Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities Among U.S. Children Aged 3-17 Years.

Racial and Ethnic Differences in the Prevalence of Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Learning Disabilities Among U.S. Children Aged 3-17 Years. NCHS Data Brief. 2020 Mar;(358):1-8 Authors: Zablotsky B, Alford JM Abstract Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disabilities are the most commonly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders in children and often coexist (1,2). Previous research has suggested that the prevalence of these conditions may differ by race and Hispanic origin (3,4). Using timely, nationally representative data, this report examines the reported prevalence of ADHD and learning disabilities by race and ethnicity and select demographic characteristics that are associated with the diagnosis of these conditions (1). PMID: 32487288 [PubMed - in process]
Source: NCHS data brief - Category: American Health Tags: NCHS Data Brief Source Type: research

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In this study, we enlisted 475 children (290 males and 185 females; ratio 1.6:1), aged 4 to 14 years, who were affected by primary headache. In direct interviews, children and parents gave information on the association of their headache with, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, learning disabilities, tics, anxiety, depression, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Other 475 children with no history of headache or recognized neurological conditions were matched for age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status and were used as controls. RESULTS: A significant association of primary headache was found with anxiety and depression (p-value
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Background: Knowledge is increasing about TSC-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders (TAND), but little is known about the potentially confounding effects of intellectual ability (IA) on the rates of TAND across age, sex, and genotype. We evaluated TAND in (a) children vs. adults, (b) males vs. females, and (c) TSC1 vs. TSC2 mutations, after stratification for levels of IA, in a large, international cohort.Methods: Individuals of any age with a documented visit for TSC in the 12 months prior to enrolment were included. Frequency and percentages of baseline TAND manifestations were presented by categories of IA (no intellect...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
We report clinical and molecular data of a Lor family with 2 affected members presenting with severe intellectual disability, developmental delay, and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. A comprehensive genetic study that included whole-exome sequencing identified a homozygous missense substitution (NM_001080:c.G1321A:p.G441R) in ALDH5A1 (Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 5 Family Member A1) gene, consistent with clinical phenotype in the patients and co-segregating with the disease in the family. The non-synonymous mutation, p.G441R, affects a highly conserved amino acid residue, which is expected to cause a severe destabilization of...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Children with developmental disabilities like attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and cerebral palsy are more than twice as likely than others to have asthma, a study says.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
(JAMA Network) How common asthma was among children with various developmental disabilities (including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and vision, hearing or speech delay) was compared to children without disabilities in this survey study.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusion-Findings from this study highlight differences in the prevalence of developmental disabilities and use of services related to developmental disabilities by rural and urban residence. PMID: 32510313 [PubMed - in process]
Source: National health statistics reports - Category: American Health Tags: Natl Health Stat Report Source Type: research
Abstract Six articles in the June 2020 issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry address the overall construct of cognition. These articles have a broad connection to cognition, which is itself a broad concept. From the experimental psychology perspective, cognition is the set of processes associated with attending, learning, knowing, and remembering. From the clinical perspective, a number of neuropsychiatric conditions are defined by the presence of cognitive impairment, with onset ranging from childhood, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and intellectual disability, to later life, such as demen...
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This review consists of the largest sample hitherto evaluated. In the intellectual disability population, mental health comorbidities could be better detected by a symptom phenotype than a psychiatric diagnostic phenotype. Crucially, future research needs to address the effect of measurement validity in the intellectual disability population. Estimated prevalence rates were high compared to the general population, indicating the importance of systematic screening, case detection and appropriate management. PMID: 32475125 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research
The following describes the case of Miguel and a missed diagnosis in an undocumented minor.Miguel Estrada (all names changed to protect identity) was a 10-year-old boy of Central American origin initially seen at age 8 years in our university outpatient child psychiatry clinic. During the initial evaluation with a native Spanish-speaking provider, his mother, Mrs. Estrada, reported behavioral problems beginning at age 5 with diagnoses of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and intellectual disability; a trauma history was denied. Over the subsequent 2 years, Miguel continued treatment in our outpatient service and lat...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical perspectives Source Type: research
Publication date: August 2020Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities, Volume 103Author(s): Lars Orbach, Moritz Herzog, Annemarie Fritz
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
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