Recommendations Issued for Sleep Disturbance in Pediatric Autism

Behavioral strategies recommended as first - line treatment approach for children, teens with ASD
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Neurology, Pediatrics, Pharmacy, Psychiatry, Journal, Source Type: news

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The hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis acts to release cortisol into the blood stream, as cortisol calls the body into action to combat stress. When high amounts of cortisol interact with the hypothalamus, the HPA axis will slow down its activity. The amygdala detects stress, while the prefrontal cortex regulates our reactions to stress. Source: Bezdek K and Telzer E (2017) Have No Fear, the Brain is Here! How Your Brain Responds to Stress. Front. Young Minds. 5:71. doi: 10.3389/frym.2017.00071 _______ [Editor’s note: Continued from yesterday’s Exploring the human brain and how it responds to...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning Health & Wellness #WorldHealthDay brain burnout cognition Cortisol GAS General Adaptation Syndrome homeostasis memory neurobiology neurological exhaustion Stress Source Type: blogs
This study involved an exploratory analysis of the association between 17 child, parent, and socioeconomic characteristics and sleep disturbance using data from 203, 2-18-year-old children with ASD whose families participated in the Western Australian Autism Biological Registry. Results suggest that greater ASD symptom severity; child seizures; maternal autism traits, anxiety, and depression; lower paternal education; and lower family income were related to increased sleep disturbance. All these characteristics, aside from maternal depression, were significant predictors within a regression model, which accounted for 33% o...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Conditions:   Autism Spectrum Disorder;   Cognitive Behaviour Therapy Interventions:   Behavioral: Cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia;   Behavioral: psychoeducation for ASD Sponsor:   Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Sleep problems are prevalent in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities and are associated with the expression of restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs). Children (n = 57) with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, n = 38) or developmental delay (DD, n = 19) participated in multiple assessments of intellectual ability, ASD symptoms, and RRBs (3 timepoints for ASD, 2 for DD). Sleep problems assessed at age 4 via parent report were associated with trajectories of higher-order RRBs (sameness/ritualistic/compulsive behaviors) from age 2-6 in the ASD group, and from...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Breathing propels everything we do, so its rhythm must be carefully organized by our brain cells, right?Wrong.Every breath we take arises from a disorderly group of neurons — each one like a soloist belting out its song before it unites with other neurons to harmonize on a fresh breath.That ’s the gist ofa UCLA study published March 3 in the online edition of  Neuron.“We were surprised to learn that how our brain cells work together to generate breathing rhythm is different every time we take a breath,” saidJack Feldman, the study ’s senior author, a professor of neurobiology at the ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Question I have several patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who experience difficulties with sleep, affecting the quality of life of both the child and the family. Is melatonin an effective treatment for sleep problems in children with this condition?Answer Autism spectrum disorder is prevalent among children in Canada and globally, with most affected children experiencing troubles with sleep. Behavioural therapy is the first-line treatment for sleep problems in children with ASD, and melatonin has been reported to be effective and safe in this population as an alternative or adjunctive treatment...
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research
AbstractSleep problems are a common complaint in children/adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Correctly diagnosing and treating sleep problems in individuals with ASD is key, as they can add to the psychosocial burden of the disorder and exacerbate associated symptoms, such as inattention or irritability. Here, we provide an overview of the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of sleep problems/disorders in children and adolescents with ASD. This narrative review is mainly informed by a systematic search in PubMed and PsycInfo (last search: 10 October 2019) of available pertinent meta-analyses. We also sear...
Source: CNS Drugs - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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