Spanish-language cognitive screening tests: a critical review

ConclusionsThe 3 screening tools assessed in this article provide support for primary care professionals. Timely identification of mild cognitive impairment and dementia is crucial for the prognosis of these patients.ResumenIntroducciónLa demencia es una enfermedad crónica degenerativa de alto impacto para las familias y los sistemas de salud. Los instrumentos de medición del deterioro cognitivo que se utilizan actualmente tienen características psicométricas diferentes en cuanto a tiempo de aplicación, punto de corte, confiabilidad y validez. El objetivo de la presente revisión fue describir las características de las escalas Mini Cog, Prueba del Reloj y Mini Mental para tamizaje de deterioro cognitivo validadas al idioma español.DesarrolloLa búsqueda bibliográfica se realizó en tres etapas mediante la base de datos Medline a partir del año 1953. Se realizó una selección de publicaciones validadas al español que incluyeran la confiabilidad, validez, sensibilidad y especificidad de las escalas.ConclusionesLas tres herramientas de tamizaje descritas en este artículo proporcionan un apoyo para el personal de salud. La detección oportuna es crucial para el pronóstico de las personas que viven con deterioro cognitivo leve o demencia.
Source: Neurologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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The theory of “disinhibition” has been very influential in psychiatry and neurology for over a century. Disinhibition has been used to explain clinical findings in many neurological and psychiatric disorders including dementia, traumatic brain injury, attention deficit hyperactive disorder, substance abuse, impulsivity in personality disorders, and neurodevelopmental disorders. In addition, disinhibition has been used as a unifying theory to link clinical observations with cognitive findings, and even cellular findings. This review discusses the origins and history of the theory of disinhibition and its strengt...
Source: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clinical Controversies Source Type: research
Long-term exposure to air pollution may increase a person's risk for developing dementia, an analysis published Monday by JAMA Neurology has found.
Source: Health News - UPI.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
The hundreds of millions of people in the world breathing polluted air are at high risk for both heart disease and dementia, a new study says.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
(German Sport University) Exercise in older adults, even at an advanced stage of dementia, is an important strategy to maintain independence in everyday living and to promote quality of life.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(JAMA Network) This observational study analyzed data from about 2,900 older residents of Stockholm to examine the association between long-term exposure to air pollution and the risk of developing dementia, along with what role cardiovascular disease might have.
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
Conclusions: The most striking feature of this study was the high prevalence of incorrect diagnosis of schizophrenia, with patients not receiving the minimum correct assessment before that diagnosis, resulting in negative consequences. Caution is recommended when diagnosing severely psychotic patients independent of their acute or chronic condition. PMID: 32220147 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders - Category: Primary Care Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research
PMID: 32218046 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research
Abstract Among adults ages 65 and older, dementia doubles the risk of hospitalization. Roughly one in four hospitalized patients has dementia, and the prevalence of dementia in the United States is rising rapidly. Patients with dementia have significantly higher rates of hospital-acquired complications, including urinary tract infections, pressure injuries, pneumonia, and delirium, which when unrecognized and untreated can accelerate physical and cognitive decline, precipitating nursing home placement and death. The authors discuss the unique needs of patients with dementia who require acute care, highlighting evi...
Source: The American Journal of Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Am J Nurs Source Type: research
This cohort study investigates the association of long-term exposure to air pollution with dementia and evaluates the role of cardiovascular disease in the association among participants of the population-based Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen.
Source: JAMA Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Families affected by dementia are adjusting to develop new routines away from external support.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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