Feature Extraction, Risky Classifications and Fault Diagnosis on Rolling Bearings of EEG Signals Denoised using Stationary Wavelet Transform of Patient Monitoring and IoT.

CONCLUSION: This paper also provides a comparison of the performance of the existing approaches. PMID: 32008541 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Current Medical Imaging Reviews - Category: Radiology Tags: Curr Med Imaging Rev Source Type: research

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This report describes the successful anesthetic management of a 28-year-old woman with a VNS device who underwent dental treatment under general anesthesia. She was morbidly obese and had undergone placement of a VNS device secondary to drug-resistant epilepsy 2 years prior but continued to experience daily epileptic seizures. Because of concerns about the risk of perioperative epileptic seizures and apneic events, use of the dedicated VNS device magnet was planned if such complications occurred. Total intravenous anesthesia was induced with propofol and remifentanil and a bispectral index sensor was used to help monitor b...
Source: Anesthesia Progress - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesth Prog Source Type: research
A $1 million gift from the  John Douglas French Alzheimer’s Foundation will enable UCLA to establish an eponymous endowed chair in the neurology department at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.The new position will be held by a faculty member pursuing new insights into Alzheimer ’s disease, with the goal of improving treatment for the degenerative brain disorder. Alzheimer’s affects about 5.8 million Americans.The endowment honors the late Dr. John Douglas French, a distinguished neurosurgeon and scientist who made substantial contributions to the field of medicine as the co-...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
This article presents a super obese patient (BMI 57 kg/m2) with drug-refractory epilepsy and obstructive sleep apnea who underwent left anterior temporal lobectomy through awake craniotomy to preserve language and memory, using warmed humidified high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy. Awake craniotomy was facilitated by the use of HFNC, which proved essential to prevent airway collapse by creating continuous positive airway pressure through high flow and facilitated intraoperative neurologic language and memory testing while maintaining adequate oxygenation. PMID: 31686115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our experience suggests that intranasal dexmedetomidine is an advantageous sedation option for children and adults with intractable epilepsy who are undergoing MEG. Further research is needed to determine the best ways to apply these methods to younger children and those with developmental disabilities.
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology - Category: Neurology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
The “neural correlates of consciousness” (NCC) is a familiar topic in neuroscience, overlapping with research on the brain’s “default mode network”. Task-based studies of NCC by their nature recruit one part of the cortical network to study another, and are therefore both limited and compromised in what they can reveal about consciousness itself. The form of consciousness explored in such research, we term the human default consciousness (DCs), our everyday waking consciousness. In contrast, studies of anaesthesia, coma, deep sleep, or some extreme pathological states such as epilepsy, reveal ...
Source: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONVNS can interrupt RSE and SRSE in 74% of patients; data originate from reported studies classified as level IV and the risk for reporting bias is high. Further prospective studies are warranted to investigate acute VNS in RSE and SRSE.
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The characteristic EEG pattern in the acute phase promoted timely diagnosis of FIRES. Our data suggest that KD may be a safe and promising therapy for FIRES with SRSE, and that early initiation of KD produces a favorable prognosis. Therefore, KD should be applied earlier in the course of FIRES. Intravenous KD can be an effective alternative route of administration for patients who may not take KD enterally. Introduction Febrile infection-related epilepsy syndrome (FIRES) is a rare epileptic encephalopathy of unknown etiology which occurs in patients without active epilepsy or underlying neurological diso...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pre-injury psychiatric and pre-injury headache/migraine symptoms are risk factors for worse functional and post-concussive outcomes at 3- and 6-months post-mTBI. mTBI patients presenting to acute care should be evaluated for psychiatric and headache/migraine history, with lower thresholds for providing TBI education/resources, surveillance, and follow-up/referrals. Clinical Trial Registration: www.ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01565551. Introduction Traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In 2013 ~2.8 million TBI cases were recorded annually i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Marcia H. Ratner, Vidhya Kumaresan and David H. Farb* Laboratory of Molecular Neurobiology, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, United States Memory dysfunction is a symptomatic feature of many neurologic and neuropsychiatric disorders; however, the basic underlying mechanisms of memory and altered states of circuitry function associated with disorders of memory remain a vast unexplored territory. The initial discovery of endogenous neurosteroids triggered a quest to elucidate their role as neuromodulators in normal and diseased brain functio...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusion TBI is a distinct and complex pathophysiological entity. Neurocognitive deficits and mood disorders are common sequelae of TBI. While nonmodifiable factors influence risk of developing post-TBI depression, there is also evidence that biological factors are involved. People who have suffered TBI are at increased risk for ictal events and cognitive impairment. ECT has been documented to successfully treat patients with post-TBI mood symptoms in only three published cases. While these vignettes suggest that ECT might be a safe and effective therapeutic option in treating individuals with post-TBI depression, more r...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Hot Topics in Neuroscience depression ECT Electroconvulsive therapy mood disorders TBI traumatic brain injury treatments Source Type: research
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