Improved ventilation in premature babies after transcatheter versus surgical closure of patent ductus arteriosus

Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is common in preterm infants and can contribute to morbidity and mortality. We aimed to compare results and outcome of transcatheter closure using the Amplatzer Piccolo Occluder versus surgical closure in 2 matched groups of preterm infants weighing
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy constitute one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that preeclampsia complicates 2-8% of pregnancies globally (). In Latin America and the Caribbean, hypertensive disorders are responsible for almost 26% of maternal deaths, whereas in Africa and Asia they contribute to 9% of deaths. Although maternal mortality is much lower in high-income countries than in developing countries, 16% of maternal deaths can be attributed to hypertensive disorders (). In the United States, the rate of preeclampsia increased by...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Authors: Abstract Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy constitute one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality worldwide. It has been estimated that preeclampsia complicates 2-8% of pregnancies globally (). In Latin America and the Caribbean, hypertensive disorders are responsible for almost 26% of maternal deaths, whereas in Africa and Asia they contribute to 9% of deaths. Although maternal mortality is much lower in high-income countries than in developing countries, 16% of maternal deaths can be attributed to hypertensive disorders (). In the United States, the rate of preeclampsia increased by...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
An estimated 2,000 premature births have been prevented by widespread HPV vaccination in Australia, possibly by protecting against damage to the cervix
Source: New Scientist - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCoronavirus is causing a shortage of critical inhalers needed by patients with Asthma and respiratory illness. Patients with Asthma are at higher risk if they tract the novel Coronavirus. As the coronavirus continues to spread, hospitals are turning to use more salbutamol MDI. Salbutamol MDI has become the line of defence for physicians in the emergency room who are treating patients with Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and have respiratory distress .[Hui et al 2020 ,and Center for Drug Evaluation and Research 2020]During the COVID pandemic, there has been a drastic increase in the use of MDI inhaler...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice - Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: research
(University of California - San Diego) UC San Diego researchers have identified small molecules in the blood of asymptomatic pregnant women that may predict risk for preeclampsia, responsible for a significant proportion of maternal and neonatal deaths, low birth weight and is a primary cause of premature birth.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is a frequent complication of premature birth. Treating RDS by continuous positive airway pressure and less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) may reduce bronchopulmo...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Authors: Xu Q, Zhu B, Dong X, Li S, Song X, Xiao X, Zhang C, Lv Y, Zhang X, Li Y Abstract Despite the developmental toxicity reported in animals, few epidemiologic studies have investigated the potential effects of prenatal exposure to pyrethroid pesticides (PYRs) on fetal growth. A birth cohort study was conducted to examine the association between prenatal exposure to PYRs and birth outcomes, and a nested case-control study was conducted in this cohort to evaluate the effects of PYR on congenital defects. The assessment of PYR exposure was based on self-reported household pesticide use and urinary PYR metabolite ...
Source: Journal of Toxicological Sciences - Category: Toxicology Tags: J Toxicol Sci Source Type: research
Conclusion: A statistically significant increase in pCO2 and decrease in MAP in patients with IVH compared with those without were detected. Both the mean values and the mean absolute deviations of CBF were computed in this study, and the latter was significantly higher than in control group. High deviations of CBF, as well as hypercapnia and hypotension, are likely to contribute to the rupture of cerebral blood vessels in preterm infants, and consequently, to the development of IVH.What is Known:•The origin of IVH is multifactorial, but mean arterial pressure, carbon dioxide partial pressure, and cerebral blood flow ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Abstract In a crisis, societal needs take precedence over a patient's best interests. Triage guidelines, however, differ on whether limited resources should focus on maximizing lives or life-years. Choosing between these two approaches has implications for neonatology. Neonatal units have ventilators, some adaptable for adults. This raises the question of whether, in crisis conditions, guidelines for treating extremely premature babies should be altered to free-up ventilators. Some adults who need ventilators will have a survival rate higher than some extremely premature babies. But surviving babies will likely li...
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is the final manifestation of a variety of maternal, fetal, and placental conditions. Fetal growth restriction occurs in up to 10% of pregnancies and is second to premature birth as a cause of infant morbidity and mortality. In addition to its significant perinatal impact, FGR also has an impact on long-term health outcomes. Fetal growth restriction remains a complex obstetric problem with disparate published diagnostic criteria, poor detection rates, and limited preventative and treatment options.
Source: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: SMFM Consult Series Source Type: research
More News: Babies | Cardiology | Heart | Perinatology & Neonatology | Premature Birth