A self-assembled electrochemical immunosensor for ultra-sensitive detection of ochratoxin A in medicinal and edible malt

Publication date: Available online 27 January 2020Source: Food ChemistryAuthor(s): Chaonan Sun, Xiaofang Liao, Pinxuan Huang, Guangzhi Shan, Xiao Ma, Lizhu Fu, Lidong Zhou, Weijun KongAbstractTrace residue of mycotoxins in complex medicinal and edible food matrices has brought huge challenges for the development of ultrasensitive analytical methods. Here, a green electrochemical immunosensor for the ultrasensitive detection of ochratoxin A (OTA) was fabricated by self-assembling a compact 2-mercaptoacetic (TGA) monolayer on the surface of the working Au electrode to form the Au/TGA/bovine serum aibumin (BSA)-OTA/anti-OTA monoclonal antibody composite probes for selective and ultra-sensitive detection of OTA based on indirect competitive principle and differential pulse voltammetry analysis. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry methods were introduced to characterize the assemble situation of the TGA-modified Au electrode and optimize some critical parameters for the green electrochemical immunoseonsor. Under the optimal conditions, the developed immunosensor exhibited much lower limit of detection (0.08 ng/mL) in the range of 0.1-1.0 ng/mL for OTA compared with other direct or disposable electrochemical immunosensors. Real application in the spiked malt samples verified high accuracy with no matrix interferences of the proposed immunoseonsor. This is a meaningful study on a self-assembled electrochemical immunoseonsor for ultra-sensitive and rapid...
Source: Food Chemistry - Category: Food Science Source Type: research

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