The value of hybrid interstitial tandem and ring applicators for organ at risk dose reduction in small volume cervical cancer.
The value of hybrid interstitial tandem and ring applicators for organ at risk dose reduction in small volume cervical cancer. J Contemp Brachytherapy. 2020 Feb;12(1):12-16 Authors: Crossley N, Tipton C, Meier T, Sudhoff M, Kharofa J Abstract Purpose: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided adaptive brachytherapy is the standard of care for cervical cancer. Hybrid intracavitary/interstitial applicators for bulky tumor (high-risk clinical target volume [HR-CTV]> 30 cc) dose escalation is recommended in the EMBRACE II trial. The value of hybrid applicators for smaller HR-CTV (
Conclusions: Most cancers may be insensitive to social development. Internal factors, including aging, may be a key factor for the occurrence of cancer. PMID: 32462031 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionWe found that 1-in-11 cancer survivors developed a SPC. Given the increasing number of cancer survivors and the importance of SPC as a cause of cancer death, there is a need for increased screening for and prevention of SPC.
ConclusionsExposure to PM2.5 air pollution contributes to lung cancer mortality and may be a risk factor for other cancer types. Cigarette smoking has a larger impact on cancer mortality than PM2.5 , but is associated with similar cancer types.
This article provides an in-depth overview on the role of Rho GTPases in gynecological cancers, highlights relevant signaling pathways and pathomechanisms, and sheds light on their involvement in tumor progression, metastatic spread, and radio/chemo resistance. In addition, insights into a spectrum of novel biomarkers and innovative approaches based on the paradigm shift from reactive to predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine are provided.
Conclusions: Extended treatment planning time for brachytherapy due to the changes in topography of small pelvis can lead to different dose in high-risk organs than previously planned. It seems that the most significant changes are related to rectum. PMID: 32395135 [PubMed]
Authors: Gursel SB, Serarslan A, Meydan AD, Okumus N, Yasayacak T Abstract Purpose: The standard treatment for locally advanced stage cervical cancer is definitive radiotherapy, the quality of which affects both survival and side effects. Brachytherapy is a major component of definitive radiotherapy; it is administered using different techniques and applicators. The purpose of this study was to dosimetrically compare tandem ovoid (T-ovoid) and tandem ring (T-ring) brachytherapy treatments. Material and methods: Both applicator sets were applied to the same 20 patients, and treatment plans were made three-dimens...
CONCLUSION: Conservative pelvic floor muscle interventions may be beneficial for improving sexual function and health-related quality of life in survivors of gynecological cancer. Given the levels of evidence reported in this review, further high-quality studies are needed, especially to investigate effects on bladder and bowel function. IMPACT: This review provides moderate level evidence for the role of pelvic floor rehabilitation to improve health outcomes in the gynecological cancer survivorship journey. Clinicians and health services should consider how to provide cancer survivors the opportunity to participant i...
Authors: Wei H, Qiu YQ, Zeng QS, Wang SF, Yi CJ Abstract OBJECTIVE: Finding a key target for the development of cervical cancer is conducive to the treatment of cervical cancer. LncRNA UCA1 plays a role in multiple tumors, such as the digestive tract and bladder. However, whether LncRNA UCA1 plays a role in cervical cancer is unclear. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The tumor tissues (tumor group) and adjacent tissues (normal group) of cervical cancer patients were collected for analysis of expression of LncRNA UCA1 and miR-145 by Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). Cervical cancer HeLa cell line was cultured a...
In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that increased expression levels of CCEPR may predict poor prognosis in patients with OC and contribute to the progression of OC through regulating the Wnt/β‑catenin signaling pathway. PMID: 32319633 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
ConclusionsEarly environments may contribute to cancer risk later in life. Life course perspectives applied to the study of cancer incidence can provide insights for increasing understanding of cancer etiology.