Alcohol, drugs and sexual abuse in Cameroon's rainforest - Gallois S, van Andel TR, Pranskaityt é G.

Due to global socio-economical and ecological changes, indigenous societies are exposed to an increased risk of alcohol and substance abuse. Most research on this topic has been done on indigenous communities in Canada, Australia, the US, parts of Europe a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

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acute;nez-Núñez Children’s early development is influenced by characteristics of the child, family, and environment, including exposure to substance abuse. The aim was to examine the association of early childhood development (ECD) with the prevalence of psychoactive substance use in Mexican municipalities. We obtained ECD data from the 2015 Survey of Boys, Girls, and Women (ENIM, for its Spanish acronym), measured with the ECD Index. The prevalence of psychoactive substance use was estimated at the municipal level, using the 2016 National Survey of Drug, Alcohol, and Tobacco Use (ENCODAT, for its S...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
When Joe Silverman developed Crohn’s disease at age 21, the symptoms started out mild. While the sight of blood in his stools initially freaked him out, what really bothered him was the frequent abdominal pain and bloating that occurred as his condition progressed to moderate and then severe. Dietary changes didn’t make a difference, so he began taking prescription oral anti-inflammatory drugs that are often used to treat certain bowel diseases, which alleviated but didn’t eliminate his discomfort. He started using prescription steroid suppositories to cope with flare-ups of the inflammatory bowel disease...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Continuous use of amphetamines, alcohol, benzodiazepines, cannabis, cocaine, or opioids contributes to health impairments, increased morbidity, and overdose deaths among patients with substance use disorders (...
Source: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
We are pleased to edit a special issue of the Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment focused on research conducted outside of North America. The call for papers requested studies that addressed the organization, delivery, and financing of treatment for alcohol and drug use disorders (i.e., addiction health services research) and invited manuscripts reporting results from studies conducted in countries located in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and South America. Investigators working in low-income countries were encouraged to submit manuscripts.
Source: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: University students were not fully aware of the implications of alcohol misuse and will be part of the adult society as critical figures and future leaders. It is imperative to inform students about alcohol consumption risks and investigate the motivations to drink. Stress, anxiety, and social pressure are only a few issues young people are exposed to. Special attention must be paid to young people and their coping strategies that involve substance abuse by using educative, preventive, and motivational approaches.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusions Adolescents visiting Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network EDs have substantial rates of substance use, similar to other nationally representative studies on this topic, although not as high as a school-based survey. Future ED studies should continue to investigate adolescent substance use, including exploring optimal methods of survey administration.
Source: Pediatric Emergency Care - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
A new study shows people with ADHD who have a history of depression or anxiety are particularly vulnerable to substance abuse problems.
Source: WebMD Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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Source: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Significant increase in substance abuse in the general population during the recent lockdowns to combat the COVID-19 pandemic is well documented. We report 3 patients older than the age of 50, one of them a woman, who developed severe bilateral visual loss due to LHON after doubling their alcohol consumption and increasing number of cigarettes smoked daily during the pandemic. Clinicians are reminded to consider LHON in the differential diagnosis when encountering older patients with bilateral sequential visual loss and to specifically inquire about alcohol use and cigarette smoking in these patients.
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research
ConclusionA weak association of mental illness alone with incarceration was found, despite high level of public attention to “criminalization of mental illness.”
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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