Validation of the Chinese Version of Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised.
CONCLUSION: The C-OCI-R is a valid and reliable measure for assessing the severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in local Chinese patients with OCD. PMID: 31871306 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early Maladaptive Schemas, Depression Severity, and Risk Factors for Persistent Depressive Disorder: a Cross-sectional Study.
CONCLUSION: All five EMS domains correlated significantly with depression severity. PDD and MDD differed in psychopathology. The EMS domains of disconnection and rejection, impaired autonomy and performance, and over-vigilance and inhibition may be specific risk factors for PDD. PMID: 31871307 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in a Malaysian Forensic Mental Hospital: a Cross-sectional Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Adult ADHD is common in a Malaysian forensic mental hospital and is associated with unmarried status, alcohol abuse, lifetime manic/hypomanic episodes, generalised anxiety disorder, and younger age at first offence. PMID: 31871308 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Childhood Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Symptoms with Academic and Psychopathological Outcomes in Indian College Students: a Retrospective Survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinical evaluation and appropriate management may be warranted for adults who retrospectively recall clinically significant ADHD symptoms in childhood. PMID: 31871309 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reducing Injury During Restraint by Crisis Intervention in Psychiatric Wards in Singapore.
CONCLUSION: Our quality improvement project identified six root causes and implemented three plan-do-study-act cycles to successfully eliminated patient injuries during the use of restraints. PMID: 31871310 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Pulmonary Embolism as a Cause of Death in Psychiatric Inpatients: a Case Series.
We report four cases of fatal pulmonary embolism confirmed by autopsy among inpatients in a Hong Kong psychiatric hospital from 2010 to 2014. None of the four patients had a medical or premorbid condition associated with vascular thromboembolism or causing prolonged immobilisation. Only two patients were taking long-term antipsychotic medication, but all were physically restrained shortly before the event. PMID: 31871311 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

New Service Model for Common Mental Disorders in Hong Kong: a Retrospective Outcome Study.
Authors: Lee WK, Lo A, Chong G, Chang SYS, Lu V, Yip PLI, Liu CMK, Leung M, Chung CM, Wong KY, Yeung YYE, Chan SMA, Ngai YS, Wong PS, Lo TL Abstract OBJECTIVE: To review the first 8-month outcome of the Common Mental Disorder Clinic model in Hong Kong in terms of patient exit status and improvement in depressive and anxiety symptoms. METHODS: During the first appointment, patients were interviewed by a multidisciplinary team comprising a psychiatrist, a psychiatric nurse, and an occupational therapist. A multidisciplinary case conference was conducted to discuss clinical observations, diagnosis, issues of conce...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Five Personality Traits in Late-onset Depression in Hong Kong.
This study aimed to examine the association between five personality traits and late-onset depression in Hong Kong older people. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included a convenience sample of 40 older people with late-onset depression (LOD) and 54 non-depressed elderly controls. The patients were assessed using the NEO Five Factor Inventory (for personality), the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (for depression severity), the Mini-Mental State Examination (for cognitive function), the Lawton Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (for functioning), and the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (for number of physical ...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of Aggressive or Violent Behaviour in Thai Patients with Schizophrenia: a Cross-Sectional Study.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of violence and factors associated with aggressive or violent behaviour in Thai patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in all patients with schizophrenia aged ≥18 years admitted to Suan Prung Psychiatric Hospital, Thailand, between January and November 2014. Baseline interviews were conducted by a psychiatrist and psychiatric nurses. Accessibility to weapons and toxic chemicals was evaluated. RESULTS: Of 230 patients with schizophrenia screened, 207 (162 men and 45 women) were included. Of them, only 16 (7.7%) patients had aggre...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental Health Literacy in Cancer Outpatients in Singapore.
CONCLUSIONS: MHL is comparable between oncology outpatients and controls and is positively associated with education level. PMID: 31566185 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anti-Voltage-gated Potassium Channel Limbic Encephalitis with Psychiatric Features: a Case Report.
We report a case of anti-voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) limbic encephalitis in a 47-year-old man presenting with a 2-year history of psychiatric features. The patient had cognitive impairment, slurred speech, and a mildly unsteady gait but no other neurological deficits or seizures. Results of blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid tests and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were normal. However, electroencephalography showed an epileptogenic focus in the bilateral temporal regions with mild to moderate diffuse encephalopathy. Autoimmune panel results confirmed the diagnosis of anti-VGKC limbic encephalitis, w...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

'Organic Anxiety' in a Middle-aged Man Presenting with Dyspnoea: a Case Report.
We report a case of pulmonary embolism in a patient who presented with repeated anxiety attacks and psychotic symptoms and was misdiagnosed as having withdrawal seizure or anxiety disorder not otherwise specified. This case highlighted the nonspecific clinical features of pulmonary embolism and the principles in making psychiatric diagnosis. Careful history taking, thorough physical examination, appropriate investigation, and a high index of suspicion led to the correct diagnosis. The principle of hierarchy of psychiatric diagnosis (ie, organic over non-organic) and the possibility of comorbidities should always apply. ...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - October 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry in Hong Kong: a 2019 Update.
Authors: Mak ADP, Wong EKY PMID: 31237244 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Associations between Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease, Generalised Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Episodes, and Healthcare Utilisation: a Community-based Study.
Authors: Mak ADP, Wu JCY, Chan Y, Tse YK, Lee S Abstract OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and comorbidity of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) with generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive episodes (MDE) in a general population using DSM-IV, and to evaluate the associations between these conditions and healthcare utilisation. METHODS: A random population-based telephone survey was conducted to record frequency of GORD symptoms, symptoms of GAD and MDE based on DSM-IV, and healthcare utilisation. RESULTS: Of 2011 respondents, 4.2% had weekly GORD and 13.9% had monthly GORD, whereas ...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neurocognitive Characteristics of Individuals with Irritable Bowel Syndrome.
Authors: Wong KMF, Yuen SSY, Mak ADP Abstract Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a systems-based brain-gut axis disorder. Cognitive functions reflect central affective and attentional processes that are driven by genetic and epigenetic influences and effect complex brain-gut interactions. These interactions include stress-induced changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic nervous system, remodelling of the immune system, and alterations in microbiota composition. This review summarises current neurocognitive findings on patients with IBS. 13 studies of neurocognition in IBS patients were identified...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical Toxicology and Overdose of Psychiatric Medications.
This article reviews the poisoning epidemiology in Hong Kong, assessment and treatment of acute poisoning, and management of acute psychiatric medication overdose. In 2016, nearly 4000 poisoning cases involving approximately 6000 poisons were reported to Hong Kong Poison Information Centre. About 25% of the poisons involved were psychiatric-related medications. The initial medical assessment on poisoning includes history taking, vital signs monitoring, and focused physical examination. Approaches in managing acute poisoning include supportive measures, decontamination, antidote use, and enhanced elimination. Management on ...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Compulsory Mental Health Treatment in Hong Kong: Which Way Forward?
Authors: Cheung D Abstract On 25 to 26 August 2017, the 'Compulsory Mental Health Treatment in Hong Kong: Which Way Forward?' conference was held in Hong Kong. Academics and practitioners from the United Kingdom, United States, New Zealand, and Hong Kong came together to discuss such important topics as the philosophical justifications for compulsory treatment, constitutional and human rights, and how compulsory powers are and should be used in practice. Speakers and conference participants then engaged in roundtable discussions on various issues that arose, in particular how reform of the law regulating compulsory...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depression and Quality of Life in Patients with Neurological Disorder in a Malaysian Hospital.
Authors: Das P, Naing NN, Wan-Arfah N, Naing Noor Jan KO, Kueh YC, Rasalingam K Abstract OBJECTIVE: To investigate association between major depressive disorder (MDD) and quality of life in patients with neurological disorder. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at a Malaysian hospital between April 2016 and December 2016 using convenience sampling. Patients aged ≥18 years with intracranial tumour or other brain disorders were invited to participate. Quality of life was assessed using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life questionnaire version 3.0; dia...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attentional Bias Modification Training for Patients with Generalised Anxiety Disorder: a Randomised Controlled Study.
CONCLUSION: The efficacy of the brief ABMT as a mechanistically focused treatment for GAD was not supported. The small sample size and short duration of treatment may have rendered the results inconclusive. PMID: 31237250 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Falls in Psychogeriatric Inpatients and Comparison of Two Fall Risk Assessment Tools.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dementia and women had higher risk of fall. Extra proportion of at-risk patients are able to benefit from additional fall risk interventions when WSFRAT is used instead of MFS. Further studies are needed to calculate the psychometric properties of WSFRAT. PMID: 31237251 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence, Factors, and Outcome of Physical Violence against Mental Health Professionals at a Nigerian Psychiatric Hospital.
CONCLUSIONS: Physical violence encountered by mental health professionals at a Nigerian neuropsychiatric hospital is substantial. Policy review of staff safety, training, and support is recommended. PMID: 31237252 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Temporomandibular Joint Osseous Changes with Anxiety, Depression, and Limitation of Mandibular Function in Elderly Vietnamese.
CONCLUSIONS: Anxiety and depression and TMJ osseous changes were prevalent in elderly Vietnamese. Rural residents had higher prevalence of anxiety and depression than urban residents. TMJ osseous changes were not associated with anxiety, depression, or limitation of mandibular function. PMID: 31237253 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Religion, Psychiatry, and Alternate Sexuality.
Authors: Darmansjah D, Kalra G, Ventriglio A Abstract Religious institutions tend to display a conservative view towards individuals with alternate sexuality or identity. For managing patients with alternate sexuality, it is imperative that clinicians understand and take into account religious views and its effects on a person's mental health. We review the literature on religion, alternate sexuality, and psychiatry to ascertain their interaction and impact on the mental health of individuals with alternate sexuality or identity. Differing but overlapping perspectives on alternate sexuality persist across world rel...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexuality in the 21st Century: Sexual Fluidity.
Authors: Ventriglio A, Bhugra D Abstract Sexuality is a vital component of human life. Sexuality deals with procreation and pleasure. Sexual behaviours and orientations vary and may be related to mental health. Some sexual orientations may be discriminated or censored by religious or political beliefs, and this has a big impact on sexual variations. Frequently, sexual variations are considered to be pathological and need to be medically treated. However, it should be accepted that sexuality includes a continuum of behaviours, thoughts, fantasies, acts, and attractions that are beyond procreation. Modern sexology in...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 28, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Forensic Psychiatric Services in Hong Kong.
Authors: Siu BW, Lam M PMID: 30563946 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Profiling Mentally Ill Offenders in Hong Kong: a 5-year Retrospective Review Study.
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of mental illness in offenders referred to psychiatrists from January 2011 to March 2016 and any associations between crime and mental illness in these offenders. METHODS: Case notes of offenders referred to psychiatrists at the Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre from 1 January 2011 to 31 March 2016 were reviewed. Data on sex, age on admission, educational level, principal psychiatric diagnosis, index offence, source and reason of referral, and outcome were collected. RESULTS: Case notes were reviewed for 4492 offenders (75% males) aged 14 to 93 (mean, 40.6) years. Of these, 68%...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Compulsory Admission in Hong Kong: Balance between Paternalism and Patient Liberty.
Authors: Siu BW, Fistein EC, Leung HW, Chan LS, Yan CK, Lai AC, Yuen KK, Ng KK Abstract In Hong Kong, compulsory admission is governed by the Mental Health Ordinance Section 31 (detention of a patient under observation), Section 32 (extension of period of detention for such a patient), Section 36 (detention of certified patients), and the sections in Part IV for hospital order, transfer order, and removal order. Mental health professionals adopt both legal criteria and practice criteria for compulsory admission. The present study discusses the harm principle, the patient's decision-making capacity, the multi-axial ...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Combination of Psychiatric and Psychological Approaches in the Assessment and Treatment of Sexual Offenders.
Authors: Chan O, Lam S Abstract This review discusses the association between mental disorders and sexual offending, and provides an overview of the combination of psychiatric and psychological approaches to assess and treat sexual offenders at the Sex Offender Evaluation and Treatment Unit in Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre in Hong Kong. PMID: 30563949 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence and Screening of Mental Illness among Remand Prisoners in Hong Kong.
CONCLUSION: Psychiatric disorders are prevalent in remand prisoners in Hong Kong. The CMHS is an effective tool to screen remand prisoners for timely treatment of prisoners with mental health needs. PMID: 30563950 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Maternal Infanticide and Filicide in a Psychiatric Custodial Institution in Hong Kong.
Authors: Tang D, Siu B Abstract OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review the history, legislation, and psychiatric perspective of filicide, to compare the characteristics of mothers who committed neonaticide versus infanticide, and to discuss the infanticide law in Hong Kong. METHODS: Data of mothers remanded to the Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre from 2008 to 2016 for filicide were reviewed, as were data of filicide from the Child Fatality Review Reports published by the Social Welfare Department. RESULTS: From 2008 to 2016, eight mothers were remanded to Siu Lam Psychiatric Centre for filicide. Four were...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Diminished Responsibility: Law Reform in the United Kingdom and Personal Perspective on Forensic Psychiatric Practice in Hong Kong.
Authors: Liu AC Abstract This commentary discusses law reform on diminished responsibility in the United Kingdom and provides a personal perspective on forensic psychiatric practice relating to diminished responsibility in Hong Kong. PMID: 30563952 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

People with Intellectual and Developmental Disorders in the United Kingdom Criminal Justice System.
Authors: Chester V Abstract This review aims to describe the way in which people with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) are treated within the criminal justice system (CJS) in the United Kingdom (UK). The relevant empirical literature and national reports are reviewed, and the current care model for offenders with IDD described. The care of people with IDD within the CJS is relatively advanced in UK; however, offenders with IDD experience difficulties at all stages. This includes engagement with police and the courts, accessing adapted therapies, and after discharge from inpatient care or release...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexually Violent Predator Law in the United States.
This study reviews the history of SVP legislation, compares features of SVP laws among states, and summarise requirements by the Supreme Court that shaped these laws. Features of SVP laws include identification of sexual offenders with mental abnormality that predisposes them to sexually offending behaviours in the future, and standards of proof for conditional or unconditional release. A comprehensive understanding of all statutes can inform policymakers about SVP laws, whether supportive or restrictive of such legislation. PMID: 30563954 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - December 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Premorbid Adjustment in Predicting Symptom Severity and Social Cognitive Deficits in Schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: Given the important role of SC and PMA, assessing premorbid functioning can help in deciding early and appropriate intervention for schizophrenia. PMID: 30146494 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Aripiprazole Versus Lithium in Management of Acute Mania: a Randomized Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSION: Lithium is more effective than aripiprazole in improving manic symptoms. PMID: 30146495 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Suicidal Ideation with Demographic, Lifestyle and Health Factors in Malaysians.
CONCLUSION: The likelihood of having suicidal ideation is positively associated with young adults, women, Indians, and those with poor self-rated health. PMID: 30146496 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Audit of Mental Capacity Assessment by Primary Care Physicians Versus Consultation-liaison Psychiatrists.
CONCLUSION: Overall, mental capacity assessment was inadequately performed by primary care physicians and consultation-liaison psychiatrists. More work needs to be done to engage, educate, and empower all stakeholders involved. PMID: 30146497 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attitude of Medical Students in Paraguay Towards Homosexuality.
CONCLUSION: Education about health issues of homosexuals is needed for medical students in Paraguay. PMID: 30146498 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Video Feedback on Mother-child Interactions in Perinatal Psychiatric Service in Hong Kong.
Authors: Chung PY, Wong WY PMID: 30146499 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Postvention in Action: The International Handbook of Suicide Bereavement Support.
Authors: Wu KK PMID: 30146500 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - August 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Posttraumatic Stress after Treatment in an Intensive Care Unit.
CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms of posttraumatic stress, anxiety, and depression may occur after ICU treatment. Early identification and appropriate intervention for PTSD are important for rehabilitation. PMID: 29921739 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association between N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor Subunit 2B Gene Polymorphisms and Personality Traits in a Young Japanese Population.
CONCLUSION: There was no significant association between selected GRIN2B polymorphisms and personality traits, but this may be due to low statistical power. Further studies involving a larger study population are needed to clarify this. PMID: 29921740 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Neutrophil-lymphocyte Ratio and C-reactive Protein Level in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder Before and After Pharmacotherapy.
This study aimed to assess NLR and CRP level in patients with major depressive disorder before and after pharmacotherapy to determine whether NLR or CRP could be used as biomarkers of severity of major depression and whether there was any sex difference. METHODOLOGY: Patients with major depression who received no pharmacotherapy 1 month prior to the study were included. Their haemoglobin, total white blood cell count, neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, NLR, and CRP levels were evaluated at baseline and 12 weeks post pharmacotherapy, as were the Montgomery Asberg Rating Scale for Depression, the Scale for Impact of Suici...
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Attitude of Indian Medical Students Towards Homosexuality.
CONCLUSION: Although the overall attitude of Indian medical students towards homosexuality is positive, the percentage of students with negative attitudes remains quite high. Further work on the medical curriculum is needed to change these negative attitudes so that patients receive appropriate care. PMID: 29921742 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Arachnoid Cyst Causing Depression and Neuropsychiatric Symptoms: a Case Report.
We report a case of a 56-year-old woman with no past history or family history of psychiatric illness who developed acute-onset right-sided weakness, depressive symptoms, and other neuropsychiatric deficits. A diagnosis of organic mood disorder caused by an arachnoid cyst was made. Her symptoms and neuropsychiatric deficits remitted after cyst marsupialisation by open craniotomy. Therefore, it is important to investigate the organic aetiology in elderly patients who present with simultaneous mood disorder and cognitive dysfunction. PMID: 29921743 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clozapine-related Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia: a Case Report.
We describe a 56-year-old woman who developed clozapine-related paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during clozapine dose titration and had a recurrence despite being treated with verapamil. For treatment-resistant schizophrenia, a slow titration of the clozapine dose is necessary, and potential cardiac side-effects should be monitored. PMID: 29921744 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - June 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sexual Dysfunction in Patients with Antidepressant-treated Anxiety or Depressive Disorders: a Pragmatic Multivariable Longitudinal Study.
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with anxiety or depressive disorder, the risk of antidepressant-emergent sexual dysfunction at 6 weeks is low when drug doses are initially low with gradual up-titration. Baseline sexual dysfunction was independently associated with impaired sexual outcome. Men may be more likely than women to experience impaired sexual outcome. In patients with baseline sexual dysfunction, prescription of mirtazapine might be preferable to fluoxetine. PMID: 29588433 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - March 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Symptoms of Anxiety and Depression in Obese Singaporeans: a Preliminary Study.
CONCLUSION: In obese Singaporeans, anxiety symptoms may be more common than depressive symptoms. Weight management programmes should incorporate anxiety management as part of standard treatment. Early detection and pharmacological and psychological interventions should be implemented. PMID: 29576551 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - March 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Frontal Theta Asymmetry as a Biomarker of Depression.
CONCLUSION: Frontal theta asymmetry is a potential biomarker of depression. PMID: 29576552 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - March 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research

Self-harm and Suicide Attempts in a Japanese Psychiatric Hospital.
CONCLUSION: Self-harm and suicide attempts at this psychiatric hospital occurred at a rate of 0.05 per 1000 patient-days between late 2000 and early 2013. Efforts are needed to increase compliance with suicide prevention procedures and therapeutic communication, so as to improve management and care of psychiatric in-patients and prevent them from committing suicide. PMID: 29576553 [PubMed - in process] (Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry)
Source: East Asian Archives of Psychiatry - March 28, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: East Asian Arch Psychiatry Source Type: research