protest.RESULTS: We found elevated rates of psychiatric mor...
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: It is noteworthy that most studies published to date used a cross-sectional design and applied online screening questionnaires. The few studies with a longitudinal design suggest that these changes may have been transitory and more prevalent at the beginning of the pandemic.PMID:34571018 | PMC:PMC8463108 | DOI:10.1016/j.jped.2021.08.003
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Source Type: research
This study aims at determining the prevalence of mental health issues and their association with perception of aptitude for covering emergencies and difficulty in seeing a corpse, and also to determine the mental health factors associated with job change. An ad hoc survey, GHQ-28 (Somatization, Anxiety-Insomnia, Social Dysfunction, Depression), MBI-P (Burnout, Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, personal accomplishment) and Brief scale to diagnose Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Suicide Risk were applied to 196 journalists (female = 51.6%). Descriptive analysis, correlations (Pearson and Spearman), T-test and binar...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
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