Increased Risk of Perioperative Ischemic Stroke in Patients Who Undergo Noncardiac Surgery with Preexisting Atrial Septal Defect or Patent Foramen Ovale

To evaluate whether a preoperative diagnosis of atrial septal defect (ASD) or patent foramen ovale (PFO) is associated with perioperative stroke in noncardiac surgery and their outcomes.
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

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A former resident texted me this ECG, done for epigastric pain in an 18 year old.  The pain resolved immediately with treatment for acid reflux, and in the clinician's opinion was clearly GI in origin, but he wanted to know what the strange waves in the QRS were:See the unusual notching in II, III, aVF, and V2-V4.I had no idea what they were.  They reminded me of theDelayed Activation Wave associated with circumflex acute MI.See this case: they are clearly different from this.I put it on Facebook EKG club and this is the ...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
Gore won the European CE Mark for its GORE CARDIOFORM ASD Occluder, a device designed for percutaneous, transcatheter closure of ostium secundum atrial defects (ASDs). The occluder recently completed a clinical study involving 125 patients with ASD, ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiac Surgery Cardiology Radiology Source Type: blogs
Stroke is a serious complication of non-cardiac surgery. Congenital defects of the interatrial septum may be a potent risk factor for perioperative stroke. The aim of the present study was to determine the association between atrial septal defect (ASD) or patent foramen ovale (PFO) and in-hospital perioperative ischemic stroke after non-cardiac surgery in a large nationwide cohort of patients hospitalized in the United States. Patients undergoing noncardiac surgery between 2004 and 2014 were identified using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project's National Inpatient Sample.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
The GORE CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder has been approved by the FDA to treat ostium secundum atrial septal defects (ASD) via percutaneous closure procedures. In a clinical study of the device in 125 patients with ASD, ranging in age from 2 to 84, all wh...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiac Surgery Cardiology Radiology Source Type: blogs
Authors: Madhkour R, Wahl A, Praz F, Meier B Abstract INTRODUCTION: The patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common anatomical variant in humans (prevalence 25%). Most often asymptomatic, it may engender paradoxically embolic strokes, myocardial infarctions, or visceral or peripheral ischemia. It is causatively related to migraine, positional or exertional hypoxemia with dyspnea, diving incidents, high altitude edema, and sleep apnea. Percutaneous closure of atrial septal defects was first performed in the seventies. A dedicated PFO occluder (Amplatzer PFO Occluder) was first used on September 10, 1997 by Kurt Amplatz a...
Source: Expert Review of Medical Devices - Category: Medical Devices Tags: Expert Rev Med Devices Source Type: research
The FDA has approved the GORE CARDIOFORM Septal Occluder for patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure procedures that have shown to reduce the chance of stroke in some patients. The CARDIOFORM is already being used in the U.S. for closing of atrial septal ...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiac Surgery Cardiology Radiology Source Type: blogs
W.L. Gore &Associates has received FDA approval to expand the indication of the Gore Cardioform Septal Occluder to reduce the risk of recurrent ischemic stroke in patients. The device treats patients through the closure of patent foramen ovale (PFO). Cardioform’s previous indication was for the closure of atrial septal defects that are up to 17mm in size. Gore’s Structural Heart Leader, Jake Goble said Cardioform has the potential to redefine stroke prevention. Goble began working for Gore in 2007. It was around that time the company began to explore the possibility of having the Cardioform focus on stroke ...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Cardiovascular Source Type: news
Int J Angiol DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1626718Device therapy is a viable alternative to open heart surgery in the management of intracardiac defects. The Amplatzer septal occluder (ASO) is one such device that has been adapted to close a wide variety of cardiac defects with few complications and a high success rate. This is a retrospective review of all the patients who received the ASO between 2012 and 2016 at the University of Kentucky. In total, 169 patients underwent percutaneous closure of a septal defect with Amplatzer during the timeframe studied, and of those, 91% received the device for an atrial septal defect or patent...
Source: International Journal of Angiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: ICE is a safe and high-quality imaging technique for guiding transcatheter ASD and PFO occlusion. Additionally, ICE can both facilitate device implantation and detect cardiac abnormalities that are not identified with TEE during the initial diagnostic investigation. PMID: 29374291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: IV enoxaparin without monitoring appears as a potential safe and easy-to-use anticoagulation regimen in percutaneous LA cardiac interventions. Further investigations with larger cohorts of patients are warranted. PMID: 28804058 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: EuroIntervention - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: EuroIntervention Source Type: research
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