Survival of Melancholia: a Retrospective Study of Patients with Depressive Disorders.
Survival of Melancholia: a Retrospective Study of Patients with Depressive Disorders. East Asian Arch Psychiatry. 2020 Jun;30(2):39-43 Authors: Gupta R, Mirza T, Majeed MH, Seemüller F, Moeller HJ Abstract BACKGROUND: The DSM-IV and the DSM-5 eliminated the importance of the syndromal identity of melancholic depression in favour of a dimensional model within the domain of major depressive disorders. Melancholic depression was excluded from DSM as a distinct disorder owing to the impact of ageing, genetics, and course of illness. We challenge these assertions using retrospective data collected from patients with depression. METHOD: Electronic medical records of 1073 patients with depressive-spectrum disorders in 12 centres across Germany spanning from January 2010 to June 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. The diagnosis of melancholia was made using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale 21 items (HAMD-21). Patients were followed up every 2 weeks and yearly until discharge from inpatient units. The final dataset consisted of 1014 patients; each had received a minimum of two complete observations. RESULTS: At baseline, patients with melancholic depression had higher HAMD-21 score than did patients with non-melancholic depression (32.6 vs 23.13, p
The study examined social variables and suicidal behaviour tendency among university students in Akwa Ibom State. Two purposes, research questions and hypotheses apiece were formulated to guide the study. The researchers adopted the descriptive survey desi...
This study sets out to explore whether emotional intelligence has a mediating role in the relationship between fear of missing out in social environments (FoMO) and the depression among university students. The study group consisted of 370 (200 female and ...
Conclusions: In this cohort, racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality were common. PMID: 32742152 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: September 2020Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, Volume 47, Issue 3Author(s): Emily B. Kroska, Zachary N. Stowe
Some researchers had thought insufficient levels of vitamin D may play a role in depression, but the findings of a large study of more than 18,000 US adults ages 50 years or older published Tuesday has found no evidence for this.
Publication date: Available online 3 August 2020Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Nathália Stela Visoná de Figueiredo, Maryane Mendes Cavalcanti, Larissa Botelho Gaça, Maria Helena da Silva Noffs, Arthur Victor Menezes Sousa, Neide Barreira Alonso, Lenon Mazetto, Gerardo Maria de Araújo Filho, Elza Márcia Targas Yacubian, Laura Maria Guilhoto
While the capability to diagnose cancer and heart problems has advanced by giant steps in recent years, methods to detect depression have stubbornly stayed the same for more than a century: Observe patients, and ask them how they are doing.UCLA has launched a major new study, sponsored by and in collaboration with Apple, designed to help revolutionize detection and treatment of depression.The three-year study, which begins this week, was co-designed by researchers at UCLA and Apple to obtain objective measures of factors such as sleep, physical activity, heart rate and daily routines to illuminate the relationship between ...
Conditions: Anxiety; Depression; Stress, Psychological; Loneliness; Social Isolation Intervention: Sponsors: Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile; Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico, Chile Recruiting
Condition: Major Depressive Disorders Interventions: Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)-active; Device: Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)-sham Sponsor: Tianjin Anding Hospital Recruiting