Individualization of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder treatment: pharmacotherapy considerations by age and co-occurring conditions.

This article combines current information from the literature and the first-hand experience of the authors to provide guidance on ADHD treatment options for patients of different ages and for some of the more common comorbidities. PMID: 32054558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: CNS Spectrums - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: CNS Spectr Source Type: research

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Authors: Yaylac─▒ F, ┼×ahbudak B, Küçük Ö Abstract Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder is one of the most common psychiatric disorders of childhood, characterized by attention deficit, hyperactivity and impulsivity. The most effective treatment in ADHD is drug treatment. Stimulant and nonstimulant drug treatments are preferentially used. Atomoxetine is one of the nonstimulant treatments. Although sexual side effects of atomoxetine in adults are reported, there is limited knowledge about sexual side effects in children and adolescents. In this case report, we aimed to describe an adolescen...
Source: Psychopharmacology Bulletin - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychopharmacol Bull Source Type: research
Abstract Preeclampsia is a dangerous hypertensive disorder of pregnancy with known links to negative child health outcomes. Here, we review epidemiological and basic neuroscience work from the past several decades linking prenatal preeclampsia to altered neurodevelopment. This work demonstrates increased rates of neuropsychiatric disorders [e.g., increased autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)] in children of preeclamptic pregnancies, as well as increased rates of cognitive impairments [e.g., decreased intelligence quotient (IQ), academic performance] and neurological disease (e...
Source: Trends in Neurosciences - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Trends Neurosci Source Type: research
In this study we propose two classification algorithms for discriminating ADHD children from normal children using their resting state Electroencephalography (EEG) signals. One algorithm is based on the univariate features extracted from individual EEG recording channels and the other is based on the multivariate features extracted from brain lobes. We focused on entropy measures as non-linear univariate and multivariate features. Average power, Theta/Beta Ratio (TBR), Shannon Entropy (ShanEn), Sample Entropy (SampEn), Dispersion Entropy (DispEn) and Multiscale SampEn (MSE) were extracted as linear and non-linear univariat...
Source: Australasian Physical and Engineering Sciences in Medicine - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
This study examined change in individually defined problem behaviors during a telephone-assisted self-help (TASH) intervention for parents of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Method: Parents of children with ADHD and functional impairment despite methylphenidate treatment participated in a 12-month TASH intervention (8 self-help booklets plus up to 14 counseling telephone calls). The severity of three individually defined target problems, of ADHD symptoms, and oppositional symptoms were rated at baseline and after 6 and 12 months; parental satisfaction with the intervention was assessed after ...
Source: Zeitschrift fur Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie - Category: Child Development Tags: Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother Source Type: research
PURPOSE: Given the increased risk of accidents in patients with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or maternal anxiety/depression, we aimed to investigate the frequency of the two diseases in children with penetrating eye injury (PEI). ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Exposure to prenatal stress increases offspring risk for long-term neurobehavioral impairments and psychopathology, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Epigenetic regulation of glucocorticoid pathway genes may be a potential underlying...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news
INTRODUCTION: High levels of impulsivity represent a core feature of various psychiatric conditions, such as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), Impulse Control and Conduct Disorders, Bulimia Nervosa, Sub...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Conclusions: Further research is needed to examine the role of sex, race, ADHD, and concussion history on concussion outcomes. PMID: 32200661 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Preterm birth is associated with a significantly increased risk for childhood and adolescent psychopathology relative to full-term birth, with an inverse relationship between gestational age at birth and later risk for psychopathology. The manifestation of symptomatology and comorbidity profiles of emotional and behavioral adjustment problems in this high-risk group have been shown to be distinct from the broader pediatric population. Acknowledging these differences, a preterm behavioral phenotype has been proposed and increasingly recognized, highlighting the unique, frequent co-occurrence of symptomatology associated wit...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
AbstractAutism-spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are early neurodevelopmental conditions that share clinical characteristics, raising important issues in clinical diagnosis. We aimed to compare (1) sensory processing in four groups of children: ASD alone, ASD  + ADHD, ADHD alone, and typical development (TD) and (2) the association between sensory processing and attention in the three groups with neurodevelopmental disorders. Our sample included 120 children aged from 6 to 12 years divided into four groups: ASD alone (N = 43), ASD + AD...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
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