Secondary analysis of RTOG 0247 demonstrates favorable OS rates for rectal cancer patients
Locally advanced rectal cancer patients who receive preoperative radiation therapy with either irinotecan plus capecitabine or oxaliplatin plus capecitabine have a four-year overall survival rate of 85 percent and 75 percent, respectively, according to a study.
Authors: Spencer S Abstract For more than a decade, the incidence of head and neck cancers has been increasing in the United States. Worldwide, they are the ninth most common cancer. Today, newer advances in radiotherapy (RT), such as fractionation, 4-dimensional cone-beam CT, and intensity-modulated RT, have provided clinicians with the opportunity for improved patient outcomes. At the NCCN 23rd Annual Conference, Sharon Spencer, MD, described the advantages of advances in RT and the means to mitigate untoward side effects. PMID: 29784752 [PubMed - in process]
Objectives Randomized trials have shown a local control benefit with adjuvant radiotherapy (RT) in high-intermediate–risk endometrial cancer patients, although not all such patients receive RT. We reviewed the National Cancer Data Base to investigate which patient/tumor-related factors are associated with delivery of adjuvant RT. Methods The National Cancer Data Base was queried for patients diagnosed with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009 stage I endometrioid adenocarcinoma from 1998 to 2012 who underwent surgery +/− adjuvant RT. Exclusion criteria were unknown stage/grade, nonsur...
Objective Although locally advanced cervical cancer can be cured, patients with stage IVB disease have poor prognosis with limited treatment options. Our aim was to describe the pattern of care and analyze health disparity variables that may account for differences in treatment modalities and survival in this population. Methods The National Cancer Database was queried for patients diagnosed between 2004 and 2013 with metastatic squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the cervix. Codes representing parenchymal and lymphatic metastasis (beyond the para-aortic radiation fields) were used to identify the cohort. Var...
Conclusion: The advanced T stage and overall stage were associated with decreased survival after surgical treatment in patients with SCC of the EAC, highlighting the importance of clinical vigilance and early detection. PMID: 29779363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Cancer Medicine, EarlyView.
Conclusions: This SEER analysis demonstrates that a substantial proportion of women with early stage breast cancer are eligible for HFRT, APBI, or ET alone after breast conserving surgery according to consensus guidelines and prospective trial criteria. With incorporation of additional pathologic, dosimetric, and chemotherapy data, quality assurance pathways may use such data to help ensure patients are receiving appropriate risk stratified treatment recommendations.
Conclusions: The primary endpoint of the study was not met. Lovastatin, as administered in this trial, did not reduce the incidence of grade 2 or higher rectal toxicity compared with historical controls.
We report patient-reported outcomes (PROs) from a randomized trial comparing hypofractionated and conventional prostate radiotherapy. Methods: Men with localized prostate cancer were enrolled in a trial that randomized men to either conventionally fractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (CIMRT, 75.6 Gy in 1.8 Gy fractions) or to dose-escalated hypofractionated IMRT (HIMRT, 72 Gy in 2.4 Gy fractions). Questionnaires assessing urinary, bowel, and sexual function were completed pretreatment and at 2, 3, 4, and 5 years after treatment. Results: Of 203 eligible patients, 185 were evaluable for PROs. A total of ...
The limited number of radiation therapy trials and lack of funding for such studies is"concerning," given that radiation is a cornerstone of cancer management worldwide, researchers in China say.Reuters Health Information
Conditions: Liver Metastases; Colorectal Cancer Intervention: Radiation: SBRT Sponsor: UNICANCER Not yet recruiting