Enhancement of miR-16-5p on spinal cord injury-induced neuron apoptosis and inflammatory response through inactivating ERK1/2 pathway.

CONCLUSIONS: Downregulation of miR-16-5p could upregulate Apelin-13 expression to activate ERK1/2 pathway, thus alleviating SCI-induced neuron apoptosis and inflammatory response. PMID: 32043849 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
This study is a prospective clinical study. Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the characteristics of trunk musculature and intervertebral discs by using magnetic resonance imaging in patients with spinal cord injuries (SCIs) with thoracic and lumbar fractures. Overview of Literature: Muscle atrophy is an immediate consequence of SCI and is associated with secondary complications. At present, there are limited clinical data on muscle and disc responses to fractures of the thoracic and lumbar spine. Methods: A total of 51 patients with a mean age of 31.75±10.42 years who suffered traumatic SCI were incl...
Source: Asian Spine Journal - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Asian Spine J Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 27 March 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): A. Roquilly, B. Vigué, M. Boutonnet, P. Bouzat, K. Buffenoir, E. Cesareo, A. Chauvin, C. Court, F. Cook, A.C. de Crouy, P. Denys, J. Duranteau, S. Fuentes, T. Gauss, T. Geeraerts, C. Laplace, V. Martinez, J.F. Payen, B. Perrouin-Verbe, A. Rodrigues
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Abstract Following nerve tissue damage, various events, such as inflammatory responses, microglial activation, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and apoptosis, can occur, which all lead to cell death, prevent axonal growth, and cause axonal circumvolution. So far, several researchers have tended to adopt strategies to reduce the harmful conditions associated with neurological disorders, and stem‑cell‑based therapy is one of those promising strategies. Epidermal neural crest stem cells (EPI‑NCSCs) are a type of stem cell that has widely been employed for the treatment of various neurological disorders. It has bee...
Source: Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study indicated that distinctive patterns of FC in each subregion of insula suggest that the insular subareas participate in the NP processing through different FC following ISCI. Further, insula subregions could serve as a therapeutic target for NP following ISCI. PMID: 32211038 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this manuscript is to describe the development process of the data set for the National Spinal Cord Injury Registry of Iran (NSCIR-IR). SETTING: SCI community in Iran. METHODS: The NSC...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ConclusionThe Turkish version of the ISC-Q can be considered a reliable and valid tool for the evaluation of quality of life related to catheterization in patients with SCI.
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsPhysical and mental health components contribute  equally to the HRQOL of rehabilitated soldiers with permanent limb disabilty. Their poorer HRQOL was determined by certain person- and injury-related factors. These need to be addressed during re-integration and post-rehabilitation services.
Source: Quality of Life Research - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Having trouble viewing this email? View it as a Web page. NIDCR's Spring 2020 E-Newsletter In this issue: NIDCR News Funding Opportunities NIH/HHS News Funding Notices Science Advances Subscribe to NICDR News Grantee News   NIDCR News CDC’s COVID-19 Guidance for Dental Settings  Dental health care personnel can find COVID-19-related information on the CDC’s Division of Oral Health website, which offers guidance and resources for clinics and health care facilities and recommen...
Source: NIDCR Science News - Category: Dentistry Source Type: news
Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in perturbations to the immune system leading to increased infection susceptibility. In parallel, the consumption of high-fat diets (HFD) leads to a chronic inflammation in circulation and body tissues. We investigated the impact of 16  weeks of HFD on chronically-injured rats. SCI rats under both chow and HFD showed peripheral leukocyte changes that include reduced percentages of total, helper and cytotoxic T, and natural killer cells. Expression of immune-related genes in the spleen and thymus reflected the impact of both chro nic injury and diet.
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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