Language breakdown in primary progressive aphasias
Amitabha GhoshAnnals of Indian Academy of Neurology 2020 23(8):67-72 Dementias with predominant language involvement, called primary progressive aphasias provide us with unique insight into systematic breakdown of language in neurodegenerative diseases and the structures and networks involved. Clinical and neuroimaging models quite distinct from those seen in stroke aphasias have evolved. In this short overview, we will discuss the cognitive processes involved in expressive and receptive verbal communication and how these processes are affected in the different variants of primary progressive aphasia producing distinctive clinical patterns. We will also discuss the brain's language network and how different components of the network break down in each of the primary progressive aphasia variants.
CONCLUSIONS: Discriminative power of both Maugeri models was externally confirmed (in a 20 years younger population) and a new model (incorporating aphasia) was developed outperforming Maugeri models in primary outcome and MCID.PMID:34542037 | DOI:10.3233/NRE-201619
Brain reorganization patterns associated with language recovery after stroke have long been debated. Studying mechanisms of spontaneous and treatment-induced language recovery in post-stroke aphasia requires a network-based approach given the potential for recruitment of perilesional left hemisphere language regions, homologous right hemisphere language regions, and/or spared bilateral domain-general regions. Recent hardware, software, and methodological advances in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) make it well-suited to examine this question. fNIRS is cost-effective with minimal contraindications, making it a...
ConclusionsWhen measuring the functional improvement of patients with aphasia, patient ’s quality of communication life received from treatment exceeded financial cost of services provided.
Conclusions Overall, participants were aware of the benefits of using the ROMA COS and believed that its implementation would improve research quality; however, incentives for routine implementation were reported to be lacking. Findings will guide future revisions of the ROMA COS and the development of theoretically informed implementation strategies. Supplemental Material https://doi.org/10.23641/asha.16528524.PMID:34491769 | DOI:10.1044/2021_JSLHR-20-00683
This study suggests that MOR, coupled with tDCS therapy may accelerate the reading recovery in patients with pure alexia.PMID:34478345 | DOI:10.1080/13554794.2021.1974487
CONCLUSIONS: 17 ICAPs were reported in 20 peer-reviewed literature sources (9 ICAPs supplemented by Grey literature sources). There were high degrees of variation in dose, professionals involved, and no qualitative data from participants. Of note, ICAP intervention was highly tailored to individual participants on the same ICAP, and intervention content varied between ICAPs. ICAPs appear to be rationalised as intensive impairment-based programmes with other components added for comprehensiveness. Stronger rationale and a logic model are required to justify the core components of ICAPs. The input of stakeholders into design...
Conclusion: Clinicians in Asia are strongly recommended to consider the education level of stroke patients when interpreting the results of the MMSE and MoCA. Further studies in other Asian countries are needed to understand their clinical value in stroke settings.