Health-related quality of life of patients with permanent cardiac pacing

Conclusion: the patients gave the highest health-related quality of life ratings in regard to mental domains and the lowest ratings for the physical domains.RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud de pacientes con marcapaso card íaco definitivo. Método: estudio observacional descriptivo, transversal, realizado en el ambulatorio de arritmia de un hospital universitario del interior del estado de Sao Paulo. La muestra consecutiva y no probabilística estuvo constituida de pacientes de los dos sexos, mayores de 18 años, co n marcapaso hace, por lo menos, un mes. Fueron excluidos los que no presentaron condiciones cognitivas para responder a los cuestionarios, como también aquellos que presentaron disnea, debilidad y fatiga, en el momento de la aplicación de los instrumentos; y, también aquellos con desfibrilador ca rdioversor implantable. Para la evaluación de la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, se utilizó el instrumento genéricoMedical Outcomes Study 36 - Item Short-Form Health Survey, compuesto por 36 preguntas distribuidas en ocho dominios, y el instrumento específicoAssessment of Quality of Li fe and Related Events, compuesto por 20 preguntas distribuidas en tres dominios. Resultados: participaron 88 pacientes, la mayoría del sexo masculino y con compañero, con edad media de 64,3 (±13) años. Los dominios que presentaron mayores medias...
Source: Texto e Contexto - Enfermagem - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

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Authors: Song Z, Gao R, Yan B Abstract Cardiovascular disease is still the main cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Currently, the frontier of research into cardiovascular disease is the field of non-coding RNA. In this review, information was collected on the use of micro-RNAs as non-invasive biomarkers and their role in pathophysiological processes and therapeutic applications. In the case of microRNA-1 and microRNA-133, the roles and regulatory mechanisms of them are reviewed for arrhythmia, myocardial infarction, diabetic cardiomyopathy, myocardial hypertrophy, cardiomyocyte differentiation, and cell re...
Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
This study aimed to ascertain whether tiotropium/olodaterol (T/O) 5/5 μg fixed-dose combination (FDC) may modulate the risk of main cardiovascular outcomes in COPD patients enrolled in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). A meta-analysis (CRD42017070100) was performed by selecting RCTs reporting raw data from the ClinicalTrials.gov database concerning the impact of T/O 5/5 µg FDC vs. monocomponents on the occurrence of specific cardiovascular serious adverse events: arrhythmia, heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke. Data were reported as relative risk and 95% Confidence Interval, and the r...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Authors: Martignani C, Massaro G, Biffi M, Ziacchi M, Diemberger I Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia; its incidence is expected to rise in the coming years due to the aging of the western population. It is associated not only with clinical, but also with significant social and economic issues; in fact, AF-related healthcare costs have been estimated at several million euros in some European countries. Therefore, interventions aimed at improvement of clinical management and reduction of direct and indirect healthcare costs, related to AF, would be strongly recommended in view ...
Source: Journal of Medical Economics - Category: Health Management Tags: J Med Econ Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2020Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, Volume 23Author(s): Shahram Yazdani, Anish Badjatiya, Naghmeh Dorrani, Hane Lee, Wayne W. Grody, Stanley F. Nelson, Katrina M. Dipple
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Most common sustained post-operative arrhythmia – MCQ Most common sustained post-operative arrhythmia: a) Atrial tachycardia b) Atrial fibrillation c) Ventricular tachycardia d) Ventricular fibrillation Post your answer as a comment below
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Medicine MCQ - CVS Source Type: blogs
Commonest cause of SCD due to cardiac arrhythmia – MCQ – Answer Commonest cause of sudden death due to cardiac arrhythmia – Correct answer: d) Coronary artery disease Though all the rest are primary electrical disorders of the heart with high risk of arrhythmic death, their prevalence is quite low compared to coronary artery disease. Hence ventricular fibrillation secondary to acute myocardial infarction/ischemia and previous myocardial infarction with scar related re-entrant ventricular arrhythmia together contribute a much larger number of sudden arrhythmic deaths in the community. Back to question
Source: Cardiophile MD - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Medicine MCQ - CVS Source Type: blogs
AbstractAtrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most prevalent arrhythmias. Myocardial sleeves of the pulmonary vein are critical in the occurrence of AF. Our study aims to investigate the effect of synthetic vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) on gap junction proteins in cardiomyocytes. (1) Extraction of vascular SMCs from the pulmonary veins of Norway rats. TGF- β1 was used to induce the vascular SMCs switching to the synthetic phenotype and 18- α-GA was used to inhibit gap junctions of SMCs. The contractile and synthetic phenotype vascular SMCs were cocultured with HL-1 cells; (2) Western blotting was used to ...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial arrhythmias are common among individuals with heart failure with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). This review describes management options for these arrhythmias and discusses emerging clinical data supporting catheter ablation. Recent findings Several recent clinical trials indicate that catheter ablation is superior to pharmacologic therapy for management of symptomatic atrial fibrillation in the setting of HFrEF. Restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm appears to have the greatest benefit with regard to ejection fraction improvement among individuals with a nonischemic heart failure ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review Atrial arrhythmias commonly occur in patients with advanced heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) who require left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) implantation. This review summarizes the current literature regarding the incidence, prevalence, and predictors of atrial arrhythmias in LVAD patients and its impact on the clinical outcomes. Moreover, we review the mechanisms and management strategies of atrial arrhythmias in this population. Recent findings Atrial arrhythmias including atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter, and atrial tachycardia are highly prevalent in patients with adva...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
Purpose of review To provide a framework for approaching ventricular arrhythmias in the setting of cardiomyopathy, outline the latest evidence-based recommendations for catheter ablation and device therapy, and discuss novel treatment strategies. Recent findings Risk stratification of ventricular arrhythmias in systolic heart failure has evolved, with an increasing role for cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to identify underlying substrate and scar burden. Medical therapy for heart failure has greatly improved, and the role of primary prevention defibrillators in nonischemic cardiomyopathy has become more ambiguous. ...
Source: Current Opinion in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: CARDIAC FAILURE: Edited by Rebecca Cogswell and Gene Kim Source Type: research
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