A novel surgical training simulator for transanal total mesorectal excision

ConclusionsWe present the world's first TaTME simulator and believe that it will play an important role for the safe spread of TaTME surgery.
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Conclusion Our study supports a strategy to avoid a relevant proportion of rectal cancer cases through a combined reduction of alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking.
Source: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionWe believe that these efforts will help to significantly improve the gastrointestinal cancer treatment and survival.
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Cancer Epidemiology, Volume 62Author(s): Said Abasse Kassim, Weiyan Tang, Muhammad Abbas, Shenzhen Wu, Qingdao Meng, Chengcheng Zhang, Xiaobo Li, Rui ChenAbstractPoor survival among colorectal cancer (CRC) patients has been widely associated with clinico-epidemiological features and treatment regimen. In Jiangsu (China), however, it is not known which one of the prognostic factors explains the survival disparities among patients with CRC. This prospective study using 1078 patients (stages I-IV) that underwent surgery at Jiangsu Hospital, explored the relevant factors affecting the prog...
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, the gut microbiota of 30 LC patients and 30 healthy controls were examined via next-generation sequencing of 16S rRNA and analyzed for diversity and biomarkers. We found that there was no decrease in significant microbial diversity (alpha diversity) in LC patients compared to controls (P observed = 0.1422), while the composition (beta diversity) differed significantly between patients and controls (phylum [stress = 0.153], class [stress = 0.16], order [stress = 0.146], family [stress = 0.153]). Controls had a higher abundance of the bacterial phylum Actinobacteria and genus Bifidobacterium, while patients wi...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The physical activity, anthropometry, and smoking relationships with colorectal cancer risk differed by subsite, supporting the hypothesis that tumors in different anatomical regions may have distinct etiologies. PMID: 30056182 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Colorectal Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research
Abstract Patients with psoriasis have an increased risk of cancer, which may be due to impaired immune surveillance, immune modulatory treatments, chronic inflammation and/or co-risk factors such as obesity. The increase in treatment-independent solid cancers, including urinary/bladder cancers, oropharynx/larynx, liver/gallbladder and colon/rectal cancers, seem to be linked to alcohol and smoking. Lung cancer and nonmelanoma skin cancer are also increased in patients with psoriasis. The risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer increases with age and severity of psoriasis. It is also higher in men, particularly for squamous...
Source: The Australasian Journal of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Australas J Dermatol Source Type: research
Abstract Although the overall rate of colorectal cancer (CRC) has remained stable, studies have shown an increase in the rate of CRC in young patients (
Source: The American Surgeon - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Gender-specific aspects have been increasingly considered in clinical medicine, also in oncological surgery. AIM: To analyze gender-specific differences of early postoperative and oncological outcomes after rectal cancer resection based on data obtained in a prospective multicenter observational study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: As part of the multicenter prospective observational study "Quality assurance in primary rectal cancer", data on tumor site, exogenic and endogenic risk factors, neoadjuvant treatment, surgical procedures, tumor stage, intraoperative and postoperati...
Source: Der Chirurg - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Chirurg Source Type: research
Early onset colorectal cancers, defined as arising before 50 years of age, are a growing health hazard in western and eastern countries alike. The incidence of colon and rectal cancers in young individuals is projected to increase by as much as 90% and 140%, respectively, by 2030. Although several known cancer risk factors (e.g. smoking, alcohol, dietary habits) have been investigated, there is no single compelling explanation for this epidemiological trend. While some early onset colorectal cancers have been associated with germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes, genetic syndromes are implicated in only a fract...
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Early onset colorectal cancers, defined as arising before 50 years of age, are a growing health hazard in western and eastern countries alike. The incidence of colon and rectal cancers in young individuals is projected to increase by as much as 90% and 140%, respectively, by 2030. Although several known cancer risk factors (e.g. smoking, alcohol, dietary habits) have been investigated, there is no single compelling explanation for this epidemiological trend. While some early onset colorectal cancers have been associated with germline mutations in cancer predisposition genes, genetic syndromes are implicated in only a fract...
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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