CT angiography vs echocardiography for detection of cardiac thrombi in ischemic stroke: a systematic review and meta-analysis

AbstractBackground and purpose Cardiac thrombi are an important cause of embolic stroke. We studied the diagnostic yield and diagnostic accuracy of cardiac CT angiography (CTA) compared to echocardiography for detection of cardiac thrombi in ischemic stroke patients.MethodsWe performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature on cardiac CTA versus echocardiography for detection of cardiac thrombi in ischemic stroke patients. We included studies (N ≥ 20) in which both cardiac CTA (index test) and echocardiography (reference test) were performed and data on cardiac thrombi were reported. Results were stratified for type of echocardiography: transesophageal (TEE) vs transthoracic (TTE).ResultsOut of 1530 studies, 14 were included (all single center cohort studies), with data on 1568 patients. Mean age varied between 52 and 69  years per study and 66% were men. Reported time intervals ranged from 0 to 21 days between stroke and first test, and from 0 to 199 days between tests. In ten studies that compared CTA to TEE, CTA detected cardiac thrombi in 87/1385 (6.3%) patients versus 68/1385 (4.9%) on TEE (p 
Source: Journal of Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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We sought to explore the prevalence, demographics, clinical and imaging features of the Carotid web (CaW) on CT angiography (CTA) in patients with cryptogenic and non-cryptogenic stroke through a large-scale retrospective study.
Source: Clinical Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Neuroradiology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND Patients with blunt cerebrovascular injuries are at risk of thromboembolic stroke. Although primary prevention with antithrombotic therapy is widely used in this setting, its effectiveness is not well defined and requires further investigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)–detected ischemic brain lesions as a possible future outcome for randomized clinical trials in this patient population. METHODS This prospective observational study included 20 adult blunt trauma patients admitted to a level I trauma center with a screening neck CTA showing ex...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
ConclusionTooth loss was independently associated with CAB and predicted a poorer functional outcome among IS and TIA patients.Clinical relevanceClinical assessment of tooth loss may provide important information on risk for CAB and poorer functional outcome among stroke patients.
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Conclusion: Compared to pCT, DECT within 36 h after IV thrombolysis for acute ischemic stroke, changes the radiological diagnosis of post-treatment ICH to “CS only” in a small proportion of patients. Studies are warranted of whether the altered radiological reports have an impact on patient management, for example initiation timing of antithrombotic secondary prevention.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A 65-year-old man with a history of Wallenberg syndrome caused by vertebral artery dissection at 62 years old was admitted to our hospital with nausea, vertigo, right facial dysesthesia, right hemiplegia, crossed sensory disturbance (sensory loss and numbness in the right face and left body below the neck), and right limb ataxia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed 80 minutes after onset revealed no acute ischemic stroke lesions, but magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) demonstrated complete occlusion of the right vertebral artery.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Transcarotid artery revascularization (TCAR) is a novel, hybrid approach to treating carotid disease in the treatment of stroke and stroke prevention. Early results of this hybrid approach to carotid stenting using flow reversal have been promising, with reported stroke rates around 1-2.8%1,2. Currently, carotid stenting, regardless of approach, is performed with uncovered stents, which incurs the risk of plaque protrusion through the stent and in-stent restenosis. Overall, plaque protrusion is a rare event, with a reported incidence of 2.8% on angiography, but it is associated a high rate of ischemic complications (up to 66.7%) 3.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In the present cases, although ischemic stroke was serious and precluded surgical indication for ATAAD, carotid artery stenting before surgery for ATAAD resulted in good clinical outcomes. Performing carotid artery stenting before surgery for ATAAD is challenging but achievable, and is a valid treatment option depending on the individual cases. PMID: 32397860 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Interventional Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Tags: Interv Neuroradiol Source Type: research
1622Purpose: Internal carotid artery stenosis is a well-known risk factor of ischemic stroke. However, with improvement in vascular imaging, not just degree of internal carotid artery stenosis but also the vulnerability of plaque is an important contributory factor in stroke. The purpose of this preliminary study was to evaluate the relationship between degree of internal carotid artery stenosis, the wall shear stress (WSS) by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) on MR angiography and 18F-FDG uptake of the plaque on PET/CT. Methods and Materials: A total of 40 carotid arteries in 20 patients with carotid atherosclerotic dise...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Science (Poster Session) Source Type: research
Conclusions: Transcirculation approaches may be used to access the target lesion when the parent artery cannot be crossed through conventional antegrade routes. These techniques are feasible but should be reserved as a bailout maneuver when anterograde MT is not possible. Newer endovascular devices have improved neurological and angiographic outcomes in transcirculation cases.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study suggests that IA embolisation may be performed by a recently trained INR with good clinical and anatomical outcomes. Published on 2020-05-06 10:29:10
Source: Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
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