A scoping review on the influential cognitive constructs informing public AMR behavior compliance and the attribution of personal responsibility
ConclusionsPublic AMR resilience, responsibility, and behavior compliance are influenced by cognitive constructs, which are liable to the appropriation of misconceptions, fallacies, and social behavior models obtained via information brokering. A cohesive multidisciplinary participatory approach to AMR management and interventional design that applies the influence of cognitive constructs to inform public AMR behavior compliance is recommended.
This study represents the first characterization of a mobilizable antibiotic resistance island in a species of Rheinheimera and provides evidence that Rheinheimera spp. could be important reservoirs and vehicles for ARGs in the Yellow Sea area.
As America ’s biopharmaceutical companies workaround the clock to combat COVID-19, a disease caused by a novel strain of coronavirus, now is an important time to consider how we can prepare for the next public health emergency: Antimicrobial resistance (AMR). AMR occurs when microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites change in ways that make the medications used to cure the infections they cause ineffective. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 2.8 million antibiotic-resistant infections occur in the U.S. each year, and more than 35,000 people die as a r...
ConclusionsThe development of new antibiotics and the appropriate use of existing antibiotics are key to addressing the threat of AMR. This study presents a validated model that quantifies the value of new antibiotics through clinical and economic outcomes of relevance, and accounts for disease transmission of infection and development of AMR. In this context, the model may be a useful tool that could contribute to the decision-making process alongside other potential models and expert advice.
Publication date: June 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 21Author(s): Marisa Haenni, Farid El Garch, Christine Miossec, Jean-Yves Madec, Didier Hocquet, Benoit Valot
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Sana Dhaouadi, Leila Soufi, Amani Hamza, Didier Fedida, Chtioui Zied, Emna Awadhi, Mohamed Mtibaa, Bilel Hassen, Ameur Cherif, Carmen Torres, Mohamed Salah Abbassi, Ramzi Boubaker Landolsi
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Absar Talat, Shamsi Khalid, Hayder Abdul R Majeed, Asad U. Khan
Publication date: Available online 3 April 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): A.F.A.D. Schauwvlieghe, R.G.M. Bredius, Rob M. Verdijk, Frans J.W. Smiers, Martha T. van der Beek, Bianca F. Goemans, C. Michel Zwaan, Roger J. Brüggemann, Bart J.A. Rijnders
Publication date: Available online 2 April 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Pengcheng Du, Dejun Liu, Huangwei Song, Pei Zhang, Ruichao Li, Yulin Fu, Xiao Liu, Jinli Jia, Xiaodi Li, Séamus Fanning, Yang Wang, Li Bai, Hui Zeng
In this study we worked with 118 strains of bacteria (from 10 sampling sites in the Arctic region, located in Greenland and the Svalbard Archipelago) isolated using R2A medium. These strains belong to 4 phyla and represent 36 different bacterial genera. Phenotypic resistance to 8 clinically important antimicrobials (ampicillin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, cefotaxime, erythromycin, imipenem, kanamycin, and tetracycline) and thermotolerance range were determined. In addition, a screening of all isolates on blood agar media and erythrocytes suspension of bovine and sheep erythrocytes for virulence-linked hemolytic activit...