Silymarin inhibited DU145 cells by activating SLIT2 protein and suppressing expression of CXCR4

This study is the first examining the interplay between Slit2 –Robo1–CXCR4 proteins and silymarin in DU145 cells. We believe that our study will provide new insights for future studies.
Source: Medical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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We present recent series examining sequencing of approved therapies while searching for predictive biomarkers. Finally, we examine trials evaluating novel agents that target certain biological pathways to highlight the likely future directions for progress in the clinical management of advanced prostate cancer.
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: GENITOURINARY SYSTEM: Edited by Arif Hussain Source Type: research
Purpose of review The present article highlights the most common DNA repair gene mutations, using specific examples of individual genes or gene classes, and reviews the epidemiology and treatment implications for each one [with particular emphasis on poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibition and PD-1 blockade]. Recent findings Genetic and genomic testing have an increasingly important role in the oncology clinic. For patients with prostate cancer, germline genetic testing is now recommended for all men with high-risk and metastatic disease, and somatic multigene tumor testing is recommended for men with metastatic ...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: GENITOURINARY SYSTEM: Edited by Arif Hussain Source Type: research
Purpose of review The present review describes the current role of metabolic imaging techniques such as multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), hyperpolarized MRSI, and positron emission tomography (PET) in the diagnosis of primary prostate cancer, surveillance of low-grade disease, detection of metastases, and evaluation of biochemical recurrence after therapy. Recent findings The natural history of prostate cancer ranges from indolent disease that is optimally monitored by active surveillance, to highly aggressive disease that can be lethal. Current diagnostic methods remain imp...
Source: Current Opinion in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: GENITOURINARY SYSTEM: Edited by Arif Hussain Source Type: research
Condition:   Prostate Cancer Intervention:   Drug: MBM-02 (Tempol) Sponsor:   Matrix Biomed, Inc. Available
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Biochemically Recurrent Prostate Carcinoma;   Prostate Adenocarcinoma Interventions:   Biological: Durvalumab;   Drug: Olaparib;   Other: Quality-of-Life Assessment;   Other: Questionnaire Administration Sponsors:   University of Washington;   National Cancer Institute (NCI);   AstraZeneca Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Prostate Cancer;   Refractory Cancer;   Castration Resistant Prostatic Cancer Intervention:   Drug: Omeprazole 80 mg twice daily Sponsors:   Wake Forest University Health Sciences;   National Cancer Institute (NCI) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
A recent study found that a group of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer responded positively to treatment with ipilimumab, prolonging survival after treatment in the “favorable” cohort.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: news
The mechanisms by which prostate cancer shifts from an indolent castration-sensitive phenotype to lethal castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) are poorly understood. Identification of clinically relevant genetic alterations leading to CRPC may reveal potential vulnerabilities for cancer therapy. Here we find that CUB domain-containing protein 1 (CDCP1), a transmembrane protein that acts as a substrate for SRC family kinases (SFKs), is overexpressed in a subset of CRPC. Notably, CDCP1 cooperates with the loss of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN to promote the emergence of metastatic prostate cancer. Mechanistically, we ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: There were increased risks of cardiovascular disease with the use of GnRH agonists and degarelix, but not with bicalutamide monotherapy. This is the first study to observe increased cardiovascular risks with degarelix, but the cause of this association is unclear and merits further investigation.
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Cardiovascular Disease Source Type: research
Conclusion: Ascertaining prostate cancer progression through self-report provides an efficient and valid approach to enhancing existing cancer cohorts with updated data on progression status. See video abstract at, http://links.lww.com/EDE/B658.
Source: Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Cancer Source Type: research
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