The effect of surgical pain severity, preoperative opioid use and patient characteristics on postoperative opioid prescriptions and refills in orthopedic surgery
AbstractBackgroundExcessive opioid prescriptions after orthopedic surgery are common. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between surgical severity, preoperative opioid use and patient characteristics with postoperative opioid prescriptions and refills.MethodsSeventy-nine patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries were reviewed. Surgical pain severity was categorized as mild (n = 25), moderate (n = 26) and severe (n = 28). Patients were also categorized as opioid naïve (n = 57), experienced (n = 16) and tolerant (n = 6). Postoperative and refill prescriptions were reviewed to determine morphine equivalent dose (MED) prescribed.ResultsMild, moderate and severe pain surgeries received a median (interquartile range) equivalent of 20 (0, 30), 53 (33, 80) and 60 (45, 80) oxycodone 5 mg tablets, respectively. Excessive opioid prescriptions (> 400 MED) were given to 37 (46%) patients. There was no difference in the total discharge MED between moderate and severe pain surgeries or between opioid naïve and opioid-experienced patients (p > 0.05). Variables associated with excessive postoperative opioid prescriptions on multivariate analysis-included severe pain surgery (odds ratio 7.7, 95% confidence interval 2 to 25;p
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Alexandre Lannou, Cédric Carrié, Sébastien Rubin, Hugues De Courson, Matthieu Biais
Publication date: Available online 18 February 2020Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Mathieu Tourangeau, Issam Tanoubi, Roger Perron, Marie-Ève Bélanger, Komi Sodoké, Pierre Drolet, Arnaud Robitaille, Mihai Georgescu
This study aimed to determine the efficacy of TEAS for sedation and postoperative analgesia in lung cancer patients undergoing thoracoscopic pulmonary resection.MethodsA total of 80 patients were randomized into two groups: the TEAS group and the sham TEAS combined with general anesthesia group. Postoperative pain levels at six, 24, 48 hours, and one month after surgery were measured using the visual analogue scale (VAS). Bispectral index (BIS) score during the TEAS prior to anesthetic induction, Observer's Assessment of Alertness/Sedation (OAAS) score, sufentanil consumption during postoperative patient‐controll...
ConclusionsOur neurophysiological study shows that this new 150IDE provides selective information on nociceptive system.
ConclusionsDue to the low incidence of ACS, there is a paucity of literature available on ACS following PNB use in the setting of orthopedic trauma. There is no consensus in the literature about the safety of PNB use in the setting of acute long bone fractures, and this review could draw no conclusions from the literature, as the level of evidence is limited to case reports. PNBs should be administered to orthopedic trauma patients only in strictly controlled research environments, and surgeons should be highly cautious about using PNBs for orthopedic long bone fractures, particularly in cases at increased risk for developing ACS.
Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine IV in an infusion dose of 0.5 μg/kg/hr is effective in providing postoperative analgesia in terms of significant reduction in analgesic consumption in 24 hours and in addition to the effective obtundation of the pneumoperitoneum-induced hemodynamic changes.
Conclusion: LB can be injected through a peripheral nerve catheter to prolong analgesia after catheter removal.
We present contrasting experiences with a gentleman who underwent transplantation for Crohn's disease and his retransplantation with the addition of post-operative anterior Quadratus Lumborum (QL) block. After the index procedure, he had significant pain and discomfort. The addition of the QL block lead to substantial improvement in both subjective and objective endpoints. While each case is different, a QL block can be a useful adjunct to achieve pain control, decrease opioid requirements, and potentially facilitate early extubation.
ConclusionPre-peritoneal drainage is clinically safe in laparoscopic totally extra-peritoneal hernioplasty and can effectively reduce the size and incidence of seroma. The seroma formation can be further reduced by appropriate use of monopolar energy as preferred dissection approach in lap TEP. Due to limitation in measuring the actual energy time, the result should be further validated by randomized multi-centers trial on its potential benefit in hernia repair by a more accurate measuring device on energy used.
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