Treadmill exercise restores memory and hippocampal synaptic plasticity impairments in ovalbumin-sensitized juvenile rats: Involvement of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)
Publication date: Available online 23 January 2020Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Amin Mokhtari-Zaer, Saeideh Saadat, Narges Marefati, Mahmoud Hosseini, Mohammad Hossein BoskabadyAbstractStudies demonstrate that asthma, especially during childhood, affects the functions of the brain including learning and memory. Exercise is well known for its neuroprotective functions and for its beneficial effects on asthma. We aimed to assess the effects of exercise on cognitive function, synaptic plasticity, and hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in ovalbumin (OVA) sensitized juvenile rats. Rats were sensitized by intraperitoneal administration and inhaled OVA. Animals were subjected to treadmill running exercise during the OVA-challenged period. T-helper type 2 (Th2) cytokine [interleukin (IL)-4], Th1 cytokine (INF-γ) levels, and INF-γ/IL-4 (Th1/Th2) ratio in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and tracheal response to methacholine and OVA were measured. Further, memory behaviors and BDNF levels were measured in the hippocampus as well as long-term potentiation (LTP) was assessed by recording field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs) in the hippocampus. The levels of IL-4 and TGF-β were decreased but INF-γ level and INF-γ/IL-4 ratio increased in the BALF due to exercise in the OVA-sensitized animals. In addition, exercise improved OVA-sensitization induced cognitive impairments, increased BDNF levels, and enhan...
Publication date: October 2020Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Volume 89Author(s): Xiaoqin Liu, Trine Munk-Olsen, Clara Albiñana, Bjarni J. Vilhjálmsson, Emil M. Pedersen, Vivi Schlünssen, Marie Bækvad-Hansen, Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm, Merete Nordentoft, Anders D. Børglum, Thomas Werge, David M. Hougaard, Preben B. Mortensen, Esben Agerbo
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Manuel Jorge Rial, Marcela Valverde, Victoria del Pozo, Francisco Javier González-Barcala, Carlos Martínez-Rivera, Xavier Muñoz, José María Olaguibel, Vicente Plaza, Elena Curto, Santiago Quirce, Pilar Barranco, Javier Domínguez-Ortega, Joaquin Mullol, César Picado, Antonio Valero, Irina Bobolea, Ebymar Arismendi, Paula Ribó, Joaquín Sastre
Purpose of Study: Explore the perceptions of primary care physicians (PCPs) from community health care centers (CHCs) in Franklin County, Ohio, regarding factors that contribute to their inability to consistently provide sustainable asthma management services to their uninsured patient population. Primary Practice Setting: Asthmatic patients are not consistently receiving sustainable asthma management in CHCs in Ohio. Primary care physicians in CHCs play a pivotal role in closing health care gaps for asthmatic patients. To minimize the barriers that impede the efforts of PCPs to control asthma for their uninsured pati...
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Osamu Matsuno, Seijiro Minamoto
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology &TherapeuticsAuthor(s): Francesco Menzella, Patrizia Ruggiero, Carla Galeone, Chiara Scelfo, Diego Bagnasco, Nicola Facciolongo
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Annelies L. Robijn, Daniel Barker, Peter G. Gibson, Warwick B. Giles, Vicki L. Clifton, Joerg Mattes, Michael J. Peek, Helen L. Barrett, Sean K. Seeho, Leonie K. Callaway, Alistair Abbott, John Attia, Peter A. Wark, Megan E. Jensen, Vanessa E. Murphy
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Yudy K. Persaud., Jay Portnoy
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Laurits Frøssing, Alexander Silberbrandt, Anna Von Bülow, Vibeke Backer, Celeste Porsbjerg
tivitis Committee Abstract Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used throughout the world. They are frequently involved in hypersensitivity reactions, which range from local or mild reactions to systemic and severe reactions. Consequently, it is necessary to perform an exhaustive study of patients in order to make an accurate diagnosis, search for safe procedures in the case of severe reactions, and identify alternative treatment options. Various guidelines and protocols address the management of hypersensitivity to NSAIDs, although these vary widely from country to country. The Committees of A...
CONCLUSION: Treatment of SAA with omalizumab improves the outcome of associated CRSNP+, thus supporting the concept of a "one airway disease". PMID: 30931917 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]